Jinshan District

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Fengjing Ancient Town
Fengjing Ancient Town
Jinshan in Shanghai
Jinshan in Shanghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Jinshan District
Traditional Chinese金山區
Simplified Chinese金山区
Literal meaningGold Mountain District

Jinshan District, is a suburban district of southwestern Shanghai, neighboring Zhejiang province and Hangzhou Bay. It has a land area of 586.14 square kilometers (226.31 sq mi) and a population of 732,500 as of the 2010 Chinese census.[1] Jinshan District, located in the southwest of Shanghai, is one of the biggest districts of the city. Local political administration is divided into nine towns and one subdistrict. About 6.2 kilometers (3.9 mi) off the coast of Jinshan, there are three islands named Da Jinshan ("Big Gold Mountain"), Xiao Jinshan ("Little Gold Mountain"), and Fushan ("Floating Mountain"). At 103 meters (338 ft) above sea level, the peak of Dajinshan Island is the highest point within the Shanghai municipality. There are several beaches along the 23.3-kilometer (14.5 mi) shoreline, which are popular tourism destinations.

Elderly Jinshan residents speak a distinct dialect of known as Jinshanese, with different subdialects around the district. Generally speaking, it is unintelligible[citation needed] to Shanghainese from the central districts as it has its roots in the dialects of northern Zhejiang province(to which Jinshan district belonged in the past) although their dialect can be understood by the Jinshanese.

As the city of Shanghai has grown, Jinshan has experienced rapid changes, evolving from a relatively rural area to a more suburban environment. With completion of the high-speed highway in 2008, a new bus line was opened between Shanghai and Jinshan. This Shimei Line (t , s 线) travels between the bus station in Jinshan and another beside the Jinjiang Amusement Park subway station on Line 1 of the Shanghai subway. Travel time is about an hour, depending on traffic and time of day, and costs 10 RMB each way.

Since 2012, the Shanghai metro system also offers connections to Jinshan. This service, the Jinshan Railway, connects Jinshanwei railway station to Shanghai South railway station in downtown Shanghai in about 30 minutes.

The district is home to the Donglin Temple, a Buddhist temple dedicated to Guanyin, the bodhisattva of compassion. Jinshan peasant painting, which originated in the town of Fengjing, has become a nationally and internationally exhibited form of folk art.[2]


Jinshan District is home to the headquarters of Shanghai Petrochemical Company Ltd and Jinshan Industrial Park.[3]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Jinshanwei town is home to Jinshan City Beach, one of the few beaches within the city boundaries of Shanghai.[4] Jinshanwei is also the site of the historic Jinshanzui Fishing Village.[5]

Other attractions around Jinshan are the ancient Town of Fengjing and Donglin Temple.[6]

Subdistrict and towns[edit]

Jinshan District has one subdistrict, nine towns and one special township-level division.

Name[7] Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[8] Area (km2)
Shihua Subdistrict 石化街道 Shíhuà Jiēdào zaq hau ka do 87,901 19.13
Caojing town 漕泾镇 Cáojīng Zhèn dzo cin tzen 40,722 44.92
Fengjing town 枫泾镇 Fēngjīng Zhèn fon cin tzen 82,477 91.67
Jinshanwei town 金山卫镇 Jīnshānwèi Zhèn cin se we tzen 70,819 54.93
Langxia town 廊下镇 Lángxià Zhèn laon rau tzen 33,658 46.56
Lüxiang town 吕巷镇 Lǚxiàng Zhèn liu raon tzen 52,808 59.74
Shanyang town 山阳镇 Shānyáng Zhèn se yan tzen 84,640 42.12
Tinglin town 亭林镇 Tínglín Zhèn din lin tzen 93,758 79.12
Zhangyan town 张堰镇 Zhāngyàn Zhèn tzan i tzen 37,057 35.15
Zhujing town 朱泾镇 Zhūjīng Zhèn tzyu zyu cin tzen 120,084 75.67
Jinshan Industry Zone 金山工业区 Jīnshān Gōngyèqū cin se kon gniq chiu 28,514 58.00

Notable residents[edit]


Commuter rail[edit]

Jinshan is currently served by two suburban lines operated by China Railway:


  1. ^ 1.
  2. ^ Huancheng Guo, Guozhu Ren, Mingwei Lü (2007). Countryside of China. Beijing: China Intercontinental Press. ISBN 978-7-5085-1096-5.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Contact Info." Shanghai Petrochemical. Retrieved on May 18, 2011. "Address: 48 Jinyi Road, Jinshan District, Shanghai, PRC"
  4. ^ "Jinshan City Beach".
  5. ^ "Jinshanzui Fishing Village".
  6. ^ "Jinshan Shanghai". www.shanghaitourmap.com. Retrieved 2015-10-19.
  7. ^ 金山区-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  8. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  9. ^ "The new cultural revolution: How Little Fatty made it big." The Independent. Thursday November 16, 2006. Retrieved on May 18, 2011.

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 30°49′52″N 121°20′38″E / 30.8311°N 121.344°E / 30.8311; 121.344