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List of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada

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Toronto (6,555,205)
Montreal (4,364,189)
Vancouver (2,737,698)
Calgary (1,543,283)
Edmonton (1,468,926)
Ottawa (1,461,494)

The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 Census.[1] Each entry is identified as a census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) as defined by Statistics Canada.

Note that a city's metropolitan area in colloquial or administrative terms may be different from its CMA as defined by Statistics Canada, resulting in differing populations. Such is the case with the Greater Toronto Area where its metro population is notably higher than its CMA population due to its inclusion of the neighbouring Oshawa CMA to the east and the Burlington portion of the neighbouring Hamilton CMA to the west.[2]

In 2020, 27,306,305 people (71.8% of Canada's population) lived in a CMA, while 4,562,743 (12.0%) lived in a CA.[3]

Recent growth

Between 2011 and 2016, the six fastest growing CMAs by percentage growth were located in Western Canada with Alberta's two CMAs, Calgary and Edmonton, leading the country. Saskatoon, Regina, and Lethbridge rounded out the top five in the country and each grew by at least 10%. Of the remaining 30 CMAs, all but two of them recorded population growth. Those that experienced population decline were Brantford and Saint John.[4][5][6] Ten of the fifteen fastest growing CAs in Canada between the two most recent censuses were located in Alberta. The other five were located in British Columbia with two, and Manitoba, Ontario and Yukon each with one.

Between 2006 and 2011, twenty-four CAs experienced population decline. The fifteen CAs that experienced the greatest population decline were located in British Columbia (two), Manitoba (one), New Brunswick (one), Nova Scotia (three), Ontario (four) and Quebec (four). Okotoks experienced the greatest increase while Thompson experienced the greatest decline.[4][5]

List

Canada had 35 CMAs and 117 CAs as of the 2016 census. The number of CMAs increased from 33 in 2011 by promoting the Belleville and Lethbridge CAs.[7] The number of CAs increased from 113 through the creation of eight new CAs – Arnprior, Carleton Place, Gander, Nelson, Sainte-Marie, Wasaga Beach, Weyburn and Winkler – the demotion of two CAs – Amos and Temiskaming Shores – and the promotion of Belleville and Lethbridge to CMAs.[7]

Rank
(2020 Est.)
Rank
(2016)
Geographic name Province Type Population
(2020 Est.)[3]
Population
(2016)
Change
1 1 Toronto Ontario CMA 6,555,205 5,928,040 +10.58%
2 2 Montreal Quebec CMA 4,364,189 4,098,927 +6.47%
3 3 Vancouver British Columbia CMA 2,737,698 2,463,431 +11.13%
4 4 Calgary Alberta CMA 1,543,283 1,392,609 +10.82%
5 6 Edmonton Alberta CMA 1,468,926 1,321,426 +11.16%
6 5 Ottawa–Gatineau Ontario/Quebec CMA 1,461,494 1,323,783 +10.40%
7 8 Winnipeg Manitoba CMA 850,056 778,489 +9.19%
8 7 Quebec City Quebec CMA 832,328 800,296 +4.00%
9 9 Hamilton Ontario CMA 804,691 747,545 +7.64%
10 10 Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo Ontario CMA 593,882 523,894 +13.36%
11 11 London Ontario CMA 551,066 494,069 +11.54%
12 13 Halifax Nova Scotia CMA 448,544 403,390 +11.19%
13 12 St. CatharinesNiagara Ontario CMA 437,114 406,074 +7.64%
14 14 Oshawa Ontario CMA 423,036 379,848 +11.37%
15 15 Victoria British Columbia CMA 408,883 367,770 +11.18%
16 16 Windsor Ontario CMA 356,880 329,144 +8.43%
17 17 Saskatoon Saskatchewan CMA 336,614 295,095 +14.07%
18 18 Regina Saskatchewan CMA 263,184 236,481 +11.29%
19 19 Sherbrooke Quebec CMA 224,557 212,105 +5.87%
20 22 Kelowna British Columbia CMA 222,748 194,882 +14.30%
21 21 Barrie Ontario CMA 218,188 197,059 +10.72%
22 20 St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador CMA 214,014 205,955 +3.91%
23 23 AbbotsfordMission British Columbia CMA 204,265 180,518 +13.15%
24 25 Kingston Ontario CMA 176,184 161,175 +9.31%
25 24 Greater Sudbury Ontario CMA 172,462 164,689 +4.72%
26 28 Guelph Ontario CMA 167,509 151,984 +10.21%
27 26 Saguenay Quebec CMA 163,354 160,980 +1.47%
28 27 Trois-Rivières Quebec CMA 163,287 156,042 +4.64%
29 29 Moncton New Brunswick CMA 158,695 144,810 +9.59%
30 30 Brantford Ontario CMA 151,566 134,203 +12.94%
31 32 Peterborough Ontario CMA 131,939 121,721 +8.39%
32 31 Saint John New Brunswick CMA 131,772 126,202 +4.41%
33 34 Lethbridge Alberta CMA 128,851 117,394 +9.76%
34 33 Thunder Bay Ontario CMA 126,861 121,621 +4.31%
35 34 Nanaimo British Columbia CA 117,144 104,936 +11.63%
36 36 Kamloops British Columbia CA 116,896 103,811 +12.60%
37 40 Chilliwack British Columbia CA 116,626 101,512 +14.89%
38 37 Belleville Ontario CMA 112,980 103,472 +9.19%
39 39 Fredericton New Brunswick CA 111,024 101,760 +9.10%
40 38 Chatham-Kent Ontario CA 106,620 102,042 +4.49%
41 41 Red Deer Alberta CA 105,767 100,418 +5.33%
42 43 Sarnia Ontario CA 100,985 96,151 +5.03%
43 44 Drummondville Quebec CA 100,821 96,118 +4.89%
44 42 Cape Breton Nova Scotia CA 100,711 98,722 +2.01%
45 45 Prince George British Columbia CA 96,015 86,622 +10.84%
46 46 Granby Quebec CA 90,459 85,056 +6.35%
47 47 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario CA 81,238 78,159 +3.94%
48 49 Kawartha Lakes Ontario CA 81,042 75,423 +7.45%
49 52 Charlottetown Prince Edward Island CA 80,347 69,325 +15.90%
50 48 Medicine Hat Alberta CA 79,450 76,522 +3.83%
51 50 Wood Buffalo Alberta CA 76,263 73,320 +4.01%
52 51 North Bay Ontario CA 73,749 70,378 +4.79%
53 53 Norfolk Ontario CA 70,489 64,044 +10.06%
54 54 Grande Prairie Alberta CA 69,025 63,166 +9.28%
55 55 Vernon British Columbia CA 66,966 61,334 +9.18%
56 58 Brandon Manitoba CA 63,188 58,003 +8.94%
57 56 Cornwall Ontario CA 62,225 59,699 +4.23%
58 57 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec CA 61,424 59,614 +3.04%
59 61 Courtenay British Columbia CA 60,120 54,157 +11.01%
60 59 Rimouski Quebec CA 56,394 55,349 +1.89%
61 60 Shawinigan Quebec CA 54,940 54,181 +1.40%
62 64 Leamington Ontario CA 52,649 49,147 +7.13%
63 62 Joliette Quebec CA 52,261 49,439 +5.71%
64 63 Victoriaville Quebec CA 50,779 49,151 +3.31%
65 66 Duncan British Columbia CA 48,495 44,451 +9.10%
66 65 Truro Nova Scotia CA 47,031 45,753 +2.79%
67 68 Penticton British Columbia CA 46,885 43,432 +7.95%
68 67 Prince Albert Saskatchewan CA 46,609 44,160 +5.55%
69 72 Woodstock Ontario CA 46,464 40,902 +13.60%
70 69 Rouyn-Noranda Quebec CA 43,113 42,334 +1.84%
71 70 Timmins Ontario CA 42,948 41,788 +2.78%
72 73 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Quebec CA 42,854 40,745 +5.18%
73 75 Campbell River British Columbia CA 42,166 37,861 +11.37%
74 71 Sorel-Tracy Quebec CA 42,112 41,629 +1.16%
75 74 Brockville Ontario CA 40,912 38,553 +6.12%
76 76 Midland Ontario CA 39,971 35,859 +11.47%
77 86 Carleton Place Ontario CA 36,916 31,451 +17.38%
78 78 Lloydminster Alberta/Saskatchewan CA 36,473 34,583 +5.47%
79 77 Moose Jaw Saskatchewan CA 35,732 35,053 +1.94%
80 79 New Glasgow Nova Scotia CA 34,897 34,487 +1.19%
81 80 Val-d'Or Quebec CA 34,513 33,871 +1.90%
82 89 Winkler Manitoba CA 34,325 30,297 +13.30%
83 84 Owen Sound Ontario CA 34,044 31,820 +6.99%
84 87 Orillia Ontario CA 34,002 31,166 +9.10%
85 85 Stratford Ontario CA 33,868 31,465 +7.64%
86 82 Saint-Georges Quebec CA 33,678 32,513 +3.58%
87 96 Whitehorse Yukon CA 33,480 28,225 +18.62%
88 81 Alma Quebec CA 33,014 32,849 +0.50%
89 83 Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador CA 31,936 31,917 +0.06%
90 88 Bathurst New Brunswick CA 31,691 31,110 +1.87%
91 90 Parksville British Columbia CA 31,144 28,922 +7.68%
92 92 Okotoks Alberta CA 31,118 28,881 +7.75%
93 97 Centre Wellington Ontario CA 31,092 28,191 +10.29%
94 95 Fort St. John British Columbia CA 29,885 28,396 +5.24%
95 91 Rivière-du-Loup Quebec CA 29,737 28,902 +2.89%
96 94 Thetford Mines Quebec CA 28,878 28,448 +1.51%
97 93 Sept-Îles Quebec CA 28,208 28,534 −1.14%
98 100 Kentville Nova Scotia CA 28,196 26,222 +7.53%
99 99 Miramichi New Brunswick CA 27,997 27,523 +1.72%
100 101 Cranbrook British Columbia CA 27,938 26,083 +7.11%
101 102 Port Alberni British Columbia CA 27,060 25,112 +7.76%
102 98 Baie-Comeau Quebec CA 26,776 27,692 −3.31%
103 103 Brooks Alberta CA 25,246 24,662 +2.37%
104 107 Collingwood Ontario CA 24,539 21,793 +12.60%
105 106 Quesnel British Columbia CA 24,486 23,146 +5.79%
106 104 Edmundston New Brunswick CA 23,778 23,524 +1.08%
107 108 Wasaga Beach Ontario CA 23,475 20,675 +13.54%
108 105 Pembroke Ontario CA 23,421 23,269 +0.65%
109 109 Squamish British Columbia CA 23,335 19,893 +17.30%
110 111 Yellowknife Northwest Territories CA 22,290 19,569 +13.90%
111 112 Cobourg Ontario CA 20,152 19,440 +3.66%
112 113 Yorkton Saskatchewan CA 19,489 18,905 +3.09%
113 110 North Battleford Saskatchewan CA 19,457 19,623 −0.85%
114 115 Swift Current Saskatchewan CA 19,386 18,536 +4.59%
115 116 Nelson British Columbia CA 19,709 18,307 +7.66%
116 119 Salmon Arm British Columbia CA 19,699 17,904 +10.03%
117 117 Williams Lake British Columbia CA 19,391 18,277 +6.10%
118 120 Petawawa Ontario CA 19,074 17,187 +10.98%
119 114 Camrose Alberta CA 18,980 18,742 +1.27%
120 123 Summerside Prince Edward Island CA 18,042 16,587 +8.77%
121 122 Port Hope Ontario CA 17,731 16,753 +5.84%
122 125 Tillsonburg Ontario CA 17,660 15,872 +11.27%
123 121 Powell River British Columbia CA 17,628 16,783 +5.03%
124 118 Matane Quebec CA 17,626 17,926 −1.67%
125 124 Arnprior Ontario CA 17,588 15,973 +10.11%
126 128 Terrace British Columbia CA 17,267 15,723 +9.82%
127 130 Sylvan Lake Alberta CA 15,990 15,302 +4.50%
128 127 Campbellton New Brunswick CA 15,901 15,746 +0.98%
129 126 Steinbach Manitoba CA 15,809 15,829 −0.13%
130 131 Kenora Ontario CA 15,772 15,096 +4.48%
131 134 Canmore Alberta CA 15,458 13,992 +10.48%
132 129 Dolbeau-Mistassini Quebec CA 15,427 15,673 −1.57%
133 137 Cowansville Quebec CA 15,017 13,656 +9.97%
134 132 Cold Lake Alberta CA 14,397 14,961 −3.77%
135 135 Strathmore Alberta CA 14,279 13,756 +3.80%
136 133 Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador CA 14,250 14,171 +0.56%
137 139 High River Alberta CA 14,178 13,584 +4.37%
138 136 Thompson Manitoba CA 14,092 13,678 +3.03%
139 145 Ingersoll Ontario CA 14,029 12,757 +9.97%
140 146 Prince Rupert British Columbia CA 13,606 12,687 +7.24%
141 138 Estevan Saskatchewan CA 13,603 13,615 −0.09%
142 148 Dawson Creek British Columbia CA 13,509 12,178 +10.93%
143 141 Portage la Prairie Manitoba CA 13,495 13,304 +1.44%
144 144 Lachute Quebec CA 13,472 12,862 +4.74%
145 142 Gander Newfoundland and Labrador CA 13,448 13,234 +1.62%
146 143 Lacombe Alberta CA 13,364 13,057 +2.35%
147 140 Sainte-Marie Quebec CA 13,265 13,565 −2.21%
148 147 Wetaskiwin Alberta CA 12,977 12,655 +2.54%
149 149 Hawkesbury Ontario/Quebec CA 12,431 11,974 +3.82%
150 152 Elliot Lake Ontario CA 11,423 10,741 +6.35%
151 150 Bay Roberts Newfoundland and Labrador CA 11,182 11,083 +0.89%
152 151 Weyburn Saskatchewan CA 11,145 10,870 +2.53%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses (table). 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  2. ^ "What's the difference between the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and CMA Toronto (census metropolitan area)?". Computing in the Humanities and Social Sciences University of Toronto. May 9, 2001. Archived from the original on April 9, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Population estimates, July 1, by census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, 2016 boundaries". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses (table). 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "The Canadian Population in 2011: Population Counts and Growth" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 2012. pp. 13–17. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  6. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "The Daily — Population size and growth in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census". www.statcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Statistical Area Classification - Variant of SGC 2016 (Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration)". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2016. Archived from the original on November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016. There are 35 CMAs and 117 CAs in 2016. Two new CMAs were created: Belleville (Ont.) and Lethbridge (Alta.). Eight new CAs were created: Gander (N.L.), Sainte-Marie (Que.), Arnprior (Ont.), Carleton Place (Ont.), Wasaga Beach (Ont.), Winkler (Man.), Weyburn (Sask.) and Nelson (Alta.). The CAs of Amos (Que.) and Temiskaming Shores (Ont.) were retired because the population of their cores dropped below 10,000 in 2011.

External links