1946 in the Philippines
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1946 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in 1946.
- President: Sergio Osmeña (Nacionalista Party) (until May 28), Manuel Roxas (Liberal) (starting May 28)
- Vice President: vacant (until May 28), Elpidio Quirino (Liberal) (starting May 28)
- Chief Justice: Manuel Moran
- Congress: 1st (starting May 25)
- January 2 – Walter Hutchinson, special assistant to U.S. Attorney General Thomas Clark, arrives in Manila to deal with his Filipino counterparts on one of the most complex problems in postwar history – collaboration with the Japanese during the war.
- January 5 – Lieutenant Colonel Seicho Ohta, Commander of the Military Police in Manila during the war, is sentenced to death by hanging, as per order from the Fil-American War Crimes Commission.
- January 7 – Reuters reported that the Philippines ordered goods worth ₱1,000,000 a day from the United States. Imports skyrocketed, including textiles, food, and building materials.
- January 11 – For the first time since the creation of the People's Court, a person accused of treason, Felix Española, a 66-year-old Makapili from Bulacan, voluntarily pleaded guilty.
- January 19 – The Liberal wing of the Nacionalista Party holds its convention at the Sta. Ana Cabaret and nominates Manuel Roxas and Elpidio Quirino for president and vice president, respectively.
- January 21 – The Loyalist wing of the Nacionalista Party holds its convention at the Ciro Club, Sta. Mesa, Manila, and nominates Sergio Osmeña for president and Eulogio Rodriguez for vice president.
- January 22 – The report of High Commissioner Paul McNutt to President Harry Truman, which lumps the candidates into 'loyalists' and 'enemy collaborators,' created resentment among congressional leaders.
- January 31 – Malacañang announced that President Sergio Osmeña will not campaign. While Roxas tours the country, campaigning, promising, threatening, and cajoling, Osmeña tended to his duties, and placed his faith in the memory and gratitude of his countrymen.
- April 23 – Manuel Roxas was elected as the first President of the Third Republic of the Philippines, as well as the last President (equivalent to Governor) of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, defeating incumbent Sergio Osmeña in advance of scheduled independence.
- April 28 – The University of Batangas was founded in the Philippines.
- June 30 – The dissolution of the mainly general headquarters and military camp base of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary are station's located in the City of Manila and around the provinces of the archipelago was aftermath of the Second World War under the Japanese Occupation was completed and defeating Imperial Japanese troops due to war.
- July 4 – After more than 380 years of colonial rule under the Spanish, then later the Americans, the Philippines attains full independence.
- September 30 – The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
- January 20 -
- February 19 - Alvarez Isnaji, Filipino politician
- February 22 - Butch Albarracin
- March 5 - Soledad Reyes, distinguished and recognized Philippine literature scholar, literary and art critic, author, anthologist, consultant, professor, instructor, editor, annotator, researcher, and essayist.
- March 8 - Robert Jaworski, Basketball player, Politician
- March 17 - Leandro Mendoza, Filipino politician (d. 2013)
- April - Jaime de los Santos, retired military general in the Philippines.
- April 13 - Antonio del Rosario, Filipino politician
- April 15 - Roberto Roxas, former Filipino cyclist
- May 18 - Ameril Umbra Kato, founder of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (d. 2015)
- May 19 - Victor Sumulong, Politician (d. 2009)
- May 23 - Dado Banatao, Filipino entrepreneur and engineer working in the high-tech industry.
- June 26 - Orlando S. Mercado, Politician
- June 27 - Jose Miguel Arroyo, former First Gentleman of the Philippines.
- July 2 - Monico Puentevella, Politician
- July 14 - Manuel V. Pangilinan, Filipino businessman.
- July 19 -
- July 22 - Rolando Joven Tria Tirona, Archbishop of Caceres
- July 25 - Bayani Fernando, former Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA).
- August 8 - Snaffu Rigor, Filipino composer and vocalist.
- September 6 - Mandy Saguin
- October 2 - Khryss Adalia, Filipino film, television, and stage director, writer, and actor (d. 2008)
- October 5 - Pacita Abad, Painter (d. 2004)
- October 6 - Eddie Villanueva, Religious/spiritual and political leader
- October 10 - Mauricio Domogan, Filipino politician
- October 12 - Edward Hagedorn, Filipino politician and former Mayor of Puerto Princesa City
- October 14 - Joey de Leon, Filipino comedian, actor, and television presenter
- October 16 - Exequiel Javier, Filipino politician
- October 31 - Helen Vela, Filipino actress and radio/TV personality (d. 1992)
- November 5 - Ariel Ureta, Filipino comedian, actor, and TV host
- November 10 - Reynaldo Wycoco, Director of National Bureau of Investigation
- November 15 - Raffy Marcelo, Veteran Broadcaster
- November 18 - Cornelio Padilla, former Filipino cyclist
- November 19 - Ramon Tulfo, TV host, radio broadcaster, and columnist
- December 29 -
- Arturo Brion, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
- Wilhelmino Sy-Alvarado, Governor of the Philippine province of Bulacan.
- Adolovni Acosta, Philippine-born classical pianist.
- Teo Antonio, Filipino poet
- Lito Banayo, Filipino politician
- July 20 - Gil Montilla, Filipino politician (born 1876)
- Benigno Ramos, author, writer, organization founder, politician (born 1893)
- Isidro Ancheta, Filipino landscape painter (born 1882)
- Duludao, Manuel D. (2007). A Century of Philippine Legislature: Timeline of Events, People, and Laws That Shaped The Filipino Nation (book). 1946-2007. Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines: Experience Philippines.
- "Roxas Leads Osmena 2–1 For Philippine President" Post-Standard (Syracuse, NY), April 24, 1946, p1
- Batangenyong Online Archived April 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.