El Salvador, Misamis Oriental

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
El Salvador
Component City
Welcome marker in Barangay Molugan
Welcome marker in Barangay Molugan
Official seal of El Salvador
Nickname(s): "The City of Mercy" or "City of The Saviour"
"Christ City of the Philippines"
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
El Salvador is located in Philippines
El Salvador
El Salvador
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°34′N 124°31′E / 8.567°N 124.517°E / 8.567; 124.517Coordinates: 08°34′N 124°31′E / 8.567°N 124.517°E / 8.567; 124.517
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Misamis Oriental
Legislative district 2nd District of Misamis Oriental
Incorporated June 15, 1948
Cityhood June 27, 2007
Barangays 15
 • Mayor Alfredo Q. Tan (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Edgar S. Lignes (LP)
 • Total 106.15 km2 (40.98 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 44,848
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Languages Cebuano, Tagalog, English
Demonym Salvadoreños, Salbadorenyos
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9017
Dialing code 88

El Salvador is a city in the province of Misamis Oriental on the Mindanao island, southern part of the Philippines. According to the 2010 Philippine census, it has a population of 44,848 people.[3] The city serves as a pilgrimage site for the Divine Mercy devotees, that is why it is also called "The City of Mercy" or "City of The Saviour".


El Salvador is located in the Province of Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao (Region X). It is bordered by the Municipality of Alubijid to the west, Opol to the east and Manticao and Naawan to the south. On the north, lies Macajalar Bay of the Bohol Sea.


Administratively, El Salvador is subdivided into 15 barangays.[2] One forms the center of the city (poblacion) whereas the other 14 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the city.

  • Amoros
  • Bolisong
  • Pedro Sa. Baculio (Bolo-Bolo)
  • San Francisco de Asis (Calongonan)
  • Cogon
  • Himaya
  • Hinigdaan
  • Kalabaylabay
  • Molugan
  • Poblacion
  • Quibonbon
  • Sambulawan
  • Sinaloc
  • Taytay
  • Ulaliman


El Salvador was created from the barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala, Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan, formerly part of Cagayan de Misamis, Misamis Oriental, in 1948.[4]


Recently, El Salvador lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities in the Philippines, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the Cityhood Law RA 9435 which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood. On December 10, 2008, El Salvador and the other 15 cities affected filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court.

More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting laws, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[5] As such, the cityhood status of El Salvador is effectively restored.

But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008 decision striking down the Cityhood laws[6] making El Salvador a municipality again.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities.

On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of El Salvador and 15 other towns in the Philippines.[7]


Population census of El Salvador
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 26,721 —    
1995 31,500 +3.13%
2000 34,650 +2.06%
2007 41,905 +2.66%
2010 44,848 +2.50%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]


El Salvador hosts several companies, plants and factories west of Misamis Oriental. These are Asia Brewery, Tanduay Rhum, Virgin Cola Bottling Plant (Visayas and Mindanao region distributor), Highland Fresh Daily Products, Monark Equipment, The Aoso, Zest-O Corporation, WL Foods Corporation, Universal Robina Corporation and Union Plywood Corporation.

With regards to financial institutions, Rural Bank of El Salvador and lending institutions such as FICCO, Oro Coop, M Lhuillier and others are accessible at office hours in this place.


Divine Mercy Shrine, located in PSB-Ulaliman El Salvador.
  • Divine Mercy Shrine (Misamis Oriental), located in the Divine Mercy Hills, PSB-Ulaliman which is overlooking Macajalar Bay. The shrine has a 50-foot statue of the Divine Mercy Christ, the biggest in Asia. It serves as a pilgrimage site for the Divine Mercy devotees. As a pilgrimage and sacred site, visitors are not allowed to wear shorts and other revealing clothing. Those who do so will be forced to cover themselves with a blue cloth provided by the shrine administrators.
  • Burias Island, located just a few kilometers off the coast of Molugan or about 3 km west of the town of Opol.
  • El Salvador Night Café and Market, is set up on Friday night at Barangay Poblacion. Tagnipa-ons and visitors gather to have barbecue, enjoy the live band music, beer, and also the great bargains from the nearby Night Market
  • Our Lady of Snows Parish Church, newly-constructed church located within the city.
  • Abaga Falls, Located in barangay San Francisco de Asis.
  • Tuburan Spring, Located in both barangays Taytay and Poblacion .
  • House of Pasalubong, Located in Zone 2, Brgy. Poblacion


Feast day:

  • August 5 (Our Lady of Snows)
  • August 16 (Saint Roch (aka San Roque))

Charter day:

  • June 27



El Salvador city can be reached via plane through Laguindingan Airport, then about less than 10 minutes bus ride east. Like any other place the national highway snakes through it. Visitors and locals can go around the city by just hailing a "sikad-sikad" or motorboat, "jeepneys" or motorcycles to the outlying barangays.


PLDT and MISORTEL are among the major phone lines, also transmitters or "cell sites" for all major "telecom" providers like Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular are serviceable in this city. Internet access is also available. Internet cafes can be found in various places in within the city. Broadband service is also available.


Molugan National High School, located in Barangay Molugan

Private schools:

  • St. Joseph Academy of El Salvador
  • Miraculous Medal Academy
  • The New El Salvador Colleges
  • Stellulae Mariae School

Public schools:

  • Elementary
    • El Salvador City Central School
    • Amoros Elementary School
    • Bolisong Elementary School
    • Pedro Sa. Baculio Elementary School
    • San Francisco de Asis Elementary School
    • Cogon Elementary School
    • Himaya Elementary School
    • Hinigdaan Elementary School
    • Kalabaylabay Elementary School
    • Molugan Central School
    • Kibonbon Elementary School
    • Sambulawan Elementary School
    • Sinaloc Elementary School
    • Taytay Elementary School
    • Ulaliman Elementary School
  • Secondary
    • Cogon National High School
    • Hinigdaan National High School
    • Molugan National High School


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: MISAMIS ORIENTAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "An act creating the municipality of El Salvador, province of Misamis Oriental". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  5. ^ SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
  6. ^ SC Reinstates 2008 Decision Voiding 16 Cityhood Laws
  7. ^ http://www.pia.gov.ph/?m=1&t=1&id=17453

External links[edit]