Unsuccessful Eurovision Song Contest applicants
There have been several unsuccessful attempts to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. For broadcasters to participate, they must be member of the European Broadcasting Union and register their intention to compete before the deadline specified in the rules of that year's event. Each participating broadcaster pays a fee towards the organisation of the Contest. Should a country withdraw from the Contest after the deadline, they will still need to pay these fees, and may also incur a fine or temporary ban.
|Member station||K-1 (pending)|
|[ Kazakhstan's page at Eurovision.tv]|
Kazakhstan has not participated in the Eurovision Song Contest yet. Kazakhstan is negotiating to join the European Broadcasting Union. State Television Company (K-1) awaits of satisfaction of request for Pending or Approved EBU membership since 2008. If this will happen, they may be eligible to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014. Nevertheless, they broadcast the Eurovision Song Contests of 2010, 2012, and 2013.
|Member station||RTK (pending)|
|[ Kosovo's page at Eurovision.tv]|
Kosovo has never participated in the Eurovision Song Contest. The Kosovar national broadcaster has applied for membership to the EBU but has not been accepted as a full member.[a]
History and interest 
After Kosovo's declaration of independence in 2008, its broadcaster Radio Televizioni i Kosovës (RTK) was applying for EBU membership, and wished to enter Kosovo into Eurovision Song Contest 2009. Kosovo would have made their Eurovision Song Contest debut in 2009 if it could have joined the EBU. Kosovo is partially recognized and not a member of the United Nations; UN membership is required to obtain full EBU membership. There is already a cooperation agreement signed between the EBU and RTK and the EBU supports the membership of RTK. As of 2013, RTK has observer status within the EBU and did participate in the Eurovision Young Dancers.
According to the Kosovan newspaper Koha Ditore, a possible entry would be selected via a national final called Akordet e Kosovës, a former pop show that had been taken off the air some years ago.
|Member station||Télé Liban|
|National selection events||Our Eurovision|
|Télé Liban's Eurovision page|
|Lebanon's page at Eurovision.tv|
Lebanon has never participated in the Eurovision Song Contest. The country's broadcasting organization, Télé Liban, was set to make the country's debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 with the song "Quand tout s'enfuit" performed by Aline Lahoud, but withdrew due to Lebanon's laws barring the broadcast of Israeli content.
|Member station||1FLTV (pending)|
|[ Liechtenstein's page at Eurovision.tv]|
Liechtenstein has never participated at the Eurovision Song Contest, but the contest has had a long history within the country, with at least one attempt to participate being made by the principality.
Background and first attempts 
Liechtenstein has never taken part in the Eurovision Song Contest before. However Liechtensteiners have had the opportunity to watch the contest on Swiss, Austrian or German television. The country has made attempts to participate in the contest in the past: in 1969 a French language song had apparently been selected to represent Liechtenstein at the Contest, held in Madrid, Spain. The song, "Un beau matin" by Vetty, would not have been able to represent the German-speaking country due to rules stating that only songs in the national language could represent the country – however as there was no Liechtensteiner television broadcaster in 1969 there was no possibility that Liechtenstein could enter the contest. Later, it was found that this was a pun made up by a French comedian.[clarification needed] Later in 1976 a Liechtenstein entry was once again selected to compete in the contest – Biggi Bachman and "Little Cowboy" would have been the country's first entry had there been a national broadcaster, but as there was none in the country the entry was rejected from competing.
A broadcaster and Eurovision interest 
On 15 August 2008, 1FLTV, licensed by the Liechtensteiner Government, became the first broadcaster based in Liechtenstein. This would allow the country to begin competing at the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time, should they decide to join the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), a pre-requisite for entering the contest. Shortly after its foundation however, the broadcaster announced that they were not interested in joining the EBU or Eurovision at that time because they had no budget for membership.
In July 2009, the broadcaster officially announced its intent to apply to join the EBU by the end of July, with the intent of taking part at the Eurovision Song Contest 2010, to be held in Oslo, Norway. Peter Kölbel, managing director of 1FLTV, officially confirmed the broadcaster's interest, revealing that they had plans to develop a national final similar to Deutschland sucht den Superstar, the German version of the Idol series. In November 2009, 1FLTV decided to postpone EBU and Eurovision plans, due to financial reasons began to search for other options for funding EBU membership in the future.
1FLTV submitted its application for EBU membership on 29 July 2010. If accepted, 1FLTV would have gained full EBU membership and would have been able to send an entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 2011. However, Liechtenstein did not appear on the official list of participants for Eurovision 2011. In late 2012 it was announced by Peter Kölbel of 1FLTV that Liechtenstein would not be able to take part till 2013 at the earliest. They had been trying to get government subsidies since 2010 to enable participation, participation was likely if in April 2012 the Government approved funding.
|Member station||BBC Scotland / STV|
|[ Scotland's page at Eurovision.tv]|
The Scottish National Party (SNP) has campaigned for a place in Eurovision for Scotland but had been rejected numerous times because Scotland is represented as a part of the British entry and is represented by the BBC. On 11 February 2008 the EBU stated that a Scottish broadcaster could apply for EBU membership, but under the current rules could not enter the Eurovision Song Contest as the BBC currently has exclusive rights to represent the entire United Kingdom. However, they would be eligible to enter the contest should Scotland gain independence as a result of the Scottish Independence Referendum, as Scotland would therefore be a separate country.
Soviet Union 
|Member station||CT USSR|
|[ Soviet Union's page at Eurovision.tv]|
The Soviet Union never participated the Eurovision Song Contest, but it made several attempts in the late 1980s.
In 2009 Eduard Fomin, a former employee of the Ministry of Education of the RSFSR, revealed that in 1987 George Veselov, the Minister of Education for the Soviet Union, brought forward the idea of Soviet participation in the Eurovision Song Contest due to the number of political reforms made by the President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev during the late 1980s. The idea was mainly a political one, with the thought that a win in the contest for the Soviet Union would impact on the relationships between the Soviet Union and the capitalist countries of the west. Valery Leontyev was suggested as a singer for the Soviet Union's first entry into the contest, but Veselov's ideas were not shared by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or by Gorbachev himself, believing it to be too radical a step to take, and so the Soviet Union never entered the contest before dissolving.
Ten former republics of the Soviet Union would later compete in the contest on their own in the 1990s and 2000s: Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan, with five of the countries going on to win the contest.
|[ Tunisia's page at Eurovision.tv]|
Tunisia was to perform fourth in the 1977 Eurovision Song Contest's running order. The reason for the country's withdrawal was never officially established; rumours suggest ERTT did not want to compete with Israel. To date, the only African nation to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest is Morocco, who made just one appearance, in the 1980 contest. On 18 June 2007, the Tunisian television broadcaster ERTT confirmed that due to a governmental request they will not participate in the Contest. No comment by the post-Arab Spring government has been made.
|Member station||Qatar Radio (pending)|
|[ Qatar's page at Eurovision.tv]|
Qatar Radio is currently an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), while all competing countries of the Eurovision Song Contest are active members of the union. The broadcaster first revealed on 12 May 2009 that they were interested in becoming active members of the union, which would allow the nation to compete in the contest. Qatar Radio had stated that they hoped to participate in the contest by 2011.
Qatar first became involved in the Contest at the 2009 edition, where the broadcaster sent a delegation to the contest and broadcast a weekly radio show called '12pointsqatar' dedicated to Eurovision. The show received favourable responses and has initiated further involvement of Qatar in the Contest.
Notes and references 
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 99 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- BBC News (20 March 2006). Row prompts Eurovision withdrawal. Retrieved on 14 February 2008.
- "Kazajistán negocia su incorporación a la UER". Eurovision Spain (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Kosovo: RTK wants to enter Eurovision in 2009". oikotimes.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- "NDR on the Kosovo potential participation in Eurovision" oikotimes.com 22 May 2008 Link accessed 27/05/08
- Albavision (2011-04-07). "Kosovo new steps in ebu agreement". albavision.tk. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "Participant Profile - Kosovo". European Broadcasting Union. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- Eurosong (2008-04-19). "Kosovo wil snel deelnemen aan het Songfestival" (in Dutch). eurosong.be. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- setimes (2010-04-08). "EBU membership key to Kosovo's Eurovision future". Setimes.com. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- Eurovisionary (2011-06-02). "Kosovo a possible candidate for Eurovision?". eurovisionary.com. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "No, No, Never!!! - Songs That Did Not Make It To Eurovision". eurovisionsongs.net. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- "The Eurovision Song Contest 1956 - present". BBC. 2007-04-26. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
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- Harley, Lee (2009-07-21). "Liechtenstein: Set to debut in Eurovision 2010?". Oikotimes. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- "News Eurovision Russia 2009". ESCKaz. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- Hondal, Victor (2009-11-04). "Liechtenstein rules out Eurovision participation". ESCToday. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- Coroneri, Alenka (2009-11-04). "Liechtenstein decides to postpone Eurovision plans". Oikotimes. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- "Liechtenstein: 1FL expects "good chances" for Eurovision debut". ESCToday. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "Scotland heading for 2009 bid?". eurovision.tv. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- "Невероятно! Леонтьев должен был представлять СССР на Евровидение-87!" (in Russian). nnm.ru.
- BBC (26 April 2007). The Eurovision Song Contest 1956 - present. Retrieved on 2 February 2008.
- Eurovision.tv. Eurovision Song Contest 1977. Retrieved on 2 February 2008.
- "Tunisia will not participate "in the forseeable (sic) future"". ESCToday. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- Repo, Juha (2009-05-12). "Gulf nation wants to join Eurovision". ESCToday. Retrieved 2009-05-12.