||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Chinese Wikipedia. (August 2012)|
Location of Zhangzhou City jurisdiction in Fujian
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||12,888 km2 (4,976 sq mi)|
|• Urban||366 km2 (141 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,257 km2 (1,258 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,809,983|
|• Density||370/km2 (970/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|- Total||CNY 111.317 billion (USD 16.31 billion)|
|- Per capita||CNY 23,264 (USD 3,409)|
|Local dialect||Min Nan: Zhangzhou dialect|
|City trees||Cinnamomum camphora|
|City flowers||Narcissus tazetta|
Zhangzhou (Chinese: 漳州; pinyin: Zhāngzhōu; Wade–Giles: Chang1-chou1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chiang-chiu; formerly Lung-ch'i) is a prefecture-level city in southern Fujian province, People's Republic of China. Located on the banks of the Jiulong River (Beixi), Zhangzhou borders the cities of Xiamen and Quanzhou to the northeast, Longyan to the northwest and the province of Guangdong (Shantou City) to the southwest.
Zhangzhou is home to 4,809,983 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom those of Longwen and Xiacheng districts are considered as urban. These two districts, together with Longhai and Xiamen, form a metropolitan area that, as of 2010[update], is home to about 5 million inhabitants.
In the early 20th century, Zhangzhou-fu was surrounded by 42 miles (68 km) of wall (in circumference).  Its streets were paved with granite, but struck some Western visitors as dirty, as reported in the Encyclopædia Britannica. The Jiulong River was crossed by an 800-foot bridge of wooden planks supported on twenty-five stone piers. At this time, heavy silk trading activity occurred in the city, while brick kilns and sugar-manufactures were among its primary industrial activities. In 1911, its population was estimated around 1,000,000.
Zhangzhou's central urban area (now Xiangcheng District) was occupied in April and May 1932 by a column of Communist guerrillas under Mao Zedong. Due to the presence of Western gunboats in Xiamen Bay, arms shipments from the Soviet Union were unable to get up the Jiulong River to Mao's forces and on to the main Communist base area. According to some reports, Mao's forces took with them a substantial amount of loot from bourgeois residents when his column retreated from the city.
Zhangzhou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with mild to warm winters and long, very hot and humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.2 °C (55.8 °F) in January to 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 21.3 °C (70.3 °F). The frost-free period lasts 330 days.
|Climate data for Zhangzhou (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.0
|Average low °C (°F)||10.0
|Rainfall mm (inches)||41.0
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.5||12.2||14.9||15.2||16.9||17.7||12.5||14.3||11.2||5.5||5.1||5.6||139.6|
|Source: Weather China|
- Xiangcheng District (芗城区)
- Longwen District (龙文区)
- Longhai City (龙海市)
- Changtai County (长泰县)
- Dongshan County (东山县)
- Hua'an County (华安县)
- Nanjing County (南靖县)
- Pinghe County (平和县)
- Yunxiao County (云霄县)
- Zhangpu County (漳浦县)
- Zhao'an County (诏安县)
Two passenger stations serve Zhangzhou:
- Zhangzhou East Railway Station on the older Yingtan–Xiamen Railway, northeast of the city
- Zhangzhou Railway Station on the high-speed Longyan–Xiamen Railway, opened in 2012, south of the city
- Chen Yuanguang (陳元光), 657–711 CE, military leader important in facilitating Han-nationality settlement and control of modern-day Fujian and northern Guangdong.
- Khaw Soo Cheang, 1786–1882, South China Sea merchant and a royally-favoured Governor in Thailand.
- Lin Yutang (林语堂), 1895–1976, international author, cultural ambassador and inventor.
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