Yi-Liu dialect

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Yi-Liu
Yichun
Native to China
Region Central and western Jiangxi
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 yilu
Glottolog yili1247[1]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Yi-Liu, sometimes called Yichun dialect (simplified Chinese: 宜春话; traditional Chinese: 宜春話) after its principal variety, is a dialect of the Gan language. It is spoken in Yichun in Jiangxi province and in Liuyang in Hunan, after which it is named, as well as inShanggao, Qingjiang, Xingan, Xinyu City, Fen yi, Pingxiang City, Fengcheng, Wanzai in Jiangxi and in Liling in Hunan.

Phonetics and phonology[edit]

The Yichun variety will be taken as representative.

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of Yichun Gan
  Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-
palatal
Post-
alveolar
Velar Glottal
Nasals m ɲ   ŋ  
Plosives aspirated      
unaspirated p t     k  
Affricates aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ    
unaspirated   ts    
Fricatives f s ɕ ʃ   h
Lateral approximant   l        

Tones[edit]

Sonograph produced tone contour graph[2]
Tone chart of Yichun Gan[2]
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Examples
1 yin ping (阴平) ˨˦ (25) 多家彪都姑波编邦
2 yang ping (阳平) ˦ (44) 婆爬钱磨驴朋肥扶
3 shang sheng (上声) ˧˩ (31) 左努改讨巧草拐苦
4 yang qu (去声) ˨˩˧ (213) 大树害饭谢用望漏
5 ru sheng (入声) ˥ (55) 月六黑割发白湿毒

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Yi-Liu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ a b 马晓勤. "宜春话声调系统的实验研究." 天津中医药大学, 2006.