Vrbas, Serbia

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Vrbas
Врбас
Municipality and Town
Vrbas centar.jpeg
Flag of Vrbas
Flag
Coat of arms of Vrbas
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Vrbas within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Vrbas within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District South Bačka
Settlements 7
Government
 • Mayor Željko Vidović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 376 km2 (145 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 24,112
 • Municipality 42,092
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21460
Area code +381 21
Car plates VS
Website www.vrbas.net

Vrbas (Serbian Cyrillic: Врбас) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.57°N 19.65°E / 45.57; 19.65, in the South Bačka District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. In 2011 the city had a total population of 24,112, while the municipality had 42,092.

Name[edit]

Its name stems from the word "Willow" in the Serbian language. During the SFRY period, the town was renamed Titov Vrbas (meaning "the Vrbas of Tito"), after Josip Broz Tito. Like all other towns in Socialist Yugoslavia named after Tito, the first part was dropped once the new states were formed during the early 1990s.

In Rusyn, the town is known as Вербас, in Hungarian as Verbász, in Croatian as Vrbas, in German as Werbass, and in Turkish as Verbas.

History[edit]

NEU-VERBASZ in the Empire of Austria in 1859

Vrbas was mentioned first in 1213 during the administration of the Kingdom of Hungary. According to other sources, it was mentioned first in 1387.[3] In the 16th century it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. During Ottoman administration it was populated by ethnic Serbs.[4]

Since the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), Vrbas (and the Banat) was placed under administration of the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the 1720 census, it was populated exclusively by Serbs (about 250 families[5]).[6]

After 1784 many Germans settled in the town founding a new settlement named Novi Vrbas (Neu-Verbasz) near the old Serb settlement, which then became known as Stari Vrbas (Old Vrbas).

In 1910, population of Novi Vrbas was mostly composed of ethnic Germans, while population of Stari Vrbas was ethnically mixed and was mainly composed of Serbs and Germans.[7]

In 1918, Vrbas became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was later renamed to Yugoslavia. The town was under Axis occupation in 1941-1944, and during that time it was attached to Horthy's Hungary. As a consequence of the World War II events in Yugoslavia, the German population fled from the town after this war. In the same time, many settlers from Montenegro came to Vrbas and other neighboring places.

Inhabited places[edit]

Vrbas municipality includes the city of Vrbas and the following villages:

Demographics (2011 census)[edit]

The Orthodox church.
Churches in Vrbas.
Map of Vrbas municipality
Vrbas Flag

Ethnic groups in the Vrbas municipality[edit]

According to the 2011 census the municipality of Vrbas had a total population of 42,092, including:[8]

Settlements by ethnic majority[edit]

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Bačko Dobro Polje, Zmajevo, Kosančić, Ravno Selo and Vrbas. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Kucura (with relative Rusyn majority) and Savino Selo (with relative Montenegrin majority).

Ethnic groups in the Vrbas town[edit]

Languages in the Vrbas municipality[edit]

According to the 2002 census, 85% of inhabitants of the Vrbas municipality speak Serbian as mother tongue. Other spoken languages include Rusyn (8%), Hungarian (4%) and Ukrainian (1%).

Historical population of the town[edit]

  • 1961: 19,316
  • 1971: 22,496
  • 1981: 25,143
  • 1991: 25,858
  • 2011: 23,910

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal parliament won in the 2004 local elections: [1]

  • Serbian Radical Party (14)
  • Democratic Party (9)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (4)
  • People's Democratic Party (2)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (2)
  • New Social Democracy of Vojvodina (2)
  • Serbian Strength Movement (2)
  • G17 Plus (1)

Notable citizens[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  4. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  5. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  6. ^ Ivan Jakšić, Iz popisa stanovništva Ugarske početkom XVIII veka, Novi Sad, 1966.
  7. ^ http://img190.imageshack.us/img190/3899/vojvodina1910.png
  8. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Vrbas". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 11 March 2013. 

External links[edit]