ICC Men's T20 World Cup

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ICC Men's T20 World Cup
ICC Men's T20 World Cup Trophy.webp
T20 World Cup Trophy
AdministratorInternational Cricket Council (ICC)
FormatTwenty20 International
First edition2007
Latest edition2016
Next edition2021
Tournament formatPreliminary round
Super 10/12
Number of teams16
20 (2024 onwards)[1]
Current champion West Indies (2nd title)
Most successful West Indies (2 titles)
Most runsSri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene (1016)[2]
Most wicketsPakistan Shahid Afridi (39)[3]

The ICC Men's T20 World Cup (earlier known as ICC World Twenty20)[4] is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament currently consists of 16 teams, comprising the top ten teams from the rankings at the given deadline and six other teams chosen through the T20 World Cup Qualifier. All matches are played as Twenty20 Internationals.

The event has generally been held every two years. However, the next edition of the tournament was scheduled to take place in 2020 in Australia, but due to COVID-19, the tournament has been postponed to 2021, with the host changed to India, five years after the conclusion of the 2016 edition. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in India, the matches were relocated to the United Arab Emirates and Oman. In May 2016, the ICC put forward the idea of having a tournament in 2018, with South Africa being the possible host.[5] But at the conclusion of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, the ICC dropped the idea of 2018 edition.[6]

Six tournaments have so far been played, and only the West Indies, who currently hold the title, has won the tournament on multiple occasions. The inaugural 2007 World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa, and won by India, who defeated Pakistan in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The 2009 tournament took place in England, and was won by the previous runner-up, Pakistan, who defeated Sri Lanka in the final at Lord's. The third tournament was held in 2010, hosted by the countries making up the West Indies cricket team. England defeated Australia in the final in Barbados, which was played at Kensington Oval, winning their first international tournament. The fourth tournament, the 2012 World Twenty20, was held in Asia for the first time, with all matches played in Sri Lanka. The West Indies won the tournament by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, winning its first international tournament since the 2004 Champions Trophy.[7] The fifth tournament, the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, was hosted by Bangladesh, and was won by Sri Lanka defeating India, Sri Lanka being the first team to play in three finals. West Indies are the current T20 World Cup holders, beating England in the 2016 final, winning their second title.



When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. Cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game's popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast-paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format.[8]

Domestic tournaments
Bangladesh V South Africa at the 2007 tournament

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup.[9] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title.[10] The first Twenty20 match held at Lord's, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex and Surrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the largest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground other than a one-day final since 1953.[11]

Soon after with the adoption of Twenty20 matches by other cricket boards, the popularity of the format grew with unexpected crowd attendance, new domestic tournaments such as Pakistan's Faysal Bank T20 Cup and Stanford 20/20 tournament, and the financial incentive in the format.

The West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. The event was financially backed by convicted fraudster Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money, the fruit of his massive Ponzi scheme. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money.[12][13] A spin-off tournament, the Stanford Super Series, was held in October 2008 between Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, the respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, and a Stanford Superstars team formed from West Indies domestic players; Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money.[14][15] On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming a US$20,000,000 in each match.[16][17]

Twenty20 Internationals

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair styles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

Inaugural tournaments[edit]

Lasith Malinga bowling to Shahid Afridi in the 2009 Final at Lord's.

It was first decided that every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place, except in the event of a Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final.[18] Kenya and Scotland had to qualify via the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One which was a 50-over competition that took place in Nairobi.[19] In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money.[20] The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country.

Expansion to 16 teams[edit]

The 2012 edition was to be expanded into a 16 team format however this was reverted to 12.[21] The 2014 tournament, held in Bangladesh was the first to feature 16 teams including all ten full members and six associate members who qualified through the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. However the top eight full member teams in the ICC Men's T20I Team rankings on 8 October 2012 were given a place in the Super 10 stage. The remaining eight teams competed in the group stage, from which two teams advance to the Super 10 stage.[22][23] Three new teams (Nepal, Hong Kong and UAE) made their debut in this tournament.

Expansion to 20 teams[edit]

The four T20 World Cup tournaments in 2024, 2026, 2028, and 2030 will be expanded to include 20 teams, ICC’s official press release said.[24]


In July 2020, the ICC announced that both the 2020 and 2021 editions had each been postponed by one year due to the pandemic.[25] Therefore, the 2020 tournament (originally to be hosted by Australia) was moved to November 2021, and the 2021 tournament (originally to be hosted by India) was moved to October 2022.[26] Australia and India retained the rights to host the tournaments, albeit in reverse order, with India hosting in 2021 and Australia in 2022.[27] [28]



All ICC full members qualify automatically for the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament, known as the T20 World Cup Qualifier. Qualification for the inaugural 2007 World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for ICC associate and affiliate members. The two finalists of the 2007 WCL Division One tournament, Kenya and Scotland, qualified for the World Twenty20 later in the year. A separate qualification tournament was implemented for the 2009 World Twenty20, and has been retained since then. The number of teams qualifying through the World Twenty20 Qualifier has varied, however, ranging from two (in 2010 and 2012) to six (in 2014 and 2016).

Final tournament[edit]

In each group stage (both the preliminary round and the Super 12 round), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:[29]

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, higher number of wins
  3. If still equal, higher net run rate
  4. If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
  5. If still equal, result of head to head meeting.

In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over would decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, subsequent super overs would be played until there is a winner. Earlier, the match would won by the team that had scored the most boundaries in their innings.[30] During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches.[31]


The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, England, West Indies and Sri Lanka hosted the tournament in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. Bangladesh hosted the tournament in 2014.[32] India hosted the last edition of the tournament in 2016.

In December 2015, Tim Anderson, the ICC's head of global development, suggested that a future tournament be hosted by the United States. He believed that hosting the event could help spur growth of the game in the country, where it is relatively obscure and faces competition by other sports such as baseball.[33] In 2020, the USA and West Indies expressed interest in co-hosting a T20 World Cup after 2023,[34] with Malaysia being another possible contender.[35]


Year Host(s) Final venue Final
Winner Runner-up Margin
 South Africa Johannesburg  India
157/5 (20 overs)
152 all out (19.4 overs)
5 runs
 England London  Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
 Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
8 wickets
 West Indies Bridgetown  England
148/3 (17 overs)
147/6 (20 overs)
7 wickets
 Sri Lanka Colombo  West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
 Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
36 runs
 Bangladesh Dhaka  Sri Lanka
134/4 (17.5 overs)
130/4 (20 overs)
6 wickets
 India Kolkata  West Indies
161/6 (19.4 overs)
155/9 (20 overs)
4 wickets

Performance of teams[edit]

Team Appearances Best result Statistics[36]
Total First Latest Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 West Indies 6 2007 2016 Champions (2012, 2016) 31 17 12 1(1) 1 58.33
 Sri Lanka 6 2007 2016 Champions (2014) 35 22 12 1(1) 0 64.28
 India 6 2007 2016 Champions (2007) 33 20 11 1(1) 1 64.06
 Pakistan 6 2007 2016 Champions (2009) 34 19 14 1(0) 0 57.35
 England 6 2007 2016 Champions (2010) 32 15 16 0 1 48.38
 Australia 6 2007 2016 Runner-up (2010) 29 16 13 0 0 55.17
 South Africa 6 2007 2016 Semi-final (2009, 2014) 30 18 12 0 0 60.00
 New Zealand 6 2007 2016 Semi-final (2007, 2016) 30 15 13 2(0) 0 53.33
 Bangladesh 6 2007 2016 Super 8s (2007) 25 5 19 0 1 20.83
 Netherlands 3 2009 2016 Super 10s (2014) 12 5 6 0 1 45.45
 Afghanistan 4 2010 2016 Super 10s (2016) 14 5 9 0 0 35.71
 Ireland 5 2009 2016 Super 8s (2009) 15 3 9 0 3 25.00
 Zimbabwe 5 2007 2016 First round (2007, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016) 12 5 7 0 0 41.66
 Scotland 3 2007 2016 First round (2007, 2009, 2016) 7 1 5 0 1 16.66
 Hong Kong 2 2014 2016 First round (2014, 2016) 6 1 5 0 0 16.66
   Nepal 1 2014 2014 First round (2014) 3 2 1 0 0 66.66
 Oman 1 2016 2016 First round (2016) 3 1 1 0 1 50.00
 Kenya 1 2007 2007 First round (2007) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
 United Arab Emirates 1 2014 2014 First round (2014) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00


  • The number in bracket indicates number of wins in tied matches by Super Overs and bowl outs, however these are considered half a win regardless of the result. The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties (irrespective of a tiebreaker) as half a win.
  • Teams are sorted by best performance, then winning percentage, then (if equal) by alphabetical order

Team results by tournament[edit]

The ICC does not adjudicate rankings but only rounds a team achieves e.g. Semis, round one etc. The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.

  • C — Champions
  • RU — Runners-up
  • SF — Semi-finalist
  • R2 — Round 2 (Super 8s, Super 10s)
  • R1 — Round 1 (Group stage)
  •  ••  — Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew

The team ranking in each tournament is according to ICC. For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team South Africa
West Indies Cricket Board
Sri Lanka
United Arab EmiratesOman
 Afghanistan × × R1 R1 R1 R2 Q Q 6
 Australia SF R1 RU SF R2 R2 Q Q 8
 Bangladesh R2 R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 Q Q 8
 England R2 R2 C R2 R2 RU Q Q 8
 Hong Kong × × × R1 R1 2
 India C R2 R2 R2 RU SF Q Q 8
 Ireland R2 R1 R1 R1 R1 Q 6
 Kenya R1 1
 Namibia × × × Q 1
   Nepal × × × R1 1
 Netherlands R1 R2 R1 Q 4
 New Zealand SF R2 R2 R2 R2 SF Q Q 8
 Oman × × × R1 Q 2
 Pakistan RU C SF SF R2 R2 Q Q 8
 Papua New Guinea × × × Q 1
 Scotland R1 R1 R1 Q 4
 South Africa R2 SF R2 R2 SF R2 Q Q 8
 Sri Lanka R2 RU SF RU C R2 Q 7
 United Arab Emirates × × R1 1
 West Indies R1 SF R2 C SF C Q Q 8
 Zimbabwe R1 •• R1 R1 R1 R1 5

Debut of teams[edit]

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.

Year Debutants Total
2007  Australia,  Bangladesh,  England,  India,  Kenya,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Scotland,  South Africa,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies and  Zimbabwe 12
2009  Ireland and  Netherlands 2
2010  Afghanistan 1
2014  Hong Kong,    Nepal and  United Arab Emirates 3
2016  Oman 1
2021  Namibia and  Papua New Guinea 2
2022 TBD TBD
Total 21

Statistics and records[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ICC announces expansion of global events". ICC. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  2. ^ Records – ICC World Twenty20 – Most Runs Archived 1 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine Cricinfo
  3. ^ Records – ICC World Twenty20 – Most Wickets in a career Archived 1 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine Cricinfo
  4. ^ "World T20 renamed as T20 World Cup". ICC. 23 November 2018. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  5. ^ "ICC hopeful of World T20 return in 2018". ESPN Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  6. ^ Mukesh Bhatt (18 June 2017). "Champions Trophy to take place in 2021, No World T20 in 2018". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Samuels special the spur for epic West Indies win". Wisden India. 7 October 2012. Archived from the original on 10 December 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  8. ^ "The roots of Twenty20". BBC Sport. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  9. ^ Matches played 13 June 2003 Archived 10 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  10. ^ Twenty20 Cup, 2003, Final – Surrey v Warwickshire Archived 25 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  11. ^ Weaver, Paul (25 May 2009). "Usman Afzaal gives Surrey winning start but absent fans fuel concerns". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  12. ^ "Guyana crowned Stanford 20/20 champions". ESPNcricinfo. 14 August 2006.
  13. ^ "Dates for Stanford Twenty20 announced". The Jamaica Observer. 9 February 2006. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008.
  14. ^ "Udal leads Middlesex for Stanford". ESPNcricinfo. 3 October 2008. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  15. ^ McGlashan, Andrew (27 October 2008). "Ramdin leads T&T to big-money glory". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  16. ^ McGlashan, Andrew (1 November 2008). "Gayle leads Superstars to millions". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  17. ^ "US tycoon charged over $8bn fraud". BBC News. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  18. ^ Premachandran, Dileep (24 September 2007). "India hold their nerve to win thriller". ESPNCricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Kenya crush Canada to book final place". Nairobi: ESPNCricinfo. 5 February 2007. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  20. ^ "ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier to be held in Ireland". ESPNcricinfo. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  21. ^ "ICC approves Test championship". Espncricinfo. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  22. ^ "West Indies to start World T20 title defence against India". ICC. 27 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  23. ^ "BCB promises stellar T20 WC". The Daily Star. 7 April 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  24. ^ "ICC announces World Cup schedule; 14 teams in 2027 And 2031". Six Sports. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  25. ^ "ICC Men's T20 World Cup 2020 postponed". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Men's T20 World Cup postponement FAQs". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Men's T20WC 2021 in India, 2022 in Australia; Women's CWC postponed". 10 August 2020.
  28. ^ "ICC announces World Cup schedule; 14 teams in 2027 And 2031". Six Sports. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  29. ^ Final WorldTwenty20 Playing conditions Archived 11 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2007
  30. ^ "Archived copy". ESPN Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 October 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ Playing conditions Archived 20 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2008
  32. ^ Bangladesh to host World Twenty20 2014 Archived 5 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Cricinfo, retrieved 1 July 2010
  33. ^ "International Cricket Council Targets World Twenty20 on United States Soil: Report". NDTV Sports. Archived from the original on 7 January 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  34. ^ "USA looks to 1994 for T20 World Cup bid". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  35. ^ Lavalette, Tristan. "Malaysia Eyes Hosting A T20 Cricket World Cup In The 2023-31 Cycle". Forbes. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  36. ^ "Records / ICC World T20 / Result Summary". ESPNCricinfo. 16 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.

External links[edit]