List of drug-related deaths

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of notable people who have died from drug-related causes.

Criteria for inclusion are death from overdose, death from organ-failure/illness due to or exacerbated by drug use, or death from suicide/misadventure under the influence of drugs. Deaths from lethal injection as a form of capital punishment, as well as deaths due to drug-related crime, are not included.

A[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Herb Abrams 1954–1996 Wrestling promoter Cocaine-related heart attack. [1][2]
Janet Achurch 1864–1916 Actress Morphine overdose. [3]
Brian Adams 1963–2007 Wrestler Painkiller overdose. Accidental. [4]
Nick Adams 1931–1968 Actor Barbiturate overdose. Death officially certified as "accidental-suicidal and undetermined." High levels of sedatives were found in his blood. [5]
Stuart Adamson 1958–2001 Musician (Big Country) Hanged himself under the influence of alcohol. [6]
Ryūnosuke Akutagawa 1892–1927 Writer Veronal overdose. Suicide. [7]
Louisa May Alcott 1832–1888 Author Death commonly attributed to complications from extensive long term mercury poisoning. [8]
Asa A. Allen 1911–1970 Evangelist Liver failure due to acute alcoholism. [9]
Dennis Allen 1951–1987 Drug dealer Heart failure. "Pieces of his heart actually broke off after decades of heavy drug abuse." [10]
GG Allin 1956–1993 Musician Heroin overdose. [11]
William Barnsley Allen 1892–1933 Army officer Unspecified narcotic overdose. Accidental. [12]
Pier Angeli 1932–1971 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Accidental. [13][14]
Matthew Ansara 1965–2001 Actor Heroin overdose. Accidental. [15]
Chris Antley 1966–2000 Jockey Severe blunt trauma. The coroner's report concluded that Antley had died of a multiple drug overdose and the injuries were likely related to a fall caused by the drugs. [16]
Jean Améry 1912–1978 Writer Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [17]
Diane Arbus 1923–1971 Photographer Consumed a number of barbiturates and then slit her wrists. Suicide. [18]
Reinaldo Arenas 1943–1990 Poet Overdosage of unspecified drugs. Suicide. [19]
West Arkeen 1960–1997 Musician Opiate overdose. Accidental. [20]
Howard Arkley 1951–1999 Painter Heroin overdose. Accidental. [21]
Kevyn Aucoin 1962–2002 Photographer, make-up artist Kidney and liver failure due to Tylenol toxicity as a result of a prescription painkiller addiction. [22]

B[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Chet Baker 1929–1988 Musician, singer Fatal fall from a balcony while under the influence of cocaine and heroin. [23][24]
Tom Baker 1940–1982 Actor Heroin overdose. [25]
Lester Bangs 1948–1982 Music critic, musician Overdose of Darvon, Valium and NyQuil. [26]
Barbette 1899–1973 Trapeze artist Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [27]
Robert Barlow 1918–1951 Author Overdose of barbiturates. Suicide. [28]
Sid Barnes 1916–1973 Cricketer Barbiturate and bromide poisoning. Self-administered though intent could not be determined. [29]
Jean-Michel Basquiat 1960–1988 Painter Heroin overdose. [30]
Michael Carl Baze 1987–2011 Jockey Cocaine and oxymorphone overdose. Accidental. [31]
Scotty Beckett 1929–1968 Child actor Suspected overdose. Pills and a note were found next to his body. However, the coroner's report was not released. [32]
Steve Bechler 1979–2003 Baseball pitcher Heatstroke. The coroner indicated that "the toxicity of ephedra played a significant role" among many factors in contributing to his death. [33]
Brendan Behan 1923–1964 Poet, writer Diabetes exacerbated by his refusal to stop drinking alcohol. [34]
Jovan Belcher 1987–2012 American football player Self-inflicted gunshot wound after murdering girlfriend Kasandra Perkins. Belcher was found to have a blood alcohol level of .17, double the legal limit where he died. [35]
Gertrude Bell 1868–1926 Writer Overdose of sleeping pills. Whether it was an accident or suicide was undetermined. [36]
John Belushi 1949–1982 Actor, comedian Speedball. Accidental. [37]
Jay Bennett 1963–2009 Guitarist (Wilco) Fentanyl overdose. Accidental. [38]
Wes Berggren 1971–1999 Musician (Tripping Daisy) Overdose. Traces of cocaine, propoxyphene, and benzodiazepines were found in his body. [39]
George Best 1946–2005 Football player Lung infection and multiple organ failure brought on by long-term alcoholism. [40][41]
Leah Betts 1977–1995 Student Excessive water consumption exacerbated by Ecstasy causing her body to release anti-diuretic hormones. [42]
Len Bias 1963–1986 Basketball player Cocaine overdose. Accidental. [43]
Big George 1957–2011 Presenter, broadcaster Heart attack after mephedrone use. [44]
Big Moe 1974–2004 Rapper Heart attack with Purple Drank as a contributing factor. [45]
Bam Bam Bigelow 1961–2007 Wrestler Overdose. Lethal levels of cocaine and an anxiolytic drug were found in his blood. [46]
Robert Bingham 1966–1999 Writer Heroin overdose. [47]
Ted Binion 1943–1998 Gambling executive Heroin and Xanax overdose. Possible suicide. [48]
Count Gottfried von Bismarck 1962–2007 Aristocrat Cocaine and morphine overdose. [49]
Walter Patrick Bissell 1957–1987 Ballet dancer Overdose of cocaine, codeine, methadone and other drugs. [50]
Clara Blandick 1880–1962 Actress Acute asphyxiation in combination with overdosage of sleeping pills, most likely barbiturates. Euthanasia. [51]
Erica Blasberg 1984–2010 Golfer Asphyxiation and toxic levels of "butalbital, temazepam, alprazolam, codeine, hydrocodone, and tramadol." Suicide. [52]
Mattie Blaylock 1850–1888 Prostitute Opiate poisoning. Suicide. [53]
Mike Bloomfield 1943–1981 Blues guitarist Unspecified drug overdose. [54]
Tommy Bolin 1951–1976 Musician (Deep Purple) Unspecified drug overdose. [55]
John Bonham 1948–1980 Drummer (Led Zeppelin) Choked on his own vomit after consuming forty shots of vodka. [56]
Derek Boogaard 1982–2011 Ice hockey player Toxic mix of alcohol and oxycodone. Accidental. [57]
Jennie Bosschieter 1882–1900 Factory worker Overdose of drugged liquor. [58]
Christopher Bowman 1967–2008 Former ice skater Overdose. Traces of cocaine, Valium, alcohol and cannabis were found in his blood. Accidental. [59]
Charles Boyer 1899–1978 Actor Seconal overdose. Suicide. [60]
Duncan Gordon Boyes 1846–1869 Soldier Delirium tremens. [61]
Elisa Bridges 1973–2002 Model Acute intoxication by the combined effects of heroin, methamphetamine, meperidine and alprazolam. [62][63]
Dianne Brimble 1960–2002 Mother Combination of gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and alcohol. [64]
Erik Brødreskift 1969–1999 Musician Overdose of unspecified pills. Suicide. [65]
Dave Brockie 1963–2014 Musician (Gwar) Heroin overdose [66]
Branwell Brontë 1817–1848 Poet, painter, writer Tuberculosis aggravated by delerium tremens and opiate abuse. [67]
Lenny Bruce 1925–1966 Comedian Acute morphine poisoning caused by an accidental overdose. [68]
Julia Bruns 1895–1927 Actress Alcohol poisoning. [69]
Tim Buckley 1947–1975 Musician Acute heroin, morphine and ethanol intoxication due to inhalation and ingestion of overdose. [70]
Richard Burton 1925–1984 Actor Alcohol-related causes. [71]
Paul Butterfield 1942–1987 Musician Drug-related heart failure. [72][73]

C[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Andrés Caicedo 1951–1977 Writer Secobarbital overdose. Suicide. [74]
Casey Calvert 1981–2007 Guitarist (Hawthorne Heights) A rare lethal mixture of hydrocodone/APAP, citalopram and clonazepam. Accidental. [75]
Ken Caminiti 1963–2004 Former baseball player. Cocaine and opiate overdose. [76]
Skip Candelori d. 2002 Singer (Turning Point) Unspecified drug overdose. [77]
Max Cantor 1959–1991 Actor, journalist Heroin overdose. [78]
Truman Capote 1924–1984 Writer Liver disease complicated by phlebitis and multiple drug intoxication. [79]
Gia Carangi 1960–1986 Model AIDS-related complications contracted through intravenous heroin abuse. [80]
Leslie Carter 1986–2012 Singer While not attributing a cause of death, a police incident report stated Carter had suffered an overdose and was taking the prescription medications olanzapine, cyclobenzaprine and alprazolam. [81]
John Cassavetes 1929–1989 Writer, actor, director Cirrhosis of liver due to alcoholism. [82]
Leonard Chadwick 1878–1940 Soldier Combination of alcoholism and asphyxiation. [83]
Coco Chanel 1883–1971 Fashion designer Died of health complications and physical exhaustion exacerbated by years of heroin and opiate abuse. [84]
Vic Chesnutt 1964–2009 Musician Overdose of prescription medication. Suicide. [85]
Diana Churchill 1909–1963 Naval officer Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [86]
Sally Clark 1964–2007 Solicitor Alcohol poisoning. [87]
Sonny Clark 1931–1963 Pianist Alcohol abuse; an attempt to counteract his heroin dependency. [88]
Steve Clark 1960–1991 Musician (Def Leppard) Lethal overdose of codeine along with Valium, morphine and alcohol at more than 3 times the legal British limit. Accidental. [65][89]
Charmian Clift 1923–1969 Writer Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [90]
Kurt Cobain 1967–1994 Musician Cobain had injected himself with three times the lethal dose of heroin before he committed suicide by gunshot. [91]
Bob Collins 1946–2007 Politician Prescription drug and alcohol overdose. Suicide. [92]
Natasha Collins 1973–2008 Actress Cocaine overdose. Accidental. [93]
Brian Cole 1942–1972 Musician (The Association) Heroin overdose. [94]
Michael Cooper 1941–1973 Photographer Heroin overdose. [95]
Megan Connolly 1974–2001 Actress Heroin overdose. [96]
Pamela Courson 1946–1974 Retail. Wife of Jim Morrison Heroin overdose. [97]
Carl Crack 1971–2001 Musician (Atari Teenage Riot) Overdose. Alcohol and unspecified pills were found in his stomach. [98]
Darby Crash 1958–1980 Musician (The Germs) Heroin overdose. Suicide. [99][100]
Tim Crews 1961–1993 Baseball pitcher Crews was legally drunk when he crashed a boat, killing himself and Steve Olin. [101]
Nancy Crick 1932–2002 Euthanasia activist Overdose of Nembutal. Euthanasia. [102]
Robbin Crosby 1959–2002 Musician (Ratt) Reported causes of his death include heroin overdose,[103][104] and AIDS-related complications,[105][106] which he admitted to contracting from shooting drugs.[107]
Bartley Crum 1900–1959 Lawyer Washed down an entire bottle of Seconal with whisky. Suicide. [108]
William Cuppy 1884–1949 Literary critic Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [109]
Jackie Curtis 1947–1985 Actor Heroin overdose. [110]
Patricia Cutts 1926–1974 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [111]

D[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Lin Dai 1934–1964 Actress Sleeping pill overdose combined with gas inhalation. [112]
Dalida 1933–1987 Singer Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [113][114]
Jacques Damala 1855–1889 Actor Cocaine and morphine overdose. [115]
Dorothy Dandridge 1922–1965 Actress, singer Overdose of imipramine. Accidental. [116]
Jesse Ed Davis 1944–1988 Guitarist Heroin overdose. [117]
Ed Delahanty 1867–1903 Baseball player Delahanty was intoxicated when he drowned in Niagara Falls. Whether he fell, jumped or was pushed is debated. [118]
Thierry de la Villehuchet 1943–2008 Businessman Swallowed sleeping pills and slit his left arm. Suicide. [119]
Paul DeMayo 1967–2005 Former bodybuilder Heroin overdose. [120]
Ted Demme 1963–2002 Director Heart attack. Cocaine was found in his system which the coroner stated may have been a factor in his death. Accidental. [121]
Daniel Deniehy 1828–1865 Politician "Loss of blood and fits induced by habits of intemperance." [122]
Teri Diver 1971–2001 Pornographic actress Migraine medication overdose. Accidental. [123]
DJ Screw 1971–2000 Musician Overdose of codeine and other drugs. Accidental. [124]
Kiki Djan 1957–2004 Musician AIDS and narcotic-related complications. [125]
Chris Donald 1949–1974 Musician Heroin overdose [126]
Desmond Donnelly 1920–1974 Politician, journalist Barbiturate and alcohol overdose. Suicide. [127]
Tommy Dorsey 1905–1956 Jazz musician Choked to death while sleeping. He was so sedated on sleeping pills that he was unable to awaken. [128]
John Dougherty 19??–1997 Musician (Flipper) Heroin overdose. [129]
Eric Douglas 1958–2004 Comedian Acute intoxication by the effects of alcohol, tranquilizers and painkillers. [130]
Nick Drake 1948–1974 Musician Antidepressant overdose. Disputed suicide. [131]
Michael Dransfield 1948–1973 Poet Sources report conflicting causes of death, including infection related to drug use and "acute broncho-pneumonia and brain damage". [132][133]
Jonathan Drummond-Webb 1959–2004 Pediatric heart surgeon Unspecified prescription drug overdose. Suicide. [134]
Kevin DuBrow 1955–2007 Singer (Quiet Riot) Cocaine overdose. Accidental. [65][135]
Bobby Duncum, Jr. 1965–2000 Wrestler Prescription painkiller overdose. Accidental. [136][137]
Theresa Duncan 1966–2007 Video game designer Combined ingestion of Tylenol PM and alcohol. Suicide. [138]
Ryan Dunn 1977–2011 Actor, stunt man Car crash. Dunn had a blood alcohol level of 0.196%, more than twice the legal limit where he was killed. [139]
Anthony Durante 1967–2003 Wrestler Fentanyl overdose. [140]
Guru Dutt 1925–1964 Actor Overdose of sleeping pills and alcohol. [141]

E[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Jeanne Eagels 1890–1929 Actress Alcohol and/or heroin abuse. [142]
John Entwistle 1944–2002 Musician (The Who) Cocaine-induced heart attack. [143]
Brian Epstein 1934–1967 Manager of The Beatles Sleeping pill overdose. [144]
Howie Epstein 1955–2003 Musician (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers) Suspected drug overdose. It was reported he took heroin and prescription drugs shortly before his death. [145]
Eyedea 1981–2010 Rapper Unspecified opiate toxicity. Ruled accidental. [146]

F[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Chris Farley 1964–1997 Comedian, actor Cocaine and morphine overdose. [147]
Pete Farndon 1952–1983 Musician (The Pretenders) Passed out in his bath due to a heroin overdose and subsequently drowned. [148]
Rainer Werner Fassbinder 1945–1982 Playwright, director Cocaine overdose. Possible suicide. [149]
Brenda Fassie 1964–2004 Singer Initial press reports cited complications of asthma attack while a later autopsy mentioned "cocaine overdose." [150]
Lolo Ferrari 1963–2000 Pornographic actress Overdose of prescribed antidepressant drugs. [151]
Errol Flynn 1909–1959 Actor Died following years of heavy alcohol and drug use. Autopsy stated cause of death was "fatty degeneration of the liver, portal cirrhosis of the liver and diverticulosis of the colon." [152]
Althea Flynt 1953–1987 Co-publisher of Hustler Drowned in the bath after passing out due to a heroin overdose. [153]
Steve Foley 1959–2008 Drummer Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [154]
Zac Foley 1971–2002 Musician (EMF) Overdose. Heroin, cocaine, Ecstasy, barbiturates and alcohol were found in his blood. [155][156]
Rosemarie Frankland 1943–2000 Actress Unspecified prescription drug overdose. Suicide. [157]
Seán Fortune 1954–1999 Priest Overdose of alcohol and unspecified drugs. Suicide. [158]
Katy French 1983–2007 Model, socialite Brain damage most likely caused by cocaine use. [159][160]
Sigmund Freud 1856–1939 Psychiatrist, neurologist Physician assisted morphine overdose. Euthanasia. [161]
Gary Frisch 1969–2007 Website founder Jumped from a balcony while under the influence of ketamine. Officially ruled as misadventure. [162][163]

G[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Danny Gans 1956–2009 Impressionist, entertainer Prescription hydromorphone use combined with pre-existing heart condition. Accidental. [164]
Paul Gardiner 1958–1984 Musician (Tubeway Army) Heroin overdose. [165]
Judy Garland 1922–1969 Singer, actress Seconal overdose.[166] Her death certificate states the overdose was "accidental"[167] however, there was speculation it was intentional.[168]
Gidget Gein 1969–2008 Musician (Marilyn Manson) Heroin overdose. [169]
George V 1865–1936 King of Great Britain Cocaine and morphine overdose. Euthanasia. [170]
Peaches Geldof 1989–2014 Actress Heroin overdose. [171]
Lowell George 1945–1979 Musician (Little Feat) Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [172]
Talitha Getty 1940–1971 Actress Heroin overdose. [173]
Harold Gimblett 1914–1978 Cricketer Overdose of unspecified pills. [174]
Michele Girardon 1938–1975 Actress Overdose of sleeping pills. Suicide.
Trevor Goddard 1962–2003 Actor Overdose of heroin, cocaine, Valium and Vicodin. Accidental. [175]
Greg Giraldo 1965–2010 Comedian Overdose of prescription medication. Accidental. [176]
Dwayne Goettel 1964–1995 Musician (Skinny Puppy) Heroin overdose. [177]
Adam Goldstein 1973–2009 Disc Jockey Overdose of cocaine, levamisole, oxycodone, hydrocodone, lorazepam, clonazepam, alprazolam and diphenhydramine. Accidental. [178]
Paul Gray 1972–2010 Musician (Slipknot) Morphine and fentanyl overdose. Accidental. [179]
Lucy Grealy 1963–2002 Poet Heroin overdose. [180]
Gribouille 1941–1968 Singer A lethal combination of medication and alcohol. [181]
Eddie Guerrero 1967–2005 Wrestler Heart disease, complicated by an enlarged heart resulting from a history of anabolic steroid use. [182]

H[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Clinton Haines 1976–1997 Computer hacker Heroin overdose. Accidental. [183][184]
Kenneth Halliwell 1926–1967 Actor Pentobarbital overdose. Suicide. [185]
Patrick Hamilton 1904–1962 Writer Cirrhosis of the liver following years of alcoholism. [186]
William Hamilton 1805–1865 Physicist, astronomer, mathematician A severe attack of gout precipitated by excessive drinking. [187]
Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf 1962–2001 Entertainer Advanced alcoholism and a seizure disorder, complicated by a genetic condition. [188]
Edward A. Hannegan 1807–1857 Senator Morphine overdose. [189]
Jeff Hanneman 1964–2013 Musician (Slayer) Cirrhosis due to alcoholism. [190]
Tony Hancock 1924–1968 Actor Lethal mixture of amphetamines and liquor. Suicide. [191]
Malcolm Hardee 1950–2005 Comedian Drowned after he fell into the water whilst drunk. [192]
Rashad Harden 1979–2014 Disc Jockey Accidental overdose of heroin, cocaine, and alprazolam. [193]
James Harden-Hickey 1854–1898 Author, adventurer Morphine overdose. Suicide. [194]
Tim Hardin 1941–1980 Musician Heroin overdose. [195]
Brynn Hartman 1958–1998 Wife and murderer of comedian Phil Hartman Self-inflicted gunshot wound to her head under the influence of cocaine, alcohol and Zoloft. [196]
Domino Harvey 1969–2005 Bounty hunter Fentanyl overdose. [197]
Rodney Harvey 1967–1998 Actor, model Heroin overdose. [198]
Bobby Hatfield 1940–2003 Musician (The Righteous Brothers) Cocaine-induced heart attack. [199]
Phyllis Haver 1899–1960 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Suspected suicide. [200]
James Hayden 1953–1983 Actor Heroin overdose. [201]
Ira Hayes 1923–1955 United States Marine "Drank himself to death." The Pinal County coroner concluded that Hayes' death was caused by exposure and alcohol poisoning. [202]
Paul Hayward 19??–1992 Rugby league player Heroin overdose. [203]
Mitch Hedberg 1968–2005 Comedian Cocaine and heroin overdose. [204][205]
Tim Hemensley 1972–2003 Musician (GOD) Heroin overdose. [206]
Margaux Hemingway 1954–1996 Actress Phenobarbital overdose. Disputed suicide. [207]
Jimi Hendrix 1942–1970 Musician Respiratory arrest caused by alcohol and barbiturate overdose and vomit inhalation. [208]
Curt Hennig 1958–2003 Wrestler Cocaine overdose. [209]
James Leo Herlihy 1927–1993 Novelist, actor Overdose of sleeping pills. Suicide. [210][211]
Gino Hernandez 1957–1986 Wrestler Cocaine overdose. [212]
George Hickenlooper 1963–2010 Documentary filmmaker Oxymorphone and alcohol overdose. Accidental. [213]
Ureli Hill 1802–1875 Conductor Morphine overdose. Suicide. [214]
Virginia Hill 1916–1966 Chicago Outfit courier Sleeping pill overdose. [215]
Jane Aiken Hodge 1917–2009 Writer Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [216]
Abbie Hoffman 1936–1989 Political activist Phenobarbital overdose. Suicide. [217]
Philip Seymour Hoffman 1967–2014 Actor Heroin overdose. [218]
Billie Holiday 1915–1959 Jazz singer Cirrhosis of the liver caused by alcoholism. [219]
Michael Holiday 1924–1963 Singer Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [220]
Crash Holly 1971–2003 Wrestler Carisoprodol and alcohol intoxication. Suicide. [221]
Gary Holton 1952–1985 Actor, musician Heroin overdose. [222]
James Honeyman-Scott 1956–1982 Musician (the Pretenders) Cocaine-induced heart attack. [223]
Shannon Hoon 1967–1995 Musician, singer (Blind Melon) Cocaine overdose. [224]
Sebastian Horsley 1962–2010 Artist Heroin and cocaine overdose. [225]
Whitney Houston 1963–2012 Singer, actress Accidental drowning, due to atherosclerotic heart disease and cocaine use. Toxicology reports showed the acute presence of cocaine indicating use prior to death, as well as sub-therapeutic levels of Benadryl, Flexeril, and Xanax. [226]
Lisa Howard 1930–1965 Reporter Phenobarbital overdose. Officially listed as suicide but speculated as murder. [227]
Howard Hughes 1905–1976 Aviator, engineer, industrialist, movie producer Liver failure. Physician administered an overdose of codeine at "the highest clinical level ever recorded" at the time. [228]
Gertrude Hullett 1906–1956 Patient of Dr. John Bodkin Adams Twice the fatal dose of sodium barbital was found in her blood. [229]
Harold Hunter 1974–2006 Skateboarder, actor Cocaine-induced heart attack. [230]
Michael Hutchence 1960–1997 Musician, singer (INXS), actor Self-induced asphyxiation while under the influence of alcohol, cocaine, Prozac and other prescription drugs. [231]
Phyllis Hyman 1949–1995 Singer Pentobarbital and secobarbital overdose. Suicide. [232]

I[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Fanny Imlay 1794–1816 Wife Laudanum overdose. Suicide. [233]
Andy Irons 1978–2010 Surfer Cardiac arrest. His autopsy lists secondary cause of death as "acute mixed drug ingestion." Traces of cocaine, methamphetamine, alprazolam and methadone were found in his system. [234]
Bruce Edwards Ivins 1946–2008 Microbiologist Tylenol overdose. [235]

J[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Barnaby Jack 1977–2013 Hacker, security expert Cocaine and prescription drugs. [236]
Jennifer Lyn Jackson 1969–2010 Playboy Playmate Heroin overdose. [237]
Michael Jackson 1958–2009 Pop singer Cardiac arrest. His personal physician administered a lethal dose of propofol along with lorazepam, diazepam and midazolam. His death was ruled as homicide. [238]
Peter Jackson 1964–1997 Rugby league player Heroin overdose. [239]
Joyce Jameson 1932–1987 Actress Overdose of unspecified pills. Suicide. [240]
Steven Ronald Jensen 1959–2005 Musician (The Vandals) Unspecified prescription drug overdose. [241]
Anissa Jones 1958–1976 Actress Overdose of barbiturates, cocaine, Quaaludes, and PCP. Accidental. [242]
Brian Jones 1942–1969 Musician (The Rolling Stones) Drowning under the influence of alcohol and drugs. [243]
Chloe Jones 1975–2005 Pornographic actress Prescription drug overdose. Accidental. [244]
Rob Jones 1964–1993 Musician (The Wonder Stuff) Sources report contradictory information which include: heart problems,[245] heart attack potentially caused by heroin,[246] or simply "drug-related causes".[247]
Janis Joplin 1943–1970 Musician Heroin overdose. [248]

K[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Frida Kahlo 1907–1954 Artist Official cause of death listed as pulmonary embolism though modern biographers largely accept that she actually died of an unspecified opiate pain killer overdose. Suicide is disputed. [249]
John Kahn 1947–1996 Musician (Jerry Garcia Band) Heroin overdose. [250]
Chris Kanyon 1970–2010 Wrestler Antidepressants overdose. Suicide. [251][252]
Phil Katz 1962–2000 Computer programmer Acute pancreatic bleeding caused by chronic alcoholism. [253]
Chris Kelly 1978–2013 Rapper (Kris Kross) Fatal overdose, cocaine and heroin [254]
Lisa Robin Kelly 1970–2013 Actress Multiple drug intoxication [255]
David Kennedy 1955–1984 University drop-out Overdose of cocaine, Demerol and Mellaril. [256]
Beverly Kenney 1932–1960 Singer Alcohol and Seconal overdose. Suicide. [257]
Bernard Kettlewell 1907–1979 Lepidopterist, medical doctor Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [258]
David Kelly 1944–2003 Weapons expert Consumed around 30 dextropropoxyphene pills. Disputed suicide. [259]
Jack Kerouac 1922–1969 Author Cirrhosis, caused by a lifetime of heavy drinking. [260][261]
Dorothy Kilgallen 1913–1965 Journalist Fatal combination of alcohol and barbiturates. Whether it was suicide, accidental or the result of foul play is undetermined. [262]
Thomas Kinkade 1958–2012 Painter Acute ethanol and diazepam intoxication. [263]
Arthur Koestler 1905–1983 Author Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [264]
John Kordic 1965–1992 Hockey player Unspecified drug overdose. [265]

L[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of Death Reference
Deborah Laake 1953–2000 Writer Overdose of unspecified pills. Suicide. [266][267]
Alan Ladd 1913–1964 Actor Overdose of alcohol and three unspecified drugs. Accidental. [268]
Josiah Lamborn 1809–1847 Attorney General Delirium tremens. [269]
Karen Lancaume 1973–2005 Pornographic actress Temazepam overdose. Suicide. [270]
Carole Landis 1919–1948 Actress Seconal overdose. Suicide. [271]
Jani Lane 1964–2011 Singer-songwriter (Warrant) Alcohol poisoning. [272]
Heath Ledger 1979–2008 Actor Combined drug intoxication of oxycodone, hydrocodone, alprazolam, diazepam, temazepam and doxylamine. Accidental. [273]
Bruce Lee 1940–1973 Actor, martial artist Acute cerebral edema due to a reaction to compounds present in the prescription pain killing drug Equagesic. [274]
Gerald Levert 1966–2006 Singer Acute intoxication of Percocet, Vicodin, Darvocet, Xanax and two antihistamines. Accidental. [275]
Frank X. Leyendecker 1877–1924 Illustrator Highly suspected morphine overdose. Suicide. [276]
Debbie Linden 1961–1997 Model, actress Heroin overdose. [277]
Max Linder 1883–1925 Actor Linder and his wife both drank Veronal, injected morphine and cut open the veins in their arms. [278]
Eugene Lipscomb 1931–1963 American football player Heroin overdose. [279]
Athina Livanos 1929–1974 Heiress, socialite Acute barbiturate overdose. Debated if whether it was homicide or accidental. [280]
Eugenia Livanos 1927–1970 Wife of Stavros Niarchos Barbiturate overdose. [281]
Kevin Lloyd 1949–1998 Actor Lloyd was three times over the legal blood alcohol limit for driving when he chocked on his own vomit. [282]
Philip Loeb 1891–1955 Actor Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [283]
Trinity Loren 1964–1998 Pornographic actress Prescription painkillers overdose. Possible suicide. [284]
Malcolm Lowry 1909–1957 Poet, novelist Alcohol and barbiturates. Most likely suicide. [285]
Zoe Tamerlis Lund 1962–1999 Model, actress Cocaine-induced heart attack. [286]
Donyale Luna 1945–1979 Supermodel, actress Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [287]
Frankie Lymon 1942–1968 Singer Heroin overdose. [288]
Phil Lynott 1949–1986 Musician (Thin Lizzy) Conflicting sources report various causes of death, including: heart and liver failure,[289] heart failure and pneumonia after a drug overdose,[290] and blood poisoning from heroin addiction.[291]

M[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Billy Mackenzie 1957–1997 Musician (Associates) Overdose of amitriptyline, paracetamol and other prescription drugs. Suicide. [292]
Liam Maher 1968–2009 Musician (Flowered Up) Heroin overdose. Accidental. [293]
Chris Mainwaring 1965–2007 Australian football player Cocaine overdose. Accidental. [294][295]
Bibek Maitra 19??–2006 Politician Unspecified drug overdose. [296]
Jesse Mahelona 1983–2009 American football player Motor-vehicle collision. Malehona was under the influence of alcohol. [297]
Thomas Manby 1769–1834 British naval officer Opium overdose [298]
Richard Manuel 1943–1986 Singer, musician Suicide by hanging. Manuel was drunk when he committed suicide and also had traces of cocaine in his body. [299]
Sherri Martel 1958–2007 Wrestler Overdose of multiple, including high amounts of oxycodone. Accidental. [300]
Adrienne Nicole Martin 1983–2010 Model, girlfriend of August Busch IV Oxycodone overdose. Accidental. [301]
Thalia Massie 1911–1963 Wife Barbiturate overdose. [302]
Lisa Matsumoto 1964–2007 Children's author Motor-vehicle collision. Matsumoto's blood alcohol level was .242, more than 3 times the legal limit. [303]
Billy Mays 1958–2009 Salesperson Heart disease with cocaine use being a "contributory cause." [304][305]
Joseph McCarthy 1908–1957 Senator Hepatitis exacerbated by alcoholism. [306][307][308]
David McComb 1962–1999 Musician (The Triffids) Heroin overdose. [309]
Jimmy McCulloch 1953–1979 Musician (Wings) Heroin overdose. [310]
Marie McDonald 1923–1965 Actress Unspecified drug overdose. [311]
Robbie McIntosh 1950–1974 Musician (Average White Band) Heroin overdose. [312]
Stephen McKeag 1970–2000 Ulster Defence Association member Cocaine and pain killer overdose. [313]
Marguerite McNamara 1928–1978 Actress Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [314]
Lance McNaught 1981–2010 Wrestler Intoxication from mixed drugs complicated a cardiomyopathy. Accidental. [315]
Aimee Semple McPherson 1890–1944 Evangelist Shock and respiratory failure due to overdose of prescription barbiturates. [316]
Jonathan Melvoin 1961–1996 Keyboardist Heroin overdose. [317]
Vivien Merchant 1929–1982 Actress Alcoholism. The coroner stated Merchant "drank herself to death." [318]
Robin Milford 1903–1959 Composer Aspirin overdose. Suicide. [319]
Mary Millington 1945–1979 Model, pornographic actress Paracetamol overdose. Suicide. [320]
Miss Elizabeth 1960–2003 Wrestling manager Acute toxicity. Autopsy revealed pain killers, nausea medication and tranquilizers were found in her blood along with an alcohol level of 0.29. [321]
Missy 1967–2008 Pornographic actress Unspecified prescription drug overdose. Accidental. [322]
Marilyn Monroe 1926–1962 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Officially listed as "probable suicide" though several conspiracy theories exist. [323]
Cory Monteith 1982–2013 Actor, musician Mixed drug toxicity including heroin and alcohol. [324]
Keith Moon 1946–1978 Musician (The Who) Overdose on anti-seizure medication prescribed for alcoholism. Accidental. [325]
Odas Moon 1892–1937 Pilot Reportedly "drank himself to death." [326]
Ashleigh Aston Moore 1981–2007 Actress Alleged drug overdose. [327]
Chester Morris 1901–1970 Actor Barbiturate overdose. [328]
Jim Morrison 1943–1971 Musician (The Doors) Official cause of death is recorded as heart failure,[329] though Sam Bernett claims that Morrison died in Bernett's club, with heroin overdose as the suspected cause.[329]
James Mossman 1926–1971 Journalist, former MI6 agent Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [330]
Billy Murcia 1951–1972 Musician (New York Dolls) Contradicting sources report the death as alcohol-related,[331] or drowning[332] after a drug overdose[333] or as a drug overdose.[334]
Brittany Murphy 1977–2009 Actress Combination of pneumonia, an iron deficiency and "multiple drug intoxication." [335]
Brent Mydland 1952–1990 Musician (Grateful Dead) Cocaine and morphine overdose. [336]

N[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Yves Navarre 1940–1994 Writer Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [337]
Filip Nikolic 1974–2009 Singer Heart attack induced by sleeping pills. [338]
Bradley Nowell 1968–1996 Musician (Sublime) Heroin overdose. [339]

O[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Hugh O'Connor 1962–1995 Actor Suicide under influence of cocaine. [340]
Lani O'Grady 1954–2001 Actress Multiple drug intoxication. Vicodin and Prozac were found in her bloodstream. [341]
Johnny O'Keefe 1935–1978 Singer Conflicting sources indicate drug overdose,[342][343] or simply heart attack.[344][345]
Pascale Ogier 1958–1984 Actress Unspecified drug overdose. [346]
Ol' Dirty Bastard 1968–2004 Rapper Overdose of cocaine and tramadol. Accidental. [347]
Christina Onassis 1950–1988 Heiress Pulmonary edema onset by years of prescription drug misuse. Primarily Dexedrine, diet pills and barbiturates. [280]
Alice Ormsby-Gore 1952–1995 Socialite Heroin overdose. [348]
Bryan Ottoson 1978–2005 Musician (American Head Charge) Prescription-drug overdose. Accidental. [65][349]

P[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Leila Pahlavi 1970–2001 Princess, model Secobarbital overdose. Found to have five times the lethal amount in her system. Traces of a non-lethal amount of cocaine was also found in the bloodstream. Suicide or accidental death though is debated. [350]
Haley Paige 1981–2007 Pornographic actress Methadone overdose. Possibly suicide. [351]
Marco Pantani 1970–2004 Cyclist Cerebral and pulmonary edema potentially brought on by "tranquilizers, antidepressants and sedatives against a background of prolonged cocaine abuse." [352]
Robert Pastorelli 1954–2004 Actor Heroin overdose. [353]
Gram Parsons 1946–1973 Musician (The Byrds) Morphine overdose. [354]
Cesare Pavese 1908–1950 Poet, novelist Consumed "twelve sachets of sleeping drugs." [355]
Chris Penn 1965–2006 Actor Enlarged heart through drug use and a high level of codeine. [356]
Christopher Pettiet 1976–2000 Actor Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [357]
Kristen Pfaff 1967–1994 Musician (Hole) Heroin overdose. [358]
Esther Phillips 1935–1984 Musician, singer Liver and kidney failure due to long-term drug use. [359]
River Phoenix 1970–1993 Actor Heroin and cocaine overdose. [360]
Rob Pilatus 1965–1998 Musician (Milli Vanilli) Prescription drug and alcohol overdose. [361]
Pimp C 1973–2007 Rapper Respiratory depression due to an accidental overdose of promethazine and codeine mixed with a pre-existing medical condition, sleep apnea. [362]
Sylvia Plath 1932–1963 Author, poet Suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning. Plath was reportedly suffering the adverse effects of an unspecified MAOI antidepressant at the time of her death. [363]
Dana Plato 1964–1999 Actress Vanadom and Lortab overdose. Suicide. [364][365]
Edgar Allan Poe 1809–1849 Poet Cause of death disputed though largely attributed to a combination of laudanum abuse, dipsomania and delerium tremens. [366]
Darrell Porter 1952–2002 Baseball catcher Cocaine overdose. [367]
Elvis Presley 1935–1977 Singer Cardiac arrhythmia. Autopsy founds in his system "significant" levels of ethinamate, methaqualone, codeine and different barbiturates including amobarbital, pentobarbital and phenobarbital. [368]
Dickie Pride 1941–1969 Singer Sleeping pill overdose. [369]
Gary Primich 1958–2007 Singer Acute heroin intoxication. [370]
Freddie Prinze 1954–1977 Actor Self-inflicted gunshot wound while under the influence of methaqualone and alcohol. Initially ruled suicide but later determined accidental. [371]
Promachus ???–324 BCE Soldier Alcohol poisoning. [372]

Q[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Robert Quine 1942–2004 Guitarist Heroin overdose. Suicide. [373]
Glenn Quinn 1970–2002 Actor Unspecified drug overdose. Accidental. [374]

R[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Carl Radle 1942–1980 Bass guitarist Kidney infection caused by alcohol and other drugs. [375]
Dee Dee Ramone 1951–2002 Musician (Ramones) Heroin overdose. [376]
Jay Reatard 1980–2010 Musician Cocaine toxicity with alcohol as a contributing factor. [377]
Noel Redding 1945–2003 Musician Shock hemorrhage due to esophageal varices in reaction to cirrhosis of the liver with alcohol as a contributing factor. [378]
Michael Reeves 1943–1969 Film director Alcohol and barbiturate overdose. [379]
Wallace Reid 1891–1923 Actor Prescription morphine overdose. [380]
Elis Regina 1945–1982 Singer Cocaine, alcohol, and temazepam overdose. Accidental. [381]
Willy Rey 1949–1973 Model Barbiturate overdose. [382]
Elisabeth Rivers-Bulkeley 1924–2006 Stock-broker Barbiturate overdose. Euthanasia. [383]
Brad Renfro 1982–2008 Actor Heroin and morphine overdose. [384]
Rachel Roberts 1927–1980 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [385]
Don Rogers 1962–1986 American football player Cocaine-induced heart attack. [386]
Steve Rogers 1954–2006 Rugby league player Lethal combination of antidepressants and alcohol. Accidental. [387]
Monica Rose 1948–1994 TV show hostess Antidepressants and tranquilizers overdose. Suicide. [388][389]
Edgar Rosenberg 1925–1987 Film and television producer Overdosage of prescription drugs. Suicide. [390]
Alma Rubens 1897–1931 Actress Illness caused by heroin and cocaine addiction. [391]
Zdenka Rubinstein 1911–1961 Operatic soprano Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [392]
David Ruffin 1941–1991 Musician (The Temptations) Cocaine overdose. [393]
Frankie Ruiz 1958–1998 Musician Cirrhosis of the liver due to alcoholism [394]
Gail Russell 1924–1961 Actress Alcoholism. [395]

S[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
George Sanders 1906–1972 Actor Nembutal overdose. Suicide. [396]
John Saunders 1954–1999 Musician (Mad Season) Heroin overdose. [397]
Catya Sassoon 1968–2002 Model, actress Hydromorphone and cocaine overdose. [398]
Sonja Savić 1961–2008 Actress Unspecified drug overdose. [399]
Sybille Schmitz 1909–1955 Actress Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [400]
Donald Sinclair 1911–1995 Veterinary surgeon Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [401]
Bon Scott 1946–1980 Musician (AC/DC) Official cause of death listed as "acute alcohol poisoning." [402]
Ronnie Scott 1927–1996 Jazz tenor saxophonist Prescription barbiturate overdose. Accidental. [403]
Pat Screen 1943–1994 American football player Unspecified drug overdose. [404]
Rod Scurry 1956–1992 Baseball pitcher Cocaine-induced heart attack. [405]
Jean Seberg 1938–1979 Actress Barbiturate and alcohol overdose. Suicide. [406]
Chantal Sébire 1955–2008 Teacher Pentobarbital overdose. Euthanasia. [407]
Edie Sedgwick 1943–1971 Actress Barbiturate and alcohol overdose. Undetermined. [408]
Bobby Sheehan 1968–1999 Musician (Blues Traveler) Unspecified drug overdose. [409]
Eric Show 1956–1994 Baseball player Cocaine and heroin overdose. [410]
Elizabeth Siddal 1829–1862 Model, poet, artist Laudanum overdose. [411]
Judee Sill 1944–1979 Musician Cocaine and heroin overdose. [412]
Don Simpson 1943–1996 Film producer Cocaine-induced heart attack. Twenty other drugs were found in his blood. [413]
Tom Simpson 1937–1967 Cyclist Dehydration and exhaustion while cycling exacerbated by amphetamines and alcohol use. [414]
The Singing Nun 1933–1985 Nun Overdose of barbiturates and alcohol. Suicide. [415][416]
Hillel Slovak 1962–1988 Musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers) Heroin overdose. [417]
Alvim Smith 1798–1823 Carpenter's assistant Mercury(I) chloride overdose. Officially administered to cure bilious colic; speculated murder. [418]
Anna Nicole Smith 1967–2007 Playboy playmate, model Lethal combination of chloral hydrate and various benzodiazepines. [419]
Daniel Smith 1986–2006 Student Cardiac dysrhythmia caused by combination of methadone, Lexapro and Zoloft. [420]
Dash Snow 1981–2009 Artist Heroin overdose. [421]
Robert Soblen 1900–1962 Psychiatrist Barbiturate overdose. [422]
Socrates 469–399 BCE Philosopher Hemlock poisoning. Executed. [423]
Erin Spanevello 1987–2008 Model Overdose of MDMA and GHB. [424][425]
Louie Spicolli 1971–1998 Wrestler Conflicting sources indicate drug overdose[426] while some indicate coronary disease that might have been impacted by drug use.[427]
Layne Staley 1967–2002 Musician (Alice in Chains) Cocaine, heroin and codeine overdose. [428]
Mike Starr 1966–2011 Musician (Alice in Chains) Suspected drug overdose. [429]
Joey Stefano 1968–1994 Pornographic actor Cocaine, morphine, heroin and ketamine overdose. [430][431]
Miroslava Stern 1926–1955 Actress Overdose of sleeping pills. Suicide. [432]
Carl Steven 1974–2011 Actor Heroin overdose. [433]
Inger Stevens 1934–1970 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [434]
Rory Storm 1939–1972 Musician Alcohol and sleeping pill overdose. [435]
Margaret Sullavan 1909–1960 Actress Barbiturate overdose. Suicide. [436]
James Owen Sullivan 1981–2009 Musician (Avenged Sevenfold) Acute polydrug intoxication due to combined effects of oxycodone, oxymorphone, diazepam, nordiazepam and ethanol. [437]
Paige Summers 1976–2003 Pornographic actress Codeine and oxycodone overdose. [438]
Royce Surdam 1835–1891 Real-estate agent Laudanum overdose. Accidental. [439]
Jennifer Syme 1972–2001 Actress Crashed her car while under the influence of cocaine, clonazepam and cyclobenzaprine. [440][441]

T[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Warren Tartaglia 1944–1965 Jazz musician Heroin overdose. [442]
Chase Tatum 1973–2008 Former wrestler Apparent drug overdose following years of addiction to painkillers. [443]
Vinnie Taylor 1949–1974 Musician (Sha Na Na) Unspecified drug overdose. [444]
Sara Teasdale 1884–1933 Poet Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [445]
Test 1975–2009 Wrestler Oxycodone overdose. Accidental. [446]
Gary Thain 1948–1975 Musician (Uriah Heep) Respiratory failure due to heroin overdose. [447]
John Thompson 1938–1976 Poet Overdose of barbiturates and alcohol. [448]
Jotie T'Hooft 1956–1977 Poet Unspecified drug overdose. [449]
Johnny Thunders 1952–1991 Musician (New York Dolls) Conflicting sources report heroin overdose[450] or methadone and cocaine poisoning[451] or that the autopsy did not disclose a cause of death.[452]
Georg Trakl 1887–1914 Poet Cocaine overdose. Suicide. [453]
Chögyam Trungpa 1939–1987 Buddhist meditation master Cardiac arrest exacerbated by heavy alcohol use. [454]
Amy Tryon 1970–2012 Equestrian Oxycodone, diphenhydramine, alprazolam, lorazepam, diazepam and temazepam overdose. Accidental. [455]
Alan Turing 1912–1954 Computer scientist, mathematician Cyanide poisoning. Disputed suicide. [456]
D. M. Turner 1962–1996 Author Drowned in a bathtub while under the influence of ketamine. [457]
Ike Turner 1931–2007 Musician, producer Cocaine overdose with high blood pressure and emphysema as contributing factors. [458]
Dick Twardzik 1931–1955 Jazz pianist Heroin overdose. [459][460]
Helen Twelvetrees 1908–1958 Actress Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [461]
John Tyndall 1820–1893 Physicist Overdose of chloral hydrate. Accidental. [462]

U[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Dorothy Uhnak 1930–2006 Author Unspecified drug overdose. Suicide. [463]
Umaga 1973–2009 Wrestler Acute toxicity due to combined effects of hydrocodone, carisoprodol, and diazepam. Accidental. [464]
Stu Ungar 1953–1998 Poker player Heart condition caused by long-term cocaine abuse. [465]
Enrique Urquijo 1960–1999 Singer Unspecified drug overdose. [466]

V[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Luna Vachon 1962–2010 Wrestler Overdose of oxycodone and benzodiazepines. Accidental. [467]
Paul Vaessen 1961–2001 Former footballer Unspecified drug overdose. [468]
Brandon Vedas 1981–2003 Computer expert Multiple drug overdose, including alcohol, cannabis, psilocybin mushroom, clonazepam, temazepam, methadone, hydrocodone and propanolol. [469][470]
Lupe Vélez 1908–1944 Actress Secobarbital overdose. Suicide. [471]
Michael VerMeulen 1956–1995 Magazine editor Cocaine overdose. [472]
Jon Vincent 1962–2000 Pornographic actor Heroin overdose. [473]
Sid Vicious 1957–1979 Musician (Sex Pistols) Heroin overdose. Suicide. [474]
Mike Von Erich 1964–1987 Wrestler Tranquilizer overdose. Suicide. [475]

W[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Marie Walcamp 1894–1936 Actress Painkiller overdose. Suicide. [476]
Robert Walker 1918–1951 Actor Reaction to a sedative administered by his doctor. [477]
Stephen Ward 1912–1963 Osteopathic physician Sleeping pill overdose. Officially suicide. Speculated murder. [478]
Dinah Washington 1924–1963 Singer Secobarbital and amobarbital (Tuinal) overdose. [479]
Dave Waymer 1958–1993 American football player Cocaine-induced heart attack. [480][481]
Mikey Welsh 1971–2011 Musician (Weezer) Suspected drug overdose. [482]
Daniel Webster 1782–1852 Statesman Cerebral hemorrhage caused by a blow to the head and complicated by alcohol-induced cirrhosis of the liver. [483]
Assia Wevill 1927–1969 Poet Suicide by acute carbon monoxide poisoning combined with an overdosage of hypnotics. She also sedated and murdered her four year old daughter in this process. [484]
Willie Wilde 1852–1899 Journalist Complications related to his alcoholism. [485]
Ellen Wilkinson 1891–1947 Politician Barbiturate overdose. [486]
Hank Williams 1923–1953 Singer, writer Overdose of morphine and alcohol. Accidental. [487]
Kenneth Williams 1926–1988 Actor, author Barbiturate overdose. It was not possible to establish whether his death was suicide or accidental. [488][489]
Alan Wilson 1943–1970 Musician (Canned Heat) Barbiturate overdose. Manner of death determined as accidental by the Los Angeles County Coroner's office. Speculated by some to be suicide. [490]
Amy Winehouse 1983–2011 Singer-songwriter Alcohol poisoning. [491]
Sheree Winton 1935–1976 Singer-songwriter Alcohol poisoning. [492]
Rachel Whitear 1979–2000 Student Heroin overdose. Accidental. [493]
Brett Whiteley 1939–1992 Artist Heroin overdose. [494]
Grant Withers 1905–1959 Actor Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [495]
Keith Whitley 1954–1989 Singer Alcohol poisoning. [496]
Linda Wong 1951–1987 Pornographic actress Overdose of Xanax, chloral hydrate and alcohol. [497]
Andrew Wood 1966–1990 Singer (Mother Love Bone) Heroin overdose. [498]
Anna Wood 1980–1995 Student Water intoxication secondary to use of MDMA. [499][500]

Y[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Paula Yates 1959–2000 TV presenter, author Heroin overdose. Accidental. [501]
Kelly Yeomans 1984–1997 Student Co-proxamol overdose. Suicide. [502][503]

Z[edit]

Name Life Profession Cause of death Reference
Stefan Zweig 1881–1942 Playwright Sleeping pill overdose. Suicide. [504]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mick Foley (2000). Have a Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-06103-101-4. 
  2. ^ Steve Williams (2007). Steve Williams: How Dr. Death Became Dr. Life. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-59670-180-9. 
  3. ^ "Janet Achurch – Charrington". Museumofdrugs.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ Scott Keith (2008). Dungeon of Death. Citadel. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-80653-068-0. 
  5. ^ Winkler, Peter. "Nick Adams: His Hollywood Life and Death". Crime Magazine. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Autopsy shows star was drunk at time of suicide". The Scotsman. January 26, 2002. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Books: Misanthrope from Japon". Time Magazine. December 29, 1952. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ Lerner, Maura. "A diagnosis, 119 years after death". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Evangelist's Death Due to 'Alcoholism'". Washington Post. June 27, 1970. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ Tedmanson, Sophie (May 13, 2006). "Granny Evil to hit big screen". The Australian (News Ltd). p. 8. 
  11. ^ "A Last Day In The Life of GG Allin". Freak Parade bassist Mike Bowling. August 1997. Retrieved March 14, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Obituary". The British Medical Journal. September 9, 1933. PMC 2369315. 
  13. ^ Crivello, Kirk (1988). Fallen Angels: The Lives and Untimely Deaths of Fourteen Hollywood Beauties. Citadel Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-80651-096-5. 
  14. ^ Frascella, Lawrence; Weisel, Al (2005). Live Fast, Die Young: The Wild Ride of Making Rebel Without a Cause. Simon and Schuster. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-74329-618-2. 
  15. ^ "Unknown title". Playbill 20: 32. 2002. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Overdose of Drugs Killed Jockey Antely". The Cincinnati Post. January 12, 2001. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ Améry, Jean (1998). "Afterword". At the Mind's Limits: Contemplations by a Survivor on Auschwitz and Its Realities. Indiana Holocaust Museum Reprint Series. Translated by Stella P. Rosenfeld and Sidney Rosenfeld. Indiana University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-253-21173-6. Retrieved August 30, 2009. 
  18. ^ Lubow, Arthur (September 14, 2003). "Arbus Reconsidered". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  19. ^ Morales-Díaz, Enrique (2009). Reinaldo Arenas, Caliban, and Postcolonial Discourse. Amherst, New York: Cambria Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-60497-617-5. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Details Released In Death Of Guns n' Roses Songwriter". MTV. June 3, 1997. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  21. ^ Hossack, Rebecca (July 24, 1999). "Obituary: Howard Arkley". The Independent. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  22. ^ Abel, Olivia (May 20, 2002), "Passages". People. 57 (19):81
  23. ^ "Chet Baker". Allmusic. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  24. ^ James Gavin (2004). Deep in a dream: the long night of Chet Baker. Welcome Rain Publishers. pp. 101, 368. ISBN 978-1-56649-284-3. 
  25. ^ "Tom Baker". Freewebs.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  26. ^ Wallace, Amy; Handsome Dick, Manitoba (2007). The Official Punk Rock Book of Lists. Backbeat Books. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-87930-919-0. 
  27. ^ Cullen, Frank, Florence Hackman & Donald McNeilly (2007). Vaudeville, Old & New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93853-8. Page 68
  28. ^ S. T. Joshi; David E. Schultz (2007). O Fortunate Floridian: H. P. Lovecraft's Letters to R. H. Barlow. Tampa, Florida: University of Tampa Press. ISBN 978-1-59732-034-4. 
  29. ^ Stoddart, Brian (2002). "'Barnes, Sidney George (Sid) (1916–1973)'". Australian Dictionary of Biography (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press) 13: pp. 118–119. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  30. ^ Carole Boyce Davies (2008). Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-85109-700-5. Retrieved June 16, 2013. [
  31. ^ "Jockey Michael Baze death ruled accidental drug overdose". courier-journal.com. June 3, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  32. ^ Vernon Scott (August 11, 1969). "Actress' Death One of Series of Hollywood Tragedies". Reading Eagle. Retrieved June 16, 2013.  Vernon Scott. Reading Eagle – Aug 11, 1969
  33. ^ Death at the Ballpark: A Comprehensive Study of Game-Related Fatalities of Players, Other Personnel and Spectators in Amateur and Professional Baseball, 1862–2007. McFarland & Company. 2008. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-78643-435-0. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Brendan Behan Biography". Dublintourist.com. Retrieved July 5, 2010. [dead link]
  35. ^ Armstrong, Kevin (January 14, 2013). "Autopsy reveals Chiefs linebacker Jovan Belcher was legally drunk when he shot Kassandra Perkins". Daily News (New York). Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  36. ^ Janet Wallach (1996). Desert Queen: The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell. Anchor Books. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-38549-575-2. 
  37. ^ Wilkins, Frank. "The Death of John Belushi at the Chateau Marmont". franksreelreviews. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  38. ^ Greg Kot (June 23, 2009). "Coroner: Painkiller killed ex-Wilco member". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 23, 2010. [dead link]
  39. ^ Crain (November 25, 1999). "Tripping, falling". Dallas Observer. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  40. ^ "George Best very close to death". BBC. November 25, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Football legend George Best dies". BBC. November 25, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  42. ^ "The legacy of tragic Leah". BBC. November 16, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  43. ^ Harriston, Keith; Jenkins, Sally (June 20, 1986). "Maryland Basketball Star Len Bias Is Dead at 22". Washington Post. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  44. ^ Cooper, Charlie (August 11, 2011). "BBC's 'Big George' died after he took illegal drug, inquest told". The Independent (London). Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  45. ^ Houston rappers remember Big Moe, dead at 33 , by Eyder Peralta, Houston Chronicle, 15 October 2007
  46. ^ Mooneyham, Mike (March 22, 2009). "Wrestler's death a familiar story". Post and Courier. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  47. ^ D'Erasmo, Stacey (April 23, 2000). "Wasted". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Rick Tabish released from Nevada prison to live with parents in Missoula". Missoulian. May 18, 2010. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  49. ^ Milmo, Cahal (October 11, 2007). "Bismarck died after injecting cocaine 'every hour for a day'". The Independent (London). Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Cause of Bissell's Death Ruled a Drug Overdose". The New York Times. February 18, 1988. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  51. ^ Petrucelli, Alan W. (2009). Morbid Curiosity: The Disturbing Demises of the Famous and Infamous. Los Angeles: Perigee Trade. ISBN 978-0-39953-527-7. 
  52. ^ Wilson, Jeff (August 24, 2010). "Coroner says LPGA golfer Blasberg death a suicide". USA Today. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Standard Certificate of Death". genealogy.az.gov. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Michael Bloomfield Biography". mikebloomfieldamericanmusic.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  55. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (2008). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 420. ISBN 978-1-43910-939-7. 
  56. ^ Nicholls, Jeff; Welch, Chris; Nicholls, Geoff (2001). John Bonham: A Thunder of Drums. Backbeat Books. pp. 92–94. ISBN 978-0-87930-658-8. 
  57. ^ "Derek Boogaard death ruled accidental". ESPN. May 20, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Andrew Campbell Paroled After 15 Years in Jail." (PDF). The New York Times. April 17, 1913. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  59. ^ "Coroner: Christopher Bowman died of accidental drug overdose". ESPN. February 8, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  60. ^ "Celebrity Sightings - B". doney.net. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  61. ^ "Duncan Gordon Boyes". Thevictoriacross.net. Retrieved July 5, 2010. [dead link]
  62. ^ Anthony Pignataro (September 26, 2002). "Natural Causes The naked life and veiled death of a Playboy Playmate". OC Weekly. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  63. ^ Catherine Donaldson-Evans (February 13, 2007). "Anna Nicole Smith Wasn't First Playboy Pinup to Die Tragically". Fox News. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  64. ^ Braithwaite, David (September 11, 2006). "Brimble case man tells of suicide fear". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  65. ^ a b c d The Official Heavy Metal Book of Lists. Backbeat. 2009. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-87930-983-1. 
  66. ^ "GWAR's Dave Brockie Died of a Heroin Overdose". Fuse.tv. Retrieved 2014-06-04. 
  67. ^ du Maurier, Daphne (2006). The Infernal World of Branwell Bronte. London: Virago Press. ISBN 978-1-84408-075-5. 
  68. ^ Collins, Ronald; Skover, David (2002). The Trials of Lenny Bruce: The Fall and Rise of an American Icon. Sourcebooksisbn=1-57071-986-1. p. 340. 
  69. ^ "Liquor Kills Ex-Actres". The New York Times. December 25, 1927. p. 19. 
  70. ^ Kim Martin. "Death Claims Tim Buckley". Retrieved 2008-05-17. [dead link]
  71. ^ Maslin, Janet (November 25, 2009). "Limelight Lives, Burned by Booze". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  72. ^ All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues. Hal Leonard Corporation. 2003. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-87930-736-3. 
  73. ^ Dicaire, David (2001). More Blues Singers: Biographies of 50 Artists from the Later 20th Century. McFarland & Company. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-78641-035-4. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  74. ^ CAREAGA, Roberto, Fuguet prepara antología de Andrés Caicedo, el primer enemigo de Macondo, La Tercera, Santiago de Chile, February 22, 2008. Link retrieved on January 20, 2010. In Spanish[dead link]
  75. ^ Montgomery, James (December 17, 2007). "Hawthorne Heights' Casey Calvert Died Of Accidental Mixture Of Medications". MTV. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  76. ^ "Caminiti's death ruled accidental drug overdose". The Record - Kitchener, Ont. (pqasb.pqarchiver.com). November 2, 2004. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  77. ^ "Turning Point Singer Dies Of Apparent Overdose". Billboard (http://www.billboard.com). June 28, 2002. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  78. ^ Where have all the homeless gone?: the making and unmaking of a crisis By Anthony Marcus p. 123
  79. ^ Gay & lesbian biography By Michael J. Tyrkus St. James Press, 1997 ISBN 978-1-55862-237-1 p. 109
  80. ^ Fried, Stephen (1993). Thing of Beauty: The Tragedy of Supermodel Gia. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0671701048. 
  81. ^ "Incident Report" and "Overdose Follow Up", Chautauqua County Office of the Sheriff, January 31, 2012
  82. ^ DiMare, Phillip (2011). Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 599. ISBN 978-1598842968. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  83. ^ "Leonard Chadwick". State of Delaware. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  84. ^ Chaney, Lisa (2011). Coco Chanel: An Intimate Life. New York: Viking. ISBN 978--0-670-02309-7. 
  85. ^ In Memoriam: Sweet, Sad Rocker Vic Chesnutt Fresh Air from WHYY on NPR January 7, 2010
  86. ^ "Mrs. Diana Churchill "Suicided"". The Age. October 25, 1963. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  87. ^ "Alcohol killed mother Sally Clark", BBC News, 7 November 2007.
  88. ^ Carr, Ian; Fairweather, Digby. Priestley, Brian. (2004). The Rough Guide to Jazz 3. Rough Guides; 3 Rev Exp edition. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-84353-256-9. Retrieved July 31, 2010. 
  89. ^ The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton p. 303
  90. ^ "Annual bibliography of studies in Australian literature.". Australian literary studies (University of Tasmania) 11: 443. 1983. 
  91. ^ http://madamenoire.com/298699/celebrities-whove-committed-suicide/9/
  92. ^ February 14, 2008 Collins' death was suicide: coroner ABC Online
  93. ^ "Cocaine Death Of Children's TV Girl". BSkyB. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  94. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds p. 56
  95. ^ "Police raid Keith Richard's "Redlands" home in Sussex for drugs". Thehistoryofrockmusic.com. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  96. ^ "Belinda Emmett Obituary". The Independent (London). November 15, 2006. Retrieved February 18, 2010. 
  97. ^ Can't find my way home: America in the great stoned age, 1945–2000 By Martin Torgoff. Simon & Schuster. p. 245.
  98. ^ Moss, Corey (September 24, 2001). "Atari Teenage Riot Cofounder Dead At 30". MTV. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  99. ^ Dave Thompson (2000). Alternative Rock: Third Ear - The Essential Listening Companion. Backbeat Books. p. 391. ISBN 978-0-87930-607-6. 
  100. ^ Scott Stanton (2003). The Tombstone Tourist: Musicians. Gallery Books. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-74346-330-0. 
  101. ^ "BASEBALL; Ojeda Discusses The Crash". The New York Times. June 26, 1993. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  102. ^ Nancy Crick (May 23, 2002). "'I didn't want to die alone'". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  103. ^ VH1 Behind the Music: Ratt
  104. ^ The Official Heavy Metal Book of Lists By Eric Danville, Cliff Mott. University of Arkansas Press p. 13
  105. ^ The new Rolling Stone album guide By Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard p. 679.
  106. ^ Inside Track. Michael Paoletta. Billboard Dec 9, 2006.
  107. ^ Ratt Guitarist Robbin Crosby Dies by Gil Kaufman. VH1. June 10.2002
  108. ^ Lingeman, Richard (April 27, 1997). "The Last Party". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  109. ^ Barnhart, Clarence L., ed. (1980) [1954]. "Cuppy, Will". New Century Cyclopedia of Names. Prentice-Hall. p. 1151. ISBN 978-0-13-611947-0. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  110. ^ Holden, Stephen (2004-05-05). "FILM REVIEW; Always the Lady, Even When He Needed a Shave". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2010. 
  111. ^ "Milestones, Sep. 23, 1974". Time (magazine). September 23, 1974. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  112. ^ "A Short Biography of Linda Lin Dai". hksan.net. Retrieved July 6, 2010. 
  113. ^ "Dalida". New York Times. 1987-05-05. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  114. ^ Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). v. Chicago Review Press. p. 225. ISBN 1-55652-754-3. 
  115. ^ "The Cause of Damala's Death", The New York Times, September 2, 1889, p. 4
  116. ^ Gorney, Cynthia (February 9, 1988). "The Fragile Flame of Dorothy Dandridge; Remembering the Shattered Life Of a Beautiful 1950s Movie Star". Washington Post. pp. E2. 
  117. ^ ASK THE GLOBE Boston Globe October 21, 1988
  118. ^ Louisa, Angela J (2010). Mysteries from Baseball's Past: Investigations of Nine Unsettled Questions. McFarland & Company. pp. 17–20. ISBN 978-0786445547. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  119. ^ "Madoff Investor’s Suicide Leaves Questions" by Alex Berenson and Matthew Saltmarsh, The New York Times, 2009-01-02, p. B1 New York edition.
  120. ^ "Paul Demayo: September 12, 1967 – June 2, 2005". Bodybuildingpro.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  121. ^ "Demme took cocaine, says coroner". BBC News. 2002-02-03. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  122. ^ G. P. Walsh (1972). "Deniehy, Daniel Henry (1828–1865)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4. MUP. pp. 44–46. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  123. ^ Harris M. Lentz, "Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2001: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre." McFarland Press 2002. ISBN 978-0-7864-1278-5 p. 88
  124. ^ Lean & Mean Houston Press. April 26, 2001.
  125. ^ 10 June 2004 BBC News; Riches to rags: Ghana mourns music hero
  126. ^ Jay, Stanley. "Avoiding Traps: Showing Youth the Path to Life’s Success" (Bloomington, Indiana: iUniverse, 2009), p. 145.
  127. ^ "The Spectator", Volume 234, Part 1. Published by F.C. Westley, p. 148
  128. ^ Peter J. Levinson, Tommy Dorsey: Livin' in a Great Big Way: A Biography (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2005) ISBN 978-0-306-81111-1. p. 299
  129. ^ Flipper Redux By Mark Athitakis. "SF Weekly." February 10, 1999.
  130. ^ "Kirk Douglas's youngest son dies". BBC News. July 7, 2004. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  131. ^ Sandall, Robert. "Brighter Very Much Later". Daily Telegraph, 20 May 2004. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  132. ^ The Oxford companion to twentieth-century poetry in English By Ian Hamilton. p. 135
  133. ^ Patricia Dobrez, Michael Dransfield's Lives: A Sixties Biography. Melbourne University Publishing (July 1, 1999). ISBN 978-0-522-84805-2
  134. ^ Oliver, Myrna (December 31, 2004). "Jonathan Drummond-Webb, heart surgeon". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  135. ^ "Quiet Riot's Kevin DuBrow Died of Overdose". CNN. 2007-12-12. 
  136. ^ OWOW profile - Bobby Duncum Jr.
  137. ^ Cagematch profile - Bobby Duncum Jr.
  138. ^ Amsden, David (August 19, 2007). "Conspiracy of Two". New York (magazine). Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  139. ^ "Ryan Dunn Was Drunk and Speeding: Police". ABC News. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  140. ^ Hardcore History: The Extremely Unauthorized Story of ECW By Scott E Williams, George Tahinos, Shane Douglas p. 211
  141. ^ Ashraf, Syed Firdaus (October 15, 2004). "'I miss my father terribly'". Rediff.com. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  142. ^ Adams, Massachusetts, The North Adams Transcript, "Jeanne Eagels Dies Suddenly", October 4, 1929, p. 1.
  143. ^ Martin Hickman, Stripper found Entwistle dead after heart attack triggered by cocaine, The Independent, December 12, 2002. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
  144. ^ Miles, Barry (1997). Many Years From Now. Vintage-Random House. ISBN 0-7493-8658-4.  p. 405
  145. ^ "Petty bassist dies from 'overdose'". BBC News. 26 February 2003. 
  146. ^ St. Paul rapper Eyedea's death ruled accidental drug overdose TwinCities.com. Thursday, Nov. 18, 2010.
  147. ^ "Chris Farley's Death Laid to Drug Overdose". New York Times. 1998-01-03. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  148. ^ The Pretenders profile MTV.com
  149. ^ Watson, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, p. 1
  150. ^ Cape Town and the Garden Route Baedeker Guide By Mairs Geographischer Verlag Kurt Mair GMbH pgs. 52-3
  151. ^ "Lolo Ferrari Movie Fan Club Biography". loloferrarixxx.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  152. ^ John Mackie, the Vancouver Sun 14 October 1959; Today in History: The Vancouver Sun, Saturday 13 October 2012, p.A2
  153. ^ Chalmers, Robert (February 22, 2004). "Larry Flynt: The trouble with Larry". The Independent (London). Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  154. ^ Riemenschneider, Chris (August 26, 2008). "Steve Foley played with the Replacements". Star Tribune (Avista Capital Partners). Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  155. ^ "EMF". wsjo.tunegenie.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  156. ^ October 01, 2002 OBITUARY: ZAC FOLEY whisperinandhollerin.com
  157. ^ Alleyne, Richard (2001-06-21). "Britain's first Miss World killed by drug overdose". Telegraph (London). Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  158. ^ McDonagh, Marese (March 16, 1999). "Comiskey set to officiate at funeral of Fr Fortune". Irish Independent. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  159. ^ "Three arrests in French investigation". RTÉ. 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  160. ^ "Top model died from massive brain damage after suspected cocaine overdose". Daily Mail (London). December 8, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  161. ^ Gay, Peter (1988). Freud: A Life for Our Time. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. 
  162. ^ "Gay website founder 'yelled Waheey and somersaulted off the balcony'". Daily Mail (London). April 19, 2007. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  163. ^ Strudwick, Patrick (June 28, 2009). "Under the Gaydar". The Guardian (London). Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  164. ^ Powers, Ashley (2009-06-09). "Drug toxicity cited in death of Las Vegas' Danny Gans". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  165. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds p. 189
  166. ^ Singers: End of the Rainbow Time Friday, Jul. 04, 1969
  167. ^ "Judy Garland The Live Performances. The End of the Rainbow". Retrieved 2008-02-01.  citing United Press International article "Judy Took Too Many Pills" and containing a copy of Garland's death certificate.
  168. ^ Clarke, Gerald. Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. Random House. New York, 2001. ISBN 0-375-50378-1. p. 422
  169. ^ "Former Marilyn Manson Bandmate Dies Of Overdose". Star Pulse. October 13, 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  170. ^ Ramsay, J. H. R. (28 May 1994). "A king, a doctor, and a convenient death". British Medical Journal 308: 1445. doi:10.1136/bmj.308.6941.1445. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  171. ^ Drug paraphernalia found in Peaches Geldof’s home after overdose death: police, by Sasha Goldstein, 2 May 2014, New York Daily News
  172. ^ Kurt Loder (September 14, 1979). "Lowe-Carter rock wedding". Anchorage Daily News. 
  173. ^ Sanchez, Tony (1996). Up and Down with the Rolling Stones: The Inside Story. Da Capo Press. p. 242. ISBN 0-306-80711-4. 
  174. ^ Foot, David (June 9, 2003). "Tale of a tormented genius". CricInfo. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  175. ^ JAG star died from drug overdose, coroner rules Sydney Morning Herald. August 6, 2003.
  176. ^ Comic Greg Giraldo Dies At 44 New Brunswick. September 29, 2010.
  177. ^ Brettell, Andrew; King, Noel; Kennedy, Damien; Imwold, Denise (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. p. 268. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9. 
  178. ^ Ehrich Dowd, Kathy (2009-09-29). "Medical Examiner Rules DJ AM Death an Accidental Overdose". people.com. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  179. ^ Crumb, Michael J. (June 21, 2010). "Slipknot bassist died of morphine overdose". MSNBC. Associated Press. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  180. ^ "Do You Love Me?". The New York Times. May 16, 2004. Retrieved Junly 30, 2010. 
  181. ^ True, Chris. "Gribouille". Allmusic. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  182. ^ Fourteen wrestlers tied to pipeline Sports Illustrated. August 30, 2007.
  183. ^ May 05, 1997 Death of the virus king Robotham, Julie. The Sydney Morning Herald
  184. ^ October 27, 1998 The hacking hall of fame Lowe, Sue. The Sydney Morning Herald
  185. ^ Orton, Joe; Lahr, John (1996). The Orton Diaries. Da Capo Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-306-80733-5. 
  186. ^ Harding, John (2007). Patrick Hamilton. Greenwich Exchange. p. 66. ISBN 9781871551990. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  187. ^ Reville, William (2004-02-26). "Ireland's Greatest Mathematician". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  188. ^ "An Unexpected Connection," by Dan Kennedy, Unitarian Universalist World, March/April 2002
  189. ^ HANNEGAN, Edward Allen, (1807–1859) bioguide.congress.gov
  190. ^ "Slayer Guitarist Jeff Hanneman: Official Cause Of Death Revealed - May 9, 2013". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  191. ^ Craig, Olga (November 10, 2004). "Laugh at Tony? I very nearly died". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  192. ^ "LifeStyleExtra, 20 July 2005". 
  193. ^ Gordon, Jeremy (August 7, 2014). "DJ Rashad Died of Drug Overdose, Autopsy Confirms". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  194. ^ "Harden-Hickey a Suicide.; The "Baron," Who Proclaimed Himself Dictator of Trinidad, Dies in a Texas Hotel.". The New York Times. February 11, 1898. Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  195. ^ The guide to United States popular culture By Pat Browne. p. 364
  196. ^ Tresniowski, Alex (1998-06-15). "Beneath the Surface". People. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  197. ^ "The Sad Fall Of Domino Harvey". Thesmokinggun.com. 2005-10-12. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  198. ^ Kristen, Baldwin (1998-05-01). "Monitor". ew.com. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  199. ^ Cocaine caused death of Bobby Hatfield Associated Press. The Argus-Press – Jan 6, 2004
  200. ^ Kansas Silent Film Star Phyllis Haver is Dead AP. Lawrence Journal-World – Nov 21, 1960
  201. ^ Freedman, Samuel G. (November 8, 1983). Actor Who Played an Addict Dies, Apparently of Overdose. New York Times
  202. ^ Tagliaferri, Alivia (2009). Beyond the Wall: The Journey Home. Ironcutter Media LLC. p. 60. ISBN 978-0978841720. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  203. ^ 4,000 Days: My Life and Survival in a Bangkok Prison Fellow, Warren. St. Martin's Griffin, ISBN 978-0-312-25364-6
  204. ^ "Report: Mitch Hedberg died of drug overdose". MSNBC. The Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  205. ^ Rice, Ian. "Comedian Mitch Hedberg IS STILL ALIVE !". Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  206. ^ May 09, 2008 Aussies crack UK charts The Age
  207. ^ "Margaux Hemingway committed suicide, coroner rules". CNN.com. 1996-08-20. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  208. ^ The Final Days by Tony Brown. Excerpt From The Book
  209. ^ "Wrestling deaths and steroids". USA Today. March 12, 2004. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  210. ^ Folkart, Burt A. (October 23, 1993). "J.L. Herlihy; 'Midnight Cowboy' Author". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  211. ^ Grimes, William (1993-10-22). "James Leo Herlihy, 66, Novelist Who Wrote 'Midnight Cowboy'". New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  212. ^ Kristian Pope & Ray Whebbe (2nd Edition 2003). The Encyclopedia of Professional Wrestling: 100 Years of History, Headlines & Hitmakers. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87349-625-4
  213. ^ Child, Ben (November 23, 2010). "George Hickenlooper died from accidental painkiller overdose". The Guardian (London). 
  214. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph. "Philharmonic Gets Diary Of a Savvy Music Man", The New York Times, July 29, 2002. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  215. ^ Newton, Michael (2009). Mr. Mob: The Life and Crimes of Moe Dalitz. McFarland. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-7864-3516-6. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  216. ^ "Jane Aiken Hodge: prolific author of romance and suspense novels", The Times, 25 July 2009.
  217. ^ Abbie Hoffman Committed Suicide Using Barbiturates, Autopsy Shows New York Times
  218. ^ Philip Seymour Hoffman found dead with needle in arm: cops New York Post
  219. ^ Spencer, Frederick, J (2002). Jazz and Death: Medical Profiles of Jazz Greats. University Press of Mississippi. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-57806-453-3. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  220. ^ Talevski, Nick (2010). Rock Obituaries - Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 275. ASIN B003FV7G3A. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  221. ^ "Wrestling Deaths - FAQ". wrestleview.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  222. ^ Encyclopedia of television By Horace Newcomb, Museum of Broadcast Communications. CRC Press. p. 172
  223. ^ The new Rolling Stone album guide By Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard. Simon & Schuster p. 653
  224. ^ Death of lead singer Shannon Hoon hasn't stopped Blind Melon's music JOHN WIRT. Advocate – Baton Rouge, La. Nov 8, 1996
  225. ^ "UK artist Sebastian Horsley dies of overdose". Ninemsn. June 18, 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  226. ^ "Whitney Houston was Coked Up at Time of Death". TMZ. 22 March 2012. 
  227. ^ Haney, Rich (2005). Celia Sanchez: The Legend of Cuba's Revolutionary Heart. Algora Pub. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-87586-395-5. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  228. ^ Howard Hughes: The Untold Story By Peter Harry Brown, Pat H. Broeske. Da Capo Press. p. 379.
  229. ^ Dr. Adams is Acquitted Palm Beach Post (now The Miami News) – Apr 9, 1957
  230. ^ Cocaine By Michael A. Sommers. Rosen Publishing. p. 25
  231. ^ Hand, Derrick; Fife-Yeomans, Janet (2008) [2004]. The Coroner: Investigating Sudden Death. Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-0-7333-2221-1.
  232. ^ "Coroner says Phyllis Hyman used sleeping pills to commit suicide; new LP due out soon". Jet. 1995-08-14. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  233. ^ Todd, Janet. Mary Wollstonecraft: A Revolutionary Life. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2000. ISBN 0-231-12184-9.
  234. ^ "Andy Irons' cause of death determined as cardiac arrest". surfline.com. June 8, 2011. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  235. ^ Shane, Scott; Lichtblau, Eric (August 2, 2008). "Man Suspected in Anthrax Attacks Said to Commit Suicide". New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  236. ^ "Elite Hacker Barnaby Jack 'overdosed on drugs'". BBC. January 3, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  237. ^ Former Playboy playmate Jennifer Lyn Jackson died from a herion overdose
  238. ^ Burgess, Kaya (August 24, 2009). "LA coroner to treat Michael Jackson's death as a homicide". The Times (London). Retrieved August 24, 2009. 
  239. ^ Thompson, John (July 17, 2000). "Campaign urges victims to speak out against child abuse". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  240. ^ Del Valle, David (2001-01-01). "CAMP DAVID JANUARY 2007". filmsinreview.com. p. 4. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  241. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds. Chicago Review Press p. 554.
  242. ^ From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century By David Mansour. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 252
  243. ^ "Brian Jones of The Rolling Stones dies in his Swimming Pool". thehistoryofrockmusic.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  244. ^ "Charlie Sheen Faces Chloe Jones Lawsuit". femalefirst.co.uk. May 5, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  245. ^ The great indie discography By Martin Charles Strong. Cannongate US Press.
  246. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds. Chicago Review Press. p. 303
  247. ^ The Trouser Press guide to '90s rock: the all-new fifth edition By Ira A. Robbins. Simon & Schuster. p. 820 ISBN 978-0-684-81437-7
  248. ^ The guide to United States popular culture By Pat Browne Popular Press of the University of Wisconsin Press. p. 449
  249. ^ Herrara, Hayden (1983). A Biography of Frida Kahlo. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-008589-6. 
  250. ^ Garcia Band Carries on for Music's Sake David Bothner. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Feb 26, 1997
  251. ^ Martin, Adam (April 3, 2010). "Former WCW/WWE star Chris Kanyon passes away". wrestleview.com. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  252. ^ "PRO WRESTLING SCHOOL - Santino Bros. Wrestling Academy". Santinobros.net. April 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  253. ^ "Famed software pioneer dies at 37". Journal Sentinel. 2000-04-22. "Phillip W. Katz, the eccentric inventor of computer file-compression software used around the world, and a pioneer in the concept of shareware, is dead at age 37. The cause of death was complications from chronic alcoholism, according to medical examiner's records. Katz came onto the computer scene when communication was expensive and slow. His program, PKZip, played a large role in making Internet communication faster, said a University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee computer science..." 
  254. ^ Lucas, Philip (July 2, 2013). "Ga. medical official: Rapper died of drug overdose". Yahoo!. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  255. ^ "Lisa Robin Kelly Died of Drug Intoxication While in Rehab: Coroner’s Office". Gossip Cop. January 3, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  256. ^ Kennedy Tragedies CNN online July 17, 1999
  257. ^ "Beverly Kenney". Allmusic. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  258. ^ Of Moths and Men: An Evolutionary Tale Judith Hooper
  259. ^ Lord Hutton. "The Hutton Inquiry, Chapter 5". the-hutton-inquiry.org.uk. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  260. ^ "Author Kerouac Dies; Led 'Beat Generation'". Daily Collegian. October 22, 1969. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  261. ^ Kilgannon, Corey (December 31, 2006). "For Kerouac, Off the Road and Deep Into the Bottle, a Rest Stop on the Long Island Shore". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  262. ^ Dorothy Kilgallen Death Cause Told Spokane Daily Chronicle Nov. 15, 1965.
  263. ^ Preuitt, Lori (May 8, 2012). "Alcohol, Drugs Killed Thomas Kinkade: Autopsy". NBC Bay Area. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  264. ^ Did The Death Of Communism Take Koestler And Other Literary Figures With It? by Anne Applebaum, The Huffington Post, January 26, 2010
  265. ^ All roads lead to hockey: reports from northern Canada to the Mexican border William T. Boyd University of Nebraska Press
  266. ^ "In Memory of Deborah Laake". Phoenix New Times. February 10, 2000. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  267. ^ Sterling, Terry Greene (October 27, 2000). "Secret grief". Salon.com. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  268. ^ Alan Ladd Death Ruled Accidental UPI. The Bulletin of Bend and Central Oregon Feb 5, 1964.
  269. ^ Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, Volume 1. Fowkes, Henry L. 1918. Munsell Pub. Co. Page 327
  270. ^ Baecque, Anttoine De (February 1, 2005). "Le geste ultime de Karen Bach". liberation.fr. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  271. ^ CALIFORNIA: Casually in Hollywood Time (magazine). Monday, Jul. 19, 1948.
  272. ^ Warrant frontman Jani Lane died of alcohol poisoning
  273. ^ "Accidental drug mix killed Ledger". BBC News. 6 February 2008. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  274. ^ People of the century By CBS News. Simon & Schuster. p. 385
  275. ^ "Accidental Drug Mix Said to Kill Levert". The Washington Post. February 11, 2007. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  276. ^ "Frank Leyendecker". pulpartists.com. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  277. ^ Bad and Beautiful: Inside the Dazzling and Deadly World of Supermodels By Ian Halperin Citadel Press p. 151
  278. ^ "Max Linder and Wife in Double Suicide. They Drink Veronal, Inject Morphine and Open Veins in Their Arms". The New York Times. November 1, 1925. Retrieved July 21, 2010. "Max Linder, one of the earliest film comedians in the world, committed suicide this morning in a death compact with his lovely wife, formerly Miss Peters, a wealthy Paris heiress." 
  279. ^ New Law May Result in Freedom Baltimore Afro-American – Jul 27, 1963
  280. ^ a b Feroudi Moutsatsos, Kiki (1998). The Onassis Women. London: Putnam. ISBN 0399144439. 
  281. ^ "Mrs. Niarchos Died of Sleeping Pills". The New York Times. 7 May 1970. 
  282. ^ "Tosh 'crumbled' before drink death". BBC News. 7 October 1998. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  283. ^ "Philip Loeb Dead; Prominent Actor; Body Found in Midtown Hotel; Overdose of Sleeping Pills Apparent Cause," The New York Times, September 2, 1955 link
  284. ^ "Porn Legend Trinity Loren Dies of Overdose", By Dave Michaels and John Douglas, Talking Blue TV, November 9, 1998. Retrieved 2007-07-10. Note the page background is broken; use View:Page Style:No Style in Firefox, or highlight page with Ctrl-A, to read text.[dead link]
  285. ^ Slide, Anthony (2004). Silent Topics: Essays on Undocumented Areas of Silent Film. Scarecrow Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0810850163. 
  286. ^ "Zoë Lund (Tamerlis)". filmfanatics.net. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  287. ^ Black and Beautiful: How Women of Color Changed the Fashion Industry By Barbara Summers. HarperCollins, 2001 ISBN 978-0-06-095812-1
  288. ^ Jet Nov 28, 1988. p. 30
  289. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds p. 211
  290. ^ The Virgin encyclopedia of 70s music By Colin Larkin
  291. ^ The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton p. 339
  292. ^ "Dead rockers and our inner ghouls". The Scotsman. January 18, 2002. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  293. ^ "Flowered Up's Liam Maher died of heroin overdose according to inquest Read more at http://www.nme.com/news/flowered-up/49258#6TWDc2r13ukVY6cy.99". NME. January 15, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  294. ^ Adshead, Gary (March 20, 2010). "Mainwaring 'overdosed on cocaine'". The West Australian. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  295. ^ Draft: Inside the AFL's Search for Talent By Emma Quayle p.231
  296. ^ Bibek Maitra died of drug overdose IBN Live Sun, Jun 04, 2006, Updated on Mon, Jun 05, 2006 in India section
  297. ^ "Former Tennessee Football Star Killed in One-Car Collision". thetennesseeautoaccidentattorney.com. 2009-09-06. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  298. ^ "Obituaries". The Gentleman's Magazine 156: 433. 1834. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  299. ^ "Manuel had cocaine in blood tests show". Ottawa Citizen. March 12, 1986. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  300. ^ "Sherri Martel autopsy results reveal drugs". SLAM! Wrestling. September 11, 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  301. ^ Pistor, Nicholas (February 6, 2011). "Busch girlfriend died with cocaine, oxycodone in system, sources say". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  302. ^ Harris, Paul (1999). Black Rage Confronts the Law. NYU Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-8147-3592-3. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  303. ^ Fujimori, Leila (2007-12-19). "Mom of 2 forgives Matsumoto for crash". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  304. ^ "Cocaine linked to Billy Mays death". CNN – The Stituation Room with Wolf Blitzer. 
  305. ^ "Autopsy: Cocaine contributed to Billy Mays' death". Associated Press. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2009-08-07. [dead link]
  306. ^ Oshinsky, David M. (2005) [1983]. A Conspiracy So Immense: The World of Joe McCarthy. Oxford University Press. pp. 503–504. ISBN 0-19-515424-X. 
  307. ^ Reeves, Thomas C. (1982). The Life and Times of Joe McCarthy: A Biography. Madison Books. pp. 669–671. ISBN 1-56833-101-0. 
  308. ^ Herman, Arthur (2000). Joseph McCarthy: Reexamining the Life and Legacy of America's Most Hated Senator. Free Press. pp. 302–303. ISBN 0-684-83625-4. 
  309. ^ Marx, Jack (June 14, 2006). "Lessons from the crypt". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  310. ^ Paul McCartney: A Life By Peter Ames Carlin. Simon & Schuster. p.248
  311. ^ Hollywood's Most Wanted: The Top Ten Book of Lucky Breaks, Prima Donnas, Box Office Bombs, and Other Oddities. Potomac Books Inc. 2002. p. 145. ISBN 978-1-57488-480-7. 
  312. ^ Steel Wrapped In Velvet Forbes, Robert Lenzner, 04.30.01
  313. ^ Henry McDonald & Jim Cusack, UDA: Inside the Heart of Loyalist Terror, Dublin: Penguin Ireland, 2004, p. 5
  314. ^ Brettell, Andrew; King, Noel; Kennedy, Damien; Imwold, Denise (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. pp. 277. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9.
  315. ^ Stannard, Ed (October 13, 2010). "Former WWE wrestler died from 'mixed drug intoxication'". nhregister.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  316. ^ Lorna McPherson, 82, Of the Angelus Temple New York Times. June 18, 1993.
  317. ^ People in the News - Smashing Pumpkins Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 21, 1997
  318. ^ "Death of Vivien Merchant Is Ascribed to Alcoholism", The New York Times 7 October 1982. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  319. ^ Gramophone (magazine) 86 (1033-1038): 95. 
  320. ^ Upton, Julian (2004). Fallen Stars: Tragic Lives and Lost Careers. Headpress/Critical Vision. p. 44. ISBN 1-900486-38-5. 
  321. ^ Autopsy: 'Miss Elizabeth' dies from overdose of pills, alcohol AP. The Tuscaloosa News – Aug 3, 2003
  322. ^ "AVN Hall of Fame Performer Missy Reported Dead". Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  323. ^ People in the News - Marilyn Monroe AP. Kentucky New Era. Dec 17, 1982
  324. ^ Sieczkowski, Cavan (July 16, 2013). "Cory Monteith Cause Of Death Confirmed By Toxicology Report As Lethal Mix Of Heroin, Alcohol". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  325. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds. Chicago Review Press. p. 112
  326. ^ Eubank, Eugene L. U.S. Air Force Oral History Interview K239.0512-1345. Maj Gen Eugene L. Eubank. June 30 – July 1, 1982. Retrieved on July 21, 2010.
  327. ^ Glinow, Kiki Von (September 13, 2012). "'Now & Then' Cast All Grown Up (PHOTOS)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  328. ^ Veteran Actor Chester Morris is Found Dead UPI. The Times-News – Sep 12, 1970
  329. ^ a b A new twist to the mystery of how Jim Morrison died By Rob Sharp. The Independent. Friday, 13 July 2007
  330. ^ Spencer, Charles (February 23, 2007). "Haunting portrait of a mysterious life". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  331. ^ A to X of Alternative Music By Steve Taylor. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 163
  332. ^ The great rock discography By Martin Charles Strong, John Peel. Canongate Publishing. p. 1084
  333. ^ New York Rocker: My Life in the Blank Generation with Blondie, Iggy Pop, and ... By Gary Valentine. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 3
  334. ^ Icons of Rock: Velvet Underground ; The Grateful Dead ; Frank Zappa ; Led ... By Scott Schinder, Andy Schwartz. Greenwood Press. p. 487.
  335. ^ Cold medicines contributed to Brittany Murphy's death, coroner says Alan Duke, CNN, February 25, 2010 – Updated 2300 GMT
  336. ^ The Grateful Dead: Biography Rolling Stone online
  337. ^ "Yves Navarre, Novelist And Prize Winner, 53". New York Times. 1994-01-26. Retrieved July 16, 2010. 
  338. ^ News of Filip Nikolic's death (English)
  339. ^ All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul By Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine. Hal Leondard Music. p.1098
  340. ^ The Great Pictorial History of World Crime By Jay Robert Nash p. 341
  341. ^ "Actress O'Grady Died From Overdose". AP Online as stored on Highbeam.com. 2002-01-17. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  342. ^ 1001 Australians You Should Know By Toby Creswell, Samantha Trenowethheart. p. 178
  343. ^ Care of the Suicidal Person By John R. Cutcliffe, Chris Stevenson
  344. ^ Rough guide to Australia By Margo Daly
  345. ^ Culture and customs of Australia By Laurie Clancy p. 143
  346. ^ "Les Gens Du Cinema ©". Lesgensducinema.com. 2010-08-29. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  347. ^ "Rapper ODB died of drug overdose". bbcnews.co.uk. 15 December 2004. 
  348. ^ "Poor little rich kids will save a fortune". The Scotsman. February 17, 1999. Retrieved July 2, 2010. [dead link]
  349. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds Chicago Review Press p. 546
  350. ^ Tweedie, Neil (July 26, 2001). "Shah's daughter stole to fuel her drug habit". The Times (London). Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  351. ^ Marilyn Dubil (2007-10-10). "Body Found in Motel Identified". Morgan Hill Times. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  352. ^ The long, lonely road to oblivion Matt Rendell The Observer, Sunday 7 March 2004
  353. ^ Screen World: 2005 Film Annual By John Willis, Barry Monush. Hal Leonard Corporation p.386
  354. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds p. 66
  355. ^ "Cesare Pavese". Italica. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  356. ^ Sean Penn: Chris's Weight Killed Him Stephen M. Silverman. People. September 14, 2006
  357. ^ Screen World 2001 By John Willis, Barry Monush. Hal Leonard Corporation. p.45
  358. ^ The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches By Jeremy Simmonds p. 319
  359. ^ Blues Singer Esther Phillips dead at 48 Baltimore Afro-American – Aug 4, 1984
  360. ^ Remembering 1993 Gary Kirkland Gainesville Sun – Dec 26, 1993
  361. ^ Pilikington, Ed (2007-02-07). "Hollywood pays lip service to Milli Vanilli". Guardian (London). Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  362. ^ Rieken, Kristie (February 5, 2008). "Cough syrup found in Pimp C's hotel had no label". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  363. ^ Feinmann, Jane (November 10, 1999). "Rhyme, reason and depression". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  364. ^ Wise, Damon (August 16, 2000). "Out but not down". The Guardian. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  365. ^ O'Neill, Anne-Marie (1999-06-07). "Seeking Serenity". People 51 (20). 
  366. ^ Meyers, Jeffrey (1992). Edgar Allan Poe: His Life and Legacy. New York: Cooper Square Press. ISBN 978-0-8154-1038-6. 
  367. ^ Darrell Porter's sad final chapter By Joe Posnanski. Kansas City Star.
  368. ^ "Elvis Presley´s Death Autopsy Photo". Elvis-presley-death.beep.com. 1978-01-29. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  369. ^ "Dickie Pride". Allmusic. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  370. ^ Powell, Austin. "Off the Record". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  371. ^ Death of Freddie Prinze and accident jury says Associated Press. Ocala Star-Banner – 20 Jan 1983
  372. ^ Heckel, Waldemar (2006). Who's Who in the Age of Alexander the Great: Prosopography of Alexander's Empire. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 233. ISBN 1-4051-1210-7. 
  373. ^ Hell, Richard (June 14, 2004). "Delicate Rage". New York Magazine. Retrieved July 30, 2010. 
  374. ^ Young 'Roseanne' star died from OD Jay Bobbin. The Buffalo News. April 30, 2006.
  375. ^ O'Dell, Chris (2009). Miss O'Dell: Hard Days and Long Nights with The Beatles, The Stones, Bob Dylan and Eric Clapton. Touchstone. ISBN 978-1416590934. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  376. ^ The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton. Simon & Schuster. p. 204
  377. ^ Michaels, Sean (February 4, 2010). "Jay Reatard died from cocaine and alcohol overdose". Guardian (London). Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  378. ^ Legal action to begin over bass player's Jimi Hendrix experience; [Final 1 Edition] Sue Denham. The Sunday Times. London (UK): Jun 15, 2003. p. 17
  379. ^ British Film Directors: A Critical Guide By Robert Shail. Southern Illinois University Press. p. 176
  380. ^ Troping the Body: Gender, Etiquette, and Performance By Gwendolyn Audrey Foster. Southern Illinois University Press. p. 108
  381. ^ The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of Brazil By Chris McGowan, Ricardo Pessanha. Temple University Press. p. 82
  382. ^ Catherine Donaldson-Evans (2007-02-13). "Anna Nicole Smith Wasn't First Playboy Pinup to Die Tragically". Fox News. 
  383. ^ Adams, Lucy (February 8, 2007). "Death on her own terms". The Herald (Glasgow). Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  384. ^ "Drug overdose killed actor Renfro". BBC News. 9 February 2008. 
  385. ^ "Rachel Roberts Ruled a Suicide". The New York Times. 1981-01-06. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  386. ^ Kardiac Kids: The Story of the 1980 Cleveland Browns By Jonathan Knight. Kent State University Press. p. 275
  387. ^ Rogers didn't commit suicide ABC News. Apr 29, 2006
  388. ^ "Celebrity's suicide". Independent (London). 1994-03-17. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  389. ^ Randall, David (2008-06-22). "Whatever happened to Monica Rose after doubling her money?". Independent (London). Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  390. ^ Rivers, Joan (1997). Bouncing Back: I've Survived Everything... and I Mean Everything... and You Can Too!. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 11–19. ISBN 0-06-017821-3. 
  391. ^ The educator's guide to substance abuse prevention By Sanford Weinstein. Routledge. p.170
  392. ^ (Croatian) Menora (Glasilo Židovske općine Osijek); Miroslava Mihaljević; Sjećanje na Zdenku Rubinstein, prvakinju osječke opere; stranica 11, 12; broj 8 i 9, travanj 2011.
  393. ^ Probe into the missing $40,000 from the late singer David Ruffin continues Jet. Jun 24, 1991
  394. ^ Ayala, Leonor. "Frankie Ruiz is dead". Record Online. Bergen Record Corp. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  395. ^ Davis, Ronald L (2001). Duke: The Life and Image of John Wayne. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-8061-3329-4. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  396. ^ Actor George Sanders Dies in Spain The Lexington North Carolina Dispatch. UPI. April 26, 1972. page 6
  397. ^ Orshoski, Wes (May 4, 2002). "Staley Mourned as Heroin Casualty". Billboard. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  398. ^ Vidal Sassoon's Daughter Dies at 33 AP Online Article date:March 21, 2002 (archived version)
  399. ^ "Serbian Actress Sonja Savic dies". Macedoniaonline.eu. September 24, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  400. ^ Stephens, Robert (2007). Germans on Drugs: The Complications of Modernization in Hamburg. University of Michigan Press. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-472-06973-6. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  401. ^ Wight, James (2001). The Real James Herriot: A Memoir of My Father. Ballantine Books. p. 357. ISBN 978-0345434906. 
  402. ^ Jinman, Richard (2005-02-19). "25 years on, AC/DC fans recall how wild rocker met his end". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  403. ^ Jazz and death: medical profiles of jazz greats By Frederick J. Spencer. University Press of Mississippi. Page 2010
  404. ^ Cosredcu, Andrei (2006). New Orleans, Mon Amour: Twenty Years of Writings from the City. Algonquin Books. p. 161. ISBN 978-1-56512-505-6. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  405. ^ Baseball in crisis: spiraling costs, bad behavior, uncertain future By Frank P. Jozsa. McFarland & Company. p. 99
  406. ^ STAR AND VICTIM Janet Maslin, The New York Times. Published: July 12, 1981
  407. ^ Lichfield, John. Mystery death of cancer patient ignites French euthanasia debate, The Independent, March 21, 2008. Accessed May 10, 2008.
  408. ^ Edie: American girl By Jean Stein, George Plimpton
  409. ^ The Billboard book of top 40 hits By Joel Whitburn. p. 70.
  410. ^ Mystery man By Brent Schrotenboer Union-Tribune May 18, 2008
  411. ^ Saizarbitoria, Ramon (2006). Rossetti's Obsession. University of Nevada Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-877802-60-7. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  412. ^ The Billboard guide to contemporary Christian music By Barry Alfonso. p. 243
  413. ^ Connelly, Sherryl (April 12, 1998). "The Picture of Excess: If you think producer Don Simpson's movies were over the top, consider his life". New York Daily News. 
  414. ^ Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines By Leslie Iversen. Oxford University Press. pp. 73–74
  415. ^ Jenkins, Philip (2007). God's Continent: Christianity, Islam, and Europe's Religious Crisis. Oxford University Press US. p. 33. ISBN 0-19-531395-X. 
  416. ^ Van Den Berg, Leen (2005). Sœur Sourire: Journal d'une tragedie. Editions Luc Pire. p. 209. ISBN 2-87415-483-0. 
  417. ^ The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton. Simon & Schuster. p. 375
  418. ^ Vogel, Dan (2004). Joseph Smith: The Making of a Prophet. Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books. ISBN 1-56085-179-1. 
  419. ^ Smith died from accidental drug overdose By Matt Sedensky, Associated Press Mon Mar 26
  420. ^ Egan, Nicole Weisensee (2006-09-28). "Pathologist: Meds Killed Daniel Smith". People. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 
  421. ^ Feuer, Alan and Salkin, Allen (July 24, 2009). "Terrible End for an Enfant Terrible". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  422. ^ Haynes, John Earl, and Harvey Klehr. Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials that Shaped American Politics, Cambridge University Press (2006), Page 227
  423. ^ Waterfield, Robin (2009). Why Socrates Died. New York: W.W. Norton and Co. ISBN 0393065278. 
  424. ^ "Erin Spanevello", Fashion Model Directory
  425. ^ "Erin's Story", 14 April 2010, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  426. ^ The Death of WCW: WrestleCrap and Figure Four Weekly Present By R. D. Reynolds, Bryan Alvarez. ECW Press. p. 125.
  427. ^ Wrestling deaths and steroids USA Today. 3/12/2004
  428. ^ Smack is Back Seattle Weekly, Rick Anderson. January 08, 2003.
  429. ^ "Season 3 Revisited." Exec. Prod. John Irwin, Damian Sullivan, Dr. Drew Pinsky, Howard Lapides, Joel Rodgers, Rob Buchta, Jill Holmes, Tom Huffman, Noah Pollack, and Jeff Olde. Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew. VH1. 4 Dec. 2011.
  430. ^ Who's who in contemporary gay and lesbian history: from World War ..., Volume 2 By Robert Aldrich, Garry Wotherspoon. Routledge. p. 387. Based on information from Charles Isherwood's Wonder Bread and Ecstasy
  431. ^ Isherwood, Christopher (1996). Wonder Bread and Ecstasy: the Life and Death of Joey Stefano. New York: Alyson Publishing. ISBN 1-55583-383-7. 
  432. ^ March 12, 1955 "Hundreds At Rites For Actress Who Killed Self" Los Angeles Times [1]
  433. ^ "Officials: Heroin killed Tucson inmate". Arizona Daily Star. October 28, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  434. ^ "Milestones: May 11, 1970". Time (magazine). May 11, 1970. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  435. ^ World's number one drummer was a fashion Starr, too Liverpool Daily Post. Jan 10 2008
  436. ^ One hundred great film performances you should remember, but probably don't By John DiLeo. Hal Leondard Corporation. p. 53
  437. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (June 9, 2010). "Avenged Sevenfold Drummer Died of Accidental Overdose". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  438. ^ "Plane Crash Kills One, One Is Missing", by Nathan Brown, Morganton News Herald, 30 August 2005. Retrieved 23 May 2007.
  439. ^ "County Fairs." History of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura Counties, California, Vol. I. Chicago: Lewis Publishing. 1917. p. 473.
  440. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (April 9, 2002). "Manson May Fight Wrongful Death Suit With Countersuit". MTV news. Retrieved August 4, 2010. 
  441. ^ Roderick, Kevin (May 23, 2006). "Afternoon Snackage". LA Observed. Retrieved August 4, 2010. 
  442. ^ "Heroin Shot Kills Youth in Hospital: Mount Vernon Police Say Friend Smuggled in Dose" by Merrill Folsom New York Times Nov. 18, 1965: pg. 52
  443. ^ MSNBC News from Associated Press March. 27, 2008
  444. ^ Leung, Rebecca (February 18, 2009). "The Great Pretender". CBS News. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  445. ^ "Sara Teasdale (1884 - 1933)". Poemhunter.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  446. ^ Garber, Greg (December 9, 2009). "Andrew "Test" Martin suffered from postconcussion brain damage, researchers say". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  447. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 283. CN 5585. 
  448. ^ Thompson, John (1991). I Dream Myself into Being: Collected Poems. House of Anansi. p. Foreword. ISBN 978-0-88784-507-9. 
  449. ^ The history of Holland By Mark T. Hooker p. 58
  450. ^ The great rock discography By Martin Charles Strong, John Peel
  451. ^ The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton
  452. ^ All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul By Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine
  453. ^ Poems and Prose: A Bilingual Edition By Georg Trakl, Alexander Stillmark. Northwestern University Press. p. xiv
  454. ^ Hayward, Jeremy (2008). Warrior-King of Shambhala: Remembering Chögyam Trungpa. Page 367. ISBN 0-86171-546-2
  455. ^ Equestrian Amy Tryon died of accidental overdose KING5.COM
  456. ^ Garner, Alan (November 11, 2011). "My hero: Alan Turing". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  457. ^ Jansen, Karl (2001). Ketamine: Dreams and Realities. Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies. p. 89. ISBN 0-9660019-3-1. 
  458. ^ "'Drug overdose' killed Ike Turner". BBC News. 17 January 2008. 
  459. ^ West Coast jazz: modern jazz in California, 1945–1960 By Ted Gioia. University of California Press p. 185
  460. ^ "Richard Twardzik". Allmusic. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  461. ^ Brettell, Andrew; Imwold, Denis; Kennedy, Damien; King, Noel (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. p. 287. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9. 
  462. ^ MRS. TYNDALL'S FATAL ERROR.; She Tells How She Gave Prof. Tyndall the Chloral Dose. New York Times. December 25, 1893.
  463. ^ Martin, Douglas (July 12, 2006). "Dorothy Uhnak, 76, Novelist Inspired by Police Experience, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  464. ^ "WWE News: Eddie "Umaga" Fatu cause of death information released". prowrestling.net. March 1, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  465. ^ Al Szymanski, One of a Kind: The Stu Ungar Story, ESPN documentary, 2006
  466. ^ Not Just A Pretty Face Teevan, Christopher. 3ammagazine.com
  467. ^ Ex-WWE Star Luna -- Death Ruled 'Accidental'
  468. ^ March 17, 2002 "The terrible death of a forgotten hero" Guardian
  469. ^ BBC (2003). "Net grief for online 'suicide'", BBC News, , 4 February 2003. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  470. ^ Kennedy, Helen (2003). "HE TAKES FATAL OD AS INTERNET PALS WATCH Chatroom vultures egged him to pop more Rx pills", Daily News, February 2, 2003. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  471. ^ From Bananas to Buttocks: The Latina Body in Popular Film and Culture By Myra Mendible. U of Texas Press. p. 61
  472. ^ Making Sense of Men's Magazines By Peter Jackson, Nick Stevenson, Kate Brooks. John Wiley & Sons. p. 54
  473. ^ Andreoli, Richard (2004). Mondo Homo: Your Essential Guide to Queer Pop Culture. Alyson Books. ISBN 978-1-55583-862-1. 
  474. ^ New York Stories: Landmark Writing from Four Decades of New York Magazine By New York Magazine, John Homans ed. p. 522
  475. ^ Texas Cemeteries: The Resting Places of Famous, Infamous, and Just Plain Interesting Texans. University of Texas Press. 2003. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-29273-466-1. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  476. ^ Wollstein, Hans J. "Marie Walcamp". Allmovie. Retrieved July 21, 2009. 
  477. ^ Ida Lupino: A Biography By William Donati. University Press of Kentucky. Page 189
  478. ^ Redfern, Nick (2007). Celebrity Secrets: Official Government Files on the Rich and Famous. Pocket Books. p. 226. ISBN 978-1416528661. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  479. ^ Swing by Scott Yanow published by Hal Leonard Corporation p. 442
  480. ^ May 19, 1993 SPORTS PEOPLE: FOOTBALL; Waymer's Death Is Linked to Cocaine New York Times
  481. ^ June 7, 1993 Cocaine responsible for death of NFL's Dave Waymer - toxicology report on recently deceased professional football player - Brief Article
  482. ^ "Ex-Weezer bassist Welsh announced date and place of own death". New York Post. October 9, 2011. 
  483. ^ Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man And His Time (1997), page 761. ISBN 978-0-393-04552-9
  484. ^ "Haunted by the ghosts of love". The Guardian (London). April 10, 1999. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  485. ^ Belford, Barbara (2000). Oscar Wilde: A Certain Genius. Random House. ISBN 978-0-8129-9261-8. 
  486. ^ Vernon, Betty D (1982). Ellen Wilkinson: A Biography. Law Book Co of Australasia. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-7099-2603-0. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  487. ^ Williams, Roger (1981). Sing a Sad Song: The Life of Hank Williams. 
  488. ^ Brief Encounters: Meetings with Remarkable People, by Gyles Daubeney Brandreth, Publisher Politico's, 2001 ISBN 978-1-902301-95-2 p. 349
  489. ^ "Open verdict recorded on Williams". The Guardian. 17 June 1988. "Dr John Elliott, deputy coroner for inner north London said: The cause of death was a barbiturate overdose. Where Mr Williams would have got these from we would not be able to establish. There is no indication given as to why he should have taken this overdose and therefore I record an open verdict." 
  490. ^ Davis, Rebecca (2013). Blind Owl Blues: The Mysterious Life and Death of Blues Legend Alan Wilson (2nd ed.). Blind Owl Blues. pp. 229, 232, 243. ISBN 0615792987. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  491. ^ Davies, Caroline (October 26, 2011). "Amy Winehouse inquest records verdict of misadventure". The Guardian (London). 
  492. ^ "BFI Film & TV Database: Sheree Winton". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  493. ^ 1 March 2002. "Heroin victim's death used as warning" at BBC News. Retrieved 21 November 2005.
  494. ^ National Geographic Traveler: Australia By Rolf Smith
  495. ^ Anonymous. "Estelita Rodriguez". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  496. ^ "Country Music Star Keith Whitley Dead at 33". Lexington Herald-Leader. May 10, 1989. 
  497. ^ Where is Linda Wong? Dead from an Accidental Drug Overdose
  498. ^ "Malfunkshun". Allmusic. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  499. ^ "The coroner's report on Anna Wood's death". www.erowid.org. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  500. ^ "We're losing the fight on drugs". The Daily Telegraph. January 10, 2010. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  501. ^ "Heroin overdose killed Yates". BBC. November 8, 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  502. ^ "'Anguish' of bullied teenager". BBC. August 10, 1998. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  503. ^ "Tormented teenager killer herself". BBC. August 10, 2998. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  504. ^ Goeschel, Christian (2009). Suicide in Nazi Germany. Oxford University Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-19-953256-8. Retrieved June 16, 2013.