AirTran Airways

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AirTran Airways
AirTran Airways logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1992 (1992) as ValuJet Airlines
Georgia, U.S.[1]
Commenced operations October 26, 1993, as ValuJet Airlines[1]
November 17, 1997, as AirTran Airways
Ceased operations December 28, 2014 (2014-12-28) (Integrated into Southwest Airlines)
Frequent-flyer program A+ Rewards
Fleet size 140
Destinations 69
Company slogan Go. There's nothing stopping you.
Parent company Southwest Airlines Co. NYSELUV
Headquarters Orlando, Florida, U.S.
Key people

AirTran Airways (formerly ValuJet) was an American low-cost airline headquartered originally in Orlando, Florida. AirTran operated nearly 700 daily flights, primarily in the eastern and midwestern United States, with its principal hub at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport where it operated nearly 200 daily departures. AirTran's fleet consisted of Boeing 717-200 aircraft, of which it was the world's largest operator, and Boeing 737-700 aircraft.

AirTran Airways was acquired by Southwest Airlines in early 2011, which commenced gradual procedure of its full integration. AirTran's final flight was operated on November 30, 2014, and it was fully integrated into Southwest Airlines on December 28, 2014.


Foundation & early years[edit]

A AirTran Boeing 737-200 in the original livery at Orlando International Airport

The original AirTran Airways, a Boeing 737-200 operator with service to/from Orlando, was founded by AirTran Corporation, the holding company of Mesaba Airlines of Minneapolis, Minnesota, operating as a Northwest Airlink carrier with hubs in Minneapolis and Detroit. In 1994, AirTran Holdings purchased a start up 737 operator named Conquest Sun and renamed the airline AirTran Airways. Conquest Sun, similar to ValuJet, was an airline started by former Eastern Air Lines employees. The original AirTran Airways moved its headquarters to Orlando, Florida, and grew to 11 Boeing 737 aircraft serving 24 cities in the East and Midwest providing low-fare leisure travel to Orlando. In 1995, AirTran Airways was spun off by Mesaba and formed its own independent holding company named Airways Corporation.

Following two serious accidents (flight 597 and flight 592), both blamed on a lax corporate culture on safety at ValuJet,[2] on September 24, 1997, ValuJet Airlines merged with AirTran and changed its name to AirTran Airlines, with ValuJet holding company ValuJet, Inc. changing its name to AirTran Holdings, Inc. While ValuJet was the nominal survivor and the merged company retained ValuJet's stock price history, the merged airline took the AirTran name in hopes of distancing itself from ValuJet's troubled past. In the summer of 1998, the two airlines merged onto the same FAA certificate under the AirTran name. While the hub remained at ValuJet's home in Atlanta, the merged airline moved to legacy AirTran's former headquarters in Orlando on January 28, 1998.

Several writers have viewed the May 11, 1996, crash of ValuJet Flight 592 in the Florida Everglades as an example of a "system accident," in which the complexity of the overall operation is the main contributing factor.[3][4]

For the remainder of its existence, AirTran made almost no mention of its past as ValuJet. On the 10th anniversary of the Flight 592 crash, AirTran made no major corporate announcements out of respect for the victims' families.[5]

In January 1999, a new management team led by Joe Leonard, a veteran of Eastern Air Lines and Robert L. Fornaro, of US Airways, took the reins at the airline. The two recruited a new senior management team including Stephen J. Kolski, Operations, Kevin P. Healy,[6] Planning, and Loral Blinde, Human Resources. The immediate goals were to stabilize the balance sheet and prepare to refinance debt due in early 2000, fix the operations, increase and establish revenue streams and prepare for delivery and operation of the Boeing 717. AirTran was the launch customer and ultimately the largest operator of this brand new aircraft. At the same time, Leonard was determined to not only lead the turn around of the carrier, but establish a culture of trust and entrepreneurship at AirTran.


AirTran received the last 717 built in 2006

AirTran reported a $30 million operating profit for 1999.

On August 15, 2001, the company's stock began trading under the ticker symbol AAI on the New York Stock Exchange.

In 2002, AirTran created a regional brand, AirTran JetConnect, operated by Air Wisconsin.

In 2003, following an order for 100 Boeing 737 aircraft, AirTran began service to Washington, D.C.'s Reagan National Airport and to San Francisco.

On January 5, 2004, AirTran's last McDonnell Douglas DC-9 was retired, leaving it with a fleet of more than 70 Boeing 717s. Shortly after, the first Boeing 737 entered AirTran's fleet in June 2004.

In August 2004, AirTran JetConnect (operated by Air Wisconsin) ceased all operations.

On May 23, 2006, AirTran accepted one of the last two Boeing 717s delivered in a ceremony with Midwest Airlines, who accepted the other 717.[7] Boeing closed the 717 line due to an overlap with the 737.

In November 2007, Robert L. Fornaro took over as CEO, as well as President.[8] Joe Leonard remained Chairman of the Board of Directors until June 2008. Upon his retirement, Fornaro then became Chairman making him Chairman, President and CEO.[9]

In 2009, AirTran was the first major airline to have 100% of its fleet outfitted with Gogo Inflight Internet, although other airlines had begun adding Internet before AirTran.

By 2009 AirTran underwent major expansion in smaller cities such as Yeager Airport (Charleston, W.V.); Asheville Regional Airport, N.C.; and Harrisburg International Airport, Pa.[10]

Failed acquisitions[edit]

In 2004, AirTran sought a major expansion at Chicago-Midway Airport by buying the leases of ATA Airlines' 14 gates. Southwest Airlines made a higher bid for the gates, and AirTran lost the deal.

In December 2006, Air Tran Holdings announced that it had been trying to acquire Midwest Air Group. On August 12, 2007, AirTran announced its attempt to purchase Midwest Airlines had expired, while TPG Capital, in partnership with Northwest Airlines, had entered into an agreement to purchase Midwest Airlines for an amount larger than the AirTran Airways' proposal. However, on August 14, 2007, AirTran increased its offer to the equivalent of $16.25 a share, slightly more than the $16 a share from TPG Capital investors group.[11] However, Midwest announced TPG would increase its offer to $17 per share and a definitive agreement had been reached late on August 16, 2007.[12]

On September 21, 2007, AirTran pilots, represented by the National Pilots Association, rejected the carrier's contract proposal. Two weeks earlier, the pilots voted to dump the union president and vice president. On April 10, 2009, 87% of the pilots at AirTran voted to merge the National Pilots Association with the world's largest pilot union, Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA).[13]


An AirTran 737-700 which the airline continued to receive until the acquisition by Southwest

On April 6, 2010 AirTran Airways opened their second crew base, at General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee, the same day they officially announced Milwaukee as their second hub.

On July 27, 2010, AirTran Airways hosted the grand opening of their new System Operations Control (SOC) Center at Orlando International Airport. This 16,000-square-foot (1,500 m2), $6.9 million state-of-the-art command center serves as the 24-hour nerve center for the entire airline with over 700 flights per day. The company employs more than 1,000 crew members in central Florida at several facilities, including their corporate headquarters, the SOC and a maintenance facility in addition to passengers operations at the airport. After considering putting the SOC Center in Atlanta where AirTran has their largest hub, the decision was made to expand the facility in Orlando adjacent to AirTran’s headquarters.

In October 2010, a new crew base opened at Orlando International Airport in Orlando, Florida.[14] The base initially employed 100 pilots, including a chief pilot.

Prior to the winding down of the airline, AirTran grew to serve more than 70 cities coast-to-coast as well as in the Caribbean and Mexico with more than 700 flights per day and over 8,500 crew members serving nearly 25 million passengers per year.[9]

Buyout and wind-down[edit]

On September 27, 2010, Southwest Airlines announced they would acquire AirTran Airways for a total cost of $1.4 billion. The acquisition gave Southwest a significant presence at many of AirTran’s hubs such as Atlanta (then the largest U.S. city without Southwest service), Milwaukee, and expanded service in Baltimore and Orlando. With the merger, Southwest added international service to several leisure destinations such as Cancún, Montego Bay and Aruba. Southwest integrated AirTran's fleet of Boeing 737-700 series aircraft into Southwest Airlines brand and livery, and the Boeing 717 fleet was then leased out to Delta Air Lines starting mid-2013.[15] The airlines planned to have the acquisition completed and finalized within two years with the two carriers operating as separate airlines in the interim.[16][17][18] The deal closed on May 2, 2011, and a single operating certificate for the combined carrier was achieved March 1, 2012.[19] Total integration of all employee groups between the two carriers was completed in 2015.

On February 14, 2013, Southwest Airlines announced that they had begun codesharing with AirTran. They took the first step on January 26, 2013, by launching shared itineraries in five markets. Southwest continued launching shared itineraries with 39 more markets beginning February 25, 2013. By April 2013, shared itineraries were scheduled to be available in all Southwest and AirTran cities (domestic and international).[20]

AirTran's final flight was operated with a Boeing 717-200 on December 28, 2014.

Southwest announced that the integration would be completed on December 28, 2014, with AirTran Airways Flight 1 as the final scheduled departure for the airline flying from Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) to Tampa International Airport (TPA). The flight used the callsign "Critter" as a nod to ValuJet. This route was ValuJet's first flight.[21]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Prior to the acquisition, the corporate headquarters of AirTran were located in Orlando, Florida.[22] The airline moved its headquarters to Orlando in 1994. Prior to that period, the headquarters were in Minneapolis, Minnesota.[23]

Employee relations[edit]

AirTran adopted an approach to employee recruitment similar to Southwest Airlines with an emphasis on functional skills and relational competence.[24] The airline had clear job specialization with the expectation of flexibility between jobs as required by day-to-day operational circumstances. AirTran’s training approach involved drawing the link between individual job performance, the airline’s overall financial performance and the importance of achieving high levels of customer service and efficiency.[24]


When the acquisition by Southwest was announced, AirTran served 69 destinations throughout the United States, Puerto Rico and abroad.[25]

Top served cities[edit]

AirTran Airways top served cities (As of March 2013)[26]
City Daily departures Number of gates Cities served nonstop Service began
Atlanta 171 31 43 1993
Orlando 56 8 23 1993
Baltimore-Washington 47 7 15 2001
Milwaukee 30 8 6 2002
Ft. Myers 19 3 13 1997
Tampa 17 3 12 1993
Fort Lauderdale 15 3 7 1993
Washington, D.C. (Reagan) 11 3 3 2003
Pittsburgh 12 2 5 2000
Akron-Canton 10 4 6 1996

Codeshare agreements[edit]

AirTran did not participate in any major global airline alliances, but the airline had a codeshare agreement with its parent airline, Southwest Airlines.[27]


An AirTran Airways Boeing 717 landing at BWI Airport
An AirTran Boeing 737-700

Prior to being acquired by Southwest, the AirTran fleet maxed at the following aircraft:[28]

AirTran Airways fleet
Aircraft Total Orders Passengers
J Y Total
Boeing 717-200 88 0 12 105 117
Boeing 737-700 52 65 12 125 137
Total 140 65

Before the Southwest merger, AirTran had orders for 65 additional 737-700s. These orders were transferred to Southwest Airlines.

In addition, AirTran's 717 fleet included the first and last 717 ever built.

Since Southwest operates an all Boeing 737 fleet, AirTran's 88 former 717's are currently on lease with Delta Airlines.

Retired or transferred[edit]

Ryan International Airlines operated Airbus A320 jets for AirTran on new flights to the U.S. west coast prior to AirTran receiving new Boeing 737-700 aircraft


AirTran Airways operated a two-class configuration featuring Business Class and Economy Class. Business class included rows 1–3 and coach began with row 10; rows 4–9 were skipped for numbering purposes and 13 was skipped due to superstition.


AirTran's livery was primarily white, with teal on the ventral side. The sections were divided by parallel red and pink stripes, which ran horizontal at the front, and started to curve upward at the wings until they reached the top side of the plane at the back of the vertical stabilizer. The nacelles were royal blue, with "" written in white Helvetica font. The logo version of "AirTran" was written toward the front on either side in teal above the passenger windows and the vertical stabilizer was teal with a prominent white cursive "A", just like the beginning of the logo.

AirTran Airways also created several special livery aircraft. They included an aircraft featuring Elton John and Danica Patrick. AirTran also partnered with the Orlando/Orange County CVB to create a Boeing 717 aircraft emblazoned with a "Say YES to Orlando" logo on each side and a second Boeing 717 saying "Orlando Makes Me Smile," which celebrated AirTran Airways' partnership with the OOCVB to promote travel to the city. The airline also had an aircraft paying tribute to the Wizarding World of Harry Potter at Universal Orlando.

Several aircraft featured sports-related liveries. The teams represented were the Atlanta Falcons, Baltimore Ravens, Indianapolis Colts, Orlando Magic, and Milwaukee Brewers.

On February 12, 2010, AirTran Airways celebrated Little Debbie's 50th anniversary by launching a one-of-a-kind, custom-designed Boeing 717, dubbed Little Debbie 1.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

See also: Previous Incidents and Accidents at ValuJet
AirTran Airways Incidents and Accidents
Flight Date Aircraft Location Description Injuries
Fatal Serious Minor
AirTran Airways 426
May 7, 1998 Douglas DC-9-32 Calhoun, GA Flight crew failed to maintain adequate separation from hazardous meteorological conditions. The investigation revealed that the captain had been involved in two other air carrier incidents involving adverse weather conditions. It also revealed that the airline lacked adequate training and guidance regarding hazardous weather interpretation and avoidance, as well as adequate procedures to notify flight attendants about potential turbulence. A flight attendant and a passenger were seriously injured during a turbulence encounter. 2
AirTran Airways 867
November 1, 1998 Boeing 737-200 Atlanta, GA Lost control and skidded off of the runway while landing, with main landing gear in a drainage ditch and its empennage extending over the taxiway. The nose gear was folded back into the electrical/electronic compartment and turned 90 degrees from its normal, extended position. The cause was an improperly repaired hydraulic line leak. 13
AirTran Airways 913
August 8, 2000 Douglas DC-9-32 Greensboro, NC The flight crew executed an emergency landing at Greensboro. Shortly after takeoff the flight crew declared an emergency due to an in-flight fire and smoke in the cockpit. An emergency evacuation was performed. Of the 58 passengers and 5 crewmembers on board, 3 crewmembers and 5 passengers received minor injuries from smoke inhalation. Five passengers and one ground crewmember received minor injuries during the evacuation. The airplane sustained substantial fire, heat, and smoke damage and was written off. The flight was operating to Atlanta. 13
AirTran Airways 956
November 29, 2000 Douglas DC-9-32 Atlanta, GA The flight crew executed an emergency landing at Atlanta. Shortly after takeoff the flight crew observed that several circuit breakers had tripped and several annunciator panel lights had illuminated. After the landing, one of the flight attendants reported to the flight crew that smoke could be seen emanating from the left sidewall in the forward cabin; air traffic control personnel also notified the flight crew that smoke was coming from the airplane. The flight crew then initiated an emergency evacuation on one of the taxiways. Of the 2 flight crewmembers, 3 flight attendants and 92 passengers on board, 13 passengers received minor injuries. The airplane sustained substantial damage and was written off. The flight was operating to Akron, OH. 13
AirTran Airways 527[29]
November 10, 2006 Boeing 717 Memphis, TN The flight crew taxied the aircraft into a grass median. The nose landing gear impacted a concrete drainage ditch. The nose landing gear assembly had collapsed and the forward pressure bulkhead was punctured. According to the Airport Safety and Certification Division, FAA Southern Region, all of the taxiway signs and taxiway lights were lit and working properly at the time of the accident. The cause was the captain's inadequate visual look out during taxi.


  1. ^ a b "AirTran Airways History". AirTran Airways. 2011. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-10. In 1992, the predecessor airline, ValuJet Airlines was founded by airline industry veterans... 
  2. ^ ValuJet Airlines#Fallout from the crash of Flight 592
  3. ^ Langewiesche, William (March 1998). The Lessons of Valujet 592, The Atlantic. See especially the last three paragraphs of this long article: “ . . . Understanding why might keep us from making the system even more complex, and therefore perhaps more dangerous, too.”
  4. ^ Stimpson, Brian (Oct. 1998). Operating Highly Complex and Hazardous Technological Systems Without Mistakes: The Wrong Lessons from ValuJet 592, Manitoba Professional Engineer. This article reviews William Langewiesche's argument and provides counter-examples of complex organizations which have good safety records.
  5. ^ Huettel, Steve. 10 years after tragedy, AirTran flies on. St. Petersburg Times, 2006-05-11.
  6. ^ "Healy to Head AirTran Planing". Orlando Business Journal. 
  7. ^ "New 717 Jets – AirTran Airways". 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  8. ^ "Robert L. Fornaro, CEO". AirTran Airways. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  9. ^ a b "History". AirTran Airways. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  10. ^ "Route Map – AirTran Airways". 2004-05-01. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  11. ^ Daykin, Tom (2007-08-15). "AirTran circles back". Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  12. ^ Daykin, Tom (2007-08-17). "TPG to acquire Midwest". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  13. ^ Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "News Releases". 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  15. ^ "Southwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and Boeing Capital reach a tentative Agreement to Sublease AirTran Boeing 717 Fleet". MarketWatch. May 22, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Southwest Agrees to Buy AirTran for $1.4 Billion". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. September 27, 2010. Archived from the original on 30 September 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  17. ^ Smith, Aaron (September 27, 2010). "Southwest to acquire AirTran". CNN. 
  18. ^ [1] Archived September 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ "Topic Galleries". Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  20. ^ "Southwest Airlines And AirTran Airways Begin Connecting Networks – Southwest Airlines Newsroom". 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  21. ^ "Southwest Airlines Announces New Flights For Dallas And D.C. Travelers; New Service To Mexico City And Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, Now On Sale". PRNewswire. May 19, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-05-20. 
  22. ^ "investor relations overview[permanent dead link]." AirTran Airways. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. "AirTran Airways 9955 AirTran Boulevard Orlando, FL 32827"
  23. ^ "AirTran Airways History." (Archive) AirTran Airways. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
  24. ^ a b Bamber, G.J.; Gittell, J.H.; Kochan, T.A. & von Nordenflytch, A. (2009). "Chapter 5: Alternative Strategies for New Entrants: Southwest vs. Ryanair". Up in the Air: How Airlines Can Improve Performance by Engaging their Employees. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. 
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^ "AirTran Airways". Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  29. ^ NTSB incident number ATL07LA016:

External links[edit]