Modern equipment of the Turkish Land Forces
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Modern equipment of the Turkish Land Forces
- 1 Infantry weapons
- 2 Vehicles
- 3 Aircraft
- 4 Future procurements
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|M1911||.45 ACP||United States||M1911A1 variant used by Special Forces Command.|
|P229||.40 S&W||Switzerland||P229R variant used by Special Forces Command.|
|Kılınç 2000||9×19mm Parabellum|| Czech Republic
|Secondary service pistol. Turkish-made copy of CZ 75.|
|Yavuz 16||9×19mm Parabellum|| Italy
|Primary service pistol. Turkish-made copy of Beretta 92F.|
|M204||12 Gauge||Turkey||Primary service shotgun.|
|M212||12 Gauge||Turkey||Secondary service shotgun.|
|MKA 1919||12 Gauge||Turkey||Used by Special Forces Command.|
Submachine Guns and Personal Defence Weapons
|MP5||9×19mm Parabellum|| West Germany
|Primary service SMG. MP5A4, MP5A5
MP5SD6, MP5K variants are in use. Produced under license by MKEK.
|P90||FN 5.7×28mm||Belgium||Used by Special Forces Command.|
|Uzi||9×19mm Parabellum||Israel||Used by Special Forces Command.|
Assault and Battle Rifles
Sniper & Anti-Material Rifles
|Arctic Warfare||.338 Lapua Magnum||United Kingdom||AWM variant in use by Special Forces Command.|
|Intervention||.408 Chey Tac||United States||M-310 variant in use by Special Forces Command.|
|Mubariz variant in use by Special Forces Command.|
|JNG-90||7.62×51mm NATO||Turkey||Standard issue sniper rifle.|
|KNT-308||7.62×51mm NATO||Turkey||Limited usage.|
|M82 ||50 BMG||United States||M82A1 variant in use by Special Forces Command.|
|MSG-90||7.62×51mm NATO||West Germany||MSG90 variant in limited use.|
|SR-25||7.62×51mm NATO||United States||Mk 11 Mod 0 variant in limited use.|
|SVD||7.62×54mmR||Russia||Standard issue DMR. Mostly captured from PKK.|
|TRG||.338 Lapua Magnum||Finland||TRG-42 variant in limited use.|
|M2||.50 BMG||United States||Standard Issue HMG|
|M60||7.62×51mm NATO||United States||M60E3 variant in limited use.|
|MAG||7.62×51mm NATO||Belgium||MAG 60.20 variant in limited use.|
|MG3||7.62×51mm NATO|| West Germany
|Standard issue LMG. Produced in license by MKEK.|
|MINIMI||5.56×45mm NATO||Belgium||Standard variant in use by Special Operations Command.|
|PKM||7.62×54mmR|| Soviet Union
|Bought from ex-GDR stockpile after German unification. Secondary standard issue LMG. Some captured from PKK.|
|9M113 Konkurs||Wire-guided missile||Soviet Union||490 launchers.|
|9M133 Kornet||Beam riding||Russia||80 launchers with 800 missiles.|
|BGM-71 TOW||Wire-guided missile||United States||465+ launchers.|
|Carl Gustav||recoilless rifle||Sweden||In limited use.|
|Cirit||Laser-guided||Turkey||Standard issue air-to-ground guided missile with armour-piercing, incendiary and anti-personnel capabilities.|
|ERYX||Wire-guided missile|| France
|632 launchers, 3920 missiles in service. Produced under license by MKEK.|
|M72 LAW||one-shot unguided|| United States
|Standard issue portable AT weapon. 40,000+ units. Produced under license by MKEK.|
|M40||recoilless rifle||United States||2,500+ M40A1.|
|Mızrak-O||Laser-guided||Turkey||Standard issue mid-range surface-to-surface AT missile.|
|Mızrak-U||Laser-guided||Turkey||Standard issue long-range multi-platform AT missile.|
|MILAN||Wire-guided missile|| France
|685+ launchers with 25,250+ missiles. Produced by Roketsan.|
|RPG-7||rocket-propelled grenade|| Soviet Union
|Bought from ex-GDR stockpile after German unification. 5,000+ units. Some captured from PKK.|
|AG36||Germany||In use with HK416.|
|M79||United States||In limited use.|
|M203||United States||In use with M16 and M4 rifles.|
|MGL|| South Africa
|Standard issue automatic grenade launcher. Produced by MKEK.|
|Mk 19|| United States
|Standard issue stationary grenade launcher. Produced by MKEK.|
|T-40||Turkey||Standard issue underbarrel grenade launcher.|
|FIM-92 Stinger|| United States
|Standard issue MANPADS. 4,500+ units. Produced under license by Roketsan.|
|9K38 Igla||Soviet Union||40 SA-18 variant launchers bought for evaluation.|
Grenades & Mines
|M1 helmet|| United States
|Combat helmet||Used as ceremonial helmet. Local production.|
|MICH|| United States
|Combat helmet||Standard issue helmet. Local production.|
|PASGT|| United States
|Combat helmet||Secondary standard issue helmet. Local production.|
|Stahlhelm||East Germany||Combat helmet||Only used in training. Bought from East German surplus.|
|Type III and Type IIIA ballistic vests||Turkey||Ballistic vest||Standard issue in combat zones and on duty personnel. With varying versions.|
|Altay||Turkey||Main Battle Tank||4 (prototypes)||Serial production to start in 2017 with the first batch consisting of 250 units and estimated to cost $2B. Three more similar batches are expected to be ordered.|
|Leopard 1|| West Germany
|Main Battle Tank||1T
|Under an agreement signed in Bonn in November 1980, Turkey would obtain a first batch of 77 tanks by 1983. A further 150 were delivered by the end of 1991, and the last units were received by the end of 1994. In 2002 Turkey reached an agreement with ASELSAN Corporation to upgrade the Leopard 1 tanks, prolonging their service life by another 20 years. This modernization ended suddenly in 2009 as a result of the Financial crisis of 2008 and only 170 units were modernized.|
|Leopard 2|| West Germany
|Main Battle Tank||NG
|Bought from the German Bundeswehr in 2005. All modernized by ASELSAN.|
|M48 Patton|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||A5T2||758||The M48 was by far the most fielded tank of the Turkish Armed Forces with 3,008 units active during the Cold War, with the runner-up being the M47 Patton of which Turkey fielded 1,347. All modernized.|
|M60 Patton|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||Sabra
|Obtained through conventional forces in Europe treaty 1991. Some upgraded to 'Sabra' by Israeli Military Industries. Contract was signed on March 29, 2002, estimated to be worth $688 million USD.
Two tank destroyed by ISIS
|ACV-15|| United States
|ACV-15 is license built copy of the American AIFV|
|Akrep||||Turkey||Armored Car||370||In 1994 Turkey's first indigenous armored car entered production; The army suspended its procurement of Akreps in favor of Otokar Cobra.|
|BTR-80|| Soviet Union
|Armored Personnel Carrier||535||Bought from Russian stockpile between 1993 and 1999. BTR-80M variant in use. All modernized.|
|1,200||Its suspension / wheel base is based on the American HMMWV which led some to mistakenly claim that Turkey actually uses the HMMWV as one of its utility vehicles.|
|Kirpi||Turkey||MRAP||420 (+48)||Based on the Israeli Hatehof Navigator.|
|M113|| United States
|Armored Personnel Carrier||M113A3T1/T2
|187 units bought from Germany's stock in 1993. In use with some local variants. All modernized.|
|ZPT||Turkey||Armored Car||1381||After the cancellation of Akrep, Otokar started to produce cheaper alternative for the law enforcement agencies and the army. ZPT is based on Shorland S-55.|
|ACV-15||||Turkey||81mm SP mortar||AMV-81||170|
|J-600T Yıldırım|||| China
|TBM||20||Based on Chinese B-611. 100 missiles in stock. They are launched from the German MAN 26.372 trucks.|
|M44|||| United States
|155mm SP howitzer||M44T||164||The first artillery system to be modernized by Turkey, with the help of West Germany, starting in 1987 and ending in 1992. In total 222 units were modernized but by the mid 2000s Turkey placed these systems into reserve. As the numbers of the new T-155 Fırtına continued to grow the M44T were slowly removed from storage and scrapped.|
|M52|||| United States
|105mm SP howitzer||M52T||362||Originally obtained from the US during the 1950s, by the 1990s the system became woefully obsolete so in 1995 Turkey began a modernization program which saw the SPG get a new turret, digital command and fire control, German 155-mm / L39 gun which replaced the original 105-mm gun, and a new more powerful German diesel engine replacing the original fuel guzzling petrol engine.|
|M101||United States||105mm howitzer||M101A1||75|
|M107||United States||175mm SP gun||36|
|M108|| United States
|105mm SP howitzer||M108T||26||Though modernized in the 80s, in 2014 all units were withdrawn from service into storage and will likely be scrapped as soon as the new batch of T-155 Fırtına is produced.|
|M109||United States||155mm SP howitzer||1||Bought for evaluation.|
|M110||United States||203mm SP gun||M110A2||219|
|M114||United States||155mm howitzer||M114A2||535|
|M115||United States||203mm howitzer||162|
|M116||United States||75mm howitzer||?|
|M270||United States||Multiple Rocket Launcher||M270A1||12||In 1992 Turkey purchased 12 units from US. Later during the mid 90s further 24 units were requested but under the condition that they and the rockets were to be produced in Turkey. US refused and no further acquisition followed.|
|MGM-140 ATACMS||United States||SRBM||72||with 120 missiles in stock.|
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||100+||Is a license built copy of the Chinese Type 63 MRL.|
|T-122 Sakarya|| Turkey
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||130+||Development for the T-122 Sakarya began in 1995 with mass production commencing in 1997. It's a Turkish version of the Soviet BM-21 MRL with modern fire control and range that Turks doubled to 40 km. The German contribution was the MAN 26.372 truck on which the system rests.|
|T-155 Fırtına|| Turkey
|155mm SP howitzer||274 (+70)||Turkey in partnership with South Korea was able to create an indigenous self-propelled howitzer, with production starting in 2001 and an order for 350 units. They will eventually replace all M44T, M107, M108, M109.
ISIS destroyed 3 Turkish Army T-155 Fırtına self-propelled howitzer near Karkamis town of Gaziantep
|T-300 Kasırga|| China
|Multiple Rocket Launcher||80||Based on the WS-1B variant of the Chinese Weishi Rockets family that Turkey purchased the license to produce in the 1997 after America refused to sell the license to produce the M270, installed on the German MAN 26.372 trucks.|
|RA-7040||||Turkey||Multiple Rocket Launcher||24||The RA-7040 was the first indigenously design MLR system development for which started in 1980. It can fire up to 40 70mm rockets which come in 4 different types: anti-personnel HE, anti-personnel flechette, ant-armor, and smoke. By 1983 24 units were delivered and field tests commenced, however, the results proved disappointing with the weapon system struggling to destroy anything beyond 7 km - about the range of a heavy 120mm mortar. All units are in storage since 2005 after being replaced by T-122 Sakarya.|
|Panter||Turkey||155mm howitzer||225(+175)||Turkey has spent an extensive amount of money modernizing the American artillery pieces but by the late 1980s an assessment on modern warfare requirements concluded that Turkey no longer could compete with artillery of other countries on an equal footing. So in the mid 1990s, Turkey developed a new 155mm howitzer - The Panther - which entered serial production in 2002.|
|ACV-30 Korkut||||Turkey||SPAAG||1||More on order.|
|Atılgan PMADS|||| Turkey
|Short Range Air Defense||150||Mounted on M113 APCs.|
|Bofors 40 mm|| Sweden
|Towed AA||803||Wartime L60 and post-war L70, some upgraded with radar system capabilities.|
|M42A1 Duster||United States||SPAAG||262||In storage.|
|M45 Quadmount||United States||AA Gun||160||Used as ground support gun.|
|Oerlikon 20 mm|||| Switzerland
|AA Gun||439||Produced under license.|
|Oerlikon 35 mm|| Switzerland
|Towed AA||120||Produced under license.|
|Rheinmetall 20 mm|| West Germany
|AA Gun||432||Produced under license.|
|Zıpkın PMADS|||| Turkey
|Short Range Air Defense||80||Mounted on Range Rover Defenders.|
|Armored bulldozer||x||A Turkish license built copy of the American M9 ACE.|
|Bozena 5||||Slovakia||Demining vehicle||x||x|
|Husky VMMD||South Africa||Demining vehicle||10|
|Leguan||West Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||36||Bought from the German Bundeswehr in 2008.|
|M48A5T5 Tamay|||| United States
|Armored recovery vehicle||105||On M48 Patton chassis.|
|M88A1||United States||Armored recovery vehicle||33||On M60 Patton chassis.|
|Amphibious bridging vehicle||x||Based on M3 Amphibious Rig.|
|CJ-3B|| United States
|x||Produced under license.|
|Defender|| United Kingdom
|9,800||Produced under license.|
|Engerek||Turkey||2,550 ||Based on Land Rover Defender 110.|
|M151||United States||x||Bought from US surplus.|
|Wrangler|| United States
|5,700||Produced under license.|
|BMC 185-09||||Turkey||Medium Truck
|BMC 235-16||||Turkey||Heavy Truck
|BMC 380-26||||Turkey||Heavy Truck
|BMC Fatih 280||||Turkey||Heavy Truck
|HEMTT||United States||Very Heavy Truck
|M939||United States||Heavy Truck
|Mercedes Actros|| Germany
|Truck Tractor||380||Produced by Mercedes-Benz Türk.|
|Mercedes Axor|| Germany
|Truck Tractor||140||Produced by Mercedes-Benz Türk.|
|Mercedes NG|| West Germany
|Truck Tractor||Produced by Mercedes-Benz Türk.|
|Mercedes Unimog|| West Germany
|5,500||Produced by Mercedes-Benz Türk.|
|PLS||United States||Very Heavy Truck
|ACAR||Turkey||Ground Surveillance Radar|
|AN/MPQ-64|| United States
|Mobile Radar||Produced under license by Aselsan|
|AN/TPQ-36|| United States
|Mobile Radar||Produced under license by Aselsan|
|AN/TPQ-37|| United States
|Mobile Radar||Produced under license by Aselsan|
|Skyguard||Switzerland||Pulse doppler search & tracking radar.||Issued with AA guns.|
Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles
|Anka||Turkey||5||Block A and Block B variants in use.|
|Bayraktar Mini||Turkey||148||Standart recon UAV. Block A and Block B variants in use.|
|Bayraktar Tactical||Turkey||12||Block A and Block B variants in use.|
|CL-89|| West Germany
|x||Being replaced by local produced units.|
|Firebee||United States||x||Used in AA target trainings.|
|GNAT||United States||22||Being replaced by local produced units.|
|Harpy||Israel||x||Being replaced by local produced units.|
|10||In use with upgraded FLIR by Aselsan.|
|Malazgirt||Turkey||4||Bought for evaluation.|
Fixed Wing Aircraft
|Baron|| United States
|Trainer aircraft||4||T-42A variant in use. All modernized.|
|Cessna 185|| United States
|Utility aircraft||98||U-17B variant in use. All modernized.|
|Cessna 421|| United States
|VIP transport||3||421B variant. All modernized.|
|Citabria|| United States
|Observation aircraft||34||7GCBC variant in use. All modernized.|
|Transport aircraft||10||CN-235-100/110 variant in use. All modernized.|
|Do 28|| West Germany
|Transport aircraft||2||Do 28D-2 variant in use. All modernized.|
|Super King Air 200|| United States
|Utility aircraft||6||B200C variant in use. All modernized.|
|T-41 Mescalero|| United States
|Utility aircraft||25||T-41D variant in use. All modernized.|
|National Infantry Rifle Project||Battle and assault rifle||600,000||All G3 and HK33 rifles will be replaced with MPT in next 10 years. Serial production began in 2015. The initial phase of the project will see a total of 35,014 MPT-76's being produced in two tranches. The first tranche of the initial phase, consisting of 20,000 rifles was contracted to state-owned company Machines and Chemical Industries Board (MKEK) in June 2015. The second tranche, consisting of 15,014 rifles, was contracted with local company Kalekalip in December 2015.|
|Modern National Machine Gun Project||General-purpose machine gun||TBD||MKEK and Kalekalıp won the project. First batch will be delivered in 2015. Machine gun will use 7.62mm.|
|Utility Helicopter Programme||Utility helicopter||109~300||A version of AgustaWestland AW149 named TUHP149, and the Turkish T-70 version of the S-70i Black Hawk, were candidates for the programme which worth $4 billion. On 21 April 2011 the Turkish defence minister announced that the Sikorsky T-70 Black Hawk had been declared the winner.|
|Indigenous Helicopter Project||Utility helicopter||TBD||Under Development by TAI.|
|Heavy Lift Helicopter Programme||Transport helicopter||11||CH-47F's ordered. 5 to Land Forces Command, 1 to Special Forces Command, expected to be produced by 2016.|
|T-LORAMIDS||Missile defence/air defence system||12||FD-2000 Selected over competing U.S., Russian, and European systems. Cancelled in favor of a domestically produced initiative.|
|Next Gen APC||Armored Personnel Carrier||TBD||A competition exists between Turkeys two largest arms producers in winning the contract to supply Turkey's next generation APC which is intended to replace all of the BTR-80 and M113s. The FNSS Defence Systems is offering the Pars while the Otokar Corporation is offering the Arma. The results of the competitions will be announced in 2016, however, Azerbaijan has already demonstrated interest in the Arma which may sway the final ruling in Otokar's favor.|
|Special Purpose Tactical Wheeled Armored Vehicles Procurement Project||CBRN armored vehicle||428||Procurement of Special Purpose Tactical Wheeled Armored Vehicles and related mission equipment for tactical reconnaissance, surveillance and CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear) reconnaissance missions of Turkish Land Forces.|
|Armoured Amphibious Assault Vehicle Project||Amphibious Assault Vehicle||27||Main function is Amphibious Operation. To transport troops from ship to shore through rough water and the surf zone and onto land where it can continue on to inland objectives.|
|Anti-Tank Vehicle Project||Tank destroyer||260||Anti-Tank Vehicles will be indigenously developed in order to carry the new generation antitank missile systems currently in service of TLFC and also for those to be acquired by the SSM Project of OMTAS.|
- Military equipment of Turkey
- List of modern weapons of the Turkish Air Force
- Equipment of the Turkish Naval Forces
- Equipment of the Turkish Gendarmerie
- Equipment of the Turkish Coast Guard
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- "F-16 taşıyan helikopterler geliyor - Hürriyet Gündem". hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Turkey nears Chinook agreement – IDEF | TR Defence". trdefence.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Turkey to Buy 12 FD-2000 Long-Range Air Defence Systems from China - Deagel.com, 9 October 2013
- "Turkey hopes to finalise China missile purchase in six months". 15 November 2013.
- "Turkey extends the bids for the purchase of a new air defense missile system". 2 May 2014.
- See the Turkish Government, Undersecretariat for Defense Industries website for an official list of Turkish military procurement projects.