Higher Secondary School Certificate

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The Higher Secondary Certificate, also known as HSC or Intermediate or +2 examination, is a public examination taken by students of intermediate college (junior college) in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and in the states of Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Telangana, Punjab, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Goa in India. In India the examination structure differs from board to board. But in most of the boards, they are subjective[clarification needed] examinations. HSC is an equivalent to GCE A Level in England and 3rd and 4th year of high Schools in United States


After 10 years of schooling at primary and secondary level, students (16+) who succeed in passing the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) examination have the option of joining a college for a two-year higher secondary education in their respective areas of specialization or enrolling in a technical or polytechnic institute. After the two-year higher secondary education, one has to sit for another public examination called Higher Secondary Certificate Examination conducted by the education boards to qualify for further education.

Students of religious and English medium streams also sit for their respective public examinations, Alim and "A" level, conducted by the Madrasah Education Board and London/Cambridge University respectively to qualify for further education. Every year, HSC Exam starts from April in Bangladesh. HSC Exam Routine publishes 2 month ago before examination.

There are nine Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education are responsible for conducting the public examinations also responsible for the recognition of private sector educational institute.[1]


National Examination Board (Nepal) is responsible for conducting and managing all senior school examinations that include 11th and 12th grade-Higher Secondary exam (10+2), 10th grade SEE Exam, and 8th grade District Level Examination. After passing Higher Secondary Exams, a student will be eligible to enter the university.

Apart from National higher secondary examination, Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) GCE Advanced Level qualifications (known as A level) is also offered by some of the private, public and international schools. A level is considered equivalent to National high school (10+2) examination.


The Higher Secondary School Certificate, also known as intermediate, is a public examination taken by the students of Higher Secondary School or Intermediate college (Junior college) in Pakistan. After finishing Matriculation in grade 9 and 10, the students 16 to 18 years in grade 11 and 12 take the Higher Secondary examination. The Higher Secondary Certificate can be subdivided in science and arts programs. The students concentrating in science programs are awarded Faculty in Science (F.Sc.) certificate in which the students choose their pre-engineering or pre-medical program. The major subjects for pre-engineering are chemistry, physics and mathematics, while the subjects for pre-medical are chemistry, physics, and biology. Computer Science programs students are awarded Intermediate in Computer Science (ICS) certificate. The major subjects which are taken in science and computer science programs are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics. The students concentrating in arts programs are awarded Faculty in Arts (F.A.) certificate. Commerce program students are awarded Intermediate in Commerce (ICom) certificate. Upon passing their intermediate examinations in these subjects, students receive the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC).


In India, HSC12 exam or 10th exam or inter exam or matric u exam is conducted at the state level by the state boards of education and at the national level by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). CBSE conducts this once a year, NIOS conducts this twice a year in public examinations with an option of on-demand examinations.


  1. ^ http://www.educationboard.gov.bd/ Education Board Bangladesh