|City of Dumaguete
Dakbayan sa Dumaguete
Lungsod ng Dumaguete
|Nickname(s): The City of Gentle People; University Town; Bike Town|
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||2nd district of Negros Oriental|
|Cityhood||June 15, 1948|
|• Mayor||Manuel Chiquiting Sagarbarria|
|• Vice Mayor||Wodrow Maquiling|
|• Total||33.62 km2 (12.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class city|
The City of Dumaguete is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 120,883 people. The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university town because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country's first Protestant university and the first American private university in Asia. There are also 12 elementary schools and 9 high schools. The city's student population is estimated at 30,000.
The city attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy ferry access from Cebu City, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, and the attraction of dolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City.
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila, the capital of the Philippines, the cities south of Luzon, as well as to other major cities in southern Philippines.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2013)|
"Dumaguete" was coined from the Visayan word daggit, which means "to snatch". The word dumaguet, meaning "to swoop", was coined because of frequent raids by pirates on this once coastal town, and its power to attract and keep visitors. In 1572, Diego López Povedano indicated the place as Dananguet, but cartographer Pedro Murillo Velarde in 1734 already used present name of Dumaguete for the settlement.
In 1890, the island-province of Negros was divided into two politico-military provinces, Occidental and Oriental. As earlier constituted, in 1898, Dumaguete was included in Negros Oriental. After the Philippine-American War, on May 1, 1901, a civil government was established by the Americans in the Province of Negros Oriental, including Dumaguete with the first city-mayor Meliton Larena Y Aureola
When World War II broke out, the city was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Forces on May 26, 1942. It was liberated on April 26, 1945 by the combined forces of the United States, Filipino Soldiers and the recognized guerrillas.
The establishment of the local military general headquarters and camp base of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from 1942 to 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary 7th Infantry Regiment from 1944 to 1946 was stationed and located in Dumaguete during World War II.
Three years later on June 15, 1948, Republic Act No. 327 created the City of Dumaguete. Later, on June 21, 1969, Republic Act No. 5797 was enacted, otherwise known as the Revised Charter of Dumaguete City.
Geography and climate
The City has a land area of 3,362 hectares (8,300 acres), situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of Negros Island near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the province's 19 municipalities and 6 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area. It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Sibulan; on the south by the Municipality of Bacong; and on the west by the Municipality of Valencia. As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Bohol Sea and the Tañon Strait, serving as a natural border to the neighboring provinces of Cebu, Bohol, and Siquijor.
The city's topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the adjoining municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about one hundred meters above mean sea level. About 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%. The remaining areas have 3% to 5% slope.
Dumaguete is politically subdivided into 30 barangays, all classified as urban. The eight barangays in the city's downtown area are known primarily by number. The smallest barangay is Barangay 4 with an area of only 5.11 hectares, while the biggest barangay is Barangay Banilad with 362.71 hectares.
- Barangay 1 (Tinago)
- Barangay 2 (Upper Lukewright)
- Barangay 3 (Business District)
- Barangay 4 (Rizal Boulevard)
- Barangay 5 (Sillliman Area)
- Barangay 6 (Cambagroy)
- Barangay 7 (Mangga)
- Barangay 8 (Cervantes Extension)
Dumaguete has two seasons, namely; the dry and the wet seasons. The wet season covers the period from June to November, and the dry season starts from December to May, the hottest being April and May. The average maximum temperature is 34.3 °C and the average minimum temperature is 22.9 °C for the past years. The relative humidity of the locality for the past years was 78¾% with the month of December registering the highest.
|Climate data for Dumaguete City|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||25
|Precipitation mm (inches)||41.6
|Source: MSN Weather|
|Population census of Dumaguete|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
As of the census of 2010, there are 120,883 people and 21,582 households residing in the city. The city has the least poverty incidence among urban centers in the Visayas and Mindanao, according to the 2009 Small Area Estimates (SAE) of Poverty done by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). It has an average daylight population of 400,000 people. Dumaguete is the most populous city in Negros Oriental, comprising 9.05% of the province's total population.
Dumaguete has earned the distinction of being known as "The center of learning in the South," or a "University town" due to the presence of universities that have made their mark nationally and abroad. The city is a melting pot of students, professionals, artists, scholars and the literati coming from different parts of the country and the world.
Silliman University is the dominant institution of higher learning in Dumaguete, providing the city with a distinct university town atmosphere. It is the first Protestant university in the country and the first American private university in Asia. The 610,000 m² campus is adjacent to and intermixed with the city's downtown district. It is ranked among the top 150 universities in Asia in International Students' Review by the QS Quacquarelli Symonds, an institution that ranks the world's top universities. Some of its buildings have likewise been recognized as landmarks. These buildings include the Silliman Hall, Katipunan Hall, the Luce Auditorium, and the Silliman Main Library (considered as one of the biggest libraries in the Philippines)
Other universities located in the city are Foundation University, a private non-sectarian university, it does not only offer college education but it also offers kindergarten, grade school, and high school education. Negros Oriental State University (or NORSU, with two main campuses: NORSU main 1 and 2), and St. Paul University Dumaguete (1904), which is the first Saint Paul educational institution to be established in the Philippines by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres (SPC) from France. With the exception of NORSU, these universities also have grade schools and high schools.
Tourism, the academe, BPO and technology-related activities and the retail industries are the major sources of income for the city. BPOs and IT firms, as well as retailing are the fastest rising industries.
Hotel and Tourism
Data from the Department of Tourism show that Dumaguete and Negros Oriental are among the top ten most visited tourist destinations in the country. Tourists visit popular sites such as the Rizal Boulevard, Silliman Hall, and Campañario de Dumaguete which is considered as one of the oldest heritage landmarks of Central Visayas.
Business Process Outsourcing
Dumaguete's diversified outsourcing industry services range from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, and architectural outsourcing. With more than a dozen IT and BPO locators, Dumaguete City is becoming one of the preferred Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Technology (IT) hubs of the Philippines. The following are some of the more notable BPO/KPO outfits operating in the city:
- SPi Global (Content, CRM and Healthcare)
- Laserwords (an SPi Global subsidiary)
- Qualfon (2 large sites)
- Student Universe Corp.
- SOPHI INC
- Entheos IT
Notable malls and shopping centers in Dumaguete include Ever Mall, Cang's Shopping Complex, Lee Super Plaza, Lee Plaza Hypermart, Robinsons Place Dumaguete and Robinsons Perdices.
Dumaguete has three major tertiary hospitals, namely the Holy Child Hospital, Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital, and the Silliman Medical Center which is currently associated with St.Luke's Medical Center in Metro Manila and considered one of the best hospitals outside Metro Manila and Metro Cebu. Under proposal is a medical resort with a 100 bed tertiary hospital, and which will cater primarily to the retirement market from North American, European, and East Asian countries. The City is one of the five areas identified by the Philippine government as retirement hubs. Dumaguete is also among the very few cities in the country that have world class laser eye centers.
Sibulan Airport (IATA: DGT, ICAO: RPVD), also known as Dumaguete Airport, is the city's domestic airport located in neighboring Sibulan. It provides daily flights to and from Manila and Cebu City through Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines.
From the port of Dumaguete, there are daily ferry connections to the islands of Bohol, Siquijor and Mindanao operated by Montenegro Lines, Ocean Jet Shipping, Cokaliong and other shipping companies. From smaller ports north of Dumaguete, there are short and frequent ferry connections to the island of Cebu.
The main form of public transport in Dumaguete is the motorized tricycle (Philippines). The Dumaguete version of the motorized tricycle (Philippines) can fit up to 6-8 passengers at a time. For transport to destinations outside the city limit, there are jeepney and buses travelling set routes. Dumaguete has 3 major bus terminals.
The following people are notable residents, past and present, from Dumaguete City:
- Angel C. Alcala, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Public Service and former Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Juanita Amatong, former Secretary of the Department of Finance
- César Ruiz Aquino, Writer and four-time Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
- Leonor Briones, former Treasurer of the Philippines
- Antonio Fortich, Catholic bishop and social activist
- Beauty Gonzalez, actress, Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition Plus 4th Teen Placer
- Bret Jackson, Pinoy Big Brother Housemate.
- Mark Javier, archer and Philippine delegate to the Beijing Olympics
- Eddie Romero, filmmaker and National Artist for Cinema and Broadcast Arts.
- Margarito Teves, Secretary of the Department of Finance
- Edith Tiempo, writer and National Artist for Literature.
- Edilberto Tiempo, writer
- Lorenzo Teves, politician
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- 1992 Ramon Magsaysay Awardees: Angel Alcala. Accessed August 5, 2009.
- Office of the Press Secretary, Republic of the Philippines. Accessed August 5, 2009.
- "Cesar Ruiz Aquino". Panitikan.com.ph. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- "Former RP national treasurer receives prestigious award for women leaders". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- Edgar A. Cadagat and Karl G. Ombion. "Bishop Antonio Y. Fortich: Pilgrim for the Poor ". Bulatlat.com. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- "PBB retains Beauty". Negros Chronicle. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- "Beauty Gonzales turns 18". ABS-CBN. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- "Another PBB Teen Edition placer joins showbiz". Telebisyon.net. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- "Bret Alan Jackson". ABS-CBN. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- "Bret Jackson". Facebook. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- Cedelf P. Tupas. "Team Philippines leaves for Beijing in batches". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- "RP’s best hope for Olympic gold medal climbs ring ". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- National Artists of the Philippines: Eddie Romero. Accessed October 11, 2009.
- "RP Economy: Out of the woods at last?". Sun.Star. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- National Artists of the Philippines: Edith Tiempo. Accessed October 11, 2009.
- "National Artists for Literature: Edith L. Tiempo". Panitikan.com.ph. Accessed November 27, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dumaguete City.|
- Official Website of the City of Dumaguete
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- National Statistics Office
- Local Governance Performance Management System