Dale County, Alabama

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Dale County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Dale County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 22, 1824
Named for Samuel Dale
Seat Ozark
Largest city Ozark
Area
 • Total 562.67 sq mi (1,457 km2)
 • Land 561.07 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 1.60 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 50,251
 • Density 89/sq mi (34.5/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.dalecountyal.org

Dale County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. The vast majority of Fort Rucker U.S. Army Aviation Center for Excellence is located in Dale County. Its name is in honor of General Samuel Dale.[1] As of the 2010 census the population was 50,251.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Ozark.

Dale County is part of the Enterprise–Ozark Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The area now known as Dale County was originally inhabited by members of the Creek Indian nation, who occupied all of southeastern Alabama during this period. The county, together with the surrounding area, was ceded to the United States in the 1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson, ending the Creek Indian Wars. A blockhouse had been constructed during the conflict on the northwestern side of the Choctawhatchee River, and the first non-Indian residents of Dale County would be veterans who began to settle in the area around 1820.[3]

Dale County was established on December 22, 1824. It originally included the whole of what is now Coffee County and Geneva County, together with the "panhandle" portion of Houston County. The original county seat was located at Dale's Court House (now the town of Daleville), but when Coffee County split from Dale in 1841, the seat was moved to Newton. Here it remained until 1870 when, following a courthouse fire in 1869 and the formation of Geneva County (which took the southern third of Dale County), the county seat was moved to the town of Ozark, where it remains. In 1903 a small portion of the southeast part of Dale county was joined to the newly formed Houston County.

Portions of the 15th Regiment of Alabama Infantry, which served with great distinction throughout the U.S. Civil War, were recruited in Dale County, with all of Co. "E" and part of Co. "H" being composed of Dale County residents. This unit is most famous for being the regiment that confronted the 20th Maine on the Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Despite several ferocious assaults, the 15th was ultimately unable to dislodge the Union troops, and was ultimately forced to retreat after a desperate bayonet charge led by the 20th Maine's commander, Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain.[4] This assault was vividly recreated in Ronald F. Maxwell's 1993 film Gettysburg.

Another regiment recruited largely from Dale County was the 33rd Alabama; Companies B, G and I were recruited in the county, with Co. G coming from Daleville; Co. B from Newton, Skipperville, Clopton, Echo and Barnes Cross Roads; and Co. I from Newton, Haw Ridge, Rocky Head, Westville and Ozark.[5][6] This regiment fought with great distinction in the Army of Tennessee, mostly under famed General Patrick Cleburne, once winning the Thanks of the Confederate Congress for its action at Ringgold Gap. The regiment was largely annihilated during the battles of Perryville and Franklin, but a few men survived and returned to Dale County after the war.

Geography[edit]

Dale County is located in the southeastern corner of the State of Alabama. According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 562.67 square miles (1,457.3 km2), of which 561.07 square miles (1,453.2 km2) (or 99.72%) is land and 1.60 square miles (4.1 km2) (or 0.28%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,031
1840 7,397 264.2%
1850 6,382 −13.7%
1860 12,197 91.1%
1870 11,325 −7.1%
1880 12,677 11.9%
1890 17,225 35.9%
1900 21,189 23.0%
1910 21,608 2.0%
1920 22,711 5.1%
1930 23,175 2.0%
1940 22,685 −2.1%
1950 20,828 −8.2%
1960 31,066 49.2%
1970 52,995 70.6%
1980 47,821 −9.8%
1990 49,633 3.8%
2000 49,129 −1.0%
2010 50,251 2.3%
Est. 2012 50,444 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 49,129 people, 18,878 households, and 13,629 families residing in the county. The population density was 88 people per square mile (34/km2). There were 21,779 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% White, 20.4% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 3.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 2.85% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.51% speak German.[1]

There were 18,878 households out of which 36% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.5 and the average family size was 3.0.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,998, and the median income for a family was $37,806. Males had a median income of $29,844 versus $19,988 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,010. 15% of the population and 12.6% of families were below the poverty line. 19.4% of those under the age of 18 and 16.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Municipalities and census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Arguta (southwest of Blue Springs)
  • Asbury (northeast of Ozark)
  • Barefield Crossroads (west of Abbeville)
  • Barnes (southeast of Abbeville)
  • Beamon (northeast of Ozark)
  • Bells Crossroads (northwest of Clayton)
  • Bertha (southeast of Blue Springs)
  • Bethel (southwest of Clio)
  • Browns Crossroad (northeast of Newton)
  • Clopton (southeast of Blue Springs)
  • Dill (north of Ozark)
  • Dillard (northwest of Ozark)
  • Dykes Crossroad (southwest of Blue Springs)
  • Echo (east of Ozark)
  • Ewell (southeast of Ozark)
  • Gerald (northwest of Daleville)
  • Kelly (southwest of Newton)
  • Mabson (east of Ozark)
  • Marley Mill (northwest of Ozark)
  • Plainview (north of Newton)
  • Roberts Crossroads (south of Blue Springs)
  • Rocky Head (southwest of Clio)
  • Skipperville (northeast of Ozark)
  • Sylvan Grove (northeast of Midland City)
  • Waterford (north of Newton)
  • Wicksburg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 98. 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  3. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20080528150204/http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Prairie/1767/. Retrieved on 21 July 2008.
  4. ^ Desjardin, pp. 69-71, Pfanz, p. 232.
  5. ^ 33rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry
  6. ^ 33rd Alabama, Company B
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 31°26′N 85°36′W / 31.433°N 85.600°W / 31.433; -85.600