Protected areas cover around 5% of the territory of Serbia. The Law on the Protection of the Nature defines these categories of protected areas:
Strict Nature Reserve (4) — Area of unmodified natural features with representative ecosystems set aside for the preservation of its biodiversity and for scientific research and monitoring.
Special Nature Reserve (18) — Area of unmodified or slightly modified natural features of great importance due to uniqueness and rarity which includes the habitats of endangered species set aside for the preservation of its unique features, education, limited tourism and for scientific research and monitoring.
National Park (5) — Area with large number of diverse ecosystems of national value, with outstanding natural features and/or cultural heritage set aside for the preservation of its natural resources and for educational, scientific and tourist use.
Natural Monument (289) — Small unmodified or slightly modified natural feature, object or phenomenon, easy detectable and unique, with unique natural attributes.
Protected Habitat — Area which includes habitats of one or more wildlife species.
Landscape of Outstanding Features (11) — Area of remarkable appearance with important natural and cultural value.
Nature Park (12) — Area of well preserved natural values with preserved natural ecosystems and picturesque landscape set aside for the preservation of biodiversity and for educational, tourist, recreational and scientific use.
There are 22 Nature reserves (IUCN category Ia) in Serbia and 6 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature reserve. They are grouped into two groups: Strict Nature Reserves and Special Nature Reserves:
Nature Parks and Landscapes of Outstanding Features
There are 23 Nature parks and Landscapes of Outstanding Features (IUCN Category Ib) and 8 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature park or a Landscape of outstanding features:
^ abcdefProtected Natural Resources in Serbia. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia. 2007. ISBN978-86-80877-28-0.
^ abcdef"Serbia: Approaching the summit on sustainable development". Johannesburg: Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. 2002-04-26. p. 24.|accessdate= requires |url= (help);|chapter= ignored (help)