Bagna càuda

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Bagna càuda
Bagna Cauda a la Champaquí 019.jpg
Bagna càuda is kept hot by a small heat source below the dish.
Type Dip
Place of origin Italy
Region or state Piedmont
Associated national cuisine Italian
Main ingredients Garlic, anchovies, olive oil, butter
Cookbook: Bagna càuda  Media: Bagna càuda

Bagna càuda (Italian: [ˈbaɲɲa ˈkauda]; Piedmontese: [ˈbɑɲa ˈkɑʊ̯da], meaning "hot dip"),[1] sometimes called bagna calda (influenced by Italian), is a hot dish from Piedmont, Italy that dates to the 16th century. The dish is served and consumed in a manner similar to fondue, sometimes as an appetizer, with raw or cooked vegetables typically used to dip into it.

Overview[edit]

Bagna càuda is a hot dish and dipping sauce in Italian cuisine that is used to dip vegetables in.[2][3] It is prepared using olive oil, melted butter, and chopped anchovies, basil and garlic.[2][3] Additional ingredients sometimes used include truffle and salt.[2] Raw or cooked vegetables are dipped into the sauce, which is typically kept hot on a serving table using a heat source such as a candle or burner.[2]

Bagna càuda originates from and has been described as "unique to" Piedmont, Italy, a region in northwest Italy, and has been a part of Piedmont cuisine since the 16th century.[2][4] In Piedmont, cardoon (edible thistle) is often dipped in the sauce.[2] Additional foods used to dip into it include cabbage, celery, carrots, artichoke, peppers, fennel and breads.[2][5] It is sometimes served as an appetizer.[6][7]

It is also a popular winter dish in central Argentina[8][9] and prevalent in Clinton, Indiana, United States.[10] Around 75% of Italians that immigrated to Argentina between 1876 and 1895 were from northern and central Italy.[11] Many Italian immigrants in Clinton, Indiana were from the Piedmont and Veneto regions of northern Italy.[12]

Etymology[edit]

A preparation of bagna calda

The name bagna càuda, alternatively spelled bagna caôda or bagnacauda, is etymologically related to the Italian roots of bagno, meaning "bath", and caldo, meaning "hot".

History[edit]

In the past walnut or hazelnut oil would have been used.[13] Sometimes, truffles are used in versions around Alba, Piedmont, Italy.[14] It is traditionally eaten during the autumn and winter months, particularly at Christmas and New Year's, and must be served hot, as the name suggests.

Similar dishes[edit]

Pinzimonio is a similar dipping sauce prepared using olive oil, wine vinegar, salt and pepper that is served with raw vegetables.[4][15] It is typically served cold.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lo Zingarelli 2008, s.v.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Root, W. (1992). The Food of Italy. Vintage Books. pp. 319–320. ISBN 978-0-679-73896-1. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b Sinclair, C.G. (1998). International Dictionary of Food and Cooking. Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-57958-057-5. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b Western Pennsylvania History. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. 1999. p. 167. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  5. ^ Los Angeles Magazine. Los Angeles Magazine. 2008. p. 114. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  6. ^ Buckley, Chris (November 27, 2012). "Iconic Charleroi eatery – Rego's – changes hands". TribLIVE.com. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  7. ^ Waters, A.L. (2014). Chez Panisse Cafe Cookbook. Chez Panisse (in French). HarperCollins. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-06-235400-6. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  8. ^ McCloskey, E.; Ainsley, R.; Eder, T. (2011). Argentina: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Guides. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 388. ISBN 978-1-84162-351-1. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  9. ^ Books, Madison; Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC; Kummer, C. (2007). 1001 Foods To Die For (in German). Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-7407-7043-2. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  10. ^ Zelinsky, Wilbur (2001). The Enigma of Ethnicity: Another American Dilemma. NONE Series. University of Iowa Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-58729-339-9. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  11. ^ Aliano, D. (2012). Mussolini's National Project in Argentina. The Fairleigh Dickinson University Press Series in Italian Studies. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-61147-577-7. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  12. ^ Calvitto, C. (2007). Searching for Italy in America's Rural Heartland. Vantage Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-533-15737-2. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  13. ^ Paolo Massobrio, ‘Il rito della Bagnacauda’, a+, December 2004.
  14. ^ Hesser, Amanda (November 5, 2009). "Bagna Cauda, 1960". New York Times. p. MM20, New York edition. Retrieved March 8, 2010. 
  15. ^ Darrow, D.; Maresca, T. (2012). The Seasons of the Italian Kitchen. Grove/Atlantic, Incorporated. p. pt185. ISBN 978-0-8021-9341-4. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  16. ^ Vivian, C.; Sansone, V.P. (2011). Tuscan-American Kitchen, A (in German). Pelican Pub. Company. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-58980-906-2. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 

External links[edit]