Massachusetts's 1st congressional district

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Massachusetts's 1st congressional district
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Richard Neal (DSpringfield)
Area 3,101.14 mi²
Distribution 69.21% urban, 30.79% rural
Population (2000) 634,479
Median income $50,210[1]
Ethnicity 88.8% White, 1.9% Black, 1.7% Asian, 6.3% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% other
Occupation 23.8% blue collar, 59.7% white collar, 16.4% gray collar
Cook PVI D+14[2]

Massachusetts's 1st congressional district is located in western and central Massachusetts. The largest Massachusetts district in area, it covers about one-third of the state and is more rural than the rest. It has the state's highest point, Mount Greylock. The district includes the cities of Springfield, West Springfield, Pittsfield, Holyoke, and Westfield.

The shape of the district underwent some changes effective from the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census.[3] The entire Springfield area is included in the new 1st district, and the Worcester County areas of the old 1st district were split between the new 2nd and 3rd districts.

Richard Neal, a Democrat from Springfield, represents the district.

Cities and towns currently in the district[edit]

All of Berkshire County, all of Hampden County (except for Precinct 1A in Palmer), and the following towns and cities:

In Franklin County: Ashfield, Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, and Shelburne.

In Hampshire County: Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Granby, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, South Hadley, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington.

In Worcester County: Brookfield, Charlton, Dudley, East Brookfield, Southbridge, Sturbridge, and Warren.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013[edit]

When the District was created it covered part of eastern Massachusetts, generally south of Boston.

1840s[edit]

1849: "City of Boston."[4]

1860s[edit]

1862: "All of Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket counties; the city of New Bedford and towns of Dartmouth and Fairhaven, in Bristol county; the towns of Carver, Kingston, Plymouth, Plympton, Rochester, and Wareham, in Plymouth county."[5]

1870s-1900s[edit]

1910s[edit]

1916: "Berkshire County. Franklin County: Towns of Ashfleld, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Greenfield, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, and Shelburne. Hampshire County: Towns of Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton and Worthington. Hampden County: City of Holyoke and towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, and Westfield."[6]

1920s-1940s[edit]

1950s-1970s[edit]

1953: "Counties: Berkshire and Franklin. Hamdpen County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield; towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, and Tolland. Hampshire County: Towns of Belchertown, Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, and Templeton."[7]

1963: "Berkshire County: Cities of North Adams and Pittsfield. Towns of Adams, Alford, Becket, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Dalton, Egremont, Florida, Great Barrington, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, Lee, Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Ashford, New Marlborough, Otis, Peru, Richmond, Sandisfield, Savoy, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham, Washington, West Stockbridge, Williamstown, and Windsor. Franklin County: Towns of Ashfield, Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Deerfield, Erving, Gill, Greenfield, Hawley, Heath, Leverett, Leyden, Monroe, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange, Rowe, Shelburne, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield. Towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, and Tolland. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. Towns of Amherst, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Hadley, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, and Templeton."[8]

1972: "Berkshire County: All cities and towns. Franklin County: All towns. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield. Towns of Agawam, Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, and West Springfield. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. Towns of Amherst, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Hadley, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfleld, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Barre, Hardwick, Hubbardston, New Braintree, Oakham, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston. Rutland, and Templeton."[9]

1973: "Berkshire County: All cities and towns. Franklin County: All towns except Orange. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfleld. Towns of Agawam, Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, West Springfield. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. All towns."[10]

2003-2013[edit]

2003 - 2013

The district contains all of Berkshire County and Franklin County as well the following towns and cities:

In Hampden County: Blandford, Chester, Granville, Holyoke, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, Westfield, West Springfield.

In Hampshire County: Amherst, Belchertown, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Granby, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Ware, Westhampton, Williamsburg, Worthington.

In Middlesex County: Ashby, Pepperell, Townsend.

In Worcester County: Ashburnham, Athol, Barre, Fitchburg, Gardner, Hardwick, Hubbardston, Leominster, Lunenburg, New Braintree, Oakham, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, Sterling, Templeton, West Brookfield, Westminster, Winchendon.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years ↑ Cong
ress
Electoral history
Fisher Ames - Project Gutenberg eText 15391.jpg Fisher Ames Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1793
1
2
First elected in 1788 as the single Representative for the seat
Re-elected in 1790
General ticket,
March 4, 1793 –
March 4, 1795
3 Re-elected in 1792 with three others on a general ticket
Redistrcted to the 8th district
Samuel Dexter.jpg Samuel Dexter Pro-
Administration
Elected in 1792
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Goodhue.jpg Benjamin Goodhue Pro-
Administration
Elected in 1792
Redistricted to the 10th district
No image.svg Samuel Holten Anti-
Administration
Elected in 1792
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick Federalist March 4, 1795 –
June 1796
4 Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected here in 1794
Resigned to become U.S. Senator
Vacant June 1796 –
January 27, 1797
No image.svg Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-
Republican
January 27, 1797 –
March 4, 1799
4 First elected to finish Sedgwick's term
Re-elected in 1796
5
TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 4, 1801
6 Elected in 1798
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Bacon Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1803
7 Elected in 1800
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Eustis.jpg William Eustis Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
March 4, 1805
8 Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected here in 1802
Lost re-election
Josiah Quincy.jpg Josiah Quincy III Federalist March 4, 1805 –
March 4, 1813
9 First elected in 1804
Re-elected in 1806
Re-elected in 1808
Re-elected in 1810
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
10
11
12
No image.svg Artemas Ward, Jr. Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 4, 1817
13 First elected in 1812
Re-elected in 1814
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14
JonathanMason.jpg Jonathan Mason Federalist March 4, 1817 –
May 15, 1820
15 First elected in 1817 to finish the term left vacant by the resignation of Representative-elect James Lloyd (F)
Re-elected in 1818
Resigned to pursue law practice
16
Vacant May 15, 1820 –
November 6, 1820
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Democratic-
Republican
November 6, 1820 –
March 4, 1823
16 First elected in 1820 to finish Mason's term
Re-elected in 1820
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
17
Daniel Webster by Gilbert Stuart 1825.jpeg Daniel Webster Adams-Clay
Federalist
March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
18 Elected in 1822
Re-elected in 1824
Re-elected in 1826, but resigned to become U.S. Senator
Adams March 4, 1825 –
May 30, 1827
19
20
Vacant May 30, 1827 –
July 23, 1827
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Adams July 23, 1827 –
March 4, 1829
20 First elected in 1827 to finish Webster's term
Re-elected in 1828
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21
Nathan Appleton.jpg Nathan Appleton Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1831 –
March 4, 1833
22 Elected in 1830
Retired
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1835
23 Elected in 1832
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Abbott Lawrence.jpg Abbott Lawrence Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 4, 1837
24 Elected in 1834
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Richard Fletcher Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1839
25 Elected in 1836
Retired
Abbott Lawrence.jpg Abbott Lawrence Whig March 4, 1839 –
September 18, 1840
26 Elected in 1838
Resigned
Vacant September 18, 1840 –
November 9, 1840
Robert Charles Winthrop.jpg Robert C. Winthrop Whig November 9, 1840 –
May 25, 1842
26 First elected in 1840 to finish Lawrence's term and to the next term
Resigned
27
Vacant May 25, 1842 –
June 9, 1842
Nathan Appleton.jpg Nathan Appleton Whig June 9, 1842 –
September 28, 1842
First elected to finish Winthrop's term
Resigned
Vacant September 28, 1842 –
November 29, 1842
Robert Charles Winthrop.jpg Robert C. Winthrop Whig
November 29, 1842 –
July 30, 1850
27 First elected in 1842 to finish Appleton's term and to the next term
Re-elected in 1844
Re-elected in 1846
Re-elected in 1848
Resigned to become U.S. Senator
28
29
30
31
Vacant July 30, 1850 –
August 22, 1850
31
Samuel Atkins Eliot (politician) Picture.png Samuel A. Eliot Whig August 22, 1850 –
March 4, 1851
31 Elected in 1850 to finish Winthrop's term
Retired
William Appleton by Southworth & Hawes c1852.png William Appleton Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 4, 1853
32 First elected in 1850
Redistricted to the 5th district
No image.svg Zeno Scudder Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 4, 1854
33 Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected here in 1852
Retired because of injury
Vacant March 4, 1854 –
April 17, 1854
Thomas D. Eliot.png Thomas D. Eliot Whig April 17, 1854 –
March 4, 1855
Elected in 1854 to finish Scudder's term
Retired
No image.svg Robert B. Hall American
(Know Nothing)
March 4, 1855 –
March 4, 1857
34 First elected in 1854
Re-elected in 1856
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1859
35
Thomas D. Eliot.png Thomas D. Eliot Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 4, 1869
36 First elected in 1858
Re-elected in 1860
Re-elected in 1862
Re-elected in 1864
Re-elected in 1866
Retired
37[11]
38
39
40
JBuffington.jpg James Buffinton Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 7, 1875
41[12] First elected in 1868
Re-elected in 1870
Re-elected in 1872
Re-elected in 1874
Died
42
43
44
Vacant March 7, 1875 –
November 2, 1875
William Wallace Crapo.png William W. Crapo Republican November 2, 1875 –
March 4, 1883
44 First elected in 1875 to finish Buffinton's term
Re-elected in 1876
Re-elected in 1878
Re-elected in 1880
Retired
45[13]
46
47[14]
RobertTDavis.jpg Robert T. Davis Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
48 First elected in 1882
Re-elected in 1884
Re-elected in 1886
Retired
49
50
Charles Sturtevant Randall.png Charles S. Randall Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1893
51 First elected in 1888
Re-elected in 1890
Redistricted to the 13th district
52
Ashley B. Wright.png Ashley B. Wright Republican March 4, 1893 –
August 14, 1897
53 First elected in 1892
Re-elected in 1894
Re-elected in 1896
Died
54
55
Vacant August 14, 1897 –
November 2, 1897
George P Lawrence Massachusetts Congressman circa 1908.png George P. Lawrence Republican November 2, 1897 –
March 4, 1913
55[15] First elected in 1897 to finish Wright's term
Re-elected in 1898
Re-elected in 1900
Re-elected in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Re-elected in 1906
Re-elected in 1908
Re-elected in 1910
Retired
56
57
58[16]
59
60[17]
61
62
Allen Towner Treadway.png Allen T. Treadway Republican March 4, 1913 –
January 3, 1945
63 First elected in 1912
Re-elected in 1914
Re-elected in 1916
Re-elected in 1918
Re-elected in 1920
Re-elected in 1922
Re-elected in 1924
Re-elected in 1926
Re-elected in 1928
Re-elected in 1930
Re-elected in 1932
Re-elected in 1934
Re-elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938
Re-elected in 1940
Re-elected in 1942
Retired
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75[18]
76
77
78
No image.svg John W. Heselton Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1959
79 First elected in 1944
Re-elected in 1946
Re-elected in 1948
Re-elected in 1950
Re-elected in 1952
Re-elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Retired
80
81
82
83
84
85
Silvio O. Conte.jpg Silvio O. Conte Republican January 3, 1959 –
February 8, 1991
86
87
88
89
90[19]
91
87
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
First elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Re-elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Re-elected in 1972
Re-elected in 1974
Re-elected in 1976
Re-elected in 1978
Re-elected in 1980
Re-elected in 1982
Re-elected in 1984
Re-elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Re-elected in 1990
Died
Vacant February 8, 1991 –
June 18, 1991
102
John Olver, Official Portrait, 111th Congress.jpg John Olver Democratic June 18, 1991 –
January 3, 2013
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
First elected in 1991 to finish Conte's term
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010

Retired[20]

Richardneal.jpg Richard Neal Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113 Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected here in 2012

Recent election results[edit]

2002 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Olver 137,841 67.56
Republican Matthew Kinnaman 66,061 32.40
Write-in 117 0.06
Majority 71,780 35.18
Turnout 204,019
Democratic hold Swing
2004 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Olver 229,465 99.02 + 31.46
Write-in 2,282 0.98 + 0.92
Majority 227,183 98.04 + 62.86
Turnout 231,747
Democratic hold Swing
2006 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Olver 158,035 76% {{{change}}}
Unenrolled challenger William H. Szych 49,123 24% {{{change}}}
Socialist Eric Chester <253 <1%
Democratic hold Swing
2008 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Olver {{{change}}}
Democratic Robert Feuer {{{change}}}
Republican Nathan Bech {{{change}}}

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fast Facts for Congress: Congressional District 1, Massachusetts - Fact Sheet: 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  3. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access Date March 29, 2012
  4. ^ John Hayward (1849). "Congressional Districts". Gazetteer of Massachusetts. Boston: J.P. Jewett & Co. 
  5. ^ "Congressional Districts". Massachusetts Register 1862. Boston: Adams, Sampson, & Co. 
  6. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 83rd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1953. 
  8. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 88th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1963. 
  9. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 92nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1972. 
  10. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 93rd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1973. 
  11. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861. 
  12. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  13. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  14. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  15. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  16. ^ A.J. Halford (1903). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Eighth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  17. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  18. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938. 
  19. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968. 
  20. ^ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2011/10/us_rep_john_olver_announces_pl.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′52″N 72°51′51″W / 42.33111°N 72.86417°W / 42.33111; -72.86417