|Subprefecture and commune|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Franck Marlin|
|Area1||40.92 km2 (15.80 sq mi)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||91223 /91150|
|Elevation||66–156 m (217–512 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Étampes (French pronunciation: [etɑ̃p]) is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. It is located 48.1 km (29.9 mi) south-southwest from the center of Paris (as the crow flies). Étampes is a sub-prefecture of the Essonne department.
Étampes (Latin: Stampae) existed at the beginning of the 7th century and in the early Middle Ages belonged to the crown domain. During the Middle Ages it was the scene of several councils, the most notable of which took place in 1130 and resulted in the recognition of Innocent II as the legitimate pope. In 1652, during the war of the Fronde it suffered severely at the hands of the royal troops under Turenne.
Inhabitants of Étampes are known as Étampois.
A fine view of Étampes is obtained from the Tour Guinette, a keep (now ruined) built by Louis VI in the 12th century on an eminence on the other side of the railway. Notre-Dame du Fort, the chief church, dates from the 11th and 12th centuries; irregular in plan, it is remarkable for a fine Romanesque tower and spire, and for the crenellated wall which partly surrounds it. The interior contains ancient paintings and other artistic works. St Basile (12th and 16th centuries), which preserves a Romanesque doorway, and St Martin (12th and 13th centuries), with a leaning tower of the 16th century, are of less importance.
The civil buildings offer little interest, but two houses named after Anne de Pisseleu, mistress of Francis I, and Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henry II, are graceful examples of Renaissance architecture. In the square there is a statue of the naturalist, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, who was born in Étampes.
Monuments and tourist attractions
- Hôtel Anne de Pisseleu
- Théâtre buily by the architect Gabriel Davioud in 1851-1852, paid for by a public subscription
- Regional leisure park (wave pool)
- Sculptures created by André Deluol: Vénus anadyomène, La Terre, Le Corbeau et le Renard, Jeune fille et oiseau, Un Ange, Deux danseuses nues
- Église Notre Dame du Fort
- Église Saint-Basile
- Église Saint-Martin, famous for its leaning tour
- Église Saint-Gilles
- Chapelle de Gérofosse
- Chapelle de Guinette
- Louise Abbéma, painter, sculptor, and designer
- Theobald of Étampes
- Yacouba Sylla, footballer
- Bilal Ouali, footballer
- Michel Crépu (born 1954), writer and literary critic, winner of the 2012 Prix des Deux Magots
The subprefecture, a tribunal of first instance, and a communal college are among the public institutions of Étampes.
- Mayors of Essonne Association (in French)
- The "Pergola de la Douce France" is located in the gardens of the Tour Guinette in Étampes and was part of a larger composition created in 1925 for the Exposition des Arts décoratifs et industriels. It was acquired by Étampes in 1934. The work comprises four large stone blocks on which sixteen bas-reliefs have been created by various sculptors.Georges Saupique executed the reliefs "Le Saint Graal" and "L’Aurochs".
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Étampes". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 803–804.
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