The Turkish diaspora (Turkish: Gurbetçi) refers to "Turks" who have emigrated from their homeland. Thus, the term may refer to citizens of Turkey living abroad (which includes ethnic Turks and other ethnic minorities) or ethnic Turks from traditional areas of Turkish settlement (such as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo, Hungary the Republic of Macedonia and Romania) who are living abroad.
Due to the large numbers of Turkish citizens and Turkish minorities who have emigrated from their traditional homeland, the figures below do not necessarily show a true indication of the total Turkish population. For example, although official data shows that there are 52,893 Turkish citizens in the United Kingdom, the Home Affairs Committee states that there are now 500,000 British Turks made up of 300,000 Turkish Cypriots, 150,000 Turkish nationals, and smaller groups of Bulgarian Turks and Romanian Turks.
Turkish citizens living abroad
These figures only include citizens of Turkey. Thus, official numbers do not include individuals who have become naturalised citizens of their host country nor does it include their children who are born in the host country and obtain the host citizenship. For example, although there are 1,658,083 Turkish citizens in Germany, academic estimates suggest that there are now more than 4 million people of Turkish origin living in Germany.
Diaspora of Turks from traditional areas of settlement
Algerian Turks diaspora
There are many Algerian Turks who have emigrated to other countries and hence make up part of Algeria's diaspora, for example, there is a noticeable Algerian community of Turkish descent living in England. Many Algerians attend the Suleymaniye Mosque which is owned by the British-Turkish community. France, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, and Spain are also top receiving countries of Algerian citizens.
Bulgarian Turks diaspora
|Turkey||1,160,614 have emigrated between 1879-1992||not including descendants|
Cypriot Turks diaspora
|Country||TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs
|Other estimates||Further information|
|United Kingdom||200,000||300,000-400,000||British Cypriots
20000 mostly in Prizren, Prishtina, Vushtria.
Macedonian Turks diaspora
Meskhetian Turks diaspora
Greek Turks diaspora
Between 300,000 to 400,000 Turks have left Greece's region of Western Thrace since 1923, most of which immigrated to Turkey. 25,000 to 40,000 Western Thrace Turks have immigrated to Western Europe, about 80% are living in Germany. Western Thrace Turks have also immigrated to the Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria and Italy.
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