Shanghai Disney Resort
上海迪士尼度假区; traditional Chinese:
|pinyin: Shànghǎi Díshìní Dùjiàqū|
|Industry||Theme parks and resorts|
|Founded||June 16, 2016|
|Headquarters||Pudong, Shanghai, China|
|Owner||The Walt Disney Company (43%)
Shanghai Shendi Group (57%)
Shanghai Disney Resort is a themed resort in Pudong, Shanghai, China. It is the first Disney park resort in mainland China and the second in Greater China, after the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. The resort opened on June 16, 2016.
The resort features Shanghai Disneyland Park, an entertainment district, two themed hotels, recreational facilities, a lake and associated parking and transportation hubs. Additional phases will see the development of two additional theme parks at the resort. The site will cover 390 hectares (963 acres) in Pudong, or approximately three times the size of Hong Kong Disneyland, at a cost of CN¥ 24,500,000,000 (US$3,700,000,000) for the new theme park and an additional CN¥ 4,500,000,000 (US$700,000,000) to build other aspects of the resort, totaling CN¥ 34,000,000,000 (US$5,500,000,000). Forty-three percent of the resort is owned by The Walt Disney Company and the remaining 57 percent by Shanghai Shendi Group, a joint venture of three companies owned by the Shanghai government. The resort was approved by the Chinese government on November 4, 2009.
|This section requires expansion. (February 2016)|
Negotiation for Shanghai Disney Resort began around 2001, and the park was first envisaged in the early 2000s. Location scouting in Pudong began in 1999 with Bob Iger. However, in order to help Hong Kong Disneyland grow, the Chinese national government deliberately slowed down the development of Shanghai Disney. The Hong Kong resort opened in 2005, two years after the SARS epidemic devastated Hong Kong's economy, and it was hoped that Hong Kong Disneyland would help the city's tourism industry recover.
On November 4, 2009, the Shanghai Municipal Government announced that the Shanghai Disney project had been approved by the national government, with an estimated total investment of CN¥ 24,400,000,000. Land near the proposed production site increased in value dramatically after the announcement was made. In January 2011, a government official confirmed that Shanghai Disneyland would be 2–3 times the size of Hong Kong Disneyland and would eventually contain three theme parks.
On 7 April 2011, groundbreaking began at the Shanghai Disneyland Resort site.
In February 2016, it was rumored that the resort was still behind schedule and over budget, causing the United States-based resorts (Disneyland Resort and Walt Disney World Resort) to make budget cuts. That same month, Disney announced that Hong Kong Disneyland Resort reported its first loss in four years, losing HK$148,000,000, and falling 9.3% in annual attendance, to 6.8 million visitors. Analysts attributed this to fewer mainland Chinese tourists visit, hurt by a combination of China’s slowdown, political unrest, and a weak yuan relative to the Hong Kong dollar, as well as the upcoming opening of the Shanghai Resort.
Major construction work started in April 8, 2011, targeting a 2016 spring opening. The resort is planned to cover an area of 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi) and it is expected to cost CN¥ 25,000,000,000 (US$3,660,000,000). The project is financed by several large Chinese state-owned enterprises in Shanghai forming a joint venture with the Walt Disney Company. The Oriental Land Company has not confirmed any connection to this venture with Disney on the Shanghai Disneyland project. "The first-phase of the project will be to the South of Huanglou Area, an area in Chuansha Town, the southeast suburbs of Shanghai's Pudong area; the second phase will extend further southwest," an urban developer from Shanghai stated. DeSimone Consulting Engineers were the structural engineers behind the construction work.
Attractions and features
Like most other Disney Resorts around the world, Shanghai Disneyland Resort features a flagship park called Shanghai Disneyland. The park is similar in style to Disney's other Disneyland-style parks, containing traditional and newly created themed lands. One of the aims of the park is the combination of Disney stories and characters with attractions that are specifically designed for Chinese guests. An interactive castle called Enchanted Storybook Castle lies at the center of the park. Other large-scale performance venues are found across the park.
The resort has two themed hotels. The Shanghai Disneyland Hotel has 420 rooms and offer a free water taxi service across the Wishing Star Lake to the theme park. The Toy Story Hotel, with 800 rooms, will also feature the Sunnyside Cafe, which is decorated with Chinese-style kites flown by Disney characters.
The resort's management structure consists of three companies:
- Shanghai International Theme Park Company Limited – 43% owned by The Walt Disney Company, 57% owned by Shanghai Shendi Group – ownership company for theme parks within the resort
- Shanghai International Theme Park and Resort Management Company Limited – 70% owned by Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, 30% owned by Shanghai Shendi Group – manages and operates the resort as a whole as well as the project to develop it, on behalf of the ownership companies
- Shanghai Shendi Group itself comprises three companies:
- Shanghai Lujiazui (Group) Company Limited
- Shanghai Radio, Film and Television Development Company Limited
- Jinjiang International Group Holding Company
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