List of peninsulas

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Eurasia's largest peninsula, Europe. The map incorrectly shows the land east of Bosporus as belonging to Europe.

A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island") is a piece of land that is bordered mostly by water but connected to mainland.[1][2][3][4] The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as such. A peninsula can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] In English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water.

Presented below is a list of peninsulas.

Africa[edit]

The Horn of Africa also known as the Somali peninsula

Somali peninsula[edit]

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in Northeast Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, and is the easternmost projection of the African continent. It denotes the region containing the countries of Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Ethiopia.

North Africa[edit]

Macaronesia[edit]

West Africa[edit]

Other[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Macau[edit]

Russia[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Map of Anatolian Peninsula, the Asian part of Turkey

Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Indian subcontinent and South Asia[edit]

South India (Peninsular India)

The Indian subcontinent is a peninsula, the only land feature in the world widely recognized as a subcontinent in the English language.

Japan[edit]

Kyūshū[edit]

Honshū[edit]

Hokkaido[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Korean Peninsula

The whole land mass encompassing North and South Korea is a peninsula, surrounded by the Sea of Japan on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, with the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Arabian Gulf[edit]

Indochina[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Europe is sometimes considered to be a large peninsula extending off Eurasia.[7] As such, it is one of the largest peninsulas in the world and the only one to have the status as a full continent, largely as a matter of convention rather than science. It is composed of many smaller peninsulas, the four main and largest component peninsulas being the Scandinavian, Iberian, Balkan and Italian peninsulas.

Balkan Peninsula[edit]

The Balkan Peninsula, as defined by the SočaVipavaKrkaSavaDanube border.

The Balkans is a peninsula including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the European part of Turkey.

France[edit]

Iberian Peninsula[edit]

Satellite view of the Iberian Peninsula

Encompassing continental Spain and Portugal, Andorra, British overseas territory of Gibraltar and a small amount of southern France.

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Satellite view of the Italian Peninsula

[8]

Ligurian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Ionian Sea
Adriatic Sea

Malta[edit]

Russia[edit]

Scandinavia[edit]

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, located on the Jutland Peninsula, and Norway and Sweden, located the on the Scandinavian Peninsula.[9] In English usage, Scandinavia also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, which is always known locally as the Nordic countries.[10][11]

The Scandinavian Peninsula, along with the islands, encompasses present-day Sweden, Norway, and the northwestern area of Finland.

Fennoscandia or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula (Russia).

Fennoscandia including the Scandinavian Peninsula and Kola Peninsula

Norway[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom and Crown dependencies[edit]

England[edit]

Southwestern England and the English Channel. France's Brittany Peninsula is also shown at the bottom of the picture.

Scotland[edit]

Wales[edit]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Channel Islands[edit]

Isle of Man[edit]

Other peninsulas in Europe[edit]

A small peninsula in Croatia

North America[edit]

Belize[edit]

Canada[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Newfoundland[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Nunavut[edit]

Baffin Island[edit]

Ontario[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Saint Lucia[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Greenland[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Panama[edit]

United States[edit]

Alaska[edit]

California[edit]

Florida[edit]

The Floridian Peninsula, shown by a NASA satellite image

Florida is a well-known example of a large peninsula, with its land area divided between the larger Florida peninsula and the smaller Florida panhandle on the north and west. It has several smaller peninsulas within it:

Maryland[edit]

Mid-Atlantic shoreline showing, from the upper right, the Cape May Peninsula of New Jersey, Delaware Bay, the Delmarva Peninsula, and Chesapeake Bay. Also visible are the peninsulas of Maryland and Virginia along the Chesapeake's shores.

Massachusetts[edit]

Cape Cod, a peninsula of Massachusetts

Michigan[edit]

The large Michigan Peninsulas from space, showing both the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula

New Jersey[edit]

New York[edit]

Long Island, New York, with its North and South Forks
  • Irondequoit, NY (geographical headland)

Utah[edit]

  • Antelope Island, Utah, becomes a peninsula when waters are low, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Promontory Peninsula, on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Stansbury Peninsula becomes an island when waters are high, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake

Vermont[edit]

  • Alburgh, Vermont, is on the Alburgh Tongue, a peninsula extending from Quebec, Canada into Lake Champlain

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

Other states[edit]

South America[edit]

Southern Cone[edit]

Satellite images of the Southern Cone extending off South America month by month

The Southern Cone, like Europe, is sometimes considered to be a large peninsula.[12] Geographically, the peninsula encompasses most of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Southern Brazil and the southernmost portion of Paraguay, which makes it one of the largest peninsulas in the world. Like the Indian Peninsula, the Southern Cone is sometimes considered to be a subcontinent.[13]

Other peninsulas in South America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

A beach on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria

Papua New Guinea[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

NASA satellite photo of Otago Peninsula and Otago Harbour. The city of Dunedin is located at the isthmus at lower left.
In the North Island
In the South Island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2004. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-547-35027-1. OCLC 55746553.
  2. ^ "pen·in·su·la". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  5. ^ "List of peninsulas". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  6. ^ http://travelingluck.com/Africa/Sierra%20Leone/Northern/_2409328_Fourah+Point.html#local_map
  7. ^ National Geographic, ed. (1996). "Peninsula". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  8. ^ *Apennine Peninsula
  9. ^ John Harrison, Michael Hoyler, Megaregions: Globalization's New Urban Form? (p. 152), Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
  10. ^ "Definition of Scandinavia in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 23 December 2016. A large peninsula in north-western Europe, occupied by Norway and Sweden … A cultural region consisting of the countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark and sometimes also of Iceland, Finland, and the Faroe Islands
  11. ^ "Facts about the Nordic region". Nordic Council of Ministers & Nordic Council. 1 October 2007. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2014. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland work together in the official Nordic co-operation.
  12. ^ Podetti, J. Ramiro (2011). "La visión geopolítica de Artigas": 3. Retrieved 10 November 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ Baldwin, James A. (2014), "Continents", in R.W. McColl (ed.), Encyclopedia of World Geography, Infobase Publishing, p. 215, ISBN 978-0-8160-7229-3

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of peninsula at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Peninsulas at Wikimedia Commons