St. Clair County, Alabama

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St. Clair County, Alabama
St. Clair County Courthouse in Pell City, Alabama.JPG
St. Clair County Courthouse in Pell City
Map of Alabama highlighting St. Clair County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded November 20, 1818[1]
Named for Arthur St. Clair
Seat Ashville & Pell City
Largest city Pell City
Area
 • Total 654 sq mi (1,694 km2)
 • Land 632 sq mi (1,637 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (57 km2), (3.3%)
Population
 • (2010) 85,593
 • Density 132/sq mi (51/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.stclairco.com

St. Clair County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 85,593.[2] It has two county seats in Ashville and another in Pell City.[3] It is one of two counties in Alabama, and one of 33 in the United States, with more than one county seat. Its name is in honor of General Arthur St. Clair, an officer in the French and Indian War.[1]

St. Clair County is included in the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

St. Clair County was established on November 20, 1818 by the Alabama Territory legislature by splitting the area from Shelby County.[1][4] The county seat was incorporated and named "Ashville" in honor of John Ash.[1] In 1836, a portion of St. Clair County was separated to establish Cherokee County and DeKalb County. In 1866, after the Civil War, a northeast section of the county was used to create Etowah County.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 654 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (3.3%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,166
1830 5,975 43.4%
1840 5,638 −5.6%
1850 6,829 21.1%
1860 11,013 61.3%
1870 9,360 −15.0%
1880 14,462 54.5%
1890 17,353 20.0%
1900 19,425 11.9%
1910 20,715 6.6%
1920 23,383 12.9%
1930 24,510 4.8%
1940 27,336 11.5%
1950 26,687 −2.4%
1960 25,388 −4.9%
1970 27,956 10.1%
1980 41,205 47.4%
1990 50,009 21.4%
2000 64,742 29.5%
2010 85,593 32.2%
Est. 2013 86,308 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 64,742 people, 24,143 households, and 18,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 27,303 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.03% White, 8.13% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 the largest ancestry groups in St. Clair county were:

There were 24,143 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,285, and the median income for a family was $43,152. Males had a median income of $33,914 versus $24,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,960. About 9.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

St. Clair County is home to Logan Martin Lake. It also contains Horse Pens 40, a private outdoor park on top of Chandler Mountain.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-St.Clair.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ A digest of the laws of the State of Alabama: containing the statutes and resolutions in force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter XIX. Pages 88-89. "An Act to alter and ascertain more particularly the Boundaries of the County of Shelby and to lay off a new County in the northeast part thereof, to be called and known by the name of St. Clair County--Passed November 20 1818." (Google Books)
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 86°19′05″W / 33.71583°N 86.31806°W / 33.71583; -86.31806