Modern equipment of the Turkish Land Forces
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Modern equipment of the Turkish Land Forces
- 1 Infantry weapons
- 2 Vehicles
- 3 Aircraft
- 4 Future procurements
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Assault and Battle Rifles
Rocket & Grenade Launchers
- BGM-71 TOW
- FIM-92 Stinger
- M72 LAW
- Mk 19
Grenades & Mines
- ŠESTAN- BUSCH BK-R & BK-PASGT helmets
- Savar SVRH01 helmet
- M1 helmet
- Savar SVRV01 & SVRV02 ballistic vests
- Army-made Type III and Type IIIA ballistic vests
|Altay||||Turkey||Main Battle Tank||4 (prototypes)||Serial production to start in 2017 with the first batch consisting of 250 units and estimated to cost $2B. Three more similar batches are expected to be ordered.|
|Leopard 2|| Germany
|Main Battle Tank||NG
|354||Bought from the German Bundeswehr in 2005. (http://defence-blog.com/army/photo-of-upgrade-leopard-2ng-by-by-aselsan-of-turkey.html)|
|M60 Patton|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||M60T 'Sabra'
|Obtained through conventional forces in Europe treaty 1991|
|Leopard 1|| West Germany
|Main Battle Tank||1T 'Volkan'
|In the late 1970s, after the review of the next generation Soviet T-72 and T-80 tank capabilities, Turkey was alarmed to learn that their M48 Patton's would no longer be able to destroy these new tanks in the numbers required to prevent a Soviet occupation of the country if the Cold War were ever to go hot. So Turkey began to search for a tank that could deliver greater lethality eventually settling on the German Leopard 1. Under an agreement signed in Bonn in November 1980, Turkey would obtain a first batch of 77 tanks by 1983. A further 150 were delivered by the end of 1991, and the last units were received by the end of 1994. In 2002 Turkey reached an agreement with ASELSAN Corporation to upgrade the Leopard 1 tanks, prolonging their service life by another 20 years. This modernization ended suddenly in 2009 as a result of the Financial crisis of 2008 and the subsequent shortage of money in the Turkish coffers. Only 170 units were modernized.|
|M48 Patton|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||A5T2||758||The M48 was by far the most fielded tank of the Turkish Armed Forces with 3,008 units active during the Cold War, with the runner-up being the M47 Patton of which Turkey fielded 1,347. Today all units are in reserve and will be replaced by the Altay Tank.|
|ACV-15 is the first indigenous armored tracked vehicles of Turkey which were heavily influenced by the M113 APC design. Produced between 1992 and 1997 and again between 2001 and 2004, in total 2,945 units were built of which 2,438 would serve in the Turkish Army. The ACV-15 came in 12 different variants: armored infantry use the IFV, AAPC, AFOV, MES-V, CP, MEV, ATV vehicles; artillery uses AMV-81 and AMV-120; the engineers use ARV and the AESV; and the final variant is used by air defense - the Atılgan. The IFV (infantry fighting vehicle) has a 25mm cannon similar to that of the American M2 Bradley. The FNSS Corporation continued further development of their ACV frame resulting in the FNSS ACV-19 - a bigger and more capable version of the ACV-15. Two units were produced in 2000 for evaluated, but Turkey chose not to follow on with an order and none are operational with the army today.|
|M113|| United States
|Armored Personnel Carrier||Total||3,162||187 units bought from Germany's stock in 1993. *|
|Next Gen APC||FNSS Pars = 
Otokar Arma = 
|Turkey||Armored Personnel Carrier||0||A competition exists between Turkeys two largest arms producers in winning the contract to supply Turkey's next generation APC which is intended to replace all of the BTR-80 and M113s. The FNSS Defence Systems is offering the Pars while the Otokar Corporation is offering the Arma. The results of the competitions will be announced in 2016, however, Azerbaijan has already demonstrated interest in the Arma which may sway the final ruling in Otokar's favor.|
|Ejder||Turkey||Armored Personnel Carrier|
|BTR-80||Russia||Armored Personnel Carrier||535||Bought from Russian stockpile between 1993 and 1999.|
|Kirpi||Turkey||MRAP||420 (+48)||Impressed by the survivability of the American Cougar and MaxxPro MRAPs during the Iraq war, Turkey decided to create its own MRAP bus. Serial production began in 2010 by the BMC with all of the 468 vehicles supposed to be delivered by 2013, but the BMC failed badly delivering only 200 units by the deadline. The following year it declared bankruptcy putting the Kirpi production into serious jeopardy and forcing the government seize the company to protect production while the company restructured. As of May 2015 BMC exited bankruptcy and the production rate begun to increase. Today 620 units have been produced, 200 of which are in service with the Turkish Gendarmerie. Kirpi is Turkish for hedgehog.|
|Cobra||Turkey||MRAP||1,200||Turkey's first MRAP entered production in 1997, design to rectify its predecessors weakness - its mine resistance. Its suspension / wheel base is based on the American HMMWV which led some to mistakenly claim that Turkey actually uses the HMMWV as one of its utility vehicles.|
|Akrep||Turkey||Armored Car||370||In 1994 Turkey's first indigenous armored car entered production; it was light and nimble, capable of operating in the country as well as in the city, and had enough armor to protect against small arms. But it had one major weakness - landmine survivability - as was demonstrated during a war against the PKK. So the army suspended its procurement of Akreps in favor of Otokar Cobra, with all the follow on units produced going for export only. Since the mid 2000s Turkey has been selling off its Akreps as the stock of Cobras built.|
|LAV-150||United States||Armored Scout Car||124 ||Lacking a dedicated vehicle for its reconnaissance batallion's Turkey ordered 124 LAV-150 vehicles in 1992 from the Cadillac Corporation.|
|J-600T Yıldırım|||| Turkey
|SRBM||with 100 missiles in stock. They are launched from the German MAN 26.372 trucks.|
|MGM-140 ATACMS||United States||SRBM||with 120 missiles in stock.|
|T-300 Kasırga|||| China
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||80||Is the WS-1 variant of the Chinese Weishi Rockets family that Turkey purchased the license to produce in the 1997 after America refused to sell the license to produce the M270, installing them on the German MAN 26.372 trucks. It has a maximum range of 100km.|
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||1||TOROS is a reverse engineered Yugoslavian M-87 Orkan with Turkish designed missiles which have a maximum range of 110km. A single unit was produced in 1997 and underwent evaluation, however no contract followed since then.|
|M270||United States||Multiple Rocket Launcher||12||In 1992 Turkey purchased 12 units from US. Later during the mid 90s further 24 units were requested but under the condition that they and the rockets were to be produced in Turkey. US refused and no further acquisition followed.|
|T-122 Sakarya|||| Turkey
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||130+||Development for the T-122 Sakarya began in 1995 with mass production commencing in 1997. It's a Turkish version of the Soviet BM-21 MRL with modern fire control and range that Turks doubled to 40km. The German contribution was the MAN 26.372 truck on which the system rests.|
|RA-7040||||Turkey||Multiple Rocket Launcher||24||The RA-7040 was the first indigenously design MLR system development for which started in 1980. It can fire up to 40 70mm rockets which come in 4 different types: anti-personnel HE, anti-personnel flechette, ant-armor, and smoke. By 1983 24 units were delivered and field tests commenced, however, the results proved disappointing with the weapon system struggling to destroy anything beyond 7km - about the range of a heavy 120mm mortar.Further acquisition was cancelled that same year, but the weapon saw service nevertheless in the 1990s during a war against the PKK. All units are in storage since 2005 after being replaced by T-122 Sakarya.|
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||100+||Is a license built copy of the Chinese Type 63 MRL.|
|M110||United States||203mm SP gun||M110A2||219|
|M107||United States||175mm SP gun||36|
|T-155 Fırtına|| Turkey
|155mm SP howitzer||280 (+70)||Turkey in partnership with South Korea was able to create an indigenous self-propelled howitzer, with production starting in 2001 and an order for 350 units. They will eventually replace all M44T, M107, M108, M109.|
|M109||United States||155mm SP howitzer||?||?||Bought for evaluation.|
|M52|||| United States
|155mm SP howitzer||M52T||362||Originally obtained from the US during the 1950s, by the 1990s the system became woefully obsolete so in 1995 Turkey began a modernization program which saw the SPG get a new turret, digital command and fire control, German 155-mm / L39 gun which replaced the original 105-mm gun, and a new more powerful German diesel engine replacing the original fuel guzzling petrol engine.|
|M44|||| United States
|155mm SP howitzer||M44T||164||The first artillery system to be modernized by Turkey, with the help of West Germany, starting in 1987 and ending in 1992. In total 222 units were modernized but by the mid 2000s Turkey placed these systems into reserve. As the numbers of the new T-155 Fırtına continued to grow the M44T were slowly removed from storage and scrapped.|
|M108|| United States
|105mm SP howitzer||M108T||26||Though modernized in the 80s, in 2014 all units were withdrawn from service into storage and will likely be scrapped as soon as the new batch of T-155 Fırtına is produced.|
|FNSS ACV-15||||Turkey||81mm SP mortar||AMV-81||170|
|M115||United States||203mm howitzer||162|
|155mm howitzer||225(+175)||Turkey has spent an extensive amount of money modernizing the American artillery pieces but by the late 1980s an assessment on modern warfare requirements concluded that Turkey no longer could compete with artillery of other countries on an equal footing. So in the mid 1990s, and with the help of Singapore Technologies Kinetics, Turkey developed a new 155mm howitzer - The Panther - which entered serial production in 2002.|
|M114||United States||155mm howitzer||M114A2||535|
|M101||United States||105mm howitzer||M101A1||75|
|M116||United States||75mm howitzer||?|
|Atılgan PMADS|||| Turkey
|Short Range Air Defense||150|
|Zıpkın PMADS|||| Turkey
|Short Range Air Defense||80|
|M42A1 Duster||United States||SPAAG||262|
|Oerlikon 35 mm||Switzerland||Towed AA||120|
|Bofors 40 mm||Sweden||Towed AA||803|
|Rheinmetall 20 mm||Germany||AA Gun||432|
|Oerlikon 20 mm||||Switzerland||AA Gun||439|
|M45 Quadmount||United States||AA Gun||160|
|M88A1||United States||Armored recovery vehicle||33|
|M48A5T5 Tamay|||| United States
|Armored recovery vehicle||105|
|AZMİM|||| Turkey /
|Armored bulldozer||A Turkish license built copy of the American M9 ACE.|
|Leguan||Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||36||Bought from the German Bundeswehr in 2008.|
|Amphibious bridging vehicle||x|
- Bozena 5
|Willys MB||United States||x|
|Mercedes Actros||Germany||Truck Tractor||x|
|Mercedes NG||||West Germany||Truck Tractor|
|PLS||United States||Very Heavy Truck
|HEMTT||United States||Very Heavy Truck
|BMC 380-26||||Turkey||Heavy Truck
|BMC 235-16||||Turkey||Heavy Truck
|M939||United States||Heavy Truck
|M54||United States||Heavy Truck
|BMC 185-09||||Turkey||Medium Truck
Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles
- TAI Anka : 5
- Bayraktar : 148
- GNAT : 22
- Heron : 10
- Malazgirt : 4
- 206 JetRanger : 28
- AH-1 Cobra : 30
- AH-1 SuperCobra : 7
- AS532 Cougar : 40
- Mi-17 : 19
- OH-58 Kiowa : 3
- T-70 Black Hawk : 56
- T-129 : 9
- TH-55 Osage : 28
- UH-1 Iroquois: 177
- UH-1N Twin Huey : 18
- UH-60 Black Hawk : 86 
Fixed Wing Aircraft
- Baron : 4
- Cessna 185 : 98
- Cessna 421 : 3
- Citabria : 34
- Do 28 : 2
- Super King Air 200 : 6
- T-41 Mescalero : 25
|National Infantry Rifle Project||Battle and assault rifle||600,000||MKEK and Kalekalıp won the project, first 200 batch delivered to the Land Forces. All G3 and HK33 rifles will be replaced with MPT in next 10 years. Rifle will have 7.62mm and 5.56 NATO variants. MKEK MPT-76 National Rifle delivered to Turkish Land Forces in May 2014.|
|Modern National Machine Gun Project||General-purpose machine gun||TBD||MKEK and Kalekalıp won the project. First batch will be delivered in 2015. Machine gun will use 7.62mm.|
|Utility Helicopter Programme||Utility helicopter||109~300||A version of AgustaWestland AW149 named TUHP149, and the Turkish T-70 version of the S-70i Black Hawk, were candidates for the programme which worth $4 billion. On 21 April 2011 the Turkish defence minister announced that the Sikorsky T-70 Black Hawk had been declared the winner.|
|Indigenous Helicopter Project||Utility helicopter||TBD||Under Development by TAI.|
|Heavy Lift Helicopter Programme||Transport helicopter||11||CH-47F's ordered. 5 to Land Forces Command, 1 to Special Forces Command, expected to be produced by 2015.|
|T-LORAMIDS Air Defence Programme||Long range air defence system||12 systems on order||FD-2000 Selected over competing U.S., Russian, and European systems. Cancelled in favor of a domestically produced initiative.|
- Military equipment of Turkey
- List of modern weapons of the Turkish Air Force
- Equipment of the Turkish Naval Forces
- Equipment of the Turkish Gendarmerie
- Equipment of the Turkish Coast Guard
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