Fayette County, Alabama

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Fayette County, Alabama
Fayette County Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Fayette County courthouse in Fayette
Map of Alabama highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1824
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Fayette
Largest city Fayette
Area
 • Total 629 sq mi (1,629 km2)
 • Land 628 sq mi (1,627 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 17,241
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.fayetteal.org

Fayette County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,241.[1] Its county seat is Fayette. Its name is in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette[2] (or de la Fayette), who aided General George Washington in the American Revolutionary War.

History[edit]

Fayette County was established on December 20, 1824 during Lafayette's historic tour of the 24 United States

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 629 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Richard Arthur Field (Municipal)- A 5,000 ft (1,500 m) paved runway with JET A and 110LL fuel service. Located about 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the city center.

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,547
1840 6,942 95.7%
1850 9,681 39.5%
1860 12,850 32.7%
1870 7,136 −44.5%
1880 10,135 42.0%
1890 12,823 26.5%
1900 14,132 10.2%
1910 16,248 15.0%
1920 18,365 13.0%
1930 18,443 0.4%
1940 21,651 17.4%
1950 19,388 −10.5%
1960 16,148 −16.7%
1970 16,252 0.6%
1980 18,809 15.7%
1990 17,962 −4.5%
2000 18,495 3.0%
2010 17,241 −6.8%
Est. 2013 16,909 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 17,241 people, 7,493 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 8,472 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.92% White, 11.93% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,493 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,539, and the median income for a family was $34,560. Males had a median income of $29,239 versus $20,606 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,439. About 13.10% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°43′12″N 87°44′19″W / 33.72000°N 87.73861°W / 33.72000; -87.73861