|Born||5 May 1934|
Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
|Died||2 September 2012(aged 78)|
|Occupation||Educationist, social activist|
UNESCO Avicenna Gold Medal
Anil Bordia is an Indian educationist, social activist and former civil servant, widely respected for his contributions to the Indian education sector. The Government of India honoured him, in 2010, with Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, for his services to the fields of education and literature on education.
Anil Bordia was born on 5 May 1934 in the Indian city of Indore, in Madhya Pradesh. He had his schooling at Bharataiya Vidya Bhavan in Udaipur and graduated from the M. B. College, Udaipur. He secured his post graduate degree from the St. Stephen's College, and, later, passed the Indian Administrative Service examination in 1957.
Civil services career
Anil Bordia joined Indian Administrative Service in 1957 for a civil services career which spanned 35 years, till retired from the service, as the Union Education Secretary in 1992. During his civil service, he was involved in many major educational projects and policy formulation assignments such as the Education Policy of 1986. During his public service, he launched the Bihar education project from 1977 through 1980, where he assembled many voluntary organisations, academic institutions and public resource centres to work towards achieving total literacy in the state. He was also behind the Mahila Samakhya project, a women's education project which has participation from various women's movements. In 1987, he launched the Shikha Karmi program for eradicating illiteracy from the state of Rajasthan. Under the program, society monitored schools with locally trained teachers were introduced which was reported to be successful in the universalisation of primary education in the state.
After his retirement from the government service in 1992, Anil Bordia embarked on an education program for the young illiterates, which he conceptualised and named, Lok Jumbish, in Rajasthan. He guided the program till 1999 and was stated to be a highly successful initiative. In 2001, Bordia launched another movement, Doosra Dashak, which was aimed at the education and development of the youth.
He also headed a committee, Right To Education (RTE) committee, which submitted a detailed report with suggestions to synchronise the norms and strategies of the RTE with that of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, a government program mandated to achieve Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE), so that operational synergies are achieved. He was also vocal about women's role in the society and girls' participation in primary education.
Anil Bordia is remembered for his contributions in rejuvenating the education sector of the country and played a part in its policy formations, especially the National Education Policy of 1986. He was an active participant in the universalisation of education in Rajasthan and Bihar. He worked for the empowerment of marginalised communities and women which he tried to achieve through society participation and community resources. He is acknowledged as an expert in micro planning and positive decision making.
Anil Bordia's name featured in an administrative litigation, when J. C. Jetli, a senior IAS officer, approached the Central Administrative Tribunal, against Bordia's appointment as a Government Secretary, superseding Jetli's claims. The case precipitated a CAT judgment asking the Central Government to lay down norms and guidelines for the appointment of cabinet secretaries.
He also had to meet with opposition during the Lok Jumbish program, when the rural people wanted full-fledged schools, rather than the system Bordia suggested, which finally led to the untimely cessation of the program in the state of Rajasthan.
Awards and recognitions
- Padma Bhushan – 2010
- UNESCO Avicenna Gold Medal – 2000
- UNESCO Fellow – Asia-Pacific Centre of Educational Innovation for Development, Bangkok
The National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA) organises an annual seminar on education and social empowerment, Anil Bordia Memorial Policy Seminar, in honour of the deceased educationist.
- Anil Bordia; J. R. Kidd; J. A. Draper (1973). Adult education in India. A book of readings. Mumbai: Nachiketa Publications. ASIN B000WH3VIY.
- G. Carron & A. Bordia (1985). Issues in planning and implementing national literacy programmes. Paris: Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning. p. 385. ISBN 9280311182.
- Anil Bordia (1982). Training of local-level administrative personnel in national literacy programmes: Methodological report of a training workshop held at Nazareth, Ethiopia, 20–30 November 1981. Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning. p. 72. ASIN B0007BGLU0.
- A. Bordia (1982). Planning and administration of national literacy programmes : the Indian experience. Paris: Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning. p. 83. ASIN B0006EFWB2.
- A. Bordia (Ed) (1981). Adult education for Zimbabwe (IIEP seminar paper). Paris: Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning. p. 32. ASIN B0007C59RU.
- Rajesh, Tandon (6 October 2012). "Anil Bordia - Testing the Limits of the System" (PDF). Economic & Political Weekly. Mumbai: Sameeksha Trust. XLVII (40): 28–29. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Eminent educationist, activist, former civil servant Anil Bordia passes away". The Hindu. Chennai. 4 September 2006. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- Ministry of Home Affairs (25 January 2010). "This Year's Padma Awards announced". New Delhi: Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Anil Bordia Memorial Policy Seminar on Education and Social Empowerment" (PDF). New Delhi: NUEPA. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Noted academician Anil Bordia passes away". Business Standard. Business Standard Private Limited. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- Kishore, Dr. Lalit (3 September 2013). "Jaipur remembers noted educationist and activist Anil Bordia on his first death anniversary". merinews. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- Shriram Maheshwari (1992). The Indian administrative year book, Book 1990. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. pp. 440 of 490. ISBN 9788170223917.
- Anand, Rita; Anand, Umesh (2011). Inventive Indians: 23 great stories of change. New Delhi: Westland. p. 259. ISBN 9789380658032.
- "Unesco Medal". Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- Kumar, Krishna. "In Memoriam Anil Bordia 1934-2012". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Das, Achyut. "Obituary - Mr. Anil Bordia , Educationist and former Secretary of Ministry of Education passed Away". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "List of publications on Amazon". Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- JP Naik Memorial Lecture highlights - "Current education policy irrelevant, says ex-bureaucrat". Sakal Times. Pune: Sakal Media Group. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- Shiksha Karmi (Education Worker) and Lok Jumbish (People's Movement) Initiatives - "Partnerships in Education: Shiksha Karmi and Lok Jumbish, Rajasthan" (PDF). National Resource Cell for Decentralized District Planning (NRCDDP). Retrieved 31 December 2015.