Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
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|Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya|
|All Over India except State of Tamil Nadu|
|Grades||VI - XII|
|Number of students||2,41,648 as of March 31, 2015|
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) are a system of alternate schools for gifted students in India. They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Education, Government of India. JNVs are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi, with classes from VI to XII standard. JNVs are specifically tasked with finding talented children in rural areas of India and providing them with an education equivalent to the best residential school system, without regard to their family's socio-economic condition.
The concept of opening Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya in every district of India was born as a part of section 5.15 in New Policy on Education (NPE86).
The Samiti functions through an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Honorable Minister of HRD. It is responsible for the management of all affairs including allocation of funds to the Samiti and has the authority to exercise all powers of the Samiti. The Executive Committee is assisted by two Sub-Committees, i.e. Finance Committee and Academic Advisory Committee, in its functions. The executive head of the administrative pyramid is the Commissioner who executes the policies laid down by the Samiti's Executive Committee. He/she is assisted at the Headquarters level by Joint Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Asstt. Commissioners. At the Regional level, he/she is assisted by the Deputy Commissioners and Asstt. Commissioners. The Samiti has established 8 Regional Offices for the administration and monitoring of Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction. For each Vidyalaya, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for the general supervision of the Vidyalaya. District Magistrate of the concerned district is the Chairman of Vidyalaya level Committee with local educationists, public representatives and officers from the District as members. The Vidyalaya Management Committee has two sub-committees i.e. Vidyalaya Purchase Advisory Sub-Committee and Vidyalaya Appointments Sub-Committee.
Admission to the JNVs requires qualifying in an entrance exam, called the JNVST, designed, developed and conducted by NCERT earlier and now by the CBSE, except lateral admissions in the class IX and XI to the very limited seats held on annually apparently on February 2 Sunday. It is administered by the respective Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya regional center. The test encompasses reasoning/Mental ability skills, Maths, and Regional language. The school provides reservation as per mandate of Govt. of India, at least 75% selection of students from rural areas, maximum 25% from urban areas and fixed 33% to girl students. The JNV Samiti takes extensive care to make the applications available (and to communicate their availability through multiple media outlets) to far-flung rural districts, so as to properly serve this under-served population. Every year every JNV select about 80 most meritorious students. There is no admission fee and no re-admission fee however the non below poverty line and General category male students of Class IX to XII are charged ₹200 per month in welfare of Vidyalayas called Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi.
Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti was established in 1985 and it set up its first school in Kaloi,district Jhajjar,Haryana on 5/3/1986 and another school was set up in Amrawati,Maharashtra on 6/3/1986 . Since then, it has established nearly 600 schools across the Country, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep, except Tamil Nadu From 2014-15 session some schools are given Samsung Smart Lab.
Generally, each location hosts four hostels. Students are divided into four houses, whose names vary by location. But generally the names of Houses are Aravali, Nilgiri, Shivalik and Udaigiri, They are named after Ranges in India. The hostels are each divided into two sections, one for senior students (IX,X,XI XII Standard) and other for junior students (VI,VII,VIII Standard). And it is same for both girls and boys.
Cultural activities are a key part of the JNV program. Each school has a music hall where the students are taught to play different musical instruments. Inter-school competitions are held at all India level.
JNVs give great emphasis to sports. Every JNV provides facilities for handball, football, volleyball, basketball, kho-kho, badminton, kabaddi, hockey, and cricket. The daily schedule allots at least two hours a day toward sports or other play activities. The campuses also provide a gymnasium and multi-purpose room for indoor games.
Inter-school competitions are also yearly once at cluster, regional, national, and SGFI (School Games Federation of India) level.
Scouting, Guiding and NCC
Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti is recognised as a state for Scouting and Guiding activities by the Bharat Scouts and Guides. Navodaya students regularly and actively participate in programmes of BSG. NCC is being introduced in JNVs in a phased manner. Samiti had a total cadet strength of 9420 during 2003-2004. As part of NCC training, students of the JNVs attended several camps and excelled themselves.
One of the important features of the JNV scheme is an exchange programme wherein students visit JNVs in different linguistic regions . The aim of the exchange program is focused on national integration. According to the scheme, selected 30% of 9th class students are exchanged between JNVs of non-Hindi speaking region and Hindi speaking region, for one year and students of two collaborated navodayas are taught language of their associated state as third language for four years, from class 6th-9th. s.
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- "Overview". Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Navodyas in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu.
- "JNV Students Profile". Retrieved 18 August 2015.
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