Japanese general election, 2014

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For detailed results by constituency, see Results of the Japanese general election, 2014.
Japanese general election, 2014
Japan
2012 ←
14 December 2014 → 48th
outgoing members ← → members elected

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
238 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 52.66%
  First party Second party Third party
  Shinzō Abe.jpg Banri Kaieda cropped 3 Banri Kaieda 20110620 3.jpg Kenji Eda Sakado 20141203.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Banri Kaieda Kenji Eda
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Innovation
Leader since 26 September 2012 25 December 2012 21 September 2014
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Tokyo-1st (lost)
Tokyo PR (lost)
Kanagawa-8th
Last election 294 seats
43.02% (district)
27.62% (block)
57 seats
22.81% (district)
15.49% (block)
New
Seats before 294 62 42
Seats won 291 73 41
Seat change Decrease3 Increase11 Decrease1
Popular vote 25,461,427 (district)
17,658,916 (block)
11,916,838 (district)
9,775,991 (block)
4,319,645 (district)
8,382,699 (block)
Percentage 48.1% (district)
33.11% (block)
22.5% (district)
18.33% (block)
8.2% (district)
15.72% (block)

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg Takeo Hiranuma0624 cropped.jpg
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Kazuo Shii Takeo Hiranuma
Party Komeito Communist Future Generations
Leader since 8 September 2009 24 November 2000 1 August 2014
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Minami-Kantō PR Okayama-3rd
Last election 31 seats
1.49% (district)
11.83% (block)
8 seats
7.88% (district)
6.13% (block)
New
Seats before 31 8 20
Seats won 35 21 2
Seat change Increase4 Increase13 Decrease18
Popular vote 765,390 (district)
7,314,236 (block)
7,040,130 (district)
6,062,962 (block)
947,395 (district)
1,414,919 (block)
Percentage 1.5% (district)
13.71% (block)
13.3% (district)
11.37% (block)
1.8% (district)
2.65% (block)

  Seventh party Eighth party
  SDP Ichiro Ozawa cropped 4 Ichiro Ozawa 20010718.jpg
Leader Tadatomo Yoshida Ichiro Ozawa
Party Social Democratic People's Life
Leader since 14 October 2013 25 January 2013
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Iwate-4th
Last election 2 seats
0.76% (district)
2.36% (block)
New
Seats before 2 5
Seats won 2 2
Seat change Steady0 New
Popular vote 419,347 (district)
1,314,441 (block)
514,575 (district)
1,028,721 (block)
Percentage 0.8% (district)
2.46% (block)
1.0% (district)
1.93% (block)

JapanGE20014.png

districts and PR districts won by respective parties

Prime Minister before election

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The 47th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第47回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūnanakai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) of Japan was held on 14 December 2014. Voting took place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet resigns in the first post-election Diet session after a general House of Representatives election (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election also led to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet (Shinzo Abe was reappointed), and the appointment of a new cabinet (with some ministers re-appointed).

Background[edit]

In 2012, the Democratic Party of Japan government under Yoshihiko Noda decided to implement a raise of the Japanese consumption tax. Following this move, the Liberal Democratic Party under Shinzo Abe regained control of the Japanese government in the December 2012 general election. Abe proceeded to implement a series of economic programs known as "Abenomics" in a bid to stimulate the economy. Despite these programs, Japan entered a technical recession in mid-2014, which Abe blamed on the consumption tax hike, even though many members of the LDP supported the hike. Abe called a snap election on November 18, in part for the purpose of winning LDP backing to postpone the hike and pursue the Abenomics package.[1][2]

The LDP government was widely expected to win the election in a landslide, and many observers viewed the snap election as a mechanism for Abe to entrench his government at a time of relative popularity.[3]

Results[edit]

The LDP lost a small number of seats but slightly enlarged its majority coalition with Komeito. Turnout was a record low, and many voters viewed the election as a waste of time and money. DPJ president Banri Kaieda lost his seat in Tokyo while the Japanese Communist Party doubled in strength.[4][5] The right-leaning Japan Innovation Party and Party for Future Generations lost seats.[6]

e • d Summary of the 14 December 2014 Japanese House of Representatives election results[7][8]
Political Party Local Constituency Vote PR Block Vote Total Seats +/−
Votes[9]  % Seats Votes  % Seats Total  % Before Last
Coalition 26,226,838 49.54% 232 24,973,152 46.82% 94 326 68.63% 0 +1
Liberal Democratic Party LDP 25,461,448 48.1% 223 17,658,916 33.11% 68 291 61.26% -4 -3
Komeito NKP 765,390 1.45% 9 7,314,236 13.71% 26 35 7.37% +4 +4
Democratic Party DPJ 11,916,849 22.51% 38 9,775,991 18.33% 35 73 15.37% +10 +16
Innovation Party JIP 4,319,645 8.16% 11 8,382,699 15.72% 30 41 8.63% -1 New
Japan Communist Party JCP 7,040,130 13.3% 1 6,062,962 11.37% 20 21 4.42% +13 +13
Party for Future Generations PFG 947,395 1.79% 2 1,414,919 2.65% 0 2 0.42% -17 New
Social Democratic Party SDP 419,347 0.79% 1 1,314,441 2.46% 1 2 0.42% 0 0
People's Life Party PLP 514,575 0.97% 2 1,028,721 1.93% 0 2 0.42% -3 New
New Renaissance Party NRP - - - 16,597 0.03% 0 0 0.00% 0 0
Others 43,546 0.08% 0 364,965 0.69% 0 0 0.00% 0 0
Independents 1,511,242 2.85% 8 8 1.68% -7 +3
Total 52,939,789 100.00% 295 53,334,447 100.00% 180 475 100% -5[10] -


Single-member plurality vote in 295 districts
LDP (contesting 283)
  
48.10%
DPJ (contesting 187)
  
22.51%
JCP (contesting 292)
  
13.30%
JIP (contesting 77)
  
8.16%
PFG (contesting 39)
  
1.79%
NKP (contesting 9)
  
1.45%
PLP (contesting 13)
  
0.97%
SDP (contesting 18)
  
0.79%
45 independents
  
2.85%
5 others
  
0.08%
295 single-member plurality seats
LDP
  
75.59%
DPJ
  
12.88%
JIP
  
3.73%
NKP
  
3.05%
PFG
  
0.68%
PLP
  
0.68%
JCP
  
0.34%
SDP
  
0.34%
Independents
  
2.71%
Proportional vote in 11 multi-member districts/"blocks"
LDP (contesting 11)
  
33.11%
DPJ (contesting 11)
  
18.33%
JIP (contesting 11)
  
15.72%
NKP (contesting 11)
  
13.71%
JCP (contesting 11)
  
11.37%
PFG (contesting 11)
  
2.65%
SDP (contesting 11)
  
2.46%
PLP (contesting 8)
  
1.93%
HRP (contesting 11)
  
0.49%
Others (contesting 1)
  
0.20%
NRP (contesting 1)
  
0.03%
180 proportional seats
LDP
  
37.78%
DPJ
  
19.44%
JIP
  
16.67%
NKP
  
14.44%
JCP
  
11.11%
SDP
  
0.56%
Total 475 lower house seats
LDP
  
61.26%
DPJ
  
15.37%
JIP
  
8.63%
NKP
  
7.37%
JCP
  
4.42%
PFG
  
0.42%
SDP
  
0.42%
PLP
  
0.42%
Independents
  
1.68%
Composition of the House of Representatives after the election.

Notable losses[edit]

The most high-profile LDP candidate to lose re-election is Agriculture Minister Koya Nishikawa, who lost by 199 votes (0.2%) to former Governor of Tochigi Akio Fukuda.[11] He was questioned in October after allegedly receiving financial support from a fraudulent company.[12]

Amongst the DPJ members to lose their seats were party leader Banri Kaieda.[13] Party for Future Generations leader Shintaro Ishihara was also unsuccessful in his attempt to win a seat after receiving a low position on his party's representative ballot.[13]

Former leader of the now-dissolved Your Party and six-term representative for Tochigi-3rd district, Yoshimi Watanabe was also defeated.[14]

Other elections[edit]

Generally, the retention referendum (formally kokumin shinsa, "popular review") to confirm judges of the Supreme Court who have been recently appointed or not confirmed for 10 years is held together with a lower house election.

Subnational elections scheduled for December 14 include the prefectural assembly election in Ibaraki.[15] Another prefectural election in December 2014 is the gubernatorial election in Miyazaki, scheduled for December 21.[16]

Boundary changes[edit]

Under 2013 changes to the electoral law designed to reduce malapportionment, district boundaries in 17 prefectures have been redrawn and five districts are eliminated without replacement (one each in Fukui, Yamanashi, Tokushima, Kōchi and Saga). The number of first-past-the-post seats is reduced to 295, the total number of seats decreases to 475.[17]

Constitutionality[edit]

In November 2015, the Grand Bench of the Supreme Court ruled that the inequality in vote weight due to malapportionment was still in an unconstitutional state (iken jōtai); however, as in previous such rulings, it dismissed the demand to invalidate the election.[18][19]

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings from 2013–14

(Source: NHK)

Date
LDP DPJ JRP PFG NKP YP PLP JCP SDP GW NRP UP JIP Other No Party Undecided
5–7 December 38.1% 11.7% 0.1% 5.9% 0.3% 4.3% 0.9% 0.0% 3.7% 0.1% 26.3% 8.5%
7–9 November 36.6% 7.9% 0.2% 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3.5% 0.6% 1.2% 0.1% 40.0% 7.7%
11–13 October 40.2% 5.6% 0.1% 4.1% 0.5% 0.1% 3.3% 0.9% 1.4% 0.1% 35.0% 8.8%
5–7 September 40.4% 5.4% 0.7% 0.1% 4.3% 0.0% 0.2% 3.3% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 36.9% 7.8%
8–10 August 36.7% 6.4% 1.0% 0.3% 3.0% 0.2% 0.3% 3.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 39.4% 8.8%
11–13 July 34.3% 4.8% 1.7% 3.6% 0.5% 0.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.1% 0.3% 42.5% 7.6%
6–8 June 36.9% 5.1% 1.1% 4.0% 0.4% 0.1% 2.8% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1% 42.4% 6.7%
9–11 May 41.4% 5.6% 1.1% 3.7% 0.2% 0.3% 2.4% 0.9% 0.2% 0.1% 37.2% 6.9%
11–13 April 38.1% 7.4% 1.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.2% 3.6% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 37.2% 5.2%
7–9 March 38.7% 6.5% 1.1% 2.2% 0.8% 0.1% 3.3% 0.8% 0.4% 0.1% 40.0% 5.2%
7–9 February 36.2% 5.8% 1.3% 3.9% 1.1% 0.3% 3.3% 1.4% 0.5% 0.2% 41.0% 5.2%
11–13 January 40.4% 5.8% 1.6% 2.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.6% 0.7% 0.1% 0.3% 40.3% 5.5%
2014
6–8 December 36.7% 7.8% 2.1% 2.8% 1.2% 0.2% 3.1% 0.6% 0.0% 38.7% 6.8%
8–10 November 41.9% 5.2% 1.8% 4.4% 1.9% 0.3% 3.3% 0.4% 0.3% 35.1% 5.6%
12–14 October 36.1% 5.2% 2.1% 3.8% 1.2% 0.2% 4.0% 0.5% 0.3% 41.8% 4.9%
6–8 September 40.3% 5.5% 2.2% 4.4% 2.1% 0.0% 3.2% 0.7% 0.2% 34.6% 6.8%
9–11 August 37.9% 7.3% 4.6% 4.6% 3.2% 0.2% 3.5% 0.8% 0.9% 30.8% 6.2%
5–7 July 42.5% 8.0% 2.7% 5.3% 3.1% 0.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 24.5% 8.4%
7–9 June 41.7% 5.8% 1.5% 5.1% 1.5% 0.1% 2.2% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 34.6% 7.0%
10–12 May 43.4% 5.3% 2.4% 3.7% 2.3% 0.3% 2.0% 1.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 33.3% 6.1%
5–7 April 43.6% 6.1% 2.1% 3.7% 1.3% 0.4% 2.0% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 34.5% 5.6%
8–10 March 40.1% 7.0% 3.9% 4.4% 3.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 31.8% 6.6%
10–12 February 40.4% 7.0% 5.3% 3.1% 2.6% 0.3% 2.1% 0.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 31.7% 6.3%
12–14 January 37.8% 7.6% 6.5% 4.0% 3.7% 0.5% 2.7% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 30.8% 5.4%
2013
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date PM
Approval Disapproval
5–7 December Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
7–9 November Shinzo Abe 44% 38%
11–13 October Shinzo Abe 52% 34%
5–7 September Shinzo Abe 58% 28%
8–10 August Shinzo Abe 51% 33%
11–13 July Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
6–8 June Shinzo Abe 52% 32%
9–11 May Shinzo Abe 56% 29%
11–13 April Shinzo Abe 52% 31%
7–9 March Shinzo Abe 51% 30%
7–9 February Shinzo Abe 52% 33%
11–13 January Shinzo Abe 54% 31%
2014
21–22 December[20] Shinzo Abe 49% 34%
6–8 December Shinzo Abe 50% 35%
8–10 November Shinzo Abe 60% 25%
12–14 October Shinzo Abe 58% 26%
6–8 September Shinzo Abe 59% 23%
9–11 August Shinzo Abe 57% 29%
5–7 July Shinzo Abe 57% 25%
7–9 June Shinzo Abe 62% 20%
10–12 May Shinzo Abe 65% 18%
5–7 April Shinzo Abe 66% 19%
23–24 March[21] Shinzo Abe 69% 6%
9–10 March[22] Shinzo Abe 76% 22%
8–10 March Shinzo Abe 66% 18%
10–12 February Shinzo Abe 64% 20%
8–10 February[23] Shinzo Abe 71% 18%
12–14 January Shinzo Abe 64% 22%
11–13 January[23] Shinzo Abe 68% 24%
2013

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wakatabe, Masazumi. "Election With A Cause: Why Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Must Call General Election Now". Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  2. ^ McCurry, Justin (2014-11-18). "Japan calls snap election". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  3. ^ Boyd, John. "Japan's unwanted election: Why now?". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  4. ^ "Abe coalition secures big Japan election win with record low turnout". Reuters. 2014-12-15. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  5. ^ "Japan election: Voters back Shinzo Abe as PM wins new term - BBC News". Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  6. ^ "Romping home". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  7. ^ "Ruling coalition wins over 2/3 of seats in lower house election". mainichi.jp. The Mainichi Newspaper (Mainichi Shimbun). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Japan Election / New balance of power in House of Representatives". the-japan-news.com. The Japan News (Yomiuri Shimbun). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Decimals from fractional votes (按分票 ambunhyo) rounded to full numbers
  10. ^ The number of seats reduced from 480 to 475 compared with the last election.
  11. ^ NHK(Japan Broadcasting Corporation). "NHK2014衆院選". NHK2014衆院選. 
  12. ^ Sukyandaru
  13. ^ a b "Abe tightens grip on power as ruling coalition wins 325 seats in Lower House election". The Japan Times. 
  14. ^ "Ex-Your Party leader Watanabe, ex-Tokyo Gov. Ishihara to lose seats". mainichi.jp. 
  15. ^ Ibaraki prefectural election commission: 2014 general election (on the prefectural and municipal levels: ippan-senkyo, 一般選挙, not sō-senkyo as in elections to the national House of Representatives) of members of the prefectural assembly (in Japanese)
  16. ^ Miyazaki prefectural election commission: Schedule for the Miyazaki gubernatorial election (in Japanese)
  17. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications: 衆議院小選挙区の区割りの改定等について
  18. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun, November 25, 2015: 14年衆院選、1票の格差は「違憲状態」 最高裁大法廷
  19. ^ The Japan Times, November 25, 2015: Supreme Court says December election ‘in state of unconstitutionality,’ but won’t nullify results
  20. ^ "Approval rating for Abe Cabinet falls below 50% for 1st time since inauguration: Mainichi poll (in English)". Mainichi Shimbun. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  21. ^ "【産経・FNN合同世論調査】安倍内閣支持69・6%に上昇 鳩山内閣発足時を超える". MSN産経ニュース. 
  22. ^ TBS/JNN
  23. ^ a b 内閣支持率71%、2回連続上昇...読売世論調査

External links[edit]

Media related to Japanese general election, 2014 at Wikimedia Commons