UnrealScript

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UnrealScript
Paradigm(s) Object-oriented, generic
Developer Tim Sweeney
Appeared in 1998
Typing discipline Static, strong, safe
Influenced by C++, Java
OS Cross-platform (multi-platform)
Filename extension(s) .uc .uci .upkg
Website udn.epicgames.com

UnrealScript (often abbreviated to UScript) is the scripting language that Unreal Engine used for authoring game code and gameplay events before the release of Unreal Engine 4. The language was designed for simple, high-level game programming.[1] The UnrealScript interpreter was programmed by Tim Sweeney, who also created an earlier game scripting language, ZZT-oop.

Similar to Java, UnrealScript is object-oriented without multiple inheritance (classes all inherit from a common Object class), and classes are defined in individual files named for the class they define. Unlike Java, UnrealScript is case-insensitive, and does not have object wrappers for primitive types. Interfaces are only supported in Unreal Engine generation 3 and a few Unreal Engine 2 games. UnrealScript supports operator overloading, but not method overloading, except for optional parameters.

By making the process of modifying the game easier, UnrealScript helped enable the growth of a large modding community around Unreal. This greatly added to the overall longevity of Unreal and provided an incentive for new development.

Syntax[edit]

Code comments[edit]

UnrealScript uses two commenting styles, a single-line comment (beginning with // until the end of the line) and a multi-line comment (delimited by /* and */).

// Single-line comment
class Foo extends Object;
 
/* Multi-line
   comment */
var Object Foo;

Data types[edit]

Primitive types[edit]

  • Bool - A boolean that allows the values true, and false, which are the same to 1 and 0
  • Byte - An unsigned 8-bit integer value
  • Enum
  • Float
  • Int - A signed 32-bit integer value
  • Name - A more restricted version of String, only allowing the following characters ([a-zA-Z0-9_\- ]*) as expressed in regex. e.g. 'name_example'
  • String - A series of Unicode characters such as "A B C"

Reference types[edit]

  • Class
  • Delegate
  • Interface
  • Object
  • Pointer

Composite types[edit]

  • Array
  • Struct

Functions[edit]

UnrealScript uses functions similar to C/C++/Java. Functions are declared by the keyword: function, followed by an optional return type, its required name, and finally its function parameters.

The declaration of a function can look like this:

[modifiers] function [[modifiers] datatype] name( [parameters] ) [const]; the semicolon is only necessary if the function has no body.

An example of a very simple additive function in UnrealScript:

function int Add( int a, int b )
{
    return a + b;
}

"Hello, world" example[edit]

The following is a hello world example using the syntax of UnrealScript.[2]

class HelloWorld extends GameInfo;
 
event InitGame( string Options, out string Error )
{
    `log( "Hello, world!" );
}

The following text will be printed to the output console when HelloWorld is initializing:

Hello, world!

See also[edit]

IDEs
Utilities
  • UnCodeX - An application to browse source code of UnrealScript[6]
  • UTPT - An application to decompile, and export sounds, textures, and meshes from Unreal Engine 1, and 2's packages
  • UE Viewer - An application to export sounds, textures, and meshes from Unreal Engine 1, 2, and 3's packages
  • UE Explorer - An application to decompile UnrealScript from Unreal Engine 1, 2, and 3's packages
Other

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UDN - Three - UnrealScriptReference". Udn.epicgames.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  2. ^ "UDN - Three - MakingACommandlet". Udn.epicgames.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  3. ^ "Unreal X-Editor | Free Script Editor for Unreal Development Kit (UDK)". Unrealxeditor.wordpress.com. 2013-04-29. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ "Tools:nFringe - Pixel Mine Games Wiki". Wiki.pixelminegames.com. 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  5. ^ "Downloads". Apple. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  6. ^ "UDN - Three - UnCodeX". Udn.epicgames.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 

External links[edit]