Georgemas Junction railway station

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Georgemas Junction National Rail
Scottish Gaelic: Snaidhm Georgemas[1]
Georgemas Junction August 2012.jpg
Looking west towards Halkirk village and the line to Thurso (right)
Location
PlaceGeorgemas
Local authorityHighland
Coordinates58°30′49″N 3°27′06″W / 58.5135°N 3.4518°W / 58.5135; -3.4518Coordinates: 58°30′49″N 3°27′06″W / 58.5135°N 3.4518°W / 58.5135; -3.4518
Grid referenceND155592
Operations
Station codeGGJ
Managed byAbellio ScotRail
Number of platforms1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2014/15Increase 1,696
2015/16Decrease 1,572
2016/17Decrease 1,502
2017/18Decrease 1,320
2018/19Increase 1,576
History
Original companySutherland and Caithness Railway
Pre-groupingHighland Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
British Railways
1874Opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Georgemas Junction from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Georgemas Junction railway station is a railway station located in the Highland council area in the far north of Scotland. It serves several rural hamlets in the historic county of Caithness, including Georgemas, Roadside and Banniskirk. It is also the nearest station to the village of Halkirk, which lies approximately 1.6 miles (2.6 km) west of the station.

Georgemas Junction is the penultimate station on the Far North Line from Inverness to Wick, 147 miles 20 chains (237.0 km) down the line from Inverness.[2] Immediately to the west of the station lies a junction of the same name, where the branch to Thurso spurs off northwards; mileages on this branch are measured from the station.[2] This junction is the northernmost railway junction in the United Kingdom.

The station has a single platform which is long enough to accommodate a six-carriage train.[2]

History[edit]

The station was built by the Sutherland and Caithness Railway (S&CR). The station buildings were designed by Murdoch Paterson and it opened on 28 July 1874[3] and on that date the Highland Railway absorbed the S&CR and operated the newly completed line from Helmsdale to Thurso and Wick. A wrought-iron turntable of 45 feet (14 m) diameter built by the Railway Steel and Plant Company of Manchester was installed at the station.[4]

In 1902, Donald Mackenzie, station master was appointed first station master of Dornoch railway station.[5]

From 1 January 1923 the station was operated by the London Midland and Scottish Railway.

At the end of February 1937 trains were stranded at Georgemas Junction because of heavy snow. A goods train from Inverness got stuck in a drift 9 feet (2.7 m) deep. An engine with a snow plough was also stuck at the same location.[6]

The station used to have two platforms until 2012, when Direct Rail Services constructed a new freight terminal at Georgemas, which led to the removal of the former westbound platform and footbridge. This has been used by trains taking nuclear material from Dounreay to Sellafield.[7]

Facilities[edit]

Facilities at this station include a payphone that accepts card and coins, a waiting room and designated seating area, a cycle rack with 10 spaces, and a free car park with 2 spaces. The nearest bus stop to the station is located 850 metres (0.53 mi) to the north.[8]

Operation[edit]

Georgemas Junction station in 2007, before removal of the footbridge and second platform in connection with provision of a new freight handling facility

Until diesel multiple unit trains were introduced by British Rail in the early 1990s, all trains on the Far North Line were locomotive-hauled, initially by Highland Railway steam locomotives, then by LMSR steam locomotives and latterly by British Railways steam and finally Class 37 diesel locomotives. Northbound passenger trains would divide at Georgemas Junction, with the rear portion for Thurso and the front portion for Wick. A locomotive was stabled at Georgemas Junction to haul the Thurso carriages.

Following the introduction of Class 156 diesel multiple units on the line, trains were always composed of two trainsets (four cars) and at Georgemas, these would split in half with the front portion heading to Wick, the rear to Thurso.

This practice was halted with the introduction of Class 158 sets which operate as single sets. On arrival at Georgemas Junction from Inverness, trains reverse to reach Thurso, and then reverse again from Thurso back to Georgemas Junction (stopping a second time) and on to Wick. An easement to the National Routeing Guide allows passengers for Wick to stay on the train between Georgemas Junction and Thurso, which would otherwise technically be off-route.[9]

Georgemas Junction station has been used for several freight services. In the early 2000s, EWS operated a freight train for Safeway supermarket, running from Mossend to Georgemas. Containers were unloaded at Georgemas, then transported by road to Wick and Thurso, and by ferry to Orkney.[10]

In 2012, the former platform 1 was removed as part of a scheme to construct a new freight terminal on the site.[7] As this platform was located on a passing loop which did not connect directly to the Thurso branch, it was very little-used by passenger trains, since all services through the station run to or from Thurso.[11] The purpose of the passing loop dates back to the era of loco-hauled trains which divided/attached at the station – an Inverness-bound train from Wick would loop around the Thurso portion standing on the second (remaining) platform, and attach to it from behind.

Services[edit]

On weekdays and Saturdays, there are four trains per day each way between Inverness and Wick.[11]

After arriving at Georgemas Junction, services towards Wick reverse at the station and travel along the branch line to Thurso first, before reversing again and continuing via Georgemas Junction to Wick. Similarly, services towards Inverness first run to Thurso, reverse there and come back to Georgemas Junction before reversing again to continue to Inverness. As a result, all trains call at the station twice per journey, and the net daily service frequency is four trains per day to/from Inverness, four per day to/from Wick, and eight per day to/from Thurso.[11]

On Sundays, the frequency is reduced to one train per day each way. Since all services call twice as above, this gives one train per day to/from both Inverness and Wick, and two trains per day to/from Thurso.[11]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Scotscalder
or Forsinard
  Abellio ScotRail
Far North Line
  Thurso
Wick    
  Historical railways  
Halkirk
line open, station closed
  Highland Railway
Sutherland and Caithness Railway
  Bower
line open, station closed
Hoy
line open, station closed
   

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brailsford 2017, Gaelic/English Station Index.
  2. ^ a b c Brailsford 2017, map 20E.
  3. ^ "The Sunderland and Caithness Railway". The Scotsman. British Newspaper Archive. 27 July 1874. Retrieved 14 August 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ "The Sutherland and Caithness Railway". John o’Groat Journal. Scotland. 9 July 1874. Retrieved 15 July 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "Opening of the Dornoch Light Railway". John o’Groat Journal. Scotland. 30 May 1902. Retrieved 30 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "Trains delayed". Aberdeen Journal. British Newspaper Archive. 1 March 1937. Retrieved 15 August 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ a b "Rail terminal is a major boost". John O'Groat Journal. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Facilities". ScotRail. ScotRail. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Routeing Guide Easements" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  10. ^ "Supermarket containers being unloaded at Georgemas Junction, 2001". Am Baile. Highland Council.
  11. ^ a b c d GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Table 239

Sources[edit]

  • Brailsford, Martyn, ed. (December 2017) [1987]. Railway Track Diagrams 1: Scotland & Isle of Man (6th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-9-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137.

External links[edit]