Railway Schools in India

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Railway Schools in India
Established1873; 146 years ago (1873)
AuthorityMinistry of Railways

Railway schools are a chain of educational institutions in India run by the government, under the aegis of Ministry of Railways. These schools cater the education needs for the wards of railway and non-railway employees. The schools were established by the British.

In India,[1] there about 114 such schools are present in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.[2]


As the British empire started colonizing countries in Asia and Africa, they brought resources and technology to comfort themselves — thereby seeding a big industrial revolution. To move the harvested and manufactured goods from one place to another, railway transportation brought bigger changes. Simultaneously, the colonists came forward to provide education for the members and staffs working in the railway. And thus started mushrooming of such schools: Wherever railway lines were laid, stations were opened and railway factories and workshops were established.

One of the earliest was Oak Grove School at Jharipani, Mussoorie in India. In Tamil Nadu, railway schools were built between 1890 and the 1900s for children of British railway employees. Most were built following Victorian-style architecture. With the constant expansion of railway network, such schools were established across the country. The schools were later opened to non-railway people. [3]

On April 30, 2018, India's Southern Railway announced that it was shutting down all of its railway schools.[4] The decision would affect 6,800 students in eight schools in Tamil Nadu and one school in Palakkad, Kerala.[3] On May 16, 2018, Southern Railway issued an announcement that railway schools may continue to admit students. Some of the schools were allowed to operate with conditions that classes included 15 to 20 wards of railway employees.[5][6]


  1. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha - Question List" (PDF). Lok Sabha. New Delhi: Government of India. July 18, 2018. p. 37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-15. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  2. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha - Question List and Answers" (PDF). Lok Sabha. New Delhi: Government of India. July 18, 2018. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-15. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  3. ^ a b Anbuselvan, B (May 2, 2018). "Uncertain future for 6,800 kids as railway schools in Tamil Nadu told to shut class". New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  4. ^ Kumar, Sampath (May 1, 2018). "All 9 schools under Southern Railway to be closed down". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  5. ^ "Southern Railway allows admission in its schools". The Hindu. May 18, 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  6. ^ Arockiaraj, D Vincent (May 18, 2018). "Railway does U-turn, gives green signal to run schools". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-06-01.

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