Cycling at the Summer Olympics

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Cycling at the Summer Olympics
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Governing body UCI
Events 18 (men: 9; women: 9)
Games

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, at which a road race and five track events were held. Mountain bike racing entered the Olympic programme in Atlanta, GA. 1996, followed by BMX racing in 2008. All events are speed races - there is no BMX freestyle or dirt jumping for example.

Women's cycling did not enter the Olympic programme until the road race at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Women have competed in track events as well since 1988.

The 2012 Summer Olympics were the first at which men and women competed in the same number of events in all cycling disciplines including track cycling, which previously had more men's and fewer women's events than the 2012 programme.[1] However, women have shorter distances for some events.

Events[edit]

Track cycling, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Current program
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 5
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Pursuit, team - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Sprint, individual X X - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 5
Past events
14 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
13 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
12 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
1 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
2 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
660 yards - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
10 kilometres X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
20 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 kilometres - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
50 kilometres - - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
100 kilometres X - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
12 hours X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X - - 3
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X - - 7
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - 12
Tandem - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - 13
1 km time trial X[a] - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - 19
Events 5 2 7 7 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5 5 5 5 8 8 7 5 5
  1. ^ The 1896 time trial was the only time the event was held over one-third of a kilometre rather than one kilometre

Track cycling, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Pursuit, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Sprint, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X 8
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X - - 4
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X - - 5
500 m time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X - - - 2
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 5 5

Road cycling, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Road race, individual X - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Road race, team - - - - - - - X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
Time trial, individual - - - - X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 9
Time trial, team - - - - X X X - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - 12
Events 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Road cycling, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Road race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X 9
Time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Mountain bike, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

Mountain bike, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

BMX, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1

BMX, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1

Medal table[edit]

As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 41 27 22 90
2  Italy (ITA) 33 16 10 59
3  Great Britain (GBR) 32 30 25 87
4  Netherlands (NED) 18 21 11 50
5  United States (USA) 16 18 23 57
6  Australia (AUS) 14 19 18 51
7  Germany (GER) 14 14 16 44
8  Soviet Union (URS) 11 4 9 24
9  Denmark (DEN) 7 9 10 26
10  Belgium (BEL) 7 8 11 26
11  East Germany (GDR) 6 6 4 16
12  Switzerland (SUI) 5 8 6 19
13  Russia (RUS) 5 5 9 19
14  Spain (ESP) 5 5 5 15
15  Sweden (SWE) 4 5 8 17
16  West Germany (FRG) 4 5 5 14
17  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 2 2 2 6
18  Colombia (COL) 2 1 3 6
19  Norway (NOR) 2 0 2 4
20  Latvia (LAT) 2 0 1 3
21  Canada (CAN) 1 5 8 14
22  South Africa (RSA) 1 4 3 8
23  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1 4 2 7
24  New Zealand (NZL) 1 3 4 8
25  China (CHN) 1 3 3 7
26  Greece (GRE) 1 3 0 4
27  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 0 2
 Czech Republic (CZE) 1 1 0 2
29  Austria (AUT) 1 0 2 3
30  Argentina (ARG) 1 0 0 1
 Estonia (EST) 1 0 0 1
32  Poland (POL) 0 7 4 11
33  Japan (JPN) 0 1 3 4
34  Ukraine (UKR) 0 1 2 3
35  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 1 2
36  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
 Uruguay (URU) 0 1 0 1
39  Belarus (BLR) 0 0 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG) 0 0 1 1
 Jamaica (JAM) 0 0 1 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 0 1 1
 Malaysia (MAS) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Total 241 240 238 719

Medalists[edit]

Cyclists who have won 6 or more Olympic medals.

As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
# Cyclist Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins  Great Britain (GBR) 5 1 2 8
2 Hoy, ChrisChris Hoy  Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 0 7
2 Kenny, JasonJason Kenny  Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 0 7
4 Van Moorsel, LeontienLeontien Van Moorsel  Netherlands (NED) 4 1 1 6
5 Downing, BurtonBurton Downing  United States (USA) 2 3 1 6
6 Meares, AnnaAnna Meares  Australia (AUS) 2 1 3 6

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
 Albania (ALB) 1 1
 Algeria (ALG) 2 1 1 2 3
 Andorra (AND) 2 3 2
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 2 3 2 3 1 5
 Argentina (ARG) 5 6 12 6 8 10 9 8 4 8 7 8 10 8 4 10 4 6 18
 Armenia (ARM) 1 1
 Aruba (ARU) 2 1 2
 Australia (AUS) 2 4 2 1 3 6 6 11 9 14 9 10 12 10 12 17 16 21 27 24 28 27 31 23
 Austria (AUT) 1 6 2 10 8 4 4 8 5 6 6 9 7 5 9 9 10 6 5 4 20
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 3 2
 Bahamas (BAH) 2 1
 Bahrain (BRN) 4 1
 Barbados (BAR) 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 7
 Belarus (BLR) 7 6 5 8 4 5
 Belgium (BEL) 1 6 1 15 9 8 8 12 11 7 13 10 15 14 7 12 8 6 7 9 13 9 11 16 14 25
 Belize (BIZ) 2 6 5 5 1 5
 Benin (BEN) 2 1
 Bermuda (BER) 3 1 2
 Bohemia (BOH) 1 5 2
 Bolivia (BOL) 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Brazil (BRA) 3 1 1 2 6 7 8 7 8 4 6 5 9 10 14
 British West Indies (BWI) 1 1
 Bulgaria (BUL) 7 10 5 5 1 4 6 6 1 3 2 2 1 13
 Cambodia (CAM) 6 1
 Cameroon (CMR) 4 4 6 5 4
 Canada (CAN) 5 2 5 1 6 7 6 6 2 3 2 6 9 11 13 11 15 15 15 12 15 15 19 23
 Cayman Islands (CAY) 6 6 6 1 4
 Central African Republic (CAF) 4 1
 Chile (CHI) 4 3 5 4 4 4 2 2 7 1 5 2 3 5 3 2 16
 China (CHN) 7 9 6 5 3 6 12 12 14 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 4 5 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 12
 Colombia (COL) 8 7 8 10 10 11 7 7 8 12 9 8 13 17 15 15
 Costa Rica (CRC) 5 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 8
 Croatia (CRO) 3 2 2 3
 Cuba (CUB) 1 6 6 6 3 4 1 4 4 3 4 3 12
 Czech Republic (CZE) 6 8 13 12 10 12 6
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 8 4 4 6 6 6 9 8 15 11 11 13 12 14
 Cyprus (CYP) 1 1 1 1 4
 Denmark (DEN) 8 6 6 5 6 11 11 13 2 8 12 13 13 11 11 13 9 11 12 9 8 15 10 13 24
 Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1
 DR Congo (COD) 5 4 3 3
 East Germany (GDR) 10 11 11 13 17 5
 Ecuador (ECU) 4 4 1 2 3 1 2 2 8
 Egypt (EGY) 3 4 1 3
 El Salvador (ESA) 5 1 1 1 2 1 6
 Eritrea (ERI) 1 1 2
 Estonia (EST) 3 7 5 6 4 2 2 7
 Ethiopia (ETH) 4 5 4 5 5 8 5 1 8
 Fiji (FIJ) 1 1
 Finland (FIN) 5 4 1 2 5 11 1 4 4 6 1 5 5 4 2 5 2 2 1 19
 France (FRA) 2 58 23 12 13 11 8 8 8 11 10 11 14 14 14 15 14 9 17 16 18 20 26 21 28 23 22 27
 Georgia (GEO) 1 1
 Germany (GER) 5 3 9 11 10 4 12 5 17 18 25 22 20 22 29 15
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 36 26 13 12 12 7 11 10 12 12 12 12 14 11 11 12 16 17 16 19 22 22 25 25 26 27
 Greece (GRE) 9 1 3 1 2 1 3 4 5 4 4 3 12
 Guam (GUM) 6 2 1 1 4
 Guatemala (GUA) 5 4 1 5 6 1 2 1 1 9
 Guyana (GUY) 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 7
 Hong Kong (HKG) 4 4 4 5 1 2 1 4 5 5 10
 Hungary (HUN) 5 4 1 8 6 5 7 7 4 1 10 1 4 1 1 2 5 3 1 19
 Indonesia (INA) 1 1
 Iran (IRI) 4 4 7 7 7 2 4 3 3 3 10
 Iraq (IRQ) 2 1 2
 India (IND) 9 5 5 3
 Individual Olympic Athletes (IOA) 5 1
 Indonesia (INA) 4 2 1 3
 Ireland (IRL) 2 5 3 4 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 15
 Israel (ISR) 2 2 2
 Italy (ITA) 7 1 4 12 10 12 10 11 12 11 12 14 14 16 15 14 10 21 18 18 21 18 13 15 13 19 26
 Jamaica (JAM) 1 6 3 2 5 3 3 1 8
 Japan (JPN) 4 1 5 15 1 3 5 9 12 12 8 10 11 14 9 9 16
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 7 8 3 2 3 6
 Kenya (KEN) 1 1
 Kosovo (KOS) 1 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 1 1 1 3
 Laos (LAO) 1 1
 Latvia (LAT) 4 5 4 5 7 9 2 5 5 4 10
 Lebanon (LIB) 1 1 2 1 2 2 6
 Lesotho (LES) 1 1
 Libya (LBA) 7 2 1 1 4
 Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 2 1 1 3 2 6
 Lithuania (LTU) 2 4 5 13 8 9 8 4 4 9
 Luxembourg (LUX) 1 5 4 4 4 4 1 6 2 1 2 2 3 3 2 3 16
 Madagascar (MAD) 1 1
 Malawi (MAW) 2 4 4 3
 Malaysia (MAS) 9 2 4 1 1 2 1 1 3 4 2 11
 Malta (MLT) 3 4 4 3
 Mauritius (MRI) 1 1 1 3
 Mexico (MEX) 3 5 4 4 10 9 12 6 6 8 5 5 9 2 2 2 2 4 18
 Moldova (MDA) 5 2 1 1 4
 Monaco (MON) 1 1
 Mongolia (MGL) 4 5 4 1 4
 Morocco (MAR) 4 4 3 4 4
 Namibia (NAM) 1 1 2 2 3 5
 Netherlands (NED) 5 10 10 11 2 11 9 6 13 12 10 11 12 7 16 13 17 16 18 24 26 24 26 23
 Nicaragua (NCA) 4 1 2
 North Korea (PRK) 3 1
 Norway (NOR) 6 4 4 2 4 3 1 6 7 8 10 5 9 6 10 8 8 6 7 19
 New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 1 2 6 1 5 5 8 4 7 13 14 17 17 16 16 21 19 19
 Oman (OMA) 1 1
 Pakistan (PAK) 2 2 4 2 4 5
 Peru (PER) 4 3 1 5 1 1 6
 Philippines (PHI) 4 3 1 4 3 2 1 7
 Poland (POL) 8 11 4 5 8 10 12 11 11 11 9 8 10 16 11 12 17 17
 Portugal (POR) 4 6 4 4 2 4 6 7
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 1 1 1 4
 Republic of China (ROC) 1 1 2
 Romania (ROU) 5 6 5 1 1 2 1 1 1 9
 Russia (RUS) 18 19 20 22 17 16 6
 Russian Empire (RU1) 10 1
 Rwanda (RWA) 3 1 2 3
 Samoa (SAM) 1 1
 San Marino (SMR) 4 2 1 1 2 1 1 7
 Saudi Arabia (KSA) 6 3 2
 Serbia (SRB) 2 2 2 3
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 1 1
 Sierra Leone (SLE) 1 1
 Slovakia (SVK) 10 7 9 4 2 2 6
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 6 4 6 6 7 7
 South Africa (RSA) 4 1 5 1 1 2 3 5 6 5 5 6 4 4 8 9 7 17
 South Korea (KOR) 2 3 2 4 6 2 10 15 4 9 3 5 4 10 8 15
 Soviet Union (URS) 10 12 13 12 15 15 12 13 18 9
 Spain (ESP) 1 9 6 7 8 4 4 13 14 18 22 22 18 16 12 15
 Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1
 Suriname (SUR) 1 1 2
 Sweden (SWE) 2 12 4 4 4 4 5 4 8 4 4 4 6 5 6 6 11 8 9 7 5 9 8 5 4 25
 Switzerland (SUI) 9 9 11 11 10 14 5 4 10 6 10 12 9 13 13 16 16 14 11 15 20
 Syria (SYR) 1 1
 Thailand (THA) 8 7 7 6 1 1 2 7
 Timor-Leste (TLS) 1 1
 Togo (TOG) 3 2 2
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1 1 3 7 6 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 12
 Tunisia (TUN) 4 1 1 3
 Turkey (TUR) 4 4 4 6 1 1 3 2 8
 Uganda (UGA) 2 1
 Ukraine (UKR) 12 14 16 16 10 7 6
 Unified Team (EUN) 19 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 10 14 13 3
 United Arab Emirates (UAE) 6 4 1 1 4
 United States (USA) 1 17 2 9 9 5 4 12 6 9 9 10 14 16 15 15 13 20 19 20 23 26 18 24 24 21 26
 Uruguay (URU) 9 7 5 5 8 5 5 5 1 3 2 3 2 2 1 1 16
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 1 1 2 4
 Venezuela (VEN) 1 4 4 5 6 5 2 4 4 6 5 3 4 12 9 15
 Vietnam (VIE) 4 6 6 2 1 5
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 1 1 2
 West Germany (FRG) 14 17 12 20 15 5
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 4 4 4 1 5 4 5 2 4 6 6 12
 Zimbabwe (ZIM) 3 2 1 1 4
No. of nations 5 7 2 11 16 14 24 27 13 30 33 36 30 48 40 52 54 49 34 54 62 76 68 55 61 66 74 80
No. of cyclists 19 72 18 97 123 103 139 149 66 175 188 215 161 297 303 329 359 295 230 359 422 451 477 462 464 508 501 523

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Cycling at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons