Colbert County, Alabama

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Colbert County, Alabama
Colbert County Courthouse.JPG
Colbert County Courthouse in Tuscumbia, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Colbert County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 6, 1867
Named for George and Levi Colbert
Seat Tuscumbia
Largest city Muscle Shoals
Area
 • Total 623.61 sq mi (1,615 km2)
 • Land 594.53 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water 29.08 sq mi (75 km2), 4.66%
Population
 • (2010) 54,428
 • Density 91/sq mi (35/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.colbertcounty.org
Colbert County Courthouse Square District Historic Marker, September, 2007

Colbert County (/kɒlˈbɜrt/ kol-BURT, with stress on the final syllable)[citation needed] is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of brothers George and Levi Colbert, Chickasaw Indian chiefs. George Colbert operated a ferry across the Tennessee River in 1790 near present day Cherokee.[1]

The county seat of Colbert County is Tuscumbia. It is part of the Florence - Muscle Shoals Metropolitan Statistical Area known as "The Shoals". As of the 2010 census the county's population was 54,428.[2]

History[edit]

Colbert County was originally established on February 6, 1867 after it split from Franklin County over political issues after the American Civil War. It was abolished eight months later on November 29, 1867[3] by an Alabama constitutional convention and then reestablished on February 24, 1870.[1] It is also the location of Ivy Green, the birthplace of noted author Helen Keller.[1] Colbert County is also home of the towns Sheffield and Muscle Shoals where many popular musicians such as Aretha Franklin and the Rolling Stones recorded music.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 623.61 square miles (1,615.1 km2), of which 594.53 square miles (1,539.8 km2) (or 95.34%) is land and 29.08 square miles (75.3 km2) (or 4.66%) is water.[4]

Major Highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Rail[edit]

River[edit]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 12,537
1880 16,153 28.8%
1890 20,189 25.0%
1900 22,341 10.7%
1910 24,802 11.0%
1920 31,997 29.0%
1930 29,860 −6.7%
1940 34,093 14.2%
1950 39,561 16.0%
1960 46,506 17.6%
1970 49,632 6.7%
1980 54,519 9.8%
1990 51,666 −5.2%
2000 54,984 6.4%
2010 54,428 −1.0%
Est. 2012 54,446 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 54,984 people, 22,461 households, and 16,037 families residing in the county. The population density was 92 people per square mile (36/km2). There were 24,980 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.52% White or European American (non-Hispanic), 16.62% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

There were 22,461 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 12.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,954, and the median income for a family was $39,294. Males had a median income of $32,112 versus $20,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,533. About 11.10% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Settlements[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Colbert County Website". Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Alabama Counties: Colbert County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, AL: Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2009-11-20. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Alabama Railway Map. 2008. Alabama Department of Transportation. Accessed 2012-03-15.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°40′36″N 87°49′02″W / 34.67667°N 87.81722°W / 34.67667; -87.81722