Asian Canadians

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Asian Canadians
Total population

(Asian Canadians
5,011,225 (15.3% of the Canadian population)

2011 National Household Survey)
Regions with significant populations
Southern Ontario  · Lower Mainland British Columbia  · Most urban areas
Canadian English  · Canadian French  · Asian Languages
Christianity  · Buddhism/East Asian religions  · Islam  · Hinduism  · Sikhism  · Irreligion
Related ethnic groups
Asian Americans  · British Asian  · British East Asian  · Asian Australians  · Asian New Zealanders  · Asian French  · Asian people

Asian Canadians refers to Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian peoples. Canadians of Asian ancestry comprise the largest visible minority group in Canada, at 15% of the Canadian population, and is the fastest growing. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities. In Canada, the term 'Asian' is pan-continental in official data such as the national census, in contrast to its usage in other English-speaking countries such as Australia, the UK and US.


Canada has a long history of East Asian immigration. During the 19th century, many Chinese arrived to take part in the British Columbia gold rushes and later for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The Chinese who came from Guangdong Province helped build the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Fraser Canyon. Many Japanese people arrived in the 1890s and became fishermen and merchants in British Columbia. In 1923, the federal government passed the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923, which banned all Chinese immigration, and led to immigration restrictions for all East Asians. In 1947, the act was repealed.

During and after the Vietnam War and the Korean War, a large wave of Vietnamese and Korean refugees began arriving in Canada. The Canadian Parliament created the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada in 1985 to better address issues surrounding Canada-Asia relations, including trade, citizenship and immigration. When Hong Kong reverted to mainland Chinese rule, people emigrated and found new homes in Canada.

In recent decades, a large number of people have come to Canada from India and other South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15 percent of the Greater Toronto Area's population, and are projected to make up 24 percent of the region's population by 2031.[1]

Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home. Often referred by the Canadian media as "model minorities", Asian Canadians are among the educated and socioeconomically affluent groups in Canada. Asian Canadian students, in particular those of East Asian or South Asian background, make up the majority of students at several Canadian universities.


Based on 2011 census,[2] there are 5.01 million Asian Canadian with the following ethnic identities.

West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins: 778,465

South Asian origins: 1,615,925

East and South East Asian origins: 2,650,000

The Asian Canadian population by province or territory according to the 2011 Census.

Province Asian origins %
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario 2,604,595 20.6%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia 1,122,445 26.0%
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta 551,710 15.5%
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec 488,905 6.3%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba 126,600 10.8%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan 55,095 5.5%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia 31,875 3.5%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick 14,535 2.0%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador 6,310 1.2%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island 4,360 3.2%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon 2,205 6.7%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories 2,165 5.3%
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut 425 1.3%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 5,011,225 15.3%

Top 20 of Asian Canadian Demographics according to the 2011 Census.

Population of Various Asian Canadian Groups
Ethnic Origins Population
Chinese Canadians 1,487,580
Indo-Canadians 1,355,653
Filipino Canadians 662,600
Pakistani Canadians 305,310
Vietnamese Canadians 220,425
Lebanese Canadians 190,275
Korean Canadians 168,890
Iranian Canadians 163,290
Sri Lankan Canadians 139,415
Japanese Canadians 109,740
Afghan Canadians 62,815
Turkish Canadians 55,430
Iraqi Canadians 49,680
Syrian Canadians 40,840
Cambodian Canadians 34,340
Bangladeshi Canadians 34,205
Palestinian Canadians 31,245
Taiwanese Canadians 30,330
Laotian Canadians 22,090

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ [1]

External links[edit]