Tux is a penguin character and the official mascot of the Linux kernel. Originally created as an entry to a Linux logo competition, Tux is the most commonly used icon for Linux, although different Linux distributions depict Tux in various styles. In video games featuring the character, female counterparts named Penny and Gown accompany him. The character is used in many other Linux programs and as a general symbol of Linux.
The concept of the Linux mascot being a penguin came from Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux. Tux was created by Larry Ewing in 1996 after an initial suggestion made by Alan Cox and further refined by Linus Torvalds on the Linux kernel mailing list. Torvalds took his inspiration from an image he found on an FTP site, showing a penguin figurine looking strangely like the Creature Comforts characters made by Nick Park. The first person to call the penguin "Tux" was James Hughes, who said that it stood for "(T)orvalds (U)ni(X)". However, tux is also an abbreviation of tuxedo, the outfit which springs to mind when one sees a penguin.
Tux was originally designed as a submission for a Linux logo contest. Three such competitions took place; Tux won none of them. This is why Tux is formally known as the Linux mascot and not the logo. Tux was created by Larry Ewing using the first publicly released version (0.54) of GIMP, a free software graphics package. It was released by him under the following condition:
Permission to use and/or modify this image is granted provided you acknowledge me firstname.lastname@example.org and The GIMP if someone asks.
According to Jeff Ayers, Linus Torvalds had a "fixation for flightless, fat waterfowl" and Torvalds claims to have contracted "penguinitis" after being gently nibbled by a penguin: "Penguinitis makes you stay awake at nights just thinking about penguins and feeling great love towards them." Torvalds' supposed illness is a joke, but he really was bitten by a Little Penguin on a visit to the National Zoo & Aquarium, Canberra, Australia. Torvalds was looking for something fun and sympathetic to associate with Linux, and a slightly fat penguin sitting down after having had a great meal perfectly fit the bill.
In an interview Linus commented on the penguin bite:
I've been to Australia several times, these days mostly for Linux.Conf.Au. But my first trip—and the one when I was bitten by a ferocious fairy penguin: you really should keep those things locked up!—was in 93 or so, talking about Linux for the Australian Unix Users Group.
Tuz was the mascot of the 2009 linux.conf.au conference. It has been chosen by Linus Torvalds as the logo for version 2.6.29 of the Linux kernel to support the effort to save the Tasmanian devil species from extinction due to the devil facial tumour disease.
Linux for Workgroups 2013
For the Linux 3.11-rc1 release, Linus Torvalds changed the code name from "Unicycling Gorilla" to "Linux for Workgroups" and modified the logo that some systems display when booting to depict a Tux holding a flag with a symbol that is reminiscent of the logo of Windows for Workgroups 3.11, which was released in 1993.
Uses and reception
Tux has taken on a role in the Linux community similar to that which Mario holds in the Nintendo community. He has been featured in open-source look-alikes of other mainstream games, such as Tux Racer, Extreme Tux Racer, Tux Math Scrabble, TuxWordSmith Tux Math, SuperTux, SuperTuxKart, and Tux Paint. See also List of video games with Tux below.
Female Tux versions in video games
Some games that star Tux also include explicitly female penguin characters, allowing the players to play as one of those characters instead of Tux. One such female penguin is Tux's friend "Gown". Gown is variously depicted as being a pink version of Tux (XTux) or as having a somewhat less fat appearance and wearing items of clothing such as a red and white short skirt and a hair bow (e.g. TuxKart and A Quest for Herring).
In SuperTux and SuperTuxKart, there is a different female penguin called "Penny" who is purple and white (SuperTuxKart once had Gown and still has a map called "Gown's Bow"). In the arcade game Tux 2 there is a female penguin called "Trixi", and in FreeCiv the female leader name for the Antarctican civilization is "Tuxette".
Tux in popular culture
- In a Froot Loops commercial, Tux appears as a squeaky dog toy as the "secret weapon" to distract a pack of dogs pulling a sled containing a villain.
- In the comics Hellblazer, in issue 234 "Joyride, part 1", we can see a Tux plush toy set on the side of the road where a little girl was killed in a hit-and-run accident.
- Tux appeared as a character during one arc in the webcomic User Friendly.
- In 2006, Tux had an uncredited use in the Al Gore's Penguin Army video.
- Tux has been adapted to a designer toy called a Gwin and is distributed by October Toys. It is redesigned by different artists and sold in short collectible runs through the October Toys website and other collectable vinyl toy sites. There are also artists who buy a blank Gwin to hand paint and customize as a one-off art piece.
- In 2008, Tux has also been made as a virtual pet under the name Tux Droid by Kysoh for Linux and Windows, has many features including reading tweets from Twitter and checking the weather.
- There is a free guitar tab reading/editing program called TuxGuitar, which features Tux holding a guitar as its mascot.
- There is a Linux-based web server named TUX.
- In 1999, Corel Linux Deluxe included a free Linux Penguin (Tux).
- In 2007, Tux was used by the German cutlery producer WMF in the Sealion set for children.
- In 2010, a prototype of a Tux monument with wings was presented in the Russian city of Tyumen by the local Linux user community.
List of video games with Tux
- OpenArena: contains a character named "Penguin," who is a man dressed in a costume resembling Tux.
- Pingus: A Lemmings clone in which the lemmings are replaced by penguins in reference to Tux.
- FreedroidRPG: An ARPG featuring Tux as the main protagonist who has to save the world from a robot apocalypse.
- Team Fortress 2 has an in-game Tux doll, which was awarded to Linux players from February 14 to March 1, 2013.
- SuperTux: a platform game inspired by Super Mario Bros.
- Tux Kart and SuperTuxKart: Kart racing games similar to the Mario Kart series.
- TuxMathScrabble: Math version of the popular family game starring Tux.
- TuxWordSmith: Scrabble in over 80 languages starring Tux.
- Tux Paint: A drawing program for young children, most likely inspired by Kid Pix.
- Tux, of Math Command: a free software math tutoring arcade game.
- Tux Typing: a free software educational game designed to teach typing.
- Tux Racer/Extreme Tux Racer: A game similar to snowboarding video games, in which the player controls Tux sliding downhill on his belly rather than humans snowboarding down a track.
- FreeCiv: A Civilization clone; the leader name of the Antarctican civilization is "Tux". In addition, the Colossus is an enormous Tux statue, depending on the tile set selected.
- WarMUX: A turn-based strategy game inspired by Worms, featuring many free and open source software mascots, including Tux.
- Frozen Bubble: A free software puzzle game, featuring Tux-esque penguins.
- LinCity-NG: A free software strategy game that allows you to build a Tux statue.
- There is a Pet (creature who will fight alongside your character) in the online game DragonFable that is a penguin named "Linus". Along with the tagline on the pet, he is shown to be a version of Tux.
- Open Surge, in a test level by Celdecea
- The BSD Daemon, the mascot of the various Berkeley Software Distribution releases
- Wilber, the mascot of GIMP
- Tux Droid
- Linux Logos and Mascots. linux.org
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- Re: Linux logo. Lkml.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- Re: Let's name the penguin! (was: Re: Linux 2.0 really _is_ released..). Ussg.iu.edu (1996-06-10). Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- The History of Tux the Linux Penguin. Sjbaker.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- Larry Ewing. "Notes on creation". Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- Bunks, Carey (2000). Grokking the GIMP. New Riders. ISBN 0-7357-0924-6. Archived from the original on 2007-07-18.
- Larry Ewing. "Linux 2.0 Penguins". Retrieved 2006-06-25.
- Delio, Michelle (2001-03-13). "The Story Behind Tux the Penguin". wired.com. Retrieved 2012-09-23.[dead link]
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- "Why a Penguin?". Linux Online. Archived from the original on 2010, 08, 15. Retrieved 2009-05-19. Check date values in:
- Buchanan, James (2007-08-22) Linus Torvalds talks future of Linux (page 3). APC Magazine
- Linus' git commit from Rusty Russell. Git.kernel.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- The kernel gets a new logo. LWN.net (2009-03-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- One Bush who has designs on LCA2009. Itwire.com (2008-12-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- file Documentation/logo.txt from Linux kernel source code. Git.kernel.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- Linux for Workgroups, The H Open, 2013-07-15
- "Gentoo Forums :: View topic - Tux at top of screen during boot?". Forums.gentoo.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
- The website of TuxGuitar. Tuxguitar.herac.com.ar. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
- Corel Linux OS Deluxe, Corel Corporation, 1999.
- Werner, Max Jonas (2007-01-15). "Tux-Besteck von WMF" (in German). linux-community.de. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
- The first Linux monument in history unveiled in Russia on lazarenko.me (archived)
- Тюменские пользователи Linux собираются поставить памятник пингвину on www.tumix.ru (2010)
- "Team Fortress 2 Welcomes Linux". Valve. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
This article incorporates material from the Citizendium article "Tux", which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License but not under the GFDL.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tux.|
- Article discussing the creation of Tux
- Linux 2.0 Penguins (Larry Ewing)
- A complete history of Tux
- Wired News story on Tux
- The Gospel of Tux
- The LWN Penguin Gallery
- Roblimo's video posting explaining the use of Tux in the DCI Group video
- TuxMathScrabble and TuxWordSmith Education Games
- The Free Penguin Project – GPL'd machine embroidery design files and sewing patterns for Tux.