Little Falls, New Jersey

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Little Falls, New Jersey
Township
Township of Little Falls
Little Falls Town Hall
Little Falls Town Hall
Map of Little Falls Township in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Little Falls Township in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Little Falls, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Little Falls, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′34″N 74°13′08″W / 40.876235°N 74.218886°W / 40.876235; -74.218886Coordinates: 40°52′34″N 74°13′08″W / 40.876235°N 74.218886°W / 40.876235; -74.218886[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated April 2, 1868
Government[5]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Body Township Council
 • Mayor Darlene Conti (term ends December 31, 2016)[3]
 • Administrator Joanne Bergin[4]
 • Clerk William Wilk[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 2.810 sq mi (7.277 km2)
 • Land 2.735 sq mi (7.084 km2)
 • Water 0.075 sq mi (0.193 km2)  2.65%
Area rank 351st of 566 in state
14th of 16 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 157 ft (48 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 14,432
 • Estimate (2014)[10] 14,516
 • Rank 175th of 566 in state
7th of 16 in county[11]
 • Density 5,276.2/sq mi (2,037.2/km2)
 • Density rank 103rd of 566 in state
7th of 16 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07424[12]
Area code(s) 973[13]
FIPS code 3403140620[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882313[1][16]
Website www.lfnj.com

Little Falls is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 census, the township's population was 14,432,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 3,577 (+33.0%) from the 10,855 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 439 (-3.9%) from the 11,294 counted in the 1990 Census.[17] It is located about 15 miles (24 km) from New York City.

Little Falls was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1868, from portions of Acquackanonk Township. On March 25, 1914, portions of the township were taken to form the borough of West Paterson (now Woodland Park).[18]

The Morris Canal, once an important artery of trade and transportation between the Delaware and Hudson rivers, wound its way through the town, and vestiges of it still remain.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.810 square miles (7.277 km2), including 2.735 square miles (7.084 km2) of land and 0.075 square miles (0.193 km2) of water (2.65%).[1][2]

Singac (with a 2010 Census population of 3,618[19]) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Little Falls Township.[20][21][22]

The township has three main sub-divisions. Great Notch is the easternmost part of Little Falls. The downtown area is frequently referred to as "The Center of Town", mainly by longtime residents, and is usually referred to as simply Little Falls. Singac is in the westernmost portion of the township. Much of Singac borders the Passaic River.[23][24]

Little Falls is bordered by the communities of Montclair, Wayne, Cedar Grove, Woodland Park, Totowa, North Caldwell, Fairfield and Clifton.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,282
1880 1,404 9.5%
1890 1,890 34.6%
1900 2,908 53.9%
1910 3,750 29.0%
1920 5,161 * 37.6%
1930 5,161 0.0%
1940 5,368 4.0%
1950 6,405 19.3%
1960 9,730 51.9%
1970 11,727 20.5%
1980 11,496 −2.0%
1990 11,294 −1.8%
2000 10,855 −3.9%
2010 14,432 33.0%
Est. 2014 14,516 [10][26] 0.6%
Population sources: 1870-1920[27]
1870[28][29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previsous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,432 people, 4,740 households, and 2,825 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,276.2 per square mile (2,037.2/km2). There were 4,925 housing units at an average density of 1,800.5 per square mile (695.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 86.68% (12,510) White, 4.11% (593) Black or African American, 0.15% (22) Native American, 4.56% (658) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 2.38% (344) from other races, and 2.11% (304) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 9.89% (1,428) of the population.[7]

There were 4,740 households, of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04.[7]

In the township, 13.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 29.4% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.1 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,318 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,244) and the median family income was $92,462 (+/- $12,925). Males had a median income of $67,585 (+/- $7,860) versus $42,270 (+/- $3,385) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,505 (+/- $3,336). About 4.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Same-sex couples headed 42 households in 2010, an increase from the 33 counted in 2000.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 10,855 people, 4,687 households, and 2,873 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,941.8 people per square mile (1,524.1/km2). There were 4,797 housing units at an average density of 1,742.0 per square mile (673.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.13% white, 0.65% African American, 0.06% Native American, 4.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.33% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.33% of the population.[34][35]

There were 4,687 households out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $58,857, and the median income for a family was $70,223. Males had a median income of $49,136 versus $37,727 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,242. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Sports[edit]

The New Jersey Jackals of the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball (CanAm League) play at Yogi Berra Stadium, located in Little Falls.[38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Effective January 1, 2005, the form of government in Little Falls was changed by a public referendum to the Mayor-Council form authorized by the Faulkner Act. Under the new government, the voters directly elect the mayor to a four-year term, and the five township council members to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either three seats or two seats and the mayoral seat up for election in even years as part of the November general election. For most of its history, Little Falls had been governed under the Township form of government by a township committee consisting of five committee members elected by the voters. Under this system, a chairman (mayor) and deputy-chair (deputy mayor) were selected annually by the Township Committee members.[5]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Little Falls is Republican Darlene Conti, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2016. Members of the Township Council are Council President Louis Fontana (R, 2016), James Belford Damiano (D, 2018), William "Bill" Liess (D, 2018), Joseph Maceri (R, 2018) and Pam Porter (R, 2016).[39][40][41][42][43][44]

Post (who returned to using her maiden name of Conti as of January 2015[45]) won election to a full four-year term as mayor in the 2012 general election, along with all three of her Republican running mates for Township Council; Louis Fontana, Pamela Porter and Joseph Rento (who won the balance of an unexpired term of office).[46]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Little Falls is located in the 11th Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 40th state legislative district.[8][48][49] Prior to the 2010 Census, Little Falls had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[50]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[52] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[53][54]

The 40th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Kevin J. O'Toole (R, Cedar Grove) and in the General Assembly by Scott Rumana (R, Wayne) and David C. Russo (R, Ridgewood).[55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term.[58] As of 2015, Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Hector C. Lora (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Passaic),[59] Freeholder Deputy Director Bruce James (D, 2017; Clifton),[60] John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne),[61] Theodore O. Best, Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson),[62] Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood),[63] Terry Duffy (D, 2016; West Milford),[64] and Pat Lepore (D, 2016; Woodland Park).[65][66][67] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019),[68] Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (2016)[69] and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (2016).[70][71][72]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,632 registered voters in Little Falls, of which 2,084 (27.3% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,800 (23.6% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 3,745 (49.1% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[73] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 52.9% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 61.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).[73][74]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 52.9% of the vote (3,190 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 46.1% (2,780 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (62 votes), among the 6,086 ballots cast by the township's 9,118 registered voters (54 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.7%.[75][76] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 2,908 votes (49.5% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,734 votes (46.5% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 65 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 5,879 ballots cast by the township's 7,835 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.0% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County).[77] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,994 votes (50.6% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,723 votes (46.0% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 47 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 5,921 ballots cast by the township's 7,798 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.9% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).[78]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.7% of the vote (2,165 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 38.0% (1,355 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (44 votes), among the 3,615 ballots cast by the township's 9,689 registered voters (51 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.3%.[79][80] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,936 votes (51.3% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,577 votes (41.8% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 183 votes (4.8% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 39 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,775 ballots cast by the township's 7,552 registered voters, yielding a 50.0% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).[81]

Education[edit]

For public school, students in kindergarten through eighth grade are educated by the Little Falls Township Public Schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 916 students and 73.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.40:1.[82] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[83]) are Little Falls School #2[84] with 211 students in grades kindergarten through two; Little Falls School #3[85] with 196 students in grades three and four; and Little Falls School #1[86] with 388 students in grades five through eight.[87][88]

For ninth through twelfth grades, students in public school attend Passaic Valley Regional High School, which also serves students from Totowa and Woodland Park. The school facility is located in Little Falls.[89]

Most of Montclair State University is located in Little Falls. During 2011, the university employed 66 residents on a full or part-time basis, who earned almost $3.5 million in total.[90]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 37.65 miles (60.59 km) of roadways, of which 24.55 miles (39.51 km) were maintained by the municipality, 10.87 miles (17.49 km) by Passaic County and 2.23 miles (3.59 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[91]

Little Falls is criss-crossed by several major roadways, including U.S. Route 46 and New Jersey Route 23. The Garden State Parkway and Interstate 80 run near the municipality.

Public transportation[edit]

The Little Falls and Montclair State University Stations of the New Jersey Transit both serve Little Falls, offering service on the Montclair-Boonton Line to Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, New Jersey, or from Montclair State University Station on Midtown Direct trains to New York City's Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan via the Secaucus Junction. The township was formerly served by the Great Notch Station until NJ Transit closed it in January 2010 because of low ridership.[92]

NJ Transit bus transportation is offered to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 191, 194 and 195 routes. Newark, New Jersey, is served by the 11, 28 (on Saturdays and Sundays) and on the 75 routes. Local routes are the 704 and 705 lines.[93]

Little Falls is approximately 21 miles (34 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport and approximately 27 miles (43 km) from LaGuardia Airport in Flushing, Queens, New York.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Little Falls include:

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 26, 2015. As of date accessed, Conti is listed as Darlene Post and is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  4. ^ a b Township Directory, Township of Little Falls. Accessed August 27, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 169.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Little Falls, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Little Falls, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 27, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Little Falls, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 27, 2014.
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  37. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed September 27, 2014.
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