Zhangjiang Tram

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Shanghai Modern Tram
Zhangjiang Tram.jpg
Overview
LocaleShanghai
Transit typeTram
Number of lines1
Number of stations15
Operation
Began operation2010
Operator(s)Pudong, Shanghai Modern Rail Transportation Co., Ltd
Reporting marksSZT
Technical
System length10 km
Electrification550 V DC Overhead line

Zhangjiang Tram is one of the only two tram lines operating in Shanghai today,the other being Songjiang Tram.It utilises a system manufactured by the French Translohr company. Shanghai originally had a steel wheeled electric tramway network in its urban center. Routes expanded gradually and reached largest extent in 1925 with 328 tramcars; this tram system shut down in 1975. Tram service returned to Shanghai with the opening of a rubber tired Translohr line in the suburban Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park in 2010. It is the second rubber-tired tram system in both China and Asia,the first being TEDA tram in Tianjin.

Zhangjiang Tram started construction on December 23, 2007.[1] Construction was originally planned to be completed on December 2008, but this was delayed a year, until December 31, 2009 when it was opened to traffic.[2] Passenger operations started on January 1, 2010. Zhangjiang Tram runs for 10 km (6.2 mi) from Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Station of the Shanghai Metro Line 2 to Heqing Town with 15 stops. The next phase of the project is the Zhangjiang tram division multiple-phase construction, a project in the east Greenfield Road, from Zu Chong Zhi Road (Shanghai Metro Line 2 Zhangjiang Hi-tech station), west to Osmanthus Road Autumn Road, which covers a distance of about 10 km, with a total of 15 stops, 1 depot. It will be followed by an extension in the direction of Tang Zhen-Qing.

History[edit]

The new system was built in Zhangjiang Town, because it is a planned area, and commuting between neighborhoods of the town has always been difficult. The Translohr tramway is constructed in Zhangjiang Town which is in the heartland area of Pudong (east shore of Huangpu River) New District. Due to Economic-Technological Development Area ordinances, sound pollution must be kept to a minimum in this area. Traditional steel wheeled trams generate lots of vibration and sound during their journey. Rubber tires on the trams reduce vibration, and as a result noise, substantially. Additionally, the Zhangjiang Town roads are very hilly, and rubber tired trams can climb steeper grades than traditional trams easily. Another advantage is that rubber tired trams don't require tracks, as steel wheeled cars do, so there is less disturbance of underground networks like power cables, phone lines, and sewer/water mains.

Timeline[edit]

  • 2007 – Construction of rubber tired tram started.
  • 2009 – Test runs occurred.
  • 2010 – Commercial services opened.

Stations[edit]

The modern tram runs from Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park to Heqing Town.

  • Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Station (张江地铁站)
  • Bibo Road Gaoke Road Station (碧波路高科路站)
  • Huatuo Road Daerwen Road Station (华佗路达尔文路站)
  • Huatuo Road Keyuan Road Station (华佗路科苑路站)
  • Cailun Road Jinke Road Station (蔡伦路金科路站)
  • Cailun Road Halei Road Station (蔡伦路哈雷路站)
  • Gebaini Road Libing Road Station (哥白尼路李冰路站)
  • Ziwei Road Gaosi Road Station (紫薇路高斯路站)
  • Gaosi Road Zhangjiang Road Station (高斯路张江路站)
  • Zhangjiang Middle School Station (张江中学站)
  • Guanglan Road Zuchongzhi Road Station (广兰路祖冲之路站)
  • Guanglan Road Dangui Road Station (广兰路丹桂路站)
  • Dangui Road Qingtong Road Station (丹桂路青桐路站)
  • Dangui Road Zhangdong Road Station (丹桂路张东路站)
  • Zhangdong Road Jinqiu Road Station (张东路金秋路站)

Practical Info[edit]

  • Total length – 10 km.
  • Opened – January 1, 2010.
  • Operating hours – 5:45 am to 11 pm.
  • Frequency – 3 minutes (15 minutes after end of 2015).[3]

Fleet[edit]

The rolling stock is Translohr. It consists of 9 multiple units of three cars each. They are low floor, fully air conditioned, and can operate at high speeds.

Features[edit]

Most Zhangjiang tram lines run along the centre of the roads, while some stations are situated at intersections and have side platforms, while the two terminals have a central platform. Zhangjiang streetcar doors are on a "need to open" mode. If a passenger requests a stop, a green light is illuminated and the doors open at the next stop. If no stop is requested, the doors remain closed.

Depots and termini[edit]

Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park and Heqing Town are the two termini of the Zhangjian Tram line. Cars are stored in an indoor facility at the eastern end of the line in Heqing Town.

Alignment[edit]

The modern tram routes completely run on unreserved tracks and in the middle of the road. Because of the rubber tires, it is not possible to lay track in grass, as the trams can only run on concrete roads. All stops have island platforms.

Tickets[edit]

There is a single fare of 2 Yuan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "[晚报晨讯]张江有轨电车项目工程今开工_新民网". sh.xinmin.cn. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  2. ^ "张江有轨电车31号通车 营业时间与二号线衔接_新浪上海_新浪网". sh.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  3. ^ http://english.pudong.gov.cn/html/pden/pden_ap_news_sn/2015-07-08/Detail_74827.htm

External links[edit]