March 2006 Consistory
The announcement was made on 22 February that fifteen new cardinals would be created that year. 12 of them are under 80 years old, which is the age limit for participating in a conclave. This means that Benedict XVI has decided to continue with the tradition of having 120 cardinals, which was previously the practice, but had been discontinued by John Paul II.
During the consistory, fifteen red cardinals' hats were taken in a ceremony in St. Peter's Square. After the liturgical prayers and Pope's address, the candidates kneeled before the Pope's biretta and took their cardinal titles. This was followed by prayers of thanksgiving, intercession, the Lord's Prayer, and other prayers.
One of the cardinals who took part in the consistory, Father Albert Vanhoye, is not a bishop. Benedict XVI has followed tradition by naming a foremost theologian in the consistory. The Pope can choose whether or not to ordain the candidate as bishop. The two others are emeritus bishops.
|Name||Born / died||Country||Other information|
|William Joseph Levada||1936–||USA||Prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith|
|Franc Rodé C.M.||1934–||Slovenia||Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life|
|Agostino Vallini||1940–||Italy||Prefect of Apostolic Signatura|
|Jorge Urosa||1942–||Venezuela||Archbishop of Valencia in Venezuela|
|Gaudencio B. Rosales||1933–||The Philippines||Archbishop of Manila|
|Jean-Pierre Ricard||1944–||France||Archbishop of Bordeaux|
|Antonio Cañizares Llovera||1945–||Spain||Archbishop of Toledo|
|Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk||1931–||South Korea||Archbishop of Seoul|
|Seán Patrick O'Malley O.F.M.Cap.||1944–||USA||Archbisop of Boston|
|Stanislaw Dziwisz||1939–||Poland||Archbishop of Kraków|
|Carlo Caffarra||1938–||Italy||Archbishop of Bologna|
|Joseph Zen Ze-kiun S.D.B.||1931–||People's Republic of China / Hong Kong||Bishop of Hong Kong|
|Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo||1925–||Italy|
|Peter Poreku Dery||1918–2008||Ghana|
|Albert Vanhoye S.J.||1923–||Belgium/France|