Covington County, Alabama

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Covington County, Alabama
Alabama-Covington County Courthouse.jpg
The Covington County Courthouse in Andalusia
Map of Alabama highlighting Covington County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1821
Named for Leonard Covington
Seat Andalusia
Largest city Andalusia
Area
 • Total 1,044 sq mi (2,704 km2)
 • Land 1,030 sq mi (2,668 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 37,765
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.covcounty.com

Covington County, Alabama (briefly Jones County), is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 37,765.[1] Its county seat is Andalusia.[2] Its name is in honor of Brigadier General Leonard Covington of Maryland.[3]

History[edit]

Covington County was established on December 17, 1821. The Alabama state legislature changed the name to Jones County on August 6, 1868. Two months later on October 10, 1868, the original name was restored.[4]

The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic and again in October 1995 due to Hurricane Opal.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,044 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,030 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,522
1840 2,435 60.0%
1850 3,645 49.7%
1860 6,469 77.5%
1870 4,868 −24.7%
1880 5,639 15.8%
1890 7,536 33.6%
1900 15,346 103.6%
1910 32,124 109.3%
1920 38,103 18.6%
1930 41,356 8.5%
1940 42,417 2.6%
1950 40,373 −4.8%
1960 35,631 −11.7%
1970 34,079 −4.4%
1980 36,850 8.1%
1990 36,478 −1.0%
2000 37,631 3.2%
2010 37,765 0.4%
Est. 2013 37,886 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 37,631 people, 15,640 households, and 10,791 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 18,578 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.2% White, 12.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. 0.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,640 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,336, and the median income for a family was $33,201. Males had a median income of $27,453 versus $19,640 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,365. About 14.1% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 94. 
  4. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography I. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 429. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 31°14′31″N 86°27′09″W / 31.24194°N 86.45250°W / 31.24194; -86.45250