St. Clair County, Alabama
|St. Clair County, Alabama|
St. Clair County Courthouse in Pell City
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 20, 1818|
|Seat||Ashville & Pell City|
|Largest city||Pell City|
|• Total||653.69 sq mi (1,693 km2)|
|• Land||633.75 sq mi (1,641 km2)|
|• Water||19.84 sq mi (51 km2), (3.04%)|
|• Density||132/sq mi (51/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
St. Clair County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is a part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area. Its name is in honor of General Arthur St. Clair, who came to America from Scotland as an officer in the British Army in the French and Indian War where he victoriously fought against the French in such notable British victories as the siege of Louisburg, Nova Scotia and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. He settled in America and served as a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He also was the only Governor of the Northwest Territory.
As of the 2010 census, the population was 85,593. It has two county seats in Ashville and another in Pell City. St. Clair County is one of two counties in Alabama, and one of 33 in the United States, with more than one county seat.
St. Clair County was established on November 20, 1818 by the Alabama Territory legislature by splitting the area from Shelby County. The county seat was incorporated and named "Ashville" in honor of John Ash. In 1836, a portion of St. Clair County was separated to establish Cherokee County and DeKalb County. In 1866, after the Civil War, a northeast section of the county was used to create Etowah County.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 653.61 square miles (1,692.8 km2), of which 633.75 square miles (1,641.4 km2) (or 96.96%) is land and 19.86 square miles (51.4 km2) (or 3.04%) is water.
- Interstate 20
- Interstate 59
- U.S. Highway 11
- U.S. Highway 78
- U.S. Highway 231
- U.S. Highway 411
- State Route 23
- State Route 34
- State Route 144
- State Route 174
- Etowah County, Alabama - north
- Calhoun County, Alabama - east
- Talladega County, Alabama - southeast
- Shelby County, Alabama - southwest
- Jefferson County, Alabama - west
- Blount County, Alabama - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 64,742 people, 24,143 households, and 18,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 27,303 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.03% White, 8.13% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 24,143 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,285, and the median income for a family was $43,152. Males had a median income of $33,914 versus $24,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,960. About 9.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Argo (part of Argo is in Jefferson County)
- Branchville- cenus recently combined with Odenville, Alabama
- Leeds (most of Leeds is in Jefferson County and in Shelby County)
- Pell City
- Pinedale Shores
- Trussville (most - most of Trussville is in Jefferson County)
- Vincent (part - most of Vincent is in Shelby County and Talladega County)
Places of interest
- National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Clair County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in St. Clair County, Alabama
- "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-St.Clair.
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- A digest of the laws of the State of Alabama: containing the statutes and resolutions in force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter XIX. Pages 88-89. "An Act to alter and ascertain more particularly the Boundaries of the County of Shelby and to lay off a new County in the northeast part thereof, to be called and known by the name of St. Clair County--Passed November 20 1818." (Google Books)
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Blount County||Etowah County|
|Jefferson County||Calhoun County|
|Shelby County||Talladega County|