Kensington (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Kensington in Greater London.
|Electorate||62,784 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Sir Malcolm Rifkind (Conservative)|
|Created from||Kensington and Chelsea|
|Replaced by||Kensington and Chelsea|
|Created from||Kensington North & Kensington South|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- Abingdon, Brompton, Campden, Colville, Courtfield, Earls Court, Golborne, Holland, Norland, Notting Barns, Pembridge, Queen's Gate, and St Charles[n 3]
From 1974 to 1983 the constituency comprised electoral wards:
- Golborne, Holland, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
From 1983 to 1997 the constituency comprised electoral wards:
- Avondale, Campden, Colville, Golborne, Holland, Kelfield, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
As to elections contested, it was first created for the February 1974 general election and abolished for the 1997 general election, when mostly replaced by newly created Regent's Park and Kensington North which was served by Labour MPs, won three times during the Blair Ministry, and Kensington and Chelsea which was held by Malcolm Rifkind.
The constituency was recreated by adopting the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies of the Boundary Commission at the 2010 general election, combining elements of the two constituencies.
Kensington is mostly residential — housing varies between expensive apartments with manicured gardens in architecturally stunning squares or terraces and, by contrast, North Kensington and Ladbroke Grove have for the mostpart dense social housing, tower blocks in output areas with high rankings in the 2000-compiled Index of Multiple Deprivation. Kensington High Street is an upmarket shopping hub, Kensington Palace is the residence of several members of the Royal Family, and Kensington Palace Gardens is the site of many embassies and a few private residences for the super-rich. South Kensington also borders Hyde Park and includes Science Museum, the Natural History Museum and the Victoria and Albert.
Earls Court, Brompton, Holland Park and Notting Hill have their own characters. Earls Court comparatively more run-down and cheap than its richer neighbour and while it is undergoing rapid gentrification and includes its own areas for the super-rich, it has still a minority of run-down hotels and bedsits around Earls Court Exhibition Centre, which extends into the marginal Hammersmith seat. Notting Hill is an affluent and trendy area which hosts the Notting Hill Carnival, led by the area's vibrant Afro-Caribbean community. It is a highly cosmopolitan area, but having fallen on hard times in the twentieth century, associated with dingy flats and multiple-occupancy homes but has undergone gentrification; old Victorian private houses in these areas similarly high as Fulham in price.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Brandon Rhys-Williams||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Kensington and Chelsea|
MPs since 2010
|2010||Sir Malcolm Rifkind||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Kensington|
|Conservative||Sir Malcolm Rifkind||17,595||50.1||+6.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Meltzer||6,872||19.6||−0.6|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Eddie Adams||197||0.6||+0.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1992: Kensington|
|Labour||Patricia Ann Holmes||11,992||38.8||+5.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris K. Shirley||2,770||9.0||−8.3|
|Natural Law||Anthony J. W. Hardy||90||0.3||N/A|
|Anti-Federalist League||Anne Bulloch||71||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Kensington by-election, 1988|
|Social and Liberal Democrats||William Goodhart||2,546||10.77||-6.48|
|Social Democrat||John Martin||1,190||5.04||N/A|
|Rainbow Alliance - Payne & Pleasure||Cynthia Payne||193||0.82||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||61||0.26||N/A|
|London Class War Candidate||John Duignan||60||0.25||N/A|
|Anti Left-Wing Fascist||Brian Goodier||31||0.13||N/A|
|Free Trade Liberal - Europe Out!||Thomas McDermott||31||0.13||N/A|
|Fair Wealth & Health||Roy Edey||30||0.13||N/A|
|Leveller Party||William Scola||27||0.11||N/A|
|Peace - Stop ITN Manipulation||John Connell||20||0.08||N/A|
|Independent Janata Party||Kailash Trivedi||5||0.02||N/A|
|General Election 1987: Kensington|
|Labour||Ben T Bousquet||10,371||33.25|
|Social Democrat||William Goodhart||5,379||17.25|
|Public Independent Plaintiff Party||M Hughes||30||0.10|
|General Election 1983:|
|Labour||Ben T Bousquet||9,173||29.54|
|Social Democrat||William Goodhart||6,873||22.13|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Kensington|
|National Front||C Hopewell||356||1.05|
|General Election October 1974: Kensington|
|Labour||John Vincent Tilley||13,645||39.62|
|General Election February 1974: Kensington|
|Labour||John Vincent Tilley||13,293||33.24|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The remaining electoral wards in the Royal Borough involved: Cremorne, Hans Town, Redcliffe, Royal Hospital, and Stanley were lost to the cross-borough Chelsea and Fulham.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliament Constituencies - a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7.
- 2001 Census
- Postcode Guide from Mouseprice for West Kensington (W14)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Kensington, UKPollingReport
- Move over Sarah and SamCam ... step up Lady Caroline of UKIP Mail Online, 14 April 2010
- "Obituary: Nicholas Albery". Daily Telegraph. 13 June 2001. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Election leaflet for Robert Lefever, Liberal candidate for Kensington, February 1974 general election". University of Warwick. Retrieved 9 June 2014.