Midea Group

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Midea Group
Public
Traded as SZSE: 000333
Founded 1968; 50 years ago (1968)
Founder He Xiangjian
Headquarters Beijiao, Guangdong, China
Key people
Paul Fang (Chairman)
Subsidiaries Midea Electric
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 美的集团
Traditional Chinese 美的集團
Literal meaning Midea Group
Website midea.com

Midea Group (Chinese: 美的集团; pinyin: Měidì Jítuán) is a Chinese electrical appliance manufacturer, headquartered in Beijiao, Shunde, Foshan, Guangdong. As of 2013, the firm employs approximately 100,000 people in China and overseas across 21 manufacturing plants and 260 logistics centers across 200 countries.[1] Midea Group is listed on Shenzhen Stock Exchange since 2013. It has been listed on the Fortune Global 500 since July 2016.[2][3] Midea produces wide ranges of lighting, water appliances, floor care, small kitchen appliances, laundry, large cooking appliances, and refrigeration appliances. It also has a long history in producing home and commercial solutions in air conditioning and heating (HVAC). In the summer of 2016, Midea made a highly publicized move to acquire German robotics company KUKA.[4][5] It is the world's largest producer of robots and appliances.[6]

History[edit]

Starting with only CN¥5,000 to open a workshop for the production of bottle lids in Beijiao, Shunde in 1968, He Xiangjian (Chinese: 何享健), the founder of the company, has since turned Midea into one of the most successful private companies in China, with sales revenue for the entire Group declared at US$ 22.2 billion for 2011.[1][non-primary source needed]

After its initial period of manufacturing bottle lids and car parts, the company focused on the manufacture of fully finished goods; specifically, electric fans beginning in 1980. Five years later, Midea produced its first air conditioner, a product which remains the core component of Midea's business today. Over the following 15 years though, the company gradually expanded into a wide variety of other electrical home appliances, including refrigerators, washing machines, microwaves.[7][non-primary source needed]

In 1993, the subsidiary which handled the core businesses of the company, known as "Guangdong Midea Electric", proceeded with a public offering of shares on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange.[7] The Guangdong Midea Electric's parent company, known today as "Midea Group", remained a privately held company at that time.

Midea opened its first overseas production facilities in 2007, in the Vietnam Industrial Park outside of Ho Chi Minh City. This would mark the beginning of a period of international expansion for the company. In the very next year, Midea formed a manufacturing joint venture with Belarusian microwave producer Horizont, in order to break into the various CIS markets.[7][non-primary source needed]

2010 would see the first of several overseas joint ventures between Midea and American air conditioner manufacturer, Carrier Corporation. Their first joint venture is based in Cairo, Egypt, under the name of Miraco Carrier. The next year, Midea and Carrier continued on this course, forming a collection of closely networked joint venture companies in Brazil, Argentina and Chile, and another one separately in India.[7][non-primary source needed]

In August 2012, the board of Midea Group announced that the company's founder, He Xiangjian, had informed them of his resignation as Chairman of Midea Group. Guangdong Midea Electric Chairman and President, Paul Fang, was subsequently named as the new Chairman of Midea Group.[8][non-primary source needed]

A restructuring plan of the company structure was announced in April 2013.[9] In September 2013, the whole group was publicly listed in the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as Midea Group; at the same time Guangdong Midea Electric was privatized by Midea Group.[10]

At the end of 2014, the Chinese electronics giant Xiaomi invested CN¥1.2 billion by acquiring 1.2% shares of Midea Group. A cooperation between the two companies was also announced at the same time.[11]

In 2016, Midea made three major acquisitions, the first of which was Toshiba's home appliances business for US$ 477 million,[12] followed by the even larger purchase of KUKA, the German robotics company.[4][5] Lastly, acquiring Eureka, the brand that specializes in floorcare, from Electrolux AB in December. [13]

Products[edit]

Midea's MDV-X VRF air conditioner

Midea's main business is producing home appliances and commercial air conditioners. It sells products domestically under its own name, while the majority of its export business is as an OEM and ODM for many well-known global brands. In recent years, Midea has begun launching its own brand in a growing number of foreign markets, such as Brazil, Argentina, Chile, India, Egypt, and most countries in southeast Asia.[14][15][16][17][18]

The company's main product category is air conditioners, both residential and commercial. It manufactures other major home appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, and dishwashers. Midea also offers a wide range of smaller appliances, such as microwave ovens, kettles, water dispensers, and vacuum cleaners.[19]

Midea annually wins 40+ design awards across a variety of reputable global design shows such as Red Dot,[20] iF[21] and other design competitions.

Beyond Midea's eponymous brand name, the company also employs a series of other brands. The Little Swan brand was adopted when Midea acquired the Little Swan company in 2008. Little Swan products are mostly laundry and refrigeration appliances. Hualing is a brand used by Midea for air conditioners and refrigerators, and was also adopted in 2008. MDV is one of the brands used by Midea for its line of commercial air conditioners, active since 1999. The Pelonis brand is used for heaters.

Projects[edit]

During the last decade, Midea has landed several increasingly high-profile projects, peaking with the most recent wins to install large-scale HVAC solutions in all the 12 stadiums for the Olympic games in Brazil in 2016,[22][23][24] as well as 9 of 12 stadiums for the World Cup in Brazil in 2014.[25][26]

Research and development[edit]

Courtyard of Midea's Research and Development Institute

Recently, Midea has maintained a policy of scaling R&D by consistently reinvesting 4% of company-wide revenues back into research and development efforts.[1]

In terms of intellectual property, Midea has been pursuing registration of its achievements in innovation more recently than before: the number of patent and utility applications made by Midea between 2000 and 2004 grew from 2 to more than 40.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Overview". Midea Group. 1 January 2012. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Midea Group #481". Fortune. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  3. ^ Group, Midea. "Midea Enters Fortune Global 500 for the First Time". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  4. ^ a b (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Berlin approves Kuka sale to Midea | Business | DW.COM | 17.08.2016". DW.COM. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  5. ^ a b "Midea to spend billions on building industrial robots after buying Kuka". Robotics & Automation News. 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  6. ^ "Kuka's CEO plans for robot domination in China and your garage". The Business Times. 
  7. ^ a b c d "History". Midea Group. 1 January 2012. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Midea Founder and Chairman Resigns from Midea Group; Board of Directors Elects Guangdong Midea Electric President as Successor". Midea Group. 25 August 2012. [dead link]
  9. ^ Flannery, Russell (1 April 2013). "Big China Appliance Maker GD Midea Climbs 10% After Restructuring Details Unveiled". Forbes. Retrieved 19 February 2018. 
  10. ^ 发行股份吸收合并广东美的电器股份有限公司上市公告书 (PDF) (Press release). Midea Group. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via Shenzhen Stock Exchange website. 
  11. ^ Flannery, Russell (15 December 2014). "Homeward Bound Xiaomi: Appliance Maker Midea Rises 6% On Stake By Hot China Phone Brand". Forbes. Retrieved 19 February 2018. 
  12. ^ "China's Midea Buys Majority of Toshiba's Home Appliance Business". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  13. ^ "Midea Acquires Eureka". HomeWorld Business. Retrieved 2016-12-05. 
  14. ^ "Midea Carrier Brazil". 
  15. ^ "Midea Carrier Argentina". 
  16. ^ "Midea Carrier Chile". 
  17. ^ "Carrier Midea India". 
  18. ^ "Miraco Carrier (Egypt)". 
  19. ^ "Midea Group Products". Midea Group. 1 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Red Dot Award: Product Design (Midea Awards Search)". red-dot.de. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  21. ^ "iF World Design Guide | Midea Company Summary". ifworlddesignguide.com. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  22. ^ "Midea Carrier to Provide HVAC Systems for Brazil's New Sports Stadiums". www.midea.com. Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  23. ^ "Midea equips all of Brazil's new stadiums". Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  24. ^ "Midea equips Rio's 12 arenas". Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  25. ^ "Midea Carrier in the winner's circle for Rio Olympics - Climate Control News". Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  26. ^ "Midea equips all of Brazil's new stadiums". Retrieved 2016-09-06. 
  27. ^ "Midea Group: Profile, Internationalization, R&D, Patents". chinese-champions.com. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 

External links[edit]