Knox County, Illinois

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Knox County, Illinois
Knox County Courthouse (Illinois) 1981.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Knox County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1825
Named for Henry Knox
Seat Galesburg
Largest city Galesburg
Area
 • Total 720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Land 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Water 3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 52,919
 • Density 74/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.knoxcountyil.com

Knox County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 52,919.[1] Its county seat is Galesburg.[2]

Knox County comprises the Galesburg, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Knox County was named in honor of Henry Knox, the first US Secretary of War.[3]

The first "Knox County" in what today is Illinois was unrelated to the modern incarnation. In 1790, the land of the Indiana Territory that was to become Illinois was divided into two counties: St. Clair and Knox. The latter included land in what was to become Indiana. When Knox County, Indiana, was formed from this portion of the county in 1809, the Illinois portions were subdivided into counties that were given other names.

The modern Knox County, Illinois, was organized in 1825, from Fulton County, itself a portion of the original St. Clair County.

Like its neighbor to the south, Fulton County, for its Spoon River Drive, Knox County is also known for a similar scenic drive fall festival the first two weekends in October, the Knox County Drive.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Galesburg, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.4
 
 
29
13
 
 
1.6
 
 
35
19
 
 
2.8
 
 
48
29
 
 
3.8
 
 
61
40
 
 
4
 
 
73
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
81
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
85
65
 
 
4.1
 
 
82
63
 
 
3.5
 
 
75
55
 
 
2.5
 
 
63
43
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
31
 
 
2.3
 
 
33
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galesburg have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.41 inches (36 mm) in January to 4.37 inches (111 mm) in July.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Knox County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 274
1840 7,060 2,476.6%
1850 13,279 88.1%
1860 28,663 115.9%
1870 39,522 37.9%
1880 38,344 −3.0%
1890 38,752 1.1%
1900 43,612 12.5%
1910 46,159 5.8%
1920 46,727 1.2%
1930 51,336 9.9%
1940 52,250 1.8%
1950 54,366 4.0%
1960 61,280 12.7%
1970 61,280 0.0%
1980 61,607 0.5%
1990 56,393 −8.5%
2000 55,836 −1.0%
2010 52,919 −5.2%
Est. 2016 50,938 [6] −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 52,919 people, 21,535 households, and 13,324 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 73.9 inhabitants per square mile (28.5/km2). There were 24,077 housing units at an average density of 33.6 per square mile (13.0/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 87.5% white, 7.2% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 23.1% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 11.6% were Swedish, and 8.0% were American.[12]

Of the 21,535 households, 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.1% were non-families, and 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 42.0 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,545 and the median income for a family was $51,740. Males had a median income of $42,067 versus $25,380 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,908. About 10.9% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Knox County is divided into twenty-one townships:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 47.7% 10,737 44.8% 10,083 7.5% 1,683
2012 40.3% 9,408 57.6% 13,451 2.1% 497
2008 39.1% 9,419 58.9% 14,191 2.0% 488
2004 45.0% 11,111 54.3% 13,403 0.8% 194
2000 42.8% 9,912 54.3% 12,572 3.0% 690
1996 34.7% 7,822 55.4% 12,487 9.9% 2,239
1992 32.9% 8,331 49.5% 12,524 17.6% 4,441
1988 45.8% 10,842 53.8% 12,752 0.5% 106
1984 55.2% 14,974 44.3% 12,027 0.5% 121
1980 56.9% 14,907 33.4% 8,749 9.7% 2,542
1976 54.4% 14,123 44.4% 11,525 1.2% 319
1972 64.7% 17,315 34.9% 9,333 0.4% 118
1968 53.9% 14,216 36.8% 9,707 9.4% 2,473
1964 46.1% 12,850 53.9% 15,000
1960 60.1% 17,938 39.8% 11,889 0.1% 23
1956 66.0% 18,656 33.8% 9,558 0.1% 37
1952 64.2% 18,569 35.8% 10,354 0.1% 17
1948 60.2% 15,016 39.2% 9,772 0.7% 164
1944 61.0% 15,964 38.5% 10,070 0.5% 126
1940 57.8% 17,459 41.7% 12,597 0.6% 168
1936 50.5% 14,712 47.0% 13,697 2.5% 715
1932 49.1% 12,244 49.3% 12,282 1.6% 392
1928 72.3% 16,151 26.8% 5,993 0.8% 186
1924 65.9% 12,968 13.3% 2,617 20.8% 4,095
1920 73.9% 12,559 16.8% 2,852 9.4% 1,594
1916 58.8% 10,918 36.6% 6,785 4.6% 860
1912 16.7% 1,750 26.4% 2,758 56.9% 5,959
1908 63.8% 7,084 29.5% 3,277 6.6% 737
1904 73.8% 7,566 18.0% 1,849 8.1% 832
1900 67.6% 7,810 28.6% 3,299 3.8% 440
1896 67.4% 7,681 30.5% 3,480 2.1% 236
1892 60.5% 5,800 32.1% 3,073 7.5% 715

Knox County’s political history is typical of Yankee-settled Northern Illinois. It leaned Whig during its early elections – although giving a plurality to Franklin Pierce in 1852 – and become powerfully Republican following that party’s formation. Although Knox did support Progressive Theodore Roosevelt against conservative incumbent President William Howard Taft in 1912, it was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 landslide before Knox County again gave the Democratic Party so much as a plurality, and it did not give a Democratic absolute majority until Lyndon B. Johnson gained such against the anti-Yankee, Southern-leaning Barry Goldwater in 1964.

Since then, Knox County gradually trended Democratic for the following four decades, so that Michael Dukakis in his losing 1988 campaign was to carry the county by the same margin as Johnson had done in 1964. During the 1990s and 2000s, Knox was a solidly Democratic county, voting Democratic by at least nine percentage points in every election from 1992 to 2012. The 2016 election, in the shadow of high unemployment in the “Rust Belt” saw a swing of over twenty percentage points to Donald Trump, who became the first Republican victor in the county since Ronald Reagan in 1984 when he came within 3,819 votes of cleansweeping all fifty states.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 177. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Galesburg, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°56′N 90°13′W / 40.93°N 90.21°W / 40.93; -90.21