San Fernando, La Union

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San Fernando
SaFernandoCityLa Unionjf462.JPG
Official seal of San Fernando
Nickname(s): The Prime Capital of Ilocandia, Botanical Garden City
Map of La Union showing the location of San Fernando City
Map of La Union showing the location of San Fernando City
San Fernando is located in Philippines
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°19′E / 16.617°N 120.317°E / 16.617; 120.317Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°19′E / 16.617°N 120.317°E / 16.617; 120.317
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province La Union
District 1st District
Founded 1850
Cityhood 1998
Barangays 59
 • Mayor Pablo C. Ortega
 • Total 102.72 km2 (39.66 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 114,963
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2500
Dialing code 72
Income class 3rd class ; component city

San Fernando is a third class component city in the province of La Union in the Philippines. It is the capital city of La Union and the regional center of the Ilocos Region (Region I). According to the 2010 Philippine census, it has a population of about 114,963 people.[3]

It is bounded by San Juan (north), Bauang (south) and Bagulin and Naguilian (east) and South China Sea (west). It has a land area of 10,272 hectares (25,380 acres).[2]

San Fernando is the financial, industrial and political center of the province, as well as the seat of national government agencies in Region I, engaged in agriculture, aquaculture, shipping using the port of San Fernando, and other industrial sectors.

San Fernando belongs to the District 1 in La Union province. San Fernando became a city by virtue of R.A. 8509 [1] (signed into law on February 13, 1998 by Fidel V. Ramos and ratified on March 20, 1998 Plebiscite; Congressman Victor F. Ortega, 1st District- La Union, sponsored the Bill).


San Fernando was founded in 1786 (the “cabecera” or provincial capital-seat of La Union province in 1850). The city's origin, San Vicente de Balanac and San Guillermo de Dalangdang, the 2 settlements during Spanish times, were attacked by pirates and headhunters.

In 1759, Augustinian friar, Padre Jose Torres fused these 2 settlements to Pindangan (dry fish),. where a church with San Guillermo the Hermit as the patron saint. This Church is now the Cathedral of St. William the Hermit. The frayle Father The massive 1860's earthquake destroyed the church which was later rebuilt.

In the 1896 revolt until in 1898, the Spanish garrison of San Fernando was attacked by Filipino insurgents under Manuel Tinio y Bundoc and Mauro Ortiz whereby, the Spaniards were finally ousted.

In the Second World War, the last battle of San Fernando was fought during the Japanese occupation at Barangay Bacsil. The Bacsil Ridge Monument was built on the site in the city (northwestern portion of the Town Plaza) The victory ebabled the establishment of the United States Army Base, Base M at Poro Point (a buildup area for the Japan ivasion).[2][3] The town was liberated in 1945.[4]

In 2010 the police of San Fernando demonstrated the ability to use computer technology when they apprehended suspected serial killer Mark Dizon.[4]


Population census of San Fernando
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 84,949 —    
1995 91,943 +1.49%
2000 102,082 +2.27%
2007 114,813 +1.63%
2010 114,963 +0.05%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][5]


San Fernando is mainly agricultural (rice, legumes, leafy vegetables, root crops, fruit trees, corn and tobacco). But residents treat fishing in coastline and seashore areas as secondary means of livelihood. The natives also have “inabel” (hand-woven cloth), baskets, shell crafts, including foods, such as “kilawen” and “papaitan”, “basi”, “sukang iloko” and “paslubong” such as guapples, “longganiza”, honey and native rice cakes, “puto”, “suman” and “bibingka”.

Patopat is San Fernando's native delicacy, made from "agdapil" (sugarcane, a tall tropical Southeast Asian Grass (Saccharum officinarum).[5]

San Fernando has many class A hotels and resorts, night clubs, inter alia.

Local government[edit]

The city government of San Fernando is divided into two branches: executive and legislative. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays.[6] The legislative branch is composed of Sangguniang Panlungsod (city assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of government is vested upon the mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the city hall of San Fernando. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation, stationed in the Don Mariano Marcos Building, the Legislative Building in front of the city hall.


San Fernando is divided into 59 barangays.[2]

  • Abut
  • Apaleng
  • Bacsil
  • Bangbangolan
  • Bangcusay
  • Barangay I (Pob.)
  • Barangay II (Pob.)
  • Barangay III (Pob.)
  • Barangay IV (Pob.)
  • Baraoas
  • Bato
  • Biday
  • Birunget
  • Bungro
  • Cabaroan (Negro)
  • Cabarsican
  • Cadaclan
  • Calabugao
  • Camansi
  • Canaoay
  • Carlatan
  • Catbangen
  • Dallangayan Este
  • Dallangayan Oeste
  • Dalumpinas Este
  • Dalumpinas Oeste
  • Ilocanos Norte
  • Ilocanos Sur
  • Langcuas
  • Lingsat
  • Madayegdeg
  • Mameltac
  • Masicong
  • Nagyubuyuban
  • Namtutan
  • Narra Este
  • Narra Oeste
  • Pacpaco
  • Pagdalagan
  • Pagdaraoan
  • Pagudpud
  • Pao Norte
  • Pao Sur
  • Parian
  • Pias
  • Poro
  • Puspus
  • Sacyud
  • Sagayad
  • San Agustin
  • San Francisco
  • San Vicente
  • Santiago Norte
  • Santiago Sur
  • Saoay
  • Sevilla
  • Siboan-Otong
  • Tanqui
  • Tanquigan

List of former chief executives[edit]

  • 1895-1898 - Blas Tadiar
  • 1899-1901 - Paulino Alviar
  • 1901-1903 - Gaspar Flores
  • 1904-1905 - Edilberto Aquino
  • 1906-1907 - Francisco Z. Flores
  • 1908-1909 - Urbano Martínez
  • 1910-1911 - José Hidalgo
  • 1912-1914 - Anastacio Casuga
  • 1915-1918 - Juan Salanga
  • 1919-1921 - Ulpiano Flores
  • 1922-1928 - Pedro R. Flores
  • 1928 - Francisco Galvez
  • 1928-1930 - Evaristo Galvez
  • 1931-1933 - Angel Salanga
  • 1934-1936 - Lauro Casuga
  • 1936-1939 - Paulino Flores
  • 1942-1944 - Juan Salanga
  • 1945-1946 - Modesto Aquino
  • 1946-1955 - Lorenzo L. Dacanay
  • 1956-1959 - Godofredo G. Rilloraza
  • 1960-1971 - Lorenzo L. Dacanay
  • 1972-1980 - Antonio Feraren
  • 1980 - Joaquin T. Ortega
  • 1980-1987 - Justo O. Orros Jr.
  • 1987 - Rufo T. Colisao
  • 1987-1988 - Angel Salanga
  • 1988-1998 - Manuel C. Ortega
  • 1998-2007 - Mary Jane C. Ortega
  • 2007–present - Pablo C. Ortega

Elected officials[edit]

City hall

Elected officials (June 30, 2010 – 2013):[7]

  • Mayor: Pablo C. Ortega
  • Vice-Mayor: Hermenegildo A. Gualberto
  • Councillors:
    • Alfredo Pablo R. Ortega
    • Francisco Paolo P. Ortega, V
    • Jonathan Justo A. Orros
    • Rodolfo M. Abat
    • Joseph Bernard D. Valero
    • Joseph M. de Guzman
    • Andre H. Dacanay
    • Florentino G. Flores Jr.
    • Marylin R. Jucar
    • Lolita G. Dyquiangco
    • Ramon F. Laudencia
    • Wilfredo P. Ordono
    • Ramon C. Ortega, Exec. Vice - President, Liga ng mga Barangay
    • Ramon Guio A. Ortega, SK Federation President


The city has a lot of points of interests, landmarks and attractions. Its yearly fiesta is celebrated from January 28 to February 15, where a trade fair is opened near the city hall.

The officials and the community is proud to present the following events: Annual City Fiesta, February 10, Bacsil Ridge Celebration, March 19, Pindangan Festival, March 20, Ma-tzu Festival, September 16 and Trade Fairs.[6][7]

  • The La Union Botanical Garden (8 kilometers from the city) – is a 10 hectare garden (Barngay Cadaclan), the home of various species of rare plants and a sanctuary of wild animals.
  • Bacsil Bridge and Monument
  • Pindangan Ruins (Barangay Parian)
  • Seven Hills
  • City Hall
  • Moro Watch Tower (Barangay Carlatan)
  • La Union Science Centrum & Museum (LUSCM has 5 Galleries: Kadaklan Burial Site and Environmental Gallery, Museum, Dark Room, Main Science Gallery and Portable Planetarium (Barangay Cadaclan)
  • Heroes’ Hill (Barangay II, at Poblacion, Provincial Capitol) & Freedom Park Stairway (153 steps)
  • Bethany Hill, Mirador Hill, Mariner's Hill, Miracle Hill (Barangay II, Pagoda Hill, Poblacion)
  • Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Barangay Madayegdeg)
  • Board Walk
  • Christ the Redeemer (25 foot statue, Reservoir Hill)
  • Beaches (in 11 of the coastal barangays)
  • Kasay Marine Sanctuary: 30 hectares MPA, featuring the 50 years old Giant clam or Tridacna gigas (Barangay Canaoay)
  • Children’s Park (Barangay II, City Plaza)
  • 10.6 hectares Engineered Sanitary Landfill (Barangay Mameltac)[10]
  • La Union Trade Center (beside the City Hall)


San Fernando has 32 public & 55 private schools (academies and colleges or universities): 27 public and 17 private elementary schools, 6 private and 11 public high schools, 11 colleges and universities.


Sister city[edit]


  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Facebook Helps Philippines Murder Suspect Investigation and Capture". National Ledger. July 28, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website.
  7. ^ Joint Oath-Taking and Inauguration of Newly-Elect Officials of the Province of La Union and City of San Fernando

External links[edit]