List of protected natural resources in Serbia

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Protected areas cover around 5% of the territory of Serbia.[1] The Law on the Protection of the Nature[2] defines these categories of protected areas:

  • Strict Nature Reserve (4) — Area of unmodified natural features with representative ecosystems set aside for the preservation of its biodiversity and for scientific research and monitoring.
  • Special Nature Reserve (18) — Area of unmodified or slightly modified natural features of great importance due to uniqueness and rarity which includes the habitats of endangered species set aside for the preservation of its unique features, education, limited tourism and for scientific research and monitoring.
  • National Park (5) — Area with large number of diverse ecosystems of national value, with outstanding natural features and/or cultural heritage set aside for the preservation of its natural resources and for educational, scientific and touristic use.
  • Natural Monument (289) — Small unmodified or slightly modified natural feature, object or phenomenon, easy detectable and unique, with unique natural attributes.
  • Protected Habitat — Area which includes habitats of one or more wildlife species.
  • Landscape of Outstanding Features (11) — Area of remarkable appearance with important natural and cultural value.
  • Nature Park (12) — Area of well preserved natural values with preserved natural ecosystems and picturesque landscape set aside for the preservation of biodiversity and for educational, touristic, recreational and scientific use.

National parks[edit]

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Location of the National Parks of Serbia

There are 5 national parks in Serbia[a] (IUCN Category II) as of 2007,[3] and one more which is proposed and is in the procedure of receiving the status of the National Park:[4][5]

National park [4][5][6] Year of declaration[5] City/Municipality[4] Area (km²)[4][5] Link
Đerdap 1974 Golubac, Majdanpek, Kladovo 636.8 [1]
Kopaonik 1981 Raška, Brus 118.1 [2]
Tara 1981 Bajina Bašta 192.0 [3]
Šar Mountain 1993 Štrpce, Kačanik, Prizren, Suva Reka 390.0 [4]
Fruška Gora 1960 Novi Sad, Sremski Karlovci, Beočin, Bačka Palanka, Šid, Sremska Mitrovica, Irig, Inđija 253.9 [5]

Nature reserves[edit]

There are 22 Nature reserves (IUCN category Ia) in Serbia and 6 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature reserve.[4][6] They are grouped into two groups: Strict Nature Reserves and Special Nature Reserves:

Strict Nature reserves[4] Year of declaration[6] City/Municipality[4] Area (km²)[4]
Vinatovača Despotovac 0.37
Danilova kosa Krupanj 0.067
Prokop Kruševac 0.06
Bukovo Negotin 0.10
Special Nature reserves[4] Year of declaration[6] City/Municipality[4] Area (km²)[4]
Deliblato Sand 1965 Vršac, Kovin, Bela Crkva, Alibunar 348.29
Upper Podunavlje Apatin, Sombor 196.48
Venerina padina Babušnica 0.003
Bagremara Bačka Palanka 1.18
Karađorđevo 1997 Bač, Bačka Palanka 29.53
Prebreza Blace 29.53
Stari Begej – Carska Bara 1955 Zrenjanin 16.76
Kraljevac Kovin 2.64
Selevenjske pustare Kanjiža, Subotica 6.77
Trešnjica river Gorge Ljubovija 5.95
Koviljsko-petrovaradinski rit Novi Sad, Sremski Karlovci, Inđija, Titel 48.41
Jelašnička river Gorge Niš 1.16
Uvac Nova Varoš, Sjenica 75.43
Slano Kopovo Novi Bečej 9.76
Obedska bara 1968 Pećinci, Ruma 98.20
Zasavica 1997 Sremska Mitrovica, Bogatić 67.01
Lake Ludaš 1982 Subotica 8.46
Pastures of the Great Bustard Čoka, Kikinda 9.79
Suva Planina proposed[4] Bela Palanka, Gadžin Han, Niš 181.76
Jerma proposed[4] Babušnica, Dimitrovgrad, Pirot 65.63
Titelski Breg proposed[4] Titel 3.33
Goč proposed[4] Kraljevo
Brzansko Moravište proposed[4] Jagodina, Batočina 0.65
Okanj proposed[4] Zrenjanin, Novi Bečej 56.78

Nature Parks and Landscapes of Outstanding Features[edit]

There are 23 Nature parks and Landscapes of Outstanding Features (IUCN Category Ib) and 8 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature park or a Landscape of outstanding features:[4]

Nature park[4][5][6] Year of declaration City/Municipality[4] Area (km²)[4]
Tikvara Bačka Palanka 5.08
Jegricka Nature Park Bačka Palanka, Vrbas, Temerin, Žabalj 11.44
Stara Tisa near Biserno Ostrvo Bečej, Novi Bečej, Žabalj 3.91
Stara Planina 1997 Zaječar, Dimitrovgrad, Pirot, Knjaževac 1143.32
Golija 2001 Ivanjica, Kraljevo, Raška, Novi Pazar, Sjenica 751.83
Kamaraš Kanjiža 2.67
Sićevačka Gorge 1997 Niš, Bela Palanka 77.46
Begečka jama Novi Sad 3.79
Ponjavica Pančevo 1.33
Grmija Priština 11.67
Palić lake 1982 Subotica 7.13
Šargan - Mokra Gora Užice, Čajetina, Bajina Bašta 108.13
Zlatibor proposed[4] Čajetina, Nova Varoš, Užice 321.74
Landscape of outstanding features[4][5][6] Year of declaration City/Municipality Area (km²)
Kosmaj Belgrade/Mladenovac 35.14
Veliko Ratno Ostrvo Belgrade/Zemun 1.68
Avala Belgrade/Voždovac 4.89
River Pčinja Valley Bujanovac 26.06
Gradac Gorge Valjevo 12.68
Vršac Mountains 1982 Vršac 44.08
Miruša Orahovac, Klina 3.30
Lepterija - Soko Grad Sokobanja 8.38
Subotička Peščara Subotica 53.70
Vlasina Surdulica, Crna Trava 127.41
Ovčar-Kablar Gorge Čačak, Lučani 22.50
Zaovine proposed[4] Bajina Bašta 55.94
Radan proposed[4] Kuršumlija, Prokuplje, Bojnik, Lebane, Medveđa 466.44
Đetinja Gorge proposed[4] Užice, Čajetina 8.65
Mali Rzav Springs proposed[4] Arilje, Ivanjica 33.57
Ćelije hydroacumulation proposed[4] Kruševac, Brus 39.67
Ras - Sopoćani proposed[4] Novi Pazar 8.21
Kamena Gora proposed[4] Prijepolje 78.08

Natural monuments[edit]

There are currently 64 natural monuments of geological heritage and 225 monuments of botanical heritage (mostly rare threes)[4] in Serbia. Some of the best known monuments of geological heritage are: Resavska cave, Đavolja Varoš, Marble cave and Rugova Canyon.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
References
  1. ^ Serbia and Montenegro: Country Environmental Analysis. World Bank/Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. p. 40. 
  2. ^ Z A K O N O ZAŠTITI PRIRODE (Law on the Protection of the Nature) (Serbian)
  3. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (2003). Србија у бројкама 2003. (PDF) (in Serbian). Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. p. 5. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia: Registry of Protected Natural Resources (Serbian)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Protected Natural Resources in Serbia. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia. 2007. ISBN 978-86-80877-28-0. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Serbia heading for sustainable tourism". Serbia: Approaching the summit on sustainable development. Johannesburg: Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. 2002-04-26. p. 24. 

External links[edit]