List of extreme weather records in Pakistan

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 Lightning flashing just over the mountains in Murree, Pakistan
Lightning in Murree during the monsoon of 2005

The weather extremes in Pakistan include high and low temperatures, Heaviest rainfall and flooding. The highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan is 53.5 °C which was recorded in Mohenjo-daro, Sindh on 26 May 2010. It was not only the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan but also the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia.[1][2] and the fourth-highest temperature ever recorded on earth. The second-highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan is 53.3 °C (127.9 °F) which was recorded in Larkana, Sindh on 26 May 2010.[2] It is hottest city in Pakistan, as well as the hottest city in the world, but it is second-hottest place in Pakistan and fifth-hottest place of world. It is fifth-highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The highest rainfall of 620 millimetres (24 in) was recorded in Islamabad during 24 hours on 23 July 2001. The record-breaking rain fell in just 10 hours. It was the Heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the previous 100 years.[3][4]

Temperature[edit]

The standard measuring conditions for temperature are 1.2 meters above the ground out of direct sunlight (hence the term, x degrees "in the shade").

High temperature[edit]

Heat waves mostly occur during summer months but in southern Pakistan heat waves occur at any time period between April and September and bring high temperatures but most powerful heat waves occur in May and June. Some areas of southern Pakistan usually experience above 50 °C temperature and play havoc in these areas. The most deadly heat wave in the history of Pakistan is the record-breaking heat wave of summer 2010 which occurred in the last ten days of May.

List of cities with temperature of 50 °C or above[edit]

Temperature extremes in Pakistan over 50 °C (122 °F) based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5]

Date Temperature °C City Province Notes References
26 May 2010 53.5 °C (128.3 °F)[A] Mohenjo-daro Sindh It was the fifth-highest temperature ever recorded on earth and the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded in the continent of Asia. 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for four consecutive days from 24 to 27 May 2010. [1][2]
26 May 2010 53.3 °C (127.9 °F)[A] Larkana Sindh It was the fifth-highest temperature ever recorded on earth and the second-hottest reliably-measured temperature ever recorded in the continent of Asia and it is the hottest city of Pakistan since 2010. 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for four consecutive days from 24 to 27 May 2010. [2]
26 May 2010 53 °C (127 °F) Jacobabad Sindh 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for four consecutive days, 24 to 27 May 2010.Event also occurred on 12 June 1919. [2]
26 May 2010 53 °C (127 °F)[A] Sibi Balouchistan 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for consecutive 5 days from 22 to 26 May 2010. Previously 52.6 °C (126.7 °F) was recorded on June 5, 2003.[6] [2]
12 June 1919 52.8 °C (127.0 °F) Jacobabad Sindh [7][8]
31 May 1998 52.7 °C (126.9 °F)[A] Larkana Sindh It was the highest temperature in 1998. [9]
26 May 2010 52.5 °C (126.5 °F)[A] Padidan Sindh 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for three consecutive days from 24 to 26 May 2010. [2]
26 May 2010 52 °C (126 °F)[A] Nawabshah Sindh 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for consecutive 5 days from 22 to 26 May 2010. [2]
30 May 2009 52 °C (126 °F) Turbat Balouchistan 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for consecutive 5 days from 26 to 29 May 2009. [2]
19 May 2013 51.5 °C (124.7 °F) Larkana Sindh [10]
1 July 1990 51.4 °C (124.5 °F) Dalbandin Balouchistan
22 May 2010 51.3 °C (124.3 °F) Larkana Sindh [11]
9 June 2007 51 °C (124 °F) Mianwali Punjab 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for 2 days, 9 and 10 June 2007. [2]
1 June 1996 51 °C (124 °F) Rohri Sindh [12]
28 May 2010 51 °C (124 °F)[A] Dadu Sindh 50 °C (122 °F) was recorded for 2 days, 26 and 27 May 2010 . [2]
26 May 2010 51 °C (124 °F)[A] Noorpurthal Punjab 50 °C (122 °F) was recorded on May 19, 2011. [2][13]
25 May 2010 51 °C (124 °F)[A] Sukkur Sindh 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for three consecutive days, 25 to 27 May 2010. [2]
10 June 2007 51 °C (124 °F) Sargodha Punjab 50 °C (122 °F) was recorded for 2 days, 9 and 10 June 2007. [2]
26 May 2010 50 °C (122 °F)[A] Rahim yar Khan Punjab 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for three consecutive days from 25 to 27 May 2010. [2]
15 May 2009 50 °C (122 °F) Lasbella Balochistan 50 °C (122 °F) was recorded for 2 days, 15 and 16 May 2009. 50 °C (122 °F) was also recorded on May 21, 2011. [2][14]
27 May 2010 50 °C (122 °F)[A] Multan Punjab Record temperature in city ; previous highest was 49 °C (120 °F) in 1956. [2]
26 May 2010 50 °C (122 °F)[A] Bahawalnagar Punjab [2]
20 May 2011 50 °C (122 °F) Pasni Balochistan [15]
18 June 1995 50 °C (122 °F) Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [16]
5 June 1978 50 °C (122 °F) Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [17]
10 June 2007 50 °C (122 °F) Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 50 °C (122 °F) or above was recorded for two days, 9 and 10 June 2007. [2]

List of cities with temperature of 45 °C or above but below 50 °C[edit]

Temperature extremes in Pakistan over 45 °C (113 °F) based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Temperature °C City Province Notes References
4 June 2014 49.5 °C (121.1 °F)* Gwadar Balochistan Highest temperature on Makran coast.
20 June 2010 49 °C (120 °F)* Dera Ghazi Khan Punjab [2]
7 June 1991 48.5 °C (119.3 °F) Hyderabad Sindh [18] so
26 May 2010 48.5 °C (119.3 °F)[A] Bhakkar Punjab [2]
30 May 1944 48.3 °C (118.9 °F) Lahore Punjab 48 °C (118 °F) was recorded in Lahore on 10 June 2007. [19][20]
8 June 2014 48.0 °C (118.4 °F)* Gwadar Balochistan This temperature was also recorded on 9 June 2014.
10 June 2007 48 °C (118 °F) Attock Punjab
26 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F) Faisalabad Punjab This temperature was also recorded on 24 June 2005. [2][21]
8 June 1979 48 °C (118 °F) Jiwani Balouchistan [22]
26 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F)[A] Jhelum Punjab [2]
25 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F)[A] Bhawalpur Punjab [2]
9 June 2007 48 °C (118 °F) Mandi Bahauddin Punjab [2]
26 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F)[A] Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [2]
25 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F)[A] Bhawalpur Punjab [2]
26 May 2010 48 °C (118 °F) Nok Kundi Balouchistan [2]
11 June 2007 48 °C (118 °F) Thatta Sindh
9 May 1938 47.8 °C (118.0 °F) Karachi Sindh [23]
24 May 2013 47.4 °C (117.3 °F) Lahore Punjab This is the highest recorded temperature of May in Lahore since 1954.[10]
24 June 1990 47.3 °C (117.1 °F) Drosh Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [24]
22 June 2007 47 °C (117 °F) Chorr Sindh
25 May 2010 47 °C (117 °F)[A] Okara Punjab [2]
25 May 2010 47 °C (117 °F)[A] Sahiwal Punjab [2]
24 May 2010 47 °C (117 °F)[A] Khanpur Punjab [2]
7 June 2014 48.1 °C (118.6 °F) Sialkot Punjab
24 May 2010 47 °C (117 °F)[A] Toba tek singh Punjab [2]
23 June 2005 46.6 °C (115.9 °F) Rawalpindi/Islamabad Punjab/Islamabad Capital Territory [25]
31 May 1988 46.5 °C (115.7 °F) Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir [26]
17 July 1997 46.3 °C (115.3 °F) Gilgit Gilgit Baltistan [27]
26 May 2010 46 °C (115 °F)[A] Gujranwala Punjab [2]
10 June 2007 46 °C (115 °F) Rawalpindi Punjab This temperature was also recorded on 29 June 2009. [28]
20 June 2015 45 °C (113 °F) Karachi Sindh [2]

Record-breaking 2010 summer heat wave[edit]

The hottest temperature ever recorded in Asia and the fourth-highest temperature ever recorded in the world was in Mohenjo-daro, Sindh at 53.5 °C (128.3 °F) while the second-hottest temperature ever recorded in Asia and the fifth-highest temperature ever recorded in the world was in Larkana, Sindh at 53.4 °C (128.1 °F) on May 26, 2010. Twelve cities in Pakistan saw temperatures above 50 °C (122 °F) during the extreme heatwave of summer 2010, which lasted from May 22 to May 31, 2010.[29] On May 27, temperatures higher than 45 °C (113 °F) hit areas across Pakistan and at least 18 people died as a result.[30] Also, during the extreme heatwave season, 11 cities saw their highest ever recorded temperatures of 50 °C (122 °F) or above, and five cities saw temperatures of 53 °C (127 °F). 11 cities also saw extremes of more than 45 °C (113 °F) but below 50 °C (122 °F). The previous record for Pakistan and for Asia was on June 12, 1919 at 52.8 °C (127 °F) at Jacobabad.[7][8]

Low temperature[edit]

Cold waves mostly occur during winter months but in northern and western Pakistan cold waves occur at any time period between October and March and bring low temperatures but most powerful cold waves occur in December and January. Some areas of northern and western Pakistan usually experience below 0 °C temperature and play havoc in these areas. The most deadly cold wave in the recent history of Pakistan is the record-breaking cold wave of winter 2013.

List of cities with temperature of 0 °C or below[edit]

Temperature extremes in Pakistan over 0 °C (32 °F) based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Temperature °C City Province Notes References
7 January 1995 −24.1 °C (−11.4 °F) Skardu Gilgit–Baltistan [31]
8 January 1970 −18.3 °C (−0.9 °F) Quetta Balochistan [32]
1 February 1970 −16.7 °C (1.9 °F) Quetta Balochistan [32]
30 December 2013 −15 °C (5 °F) Kalat Balochistan [33]
5 February 2008 −15 °C (5 °F) Quetta Balochistan [34]
30 December 2013 −13 °C (9 °F) Quetta Balochistan [33]
26 December 2011 −12 °C (10 °F) Kalat Balochistan
6 January 2006 −5.4 °C (22.3 °F) Mohenjo-daro Sindh [35]
17 January 1967 −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [36]
7 January 1970 −3.9 °C (25.0 °F) Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [37]
17 January 1967 −3.9 °C (25.0 °F) Rawalpindi Punjab
17 January 1935 −2.2 °C (28.0 °F) Lahore Punjab [38]
6 January 2009 −49.0 °C (−56.2 °F) ziarat balochistan [39]
8 February 2012 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) Larkana Sindh [40]
21 January 1934 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) Karachi Sindh [41]
11 December 1996 −1.0 °C (30.2 °F) Faisalabad Punjab [42]

Precipitation[edit]

The standard way of measuring Rainfall or Snowfall is the standard Rain gauge, which can be found in 100-mm (4-in) plastic and 200-mm (8-in) metal varieties. The inner cylinder is filled by 25 mm (0.98 in) of Rain, with overflow flowing into the outer cylinder. Plastic gauges have markings on the inner cylinder down to 0.25 mm (0.0098 in) resolution, while metal gauges require use of a stick designed with the appropriate 0.25 mm (0.0098 in) markings. After the inner cylinder is filled, the amount inside it is discarded, then filled with the remaining Rainfall in the outer cylinder until all the fluid in the outer cylinder is gone, adding to the overall total until the outer cylinder is empty.

Rainfall[edit]

Pakistan receives Rainfall from both Monsoon and Western Disturbance. Monsoon occurs from July to September and brings heavy Downpour across the country except western Balochistan. Western Disturbances occur from October to May and bring Rainfall across the country with some heavy Downpour in northern Pakistan. But in June Western Disturbances occasionally hit the northern parts of the country. Pre-Monsoon also occurs in this month occasionally but not always.

Heaviest rainfall of 400 mm or above during 24 hours[edit]

Record-breaking rainfall extremes in Pakistan over 400 millimetres (16 in) or above during 24 hours, based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) City Province Notes References
24 July 2001 620 24.4 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory 620 millimetres (24 in) Rainfall was recorded in 12 hours, on 23 July 2001 in Islamabad as a result of a Cloudburst. It is the Heaviest rainfall in Islamabad. [3][4]

Heaviest rainfall of 200 mm or above but below 400 mm during 24 hours[edit]

Record-breaking rainfall extremes in Pakistan over 200 millimetres (7.9 in) or above but below 400 millimetres (16 in) during 24 hours, based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) City Province Notes References
11 August 2011 350 13.7 Tando Ghulam Ali Sindh [43]
24 July 2001 335 13.1 Rawalpindi (Shamsabad) Punjab Record-breaking rainfall in Rawalpindi due to Cloudburst.
7 September 2011 312 12.2 Diplo Sindh Record-breaking rainfall in Diplo. [44]
10 September 2012 305 11.8 Jacobabad Sindh Heaviest 24 hours Rainfall while 441 mm Rainfall in 36 hours in the month of September.
5 September 2014 300 11.8 Lahore Punjab Heaviest 24 hours Rainfall in the month of September. [45]
5 September 2014 298 11.7 Rawalpindi Punjab Heaviest 24 hours Rainfall in the month of September. [45]
5 September 2014 297 11.7 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [45]
10 August 2011 291 11.5 Mithi Sindh Record-breaking rainfall in Mithi. [46][47][48]
29 July 2010 280 11.0 Risalpur Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

[49]

7 August 1953 278.1 10.95 Karachi (Manora) Sindh [50]
29 July2010 274 10.7 Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Record-breaking rainfall in Peshawar , previously 187 millimetres (7.4 in) mm was recorded on 10 April 2009. [16][49]
5 September 1961 264.2 10.4 Faisalabad Punjab [21]
30 July 2010 257 10.1 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [49]
29 July 2010 257 10.1 Cherat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
2 July 1972 256.5 10.1 Nawabshah Sindh [51]
10 September 1992 255 10.0 Murree Punjab [52]
5 September 2014 251 9.9 Mangla Punjab [45]
5 September 2014 251 9.9 Sialkot Punjab [53]
12 September 1962 250.7 9.8 Hyderabad Sindh [18]
18 July 2009 205 8.07 Karachi (Masroor) Sindh One of the highest 24-hour rainfall.

[54]

5 September 2014 243 9.6 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [45]
30 July 2010 240 9.4 Kamra Punjab [49]
26 August 2011 240 9.4 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [55]
31 August 2011 238 9.4 Padidan Sindh [55][56]
5 September 2014 234 9.2 Rawalakot Azad Kashmir [45]
27 August 1997 233.8 9.2 Murree Punjab [52]
29 July 2010 233 9.1 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
30 July 2010 231 9.1 Murree Punjab [49]
6 June 2010 227 8.9 Gwadar Balouchistan Record-breaking rainfall in Gwadar. [57]
7 September 2011 225 8.85 Mithi Sindh [58][59]
13 August 2008 221 8.7 Lahore Punjab [60]
20 July 2013 217 8.6 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [61]
1 August 1976 211 8.3 Lahore Punjab [20]
8 July 2003 209 8.2 Larkana Sindh Heaviest rainfall in just 12 hours.
10 September 1992 208 8.2 Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir [62]
1 July 1977 207.6 8.1 Karachi Sindh [2]
29 July 2007 205 8.0 Sargodha Punjab
4 August 2010 202 7.9 Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Record-breaking rainfall in Dera Ismail Khan previously 116 millimetres (4.6 in) was recorded on 4 July 1994. [2][17]
11 August 2011 200 7.8 Tando Mohammad Khan Sindh [63]
11 August 2011 200 7.8 Tando Ghulam Haider Sindh [63]
24 July 2001 200 7.8 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [25]
27 August 1997 200 7.8 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory [25]

Record-breaking heavy Rainfall of September 2014[edit]

An August like Monsoonal moisture hit the country in the first week of the month when a very low air pressure system (29") was formed over Kashmir that moved eastward into Northern Pakistan. The spell caused torrential Rainfall between 1 and 5 September that resulted in devastation to life and property. The last two days of the spell being extremely wet in Pakistan caused River Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej and Indus to overflow their banks.

Heavy Rainfall recorded during the wet spell of September 2014[edit]

Heavy Rainfall of more than 200 millimetres (7.9 in) recorded during the wet spell of September 1 to 5, 2014 in northern Pakistan based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department.[45] This extreme event also broke several 24 hour Rainfall records, which can be seen on the main article.

City Stations Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) Province Notes
Lahore Shahi Qila 557 21.9 Punjab Record-breaking rainfall for the month.
Lahore Misri Shah 539 21.2 Punjab
Lahore Shahdra 538 21.2 Punjab
Sialkot Cantt (city) 523 20.6 Punjab
Lahore Airport 518 20.4 Punjab
Rawalakot 507 20.0 Azad Kashmir
Sialkot Airport 439 17.3 Punjab
Lahore Jail Road 437 17.2 Punjab
Kotli 431 17.0 Azad Kashmir
Lahore Upper Mall 421 16.6 Punjab
Rawalpindi Chaklala (Islamabad Airport) 345 13.6 Punjab Record breaking Rainfall for the month.
Mangla 345 13.6 Azad Kashmir
Gujranwala 336 13.2 Punjab
Islamabad Zero Point 331 13.0 Islamabad Capital Territory
Rawalpindi Shamsabad 319 12.6 Punjab
Gujrat 310 12.0 Punjab
Islamabad Saidpur 298 11.7 Islamabad Capital Territory
Okara 293 11.5 Punjab
Kasur 284 11.2 Punjab
Murree 262 10.3 Punjab
Faisalabad 228 9.0 Punjab
Rawalpindi Bokra 222 8.7 Punjab
Jhelum 220 8.7 Punjab
Islamabad Golra Sharif 211 8.3 Islamabad Capital Territory

Record-breaking heavy rainfall of September 2012 in Sindh[edit]

Main article: 2012 Pakistan floods

After the severe drought conditions in Sindh during the months of July & August, an intense low-pressure area developed in Bay of Bengal in last days of August. The Low pressure area moved towards Sindh and brought torrential Rains in upper Sindh while rainfall some heavy in other parts of Sindh during the first fortnight of September 2012. Highest rainfall was recorded in Jacobabad with the record of 481 millimetres (18.9 in) in just 7 days and 441 millimetres (17.4 in) in just 36 hours. Other records are 239 millimetres (9.4 in) in Larkana while 206 millimetres (8.1 in) in Sukkur. Larkana division was worst hit by heavy rainfall.

Heavy rainfall recorded during the wet spell of September 2012 in Sindh[edit]

Heavy rainfall of more than 200 millimetres (7.9 in) recorded during the wet spell of September 5 to 11, 2012 in the province of Sindh particularly in upper Sindh based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department.

City Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) Monsoon spell Notes
Jacobabad 481 18.9 September 5 to 11 Record-breaking rainfall for the month & 441 mm in just 36 hours.
Larkana 239 9.4 September 5 to 11 Record-breaking rainfall for past few years in the month of September.
Sukkur 206 8.1 September 5 to 11 Record-breaking rainfall for past few years in the month of September.

Record-breaking torrential rainfall of August and September 2011 in Sindh[edit]

 Supercell Thunderstorm in Larkana, Pakistan
Supercell Thunderstorm over Larkana during the wet spell of September 2011

In the month of July Pakistan received below normal monsoon rains; however, in August and September the country received above normal monsoon rains. A strong weather pattern entered the areas of Sindh from the Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat in August and gained strength with the passage of time and caused heavy Downpour. The first Monsoon spell hit the southern parts of Sindh on 10 August. It produced record breaking widespread torrential Rainfall and resulted in floods in district Badin. The second spell hit the areas on 30 August and lasted until 2 September. In the month of September four more consecutive spells of monsoon rainfall devastated the southern parts of the province. The first spell of September hit the already inundated parts of the province on 2 September. Thereafter, the second spell hit on 5 September, the third on 9 September, and the fourth on 12 September 2011. The four spells of Monsoon produced even more devastating torrential Rains in the already affected areas of Sindh.

Heavy rainfall recorded during the wet spells of August and September 2011 in Sindh[edit]

Heavy Rainfall of more than 200 millimetres (7.9 in) recorded in the heaviest Monsoon spell in different areas of Sindh province in the months of August and September, 2011 based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department.[64]

City Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) Monsoon Spell Notes References
Mithi 760 30.0 September 1 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Mithi. [65][66][67]
Mirpur Khas 603 23.7 September 1 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Mirpur Khas. [65][66][67]
Padidan 356 14.0 August 30 to September 4 Record-breaking rainfall in Padidan. [65][66][67]
Nawabshah 353.2 13.9 September 1 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Nawabshah. [65][66][67]
Dadu 348.1 13.7 September 1 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Dadu. [65][66][67]
Badin 302.1 11.8 August 10 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Badin. [65][66][67]
Chhor 268 10.6 September 1 to 14 Record-breaking rainfall in Chhor. [65][66][67]
Hyderabad 244.2 9.6 September 1 to 14 [65][66][67]
Karachi 212.2 8.3 September 1 to 14 [65][66][67]
  • September 1 to 14, 2011 four consecutive spells of monsoon rains in Sindh.
  • August 1 to 14, 2011 first spell of monsoon rains in Sindh.
  • August 30 to September 4 second spell of monsoon rains in Sindh.

Record-breaking heavy rainfall of July 2010[edit]

Unprecedented heavy monsoon rains began in the last week of July 2010 in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir regions of Pakistan which causes floods in Balochistan and Sindh.[68] The floods which were caused by monsoon rains, and were forecast to continue into early August, were described as the worst in the last 80 years.[69] The Pakistan Meteorological Department said that over 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain fell over a 24-hour period over a number of places of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab and more was expected.[70] A record-breaking 274 millimetres (10.8 in) of rain fell in Peshawar in 24 hours,[71] previously 187 millimetres (7.4 in) of rain was recorded in April 2009.[16] Other record-breaking Rains were recorded in Risalpur, Cherat, Saidu Sharif, Mianwali, and Kohat regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Heavy rainfall recorded during the wet spell of July 2010[edit]

Heavy Rainfall of more than 200 millimetres (7.9 in) recorded during the four-day wet spell of July 27 to 30, 2010 in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab, based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department.[49]

City Rainfall (mm) Rainfall (in) Monsoon spell Province Notes References
Risalpur 415[B] 16.3 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Islamabad 394 15.5 July 27 to 30 Islamabad Capital Territory [49]
Murree 373 14.6 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Cherat 372[B] 14.6 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Garhi Dopatta 346 13.6 July 27 to 30 Azad Kashmir [49]
Saidu Sharif 338[B] 13.3 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Peshawar 333[B] 13.1 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Kamra 308 12.1 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Rawalakot 297 11.7 July 27 to 30 Azad Kashmir [49]
Muzaffarabad 292 11.5 July 27 to 30 Azad Kashmir [49]
Lahore 288 11.3 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Mianwali 271[B] 10.6 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Lower Dir 263 10.3 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Kohat 262[B] 10.3 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Balakot 256 10.0 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Sialkot 255 10.0 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Pattan 242 9.5 July 27 to 30 Azad Kashmir [49]
Dir 231 9.10 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Gujranwala 222 8.7 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]
Dera Ismail Khan 220 8.6 July 27 to 30 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [49]
Rawalpindi 219 8.6 July 27 to 30 Punjab [49]

Snowfall[edit]

Pakistan receives snowfall from Western Disturbance. Western Disturbances bring snowfall from November to February across the mountainous and hilly areas of the country with some heavy snowfall in northern mountains and hills of Pakistan. Blizzards are common in northern mountains of the country.

Heaviest snowfall of 40" or above during 24 hours[edit]

Record-breaking Snowfall extremes in Pakistan over 40 inches (100 cm) or above during 24 hours based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Snowfall (in) Snowfall (cm) City or Station Province Notes References
4 February 2013 42 106.68 Malam Jabba Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [72]

Heaviest snowfall of 20" or above but below 40" during 24 hours[edit]

Record-breaking Snowfall extremes in Pakistan over 20 inches (51 cm) or above but below 40 inches (100 cm) during 24 hours based on data from the Pakistan Meteorological Department, 1931–2016[5] and other sources.

Date Snowfall (in) Snowfall (cm) City or Station Province Notes References
4 February 2013 24 60.96 Kalam Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [72]

Wind[edit]

Date City Wind speed (km/h) Wind speed (mph) Notes References
9 June 2005 Multan 195 122 Dust storm [73][74]
28 March 2001 Bhalwal, Sargodha 193 121 Tornado reported [75]
12 June 1962 Rawalpindi 177 110
13 October 2006 Rawalpindi 176 110 Tornado reported
2 June 2000 Faisalabad 151 94 [74]

Floods[edit]

 A NASA satellite image of Pakistan showing flood situation of the river Indus during 2010 Pakistan floods
A NASA satellite image showing the Indus River at the time of 2010 floods

Pakistan has seen many floods, the worst and most destructive is the recent 2010 Pakistan floods, which swept away the 20% of Pakistan's land, the flood is the result of unprecedented monsoon rains which lasted from 28 July to 31 July 2010. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and North eastern Punjab were badly affected during the monsoon rains when dams, rivers and lakes overflowed. By mid-August, according to the governmental Federal Flood Commission (FFC), the floods had caused the deaths of at least 1,540 people, while 2,088 people had received injuries, 557,226 houses had been destroyed, and over 6 million people had been displaced.[76] One month later, the data had been updated to reveal 1,781 deaths, 2,966 people with injuries, and more than 1.89 million homes destroyed.[77] The flood affected more than 20 million people exceeding the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[78][79] The flood is considered as worst in Pakistan's history affecting people of all four provinces and Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir region of Pakistan.[80]

The 2011 Sindh floods began during the Monsoon season in mid-August 2011, resulting from heavy Monsoon Rains in Sindh, Eastern Balochistan, and Southern Punjab.[81] The floods have caused considerable damage; an estimated 270 civilians have been killed, with 5.3 million people and 1.2 million homes affected.[82] Sindh is a fertile region and often called the "breadbasket" of the country; the damage and toll of the floods on the local agrarian economy is said to be extensive. At least 1.7 million acres of arable land has been inundated as a result of the flooding.[82] The flooding has been described as the worst since the 2010 Pakistan floods, which devastated the entire country.[82] Unprecedented torrential monsoon rains caused severe flooding in 16 districts of Sindh province.[67]

The other floods which caused destruction in the history of Pakistan, includes the flood of 1950, which killed 2910 people, On 1 July 1977 heavy Rains and flooding in Karachi, killed 248 people, according to Pakistan meteorological department 207 millimetres (8.1 in) of Rain fell in 24 hours.[83] In 1992 flooding during Monsoon season killed 1,834 people across the country, in 1993 flooding during monsoon rains killed 3,084 people, in 2003 Sindh province was badly affected due to monsoon rains causing damages in billions, killed 178 people, while in 2007 Cyclone Yemyin submerged lower part of Balochistan Province in sea water killing 380 people. Before that it killed 213 people in Karachi on its way to Balochistan.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A. ^ Indicates new record. Record-breaking extreme heat wave observed in the plain areas of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan where 50 °C (122 °F) or more was observed in 12 cities between 22 to 27 May 2010. Previous extreme heat wave conditions were observed in 1998, 2002 and 2007.
B. ^ Indicates new record. Record-breaking monsoon rains observed during the month of July, 2010 in northeastern Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Azad Kashmir.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]