Elmore County, Alabama

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Elmore County, Alabama
Elmore County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
County courthouse in Wetumpka
Map of Alabama highlighting Elmore County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 15, 1866
Named for John A. Elmore
Seat Wetumpka
Largest city Millbrook
Area
 • Total 657.21 sq mi (1,702 km2)
 • Land 621.26 sq mi (1,609 km2)
 • Water 35.96 sq mi (93 km2), 5.47%
Population
 • (2010) 79,303
 • Density 127/sq mi (49.2/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.elmoreco.org

Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. Its name is in honor of General John A. Elmore.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,303.[2] Its county seat is Wetumpka.

This county is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Area.

History[edit]

Elmore County was established on February 15, 1866, from portions of Autauga, Coosa, Tallapoosa, and Montgomery Counties.

Economy[edit]

Over the past two decades, Elmore County has transferred from an economy based on agriculture to one of Alabama's fastest growing counties. According to a recent report, 1110 jobs were created over the last 4 years.[3]

Elmore County's largest employer is the manufacturing sector. The top ten manufacturers in Elmore County include: GKN Aerospace, Neptune Technologies, Frontier Yarns, Russell Corporation, Madix, Inc, Arrowhead Composites, Hanil USA, YESAC Alabama Corporation, Quality Networks, Inc., and AES Industries.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 657.21 square miles (1,702.2 km2), of which 621.26 square miles (1,609.1 km2) (or 94.53%) is land and 35.96 square miles (93.1 km2) (or 5.47%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 14,477
1880 17,502 20.9%
1890 21,732 24.2%
1900 26,099 20.1%
1910 28,245 8.2%
1920 28,085 −0.6%
1930 34,280 22.1%
1940 34,546 0.8%
1950 31,649 −8.4%
1960 30,524 −3.6%
1970 33,661 10.3%
1980 43,390 28.9%
1990 49,210 13.4%
2000 65,874 33.9%
2010 79,303 20.4%
Est. 2012 80,629 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 65,874 people, 22,737 households, and 17,552 families residing in the county. The population density was 106 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 25,733 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.02% White, 20.64% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,737 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.80% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,243, and the median income for a family was $47,155. Males had a median income of $32,643 versus $24,062 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,650. About 7.40% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. In the late 1990s voters voted to pass a mandatory fire fee for volunteer fire services. All citizens pay this same fee regardless of valuation of the property or income levels.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women of the Alabama Department of Corrections is in Wetumpka in Elmore County. The prison houses Alabama's female death row.[8] Wetumpka was previously the site of the Wetumpka State Penitentiary.[9]

Cities and towns[edit]

Education[edit]

The Elmore County Public School System serves the county.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118. 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  3. ^ 1110 Jobs created in Elmore County
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Annual Report Fiscal Year 2003." Alabama Department of Corrections. 45/84. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "Tutwiler also has a death row,"
  9. ^ "ADOC History." Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 6, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°35′49″N 86°09′05″W / 32.59694°N 86.15139°W / 32.59694; -86.15139