Ningbo dialect

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Ningbo dialect
Yong-Jiang / Ming-Zhou
寧波閒話
Pronunciation nyin pou ghae wo
Native to People's Republic of China
Region Ningbo, Zhejiang province
Ethnicity Ningbo people (Han Chinese)
Native speakers
5-6 million  (date missing)[citation needed]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog yong1273[1]
Bible in Ningpo Romanised (Genesis), published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.

Ningbo dialect (Chinese: 宁波话/寧波話,宁波闲话/寧波閒話) is a dialect of Wu, one of the subdivisions of Chinese spoken language. It is spoken in the city of Ningbo and Zhoushan and surrounding areas in Zhejiang province.

Area[edit]

The Ningbo dialect is spoken throughout Ningbo and Zhoushan prefectures.

Intelligibility[edit]

Its native speakers generally understand Shanghainese, but not vice-versa. It is not at all mutually intelligible with Mandarin, China's official language. Ningbo dialect is considered a Yongjiang dialect or Mingzhou dialect (as both terms are synonymous), and is closely related to the Taihu Wu dialects of Zhoushan. In terms of inter-intelligibility between dialects within the Mingzhou/Yongjiang subgroup, they can be more accurately described as 'accents' (腔) as these dialects are relatively uniform and almost identical to each other aside from pronunciation differences and some minor lexical differences.

Phonology[edit]

Initials[edit]

Bilabials Labiovelars Alveolars Palatals Velars Glottals
Nasals m n ȵ ŋ
Stops Unvoiced Aspirated ʔ
Unaspirated p t k
Voiced b d ɡ
Affricates Unvoiced Aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ
Unaspirated ts
Voiced dz
Fricatives Unvoiced f s ɕ h
Voiced v z ʑ ɦ
Laterals l

Finals[edit]

ɿ ʮ a ɔ o e ɛ ʏ ø ɐɪ əu œʏ
i ia io ie
u ua uo uɐɪ
y yo
ã ɔ̃ əŋ ʮøŋ ɐʔ iɪʔ ʮœʔ
iɐʔ
uɔ̃ uəŋ uɐʔ
yɔ̃ yəŋ yoŋ yoʔ yəʔ
Others ŋ̍

Tones[edit]

Tone classification Tone symbol Tone number
T1(陰平) ˥˧ 53
T2(陽平) ˨˦ 24
T3(陰上) ˧˥ 35
T5(陰去) ˦˦ 44
T46(陽上去) ˨˩˧ 213
T7(陰入) ʔ˥ 5
T8(陽入) ʔ˩˨ 12

Examples[edit]

唱月亮

月亮菩薩彎彎上,彎到小姑進后堂。
后堂空,拜相公,
相公念經,打一天井,
天井隔笆,打一稻花,
稻花耘田,打一團箕。

火瑩頭

火瑩頭,夜夜紅,
阿公挑擔賣碗蔥,
新婦織麻糊燈籠,
阿婆箝牌捉牙虫,
兒子看鴨撩屙虫。

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Yong-Jiang". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.