Gastronomy

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Fine food, the principal study of gastronomy

Gastronomy is the study of the relationship between food and culture, art of preparing and serving rich or delicate and appetizing food, a style of cooking of particular region, and the science of good eating.[1] One who is well versed in gastronomy is called a gastronome, while a gastronomist is one who unites theory and practice in the study of gastronomy.[citation needed] Gastronomy can be subdivided into four main areas, which are practical gastronomy, theoretical gastronomy, technical gastronomy, and food gastronomy.[citation needed] Practical gastronomy is associated with the practice and study of the preparation, production, and service of the various foods and beverages, from countries around the world. Theoretical gastronomy supports practical gastronomy. It is related with a system and process approach, focused on recipes, cookery books. Food gastronomy is connected with food and beverages and their genesis. Technical gastronomy caries rigour and underpins practical gastronomy.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Etymologically, the word "gastronomy" is derived from Ancient Greek γαστήρ, gastér, "stomach", and νόμος, nómos "laws that govern", and therefore literally means "the art or law of regulating the stomach". The term is purposely all-encompassing: it subsumes all of cooking technique, nutritional facts, food science, and everything that has to do with palatability plus applications of taste and smell as human ingestion of foodstuffs goes.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Gastronomy involves discovering, tasting, experiencing, researching, understanding and writing about food preparation and the sensory qualities of human nutrition as a whole. It also studies how nutrition interfaces with the broader culture. Later on, the application of biological and chemical knowledge to cooking has become known as molecular gastronomy, yet gastronomy covers a much broader, interdisciplinary ground.

This is the first example of a carte gastronomique, a map that summarizes a country by its products at the outset of the "Cours Gastronomique" by Charles Louis Cadet de Gassicourt (1809).

The culinary term appears for the first time in a title in a poem by Joseph Berchoux in 1801 entitled "Gastronomie".[citation needed]

The derivative gourmet has come into use since the publication of the book by Brillat-Savarin, The Physiology of Taste. According to Brillat-Savarin, "Gastronomy is the knowledge and understanding of all that relates to man as he eats. Its purpose is to ensure the conservation of men, using the best food possible."[3]

Works on gastronomy[edit]

There have been many writings on gastronomy throughout the world that capture the thoughts and esthetics of a culture's cuisine during a period in their history. In some cases, these works continue to define or influence the contemporary gastronomic thought and cuisine of their respective cultures.

Careers[edit]

  • Food Science
  • Cultural food studies
  • Culture, Food, and Human development
  • Food manufacturing
  • Health and nutrition
  • Food writing / blogging

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline citations[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary.
  2. ^ Gillespie, Cailein. "European Gastronomy into the 21st Century." Google Books. Elsevier Ltd, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
  3. ^ Montagné, Prosper. Larousse gastronomique: The New American Edition of the World's Greatest Culinary Encyclopedia. Edited by Jennifer Harvey Lang. New York: Crown, 1988. Second English edition.

General references[edit]

  • Addison, Lilholt. "Entomological Gastronomy." Google Books. Lulu.com, n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.
  • Avi, Schlosburg. "What Is Gastronomy?" Gastronomy at BU. Gastronomy at BU, 6 June 2011. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.
  • Brillat, Savarin. "The Physiology of Taste, by Brillat-Savarin." : Part8. The University of Adelaid, n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.
  • Crystal, Cun. "What the Hell Is Gastronomy, Anyway?" Crystal Cun. Wordpress, 13 May 2011. Web.07Mar.2016.
  • Montagné, Prosper. Larousse gastronomique: The New American Edition of the World's Greatest Culinary Encyclopedia. Edited by Jennifer Harvey Lang. New York: Crown, 1988. Second English edition.
  • Leanna, Garfield. "These Molecular Gastronomy Dishes Look Weirdly Delicious - and They're Selling out in DC." Tech Insider. N.p., 12 Feb. 2016. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
  • "Molecular Gastronomy – The Food Science." Splice. N.p., 24 Sept. 2015. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
  • Michael, Symon. "Gastronomy." Meals Matter. N.p., 17 Mar. 2015. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.
  • "What Is Gastronomy?" Gastronomy at BU. N.p., 6 June 2011. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.

External links[edit]