List of amphibians of Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The U.S. state of Alabama has 73 known indigenous amphibian species.[1] These indigenous species include 30 frog and toad species and 43 salamander species.[2][3][4] Two of these native species may have become extirpated within the state. They are the Mississippi gopher frog and flatwoods salamander.[1][5]

Human predation, pollution, and habitat destruction has placed several amphibian species at risk of extirpation or extinction. The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources lists the conservation status of each species within the state with a rank of lowest, low, moderate, high, and highest concern.[1]

Frogs and toads[edit]

Image Scientific name Common name Family Conservation
concern
American Toad 8885.jpg Bufo americanus American toad Bufonidae Lowest
American Toad 8642.jpg Bufo fowleri Fowler's toad Bufonidae Lowest
Bufo quercicus.jpg Bufo quercicus oak toad Bufonidae Moderate
Bufo terrestris 0.jpg Bufo terrestris southern toad Bufonidae Lowest
Acris crepitansPCCA20061001-8206B1.jpg Acris crepitans northern cricket frog Hylidae Low
Cricket frog3.JPG Acris gryllus southern cricket frog Hylidae Lowest
Pine Barrens Tree Frog.jpg Hyla andersonii pine barrens treefrog Hylidae High
Hyla avivoca.jpg Hyla avivoca bird-voiced treefrog Hylidae Lowest
Copes Grey Treefrog.jpg Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's gray treefrog Hylidae Lowest
Green frog cdm0379.jpg Hyla cinerea American green treefrog Hylidae Lowest
H femoralis USGS.jpg Hyla femoralis pine woods treefrog Hylidae Lowest
Hyla gratiosa.jpg Hyla gratiosa barking treefrog Hylidae Low
Hyla squirella2.jpg Hyla squirella squirrel treefrog Hylidae Low
Pseudacris brachyphona mountain chorus frog Hylidae Lowest
Spring Peeper I.jpg Pseudacris crucifer spring peeper Hylidae Lowest
Pseudacris feriarum.jpg Pseudacris feriarum upland chorus frog Hylidae Lowest
Pseudacris nigrita01.jpg Pseudacris nigrita southern chorus frog Hylidae Lowest
P ocularis USGS.jpg Pseudacris ocularis little grass frog Hylidae High
Pseudacris ornata.jpg Pseudacris ornata ornate chorus frog Hylidae Moderate
Eleutherodactylus planirostris01.jpg Eleutherodactylus planirostris greenhouse frog Eleutherodactylidae Exotic,
Native to Cuba and the Caribbean.
Gastrophryne carolinensis01.jpg Gastrophryne carolinensis eastern narrowmouth toad Microhylidae Lowest
Scaphiopus holbrookii1.jpg Scaphiopus holbrookii eastern spadefoot Pelobatidae Low
Rana capito.jpg Rana capito gopher frog Ranidae Highest
North-American-bullfrog1.jpg Rana catesbeiana American bullfrog Ranidae Lowest
Green Frog Rana clamitans 2448px.jpg Rana clamitans ssp. bronze frog
green frog
Ranidae Lowest
Rana grylio.jpg Rana grylio pig frog Ranidae Lowest
Mississippi gopher frog.jpg Rana sevosa Mississippi gopher frog Ranidae Possibly extirpated/
U.S. Fish and Wildlife lists as endangered
Rana heckscheri02.jpg Rana heckscheri river frog Ranidae Highest
Pickerel Frog.jpg Rana palustris pickerel frog Ranidae Low
Rana sphenocephala.jpg Rana sphenocephala southern leopard frog Ranidae Lowest
Lithobates sylvaticus (Woodfrog).jpg Rana sylvatica wood frog Ranidae Moderate

Salamanders[edit]

Image Scientific name Common name Family Conservation
concern
Ambystoma cingulatum USGS.jpg Ambystoma cingulatum flatwoods salamander Ambystomatidae Possibly extirpated/
U.S. Fish and Wildlife lists as threatened
Spotted Salamander.jpg Ambystoma maculatum spotted salamander Ambystomatidae Low
Sal2.jpg Ambystoma opacum marbled salamander Ambystomatidae Low
A talpoideum USGS.jpg Ambystoma talpoideum mole salamander Ambystomatidae Low
Ambystoma texanum.jpg Ambystoma texanum smallmouth salamander Ambystomatidae Moderate
Ambystoma tigrinum Domenico Kumme 3.jpg Ambystoma tigrinum eastern tiger salamander Ambystomatidae Moderate
Amphiuma (two-toed).jpg Amphiuma means two-toed amphiuma Amphiumidae Low
Amphiuma pholeter one-toed amphiuma Amphiumidae High
Amphiuma tridactylum.jpg Amphiuma tridactylum three-toed amphiuma Amphiumidae Low
Hellbender.jpg Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis hellbender Cryptobranchidae Highest
Aneides aeneus.jpg Aneides aeneus green salamander Plethodontidae High
Desmognathus aeneus.jpg Desmognathus aeneus seepage salamander Plethodontidae High
Desmognathus apalachicolae Apalachicola dusky salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
D auriculatus USGS.jpg Desmognathus auriculatus southern dusky salamander Plethodontidae Highest
Desmognathus fuscus.jpg Desmognathus conanti spotted dusky salamander Plethodontidae Low
Desmognathus mo.jpg Desmognathus monticola seal salamander Plethodontidae Low
Desmognathus ocoee Ocoee salamander Plethodontidae Moderate
Eurycea cirrigera USGS.jpg Eurycea cirrigera southern two-lined salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Eurycea guttoli(1).jpg Eurycea guttolineata three-lined salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Eurycea longica(1).jpg Eurycea longicauda long-tailed salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Cave salamander2.jpg Eurycea lucifuga cave salamander
spotted-tail salamander
Plethodontidae Lowest
E quadridigitata USGS.jpg Eurycea quadridigitata dwarf salamander Plethodontidae Moderate
Gyrinophilus palleucus Tennessee cave salamander Plethodontidae High
Gyrinophilus po(1).jpg Gyrinophilus porphyriticus ssp. spring salamander Plethodontidae Low
Four-toed salamander dorsal.jpg Hemidactylium scutatum four-toed salamander Plethodontidae Low
Phaeognathus hubrichii.jpg Phaeognathus hubrichti Red Hills salamander Plethodontidae High/
U.S. Fish and Wildlife lists as threatened

Official state amphibian
Plethodon cylindraceusPCCA20060409-3176A.jpg Plethodon glutinosus northern slimy salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Plethodon grobmani southeastern slimy salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Plethodon mississippi Mississippi slimy salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Plethodon serratus southern redback salamander Plethodontidae Moderate
Plethodon ventralis southern zigzag salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Plethodon websteri Webster's salamander Plethodontidae Lowest
Pseudotriton montanus.jpg Pseudotriton montanus flavissimus Gulf Coast mud salamander Plethodontidae Low
Pseudotriton ruber 2.jpg Pseudotriton ruber ruber northern red salamander Plethodontidae Low
Pseudotriton ruber - Red Salamander.jpg Pseudotriton ruber vioscai southern red salamander Plethodontidae Moderate
Necturus alabamensis Alabama waterdog
Black Warrior waterdog
Proteidae High
Necturus beyeri Gulf Coast waterdog
speckled waterdog
Beyer’s waterdog
Proteidae Low
Necturus maculosus maculosus.jpg Necturus maculosus common mudpuppy Proteidae Low
Necturus species Loding's waterdog Proteidae Low/
Taxonomy undescribed

Known from lesser Gulf of Mexico drainages from Mobile Bay eastward.
Notophthalmus viridescensPCCA20040816-3983A.jpg Notophthalmus viridescens ssp. eastern newt Salamandridae Lowest
Siren intermedia 1.jpg Siren intermedia lesser siren Sirenidae Lowest
Siren lacertina.jpg Siren lacertina greater siren Sirenidae Moderate
Siren species Undescribed siren Sirenidae Moderate/
Taxonomy undescribed

Known from two locations in the southern pin plains and hills of the state.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mirarchi, Ralph E. (2004). Alabama Wildlife: Volume One. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. pp. 105–118. ISBN 978-0-81735-1304. 
  2. ^ Alden, Peter (1999). National Audubon Society Field Guide to the Southeastern States. New York, New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 256–262. ISBN -0-679-44683-4. 
  3. ^ "Frogs". Outdoor Alabama. Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Salamanders". Outdoor Alabama. Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Amphibians in Alabama". Outdoor Alabama. Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved October 16, 2012.