Mike Lee (American politician)

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Mike Lee
Mike Lee, official portrait.jpg
Chair of the Joint Economic Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byErik Paulsen
United States Senator
from Utah
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Serving with Mitt Romney
Preceded byBob Bennett
Personal details
Michael Shumway Lee

(1971-06-04) June 4, 1971 (age 48)
Mesa, Arizona, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Sharon Burr (m. 1993)
RelationsThomas Rex Lee (brother)
ParentsRex E. Lee
Janet Griffin
EducationBrigham Young University (BA, JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Michael Shumway Lee (born June 4, 1971) is an American politician, author and attorney who is the senior United States Senator from Utah. A conservative, libertarian-leaning Republican, Lee has served in the Senate since January 3, 2011.

Lee is the son of Rex E. Lee, who was Solicitor General under President Ronald Reagan, founding dean of the J. Reuben Clark Law School and president of Brigham Young University. Lee began his career as a clerk for the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah before serving as a clerk for future Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito, who was then a judge on the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. From 2002 to 2005, Lee was as an Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Utah. Subsequently, he joined the administration of Utah Governor Jon Huntsman, serving as the general counsel in the office of the governor from 2005 to 2006.

In 2010, during the Tea Party movement, Lee entered the party caucus process to challenge incumbent three-term Republican senator Bob Bennett. Lee defeated Bennett and business owner Tim Bridgewater during the nominating process at the Utah Republican Party Convention, receiving 1,854 votes in the final round. The two highest caucus performers were then put before primary voters, with Lee winning with 51% of the vote. He then defeated Democratic candidate Sam Granato in the general election with 61% of the vote to Granato's 32%. Lee was re-elected in 2016 and is expected to become the dean of Utah's congressional delegation when Representative Rob Bishop retires in January 2021.

Early life and education[edit]

Lee was born in Mesa, Arizona on June 4, 1971, the son of Janet (née Griffin) and Rex E. Lee. His family moved to Provo, Utah one year later, when his father became the founding dean of Brigham Young University's J. Reuben Clark Law School. While Lee spent about half of his childhood years in Utah, he spent the other half in McLean, Virginia, a suburb of Washington, D.C. His father served first as an Assistant U.S. Attorney General (overseeing the Civil Division of the U.S. Department of Justice during the Ford Administration) from 1975 until 1976, and then as the Solicitor General of the United States (charged with representing the United States government before the Supreme Court during the first term of the Reagan Administration) from 1981 until 1985. Lee is of English, Swiss, and Danish descent on his father's side.[1][2]

Growing up, Lee went to school with Senator Strom Thurmond's daughter, Nancy Moore Thurmond, and lived three doors down from Senator Robert Byrd. He was friends with Harry Reid's son Josh. Senator Reid was the Lees' home teacher. Lee recalls as a child how Senator Reid once locked him and Josh in their garage as a practical joke.[1] According to Lee, the Reid family were the first Democrats he knew well and it was dealing with them that showed him the importance of being able to defend his political views in discussion with those who held other views.[2]

After graduating from Timpview High School (Provo, Utah) in 1989, Lee attended Brigham Young University as an undergraduate student, receiving a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1994. He served as the president of BYUSA, a prominent student service organization,[3] and as student body president during the 1993–1994 school year,[4] serving together with his father, Rex E. Lee, who was president of BYU at the time. Lee received his Juris Doctor from the J. Reuben Clark Law School in 1997.[4]

Legal career[edit]

After graduation from law school in 1997, Lee served as a law clerk to Judge Dee Benson of the United States District Court for the District of Utah. The following year, he clerked for then-Judge Samuel Alito, who was serving at that time on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. After finishing his clerkships, Lee joined the Washington, D.C. office of Sidley Austin, where he specialized in appellate and Supreme Court litigation. Several years later, Lee returned to Utah to serve as an Assistant United States Attorney in Salt Lake City, preparing briefs and arguing cases before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. He served as general counsel to Utah Governor Jon M. Huntsman, Jr. from January 2005 until June 2006, when he returned to Washington to serve a one-year clerkship at the U.S. Supreme Court with Justice Alito.[4] Lee returned to Utah (and to private practice) in the summer of 2007, joining the Salt Lake office of the Washington, D.C.-based law firm of Howrey LLP. Lee focused on courtroom advocacy and constitutional law.[citation needed]

As an attorney, Lee also represented Class A low-level radioactive waste facility provider EnergySolutions Inc. in a highly publicized dispute between the company and the Utah public and public officials that caused controversy during his Senate election. Utah's government had allowed the company to store radioactive waste in the state as long as it was low-grade "Class A" material. When the company arranged to store waste from Italy, many objected to the waste being foreign and that it could potentially be more radioactive than permitted. Lee argued that the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution allowed the company to accept foreign waste and that the waste could be reduced in grade by mixing it with lower grade materials, while the government of Utah sought to ban the importation of foreign waste using an interstate radioactive waste compact. EnergySolutions eventually abandoned its plans to store Italian radioactive waste in Utah, ending the dispute, with the 10th U.S. Circuit court later ruling that the compact had the power to block foreign radioactive waste from being stored in Utah.[5][6]

Political positions[edit]

Lee is a conservative Republican. The New York Times used the NOMINATE system to arrange Republican senators by ideology and ranked Lee as the most conservative member of the Senate.[7] GovTrack's 2017 analysis places Lee on the right end of the spectrum, to the right of most Republicans, but still to the left of a handful of Republican senators.[8] Five ThirtyEight, which tracks Congressional votes, has found that Lee votes with President Trump's positions on legislation 81.3% of the time as of July 2018.[9]


In 2017, Lee voted for S.J.Res.34, a joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Federal Communications Commission relating to "Protecting the Privacy of Customers of Broadband and Other Telecommunications Services" from taking effect.[10]


In September 2018, Lee was among six Republican senators, including Jeff Flake, Pat Toomey, Rand Paul, David Perdue, and Ben Sasse, as well as Bernie Sanders, that voted against a $854 billion spending bill, meant to avoid another government shutdown. Said bill included funding for the departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Labor and Education.[11]

Climate change[edit]

In 2011, Lee voted to limit the EPA's ability to regulate greenhouse gas emissions.[12] In 2013, he voted to make it harder for Congress to put a price on carbon through a point of order opposing a carbon tax or a fee on carbon emissions. The measure did not pass.[13] At a May 2016 event, he stated that it "has long been obvious that the Democratic Party's assertion that the science of climate change is "settled" is little more than a cheap public-relations ploy masquerading as a monopoly on scientific knowledge".[14]

In 2017, Lee was one of 22 senators to sign a letter[15] to President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Lee has received campaign contributions from oil and gas interests amounting to $231,520 and from coal interests in the amount of $21,895 for a total of $253,415 since 2012.[16]

On March 26, 2019, the Senate opened debate on the Green New Deal. When Lee took the floor, he mocked the plan as absurd, comparing it to an image of Ronald Reagan riding a velociraptor, and argued that having more babies was the real solution.[17][18][19]


Senator Mike Lee was part of the group of 13 Senators drafting the Senate version of the AHCA behind closed doors.[20] Senator Lee eventually came out against the bill, along with fellow Republican senator Jerry Moran of Kansas, bringing the "no" vote total among Republicans to four.[21] This effectively stopped any chance of the bill's passage.[22]


Since his election to the Senate in 2010, Lee has published four books:

  • The Freedom Agenda: Why a Balanced Budget Amendment is Necessary to Restore Constitutional Government (July 2011, Regnery Publishing)
  • Why John Roberts Was Wrong About Healthcare: A Conservative Critique of The Supreme Court's Obamacare Ruling (June 2013, Threshold Editions e-book)
  • Our Lost Constitution: The Willful Subversion of America's Founding Document (April 2015, Sentinel)
  • Written Out of History: The Forgotten Founders Who Fought Big Government (May 2017, Sentinel)

U.S. Senate[edit]



Mike Lee ran for the U.S. Senate in 2010. At the Republican State Convention, he received 982 votes (28.75%) on the first ballot, earning the party's nomination over Tim Bridgewater (26.84% of votes) and incumbent U.S. Senator Bob Bennett (25.91% of votes).[23] Bridgewater, however, won the second and third ballots to win the party endorsement. Both Bridgewater and Lee received enough support to have their names placed on the primary ballot.[24]

In the primary election, held on June 22, 2010, Lee became the Republican nominee by winning 51 percent of the vote against Bridgewater's 49 percent.[25]

Lee won the general election on November 2, 2010 with 62 percent of the vote to Democrat Sam Granato's 33 percent and Constitution Party candidate Scott Bradley's 6 percent.[26]


Mike Lee speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 26, 2015.

Lee ran for re-election in 2016. He was endorsed by the Club for Growth, the Senate Conservatives Fund, and the National Republican Senatorial Committee.[27]



In 2011, Club for Growth gave him a 100% score. Only four other U.S. Senators received a perfect score: Rand Paul, Ron Johnson, Jim DeMint, and Tom Coburn.[28] He also received a 100% Conservative voting record for 2011 from the American Conservative Union.[29] The Heritage Foundation gave him a 99% score, ranking first only with DeMint.[30] The only wrong vote he made, in the opinion of the Heritage Foundation, was voting for the GSE Bailout Elimination and Taxpayer Protection Act, which would privatize Fannie and Freddie.[31] He received a Liberal Action score of 38%.[32]

Patriot Act[edit]

In February 2011, Lee was one of two Republicans, along with Rand Paul of Kentucky, to vote against extending the three provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act that deal with roving wiretaps, "lone wolf" terrorism suspects, and the government's ability to seize "any tangible items" in the course of surveillance.[33] He voted in the same manner in May 2011.[34]

Social Security[edit]

In April 2011, Lee joined with Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina) and fellow Senate Tea Party Caucus member Rand Paul (R-Kentucky) to propose a plan they said would extend the financial viability of the U.S. Social Security retirement payment system.[35] The proposal called for increasing the retirement age to 70 by the year 2032, and slightly reducing the benefits paid to upper-income recipients.[36][37]

Criminal justice reform[edit]

In 2013, Lee proposed a bill with the aim "to focus limited Federal resources on the most serious offenders", together with Dick Durbin (D) and Patrick Leahy (D). The bill would reduce some minimum sentences for drug-related offenses by half.[38]

In November 2018, Lee "called out" Sen. Tom Cotton, stating he was spreading fake news about the proposed First Step Act, a criminal justice reform bill. He referred to a tweet from Cotton saying that the legislation “gives early release to 'low level, nonviolent' criminals like those convicted of assaulting police, even with deadly weapons.” Lee retorted: “I highly respect my colleague from Arkansas but everything in his tweet and this thread is 100% fake news”. The "First Step Act does not 'give early release' to anyone. Anyone claiming it does, does not understand how the bill works", he continued. President Trump is a supporter of said legislation, while Cotton has remained an "outspoken critic".[39] The bipartisan bill, drafted by Chuck Grassley, Lee, and Dick Durbin, passed the House of Representatives overwhelmingly, by 360-59 votes.[40] The bill aims to "improve rehabilitation programs for former prisoners", and to "give judges more wiggle room" when sentencing nonviolent crime offenders, such as those involving drug charges.[41] On December 18, the bill passed the Senate and three days later, it received a presidential signature.[42]


Lee opposes the Green New Deal, claiming that "the authors of the Green New Deal proposal are trying to suggest people should not have babies and I think that’s atrocious." Deseret News noted, "the text of the [Green New Deal] resolution does not address population growth or suggest limiting the number of children people can have."[43] Lee opposes a carbon tax to deal with climate change.[44]

Lee wrote a letter to President Trump calling for him to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate Accords, and applauded Trump's decision to withdraw.[45]

In 2018, Lee defended Jim Bridenstine's nomination to head NASA. Bridenstine's nomination was contentious, given that Bridenstine rejected the scientific consensus on climate change and had no background in science. In defending Bridenstine, Lee falsely claimed that NASA disputed that there was a scientific consensus on climate change.[46]

In 2019, Lee gave a sarcastic speech on the Senate floor, in which he said the solution to climate change was to replace airplanes with fictional Star Wars animals from the planet Hoth and giant seahorses. Lee concluded by suggesting that the solution to climate change was rooted in having more children to create strong families that raised innovative children to be more environmentally aware and to engineer solutions to environmental problems.[43][47][48]

Foreign policy[edit]

As part of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations in 2018, Lee co-sponsored a resolution, together with Bernie Sanders and Chris Murphy, "that would end U.S. military support for the Saudi-led campaign in Yemen's civil war". Interviewed by The Hill, he stated: "regardless of what may have happened with Mr. Khashoggi, we are fighting a war in Yemen that we haven’t declared, that has never been declared or authorized by Congress. That’s not constitutional."[49] The Senate voted 60-39 to "formally begin debate on the resolution", which would require the President to "withdraw troops in or "affecting" Yemen within 30 days unless they are fighting al Qaeda."[50]

In April 2018, Lee was one of eight Republican senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of the Treasury Steve Mnuchin and acting Secretary of State John Sullivan expressing "deep concern" over a report by the United Nations exposing "North Korean sanctions evasion involving Russia and China" and asserting that the findings "demonstrate an elaborate and alarming military-venture between rogue, tyrannical states to avoid United States and international sanctions and inflict terror and death upon thousands of innocent people" while calling it "imperative that the United States provides a swift and appropriate response to the continued use of chemical weapons used by President Assad and his forces, and works to address the shortcomings in sanctions enforcement."[51] Lee supported Trump's decision to withdraw American troops from Syria in December 2018, saying that American forces should not have been in the country anyway without Congressional authorization. He said that American objectives in Syria surrounding the future of President Assad were not made clear by the Obama administration, and that he believed President Trump's claim that the Islamic State had been defeated.[52]

Lee has long been in favor of ending American involvement in Afghanistan. He signed a letter in 2011 urging President Obama to withdraw troops from the country. In May 2017, he called into question a proposal from military leaders to send additional troops quoting the country, calling to mind previous times when more soldiers were sent to the country but which, according to Lee, failed to make a significant difference. Lee has said that American involvement in the war has wasted thousands of lives and trillions of dollars.[53][54]

In April 2019, after the House passed the resolution withdrawing American support for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, Lee was one of nine lawmakers to sign a letter to President Trump requesting a meeting with him and urging him to sign "Senate Joint Resolution 7, which invokes the War Powers Act of 1973 to end unauthorized US military participation in the Saudi-led coalition's armed conflict against Yemen's Houthi forces, initiated in 2015 by the Obama administration." They asserted the "Saudi-led coalition's imposition of an air-land-and-sea blockade as part of its war against Yemen’s Houthis has continued to prevent the unimpeded distribution of these vital commodities, contributing to the suffering and death of vast numbers of civilians throughout the country" and that Trump's approval of the resolution through his signing would give a "powerful signal to the Saudi-led coalition to bring the four-year-old war to a close".[55]

In June 2019, Lee was one of seven Republicans who voted to block President Trump's Saudi arms deal providing weapons to Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Jordan.[56]

Debt ceiling[edit]

Lee was criticized by Republican Sen. John McCain and others for being overly vocal in his criticism of other Republicans and for obstructing a deal to end the United States federal government shutdown of 2013.[57][58]

9/11 Responders Compensation Fund[edit]

On July 17, 2019, Lee was criticized on Fox News by Jon Stewart and disabled construction worker, John Feal, for blocking a bill (along with Senator Rand Paul), that provided Victims Compensation Fund support for disabled 9/11 responders. The fund was near exhaustion.[59][60] On the Senate floor, Paul objected to the request by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand's (D-N.Y.) request for the bill to be approved by unanimous consent, but per Senate rule, such a request is rejected if just one senator objects. Lee had placed such a hold on the measure, despite it having 73 Senate co-sponsors.

Stewart and Feal, as well as leaders of the Fraternal Order of Police and the International Association of Firefighters tried to get both senators to withdraw their objections. "The people from the state of Kentucky and the people from the state of Utah deserve better," Feal stated on Fox News. Stewart stressed, "We have to stand up for the people who have always stood up for us, and maybe cannot stand up for themselves due to their illnesses and their injuries. ... There [are] some things that they have no trouble putting on the credit card, but somehow when it comes to the 9/11 first responder community, the cops, the firefighters, the construction workers, the volunteers, the survivors, all of a sudden,... we gotta go through this."[59] On July 23, 2019 Senator Lee was one of two Senators who voted against the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund.

Flint water crisis[edit]

In 2016, Lee used a procedural hold to block a vote on federal assistance for the Flint, Michigan water crisis.[61] He was initially part of a group of senators blocking $220 million in aid to repair lead contaminated pipes but, due to public pressure on others, Lee eventually became the last opposing senator.[62] While initially anonymous, multiple sources leaked Lee's opposition to the media.[63]


In February 2019, Lee was one of sixteen senators to vote against legislation preventing a partial government shutdown and containing $1.375 billion in funding for barriers along the U.S.-Mexico border that included 55 miles of fencing.[64] In that same month, he joined with Senator Kamala Harris to remove the per-country cap on employment-based green cards and raise the cap on family-based green cards from 7 to 15 percent.[65]

In March 2019, Lee was one of twelve Republican senators to vote to block President Trump's national emergency declaration that would have granted him access to $3.6 billion in military construction funding to build border barriers.[66]

LGBT rights[edit]

In 2018, Lee condemned the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which is part of the Organization of American States (OAS), for recommending that Costa Rica legalize same-sex marriage. The decision by the court was spurred by a petition by Costa Rica's President Luis Guillermo Solis who was working on ways to improve LGBT rights in Costa Rica. Lee suggested that the U.S., which is a primary funder of the OAS should use its money more wisely and do more to safeguard religious liberties worldwide.[67]

In 2018, Lee blocked the reappointment of Chai Feldblum to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Feldblum, who was the first openly LGBT individual to serve on the commission, was blocked by Lee due to what he described as her "radical views on marriage."[68]

In May 2019, Lee described the Equality Act, which extends anti-discrimination protections to LGBT individuals, as "counterproductive" and argued it "unnecessarily pits communities against each other."[69]

Supreme Court[edit]

In March 2019, Lee was one of twelve senators to cosponsor a resolution that would impose a constitutional amendment limiting the Supreme Court to nine justices. The resolution was introduced following multiple Democratic presidential candidates expressing openness to the idea of expanding the seats on the Supreme Court.[70]


In January 2018, Lee was one of thirty-six Republican senators to sign a letter to President Trump requesting he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the economy of the 21st Century.[71]

In November 2018, Lee was one of twelve Republican senators to sign a letter to President Trump requesting the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement be submitted to Congress by the end of the month to allow a vote on it before the end of the year as they were concerned "passage of the USMCA as negotiated will become significantly more difficult" if having to be approved through the incoming 116th United States Congress.[72]

Roy Moore endorsement and retraction[edit]

On October 16, 2017, Lee endorsed Roy Moore in the 2017 Alabama special election runoff, to fill the seat of U.S. Attorney General and former senator Jeff Sessions.[73] Moore had been removed as the Alabama Supreme Court's chief justice in 2003, for defying a federal order to remove an illegal Ten Commandments monument from the Alabama Judicial Building. He was reelected as chief justice in 2012. In May 2016, Moore was once again removed from the bench by the Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission (JIC), permanently via suspension for the rest of his term, making him ineligible for reelection,[74] for ordering state probate judges to ignore a U.S. Supreme Court decision.[75] In a 50-page opinion by the Court of the Judiciary, it denied Moore's appeal of the JIC's decision, and said Moore's removal was necessary "...to preserve the integrity, independence, impartiality of Alabama's judiciary."[76] Nevertheless, Lee praised Moore for his "reputation of integrity" and said that he was essential to getting conservative legislation through the Senate. "That is why I am proudly endorsing Judge Roy Moore. Alabamians have the chance to send a proven, conservative fighter to the United States Senate,"[73] On November 9, 2017, Moore was accused of molesting a 14-year old and other girls under the age of 18 when he was 32 years old.[77]

On November 10, Lee asked the Moore campaign to stop employing Lee's endorsement of Moore in its fundraising ads.[78] Lee's spokesperson said of the sexual misconduct allegations, "If these allegations are true, Judge Moore should resign."[79] Later that day, Lee rescinded his endorsement of Moore.[80]

Committee assignments[edit]


Committee on the Judiciary

Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Joint Economic Committee (Chairman)


Personal life[edit]

Lee married Sharon Burr in 1993. They live in Alpine, Utah and have three children,[81] Michael Lee Jr, James Rex, and Eliza Rose Lee.[82] Lee is a second cousin to former Democratic U.S. Senator Mark Udall of Colorado and current Democratic U.S. Senator Tom Udall of New Mexico, as well as former Republican senator Gordon H. Smith of Oregon.[83]

Lee has served on the BYU alumni board, the BYU Law School alumni board, and as a long-time member of the J. Reuben Clark Law Society and the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies. Lee earned the Eagle Scout award from Boy Scouts of America in 1989 and was selected to receive the National Eagle Scout Association Outstanding Eagle Scout Award (NOESA) in 2011.[84]

Electoral history[edit]

State Republican I Convention results, 2010[85][86][87]
Candidate First ballot Pct. Second ballot Pct. Third ballot Pct.
Mike Lee 982 28.75% 1225 35.99% 1383 42.72%
Tim Bridgewater 917 26.84% 1274 37.42% 1854 57.28%
Bob Bennett 885 25.91% 905 26.99% Eliminated
Cherilyn Eagar 541 15.84% Eliminated
Merrill Cook 49 1.43% Eliminated
Leonard Fabiano 22 0.64% Eliminated
Jeremy Friedbaum 16 0.47% Eliminated
David Chiu 4 0.12% Eliminated
Total 3,416 100.00% 3,404 100.00% 3,237 100.00%
State Republican Primary results[88]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Lee 98,512 51.2%
Republican Tim Bridgewater 93,905 48.8%
Total votes 192,417 100.0%
United States Senate election in Utah, 2010[89]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Lee 390,179 61.56% -7.18%
Democratic Sam Granato 207,685 32.77% +4.37%
Constitution Scott Bradley 35,937 5.67% +3.78%
Majority 182,494 28.79%
Total votes 633,801 100.00%
Republican hold Swing
United States Senate election in Utah, 2016[90]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Lee 760,241 68.15% +6.59%
Democratic Misty Snow 301,860 27.06% -5.71%
Independent American Stoney Fonua 27,340 2.45% N/A
Unaffiliated Bill Barron 26,167 2.34% N/A
Majority 458,381
Total votes 1,115,608 100.00%
Republican hold Swing

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Rucker, Philip (February 5, 2011). "Sen. Mike Lee: A political insider refashions himself as tea party revolutionary". The Washington Post.
  2. ^ a b Litvan, Laura (February 28, 2012). "Obama's Nominee Battle a One-Man Fight By Freshman Senator Lee". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  3. ^ Callister, Laura Andersen (February 20, 1993). "Student Body Election Gives BYU Another President Lee". Deseret News.
  4. ^ a b c "About Mike". Mike Lee, U.S. Senator for Utah. lee.senate.gov. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
  5. ^ Fahys, Judy (January 14, 2010). "Utah argues case to ban foreign nuke waste". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  6. ^ Vergakis, Brock (November 9, 2010). "Court: Compact can keep foreign nuke waste out". KSL. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  7. ^ Parlapiano, Alicia. "How Each Senator Voted on Obamacare Repeal Proposals". Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  8. ^ "Mike Lee, Senator for Utah - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  9. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  10. ^ "Vote to prevent privacy protections from taking effect (SJ Res. 34)". congress.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-28.
  11. ^ CARNEY, JORDAIN; ELIS, NIV. "Senate approves $854B spending bill". The Hill. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  12. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 112th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 54, 2011-04-06". senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  13. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 59, 2013-03-22". senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  14. ^ "Updates From Senator Lee's Office | Weber Sentinel News | Serving the Great Constitution of the United States". sentinelnews.net. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  15. ^ Inhofe, James. "Senator". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  16. ^ "The Republicans who urged Trump to pull out of Paris deal are big oil darlings". The Guardian. June 1, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  17. ^ "Sen. Mike Lee criticizes the Green New Deal with poster of Ronald Reagan riding a dinosaur and firing a machine gun". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
  18. ^ Nguyen, Tina (March 27, 2019). "'Don't Kill It Too Badly': Republicans Weigh the Optics of Icing A.O.C." Vanity Fair.
  19. ^ senatormikelee (2019-03-26), Remarks on the Green New Deal, retrieved 2019-04-01
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  24. ^ Catanese, David. "Sen. Bennett loses GOP nomination". politico.com. Politico, LLC. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
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  26. ^ "Utah Election results". Electionresults.utah.gov. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  27. ^ Raju, Manu (December 22, 2014). "Tea partier braces for primary challenge from the establishment". Politico. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  28. ^ "Club for Growth Scorecard". Clubforgrowth.org. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
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  30. ^ America, Heritage Action For (March 26, 2019). "Scorecard". Heritage Action For America. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012.
  31. ^ "Key Vote Alert: Co-Sponsorship of the GSE Bailout Elimination and Taxpayer Protection Act". Heritage Action for America. April 13, 2011. Archived from the original on August 30, 2011.
  32. ^ "Senator Mike Lee of Utah: Profile, Legislative Scorecard, Contact Information, News and Campaign Contribution Data for the 112th Congress". That's My Congress!. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  33. ^ Sonmez, Felicia (February 5, 2011). "Senate passes short-term extension of Patriot Act provisions". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  34. ^ "Senate Vote 84 – To Extend Provisions of the Patriot Act". May 26, 2011. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  35. ^ Matt Canham (April 13, 2011). "Lee unveils Social Security reform plan". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  36. ^ "Lee, others: raise social security age to 70". St. George Daily Spectrum. April 13, 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  37. ^ Viviane Vo-Duc (April 14, 2011). "Sens. Lee, Paul and Graham: We can fix Social Security without raising taxes". Deseret News. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  38. ^ Dagan, David (November 14, 2013). "Why Mike Lee is more serious about prison reform than Rand Paul". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  39. ^ Daugherty, Owen. "GOP senator accuses fellow Republican of spreading 'fake news' about criminal justice reform bill". The Hill. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  40. ^ Mark, Michelle. "Trump's support of a major sentencing reform bill sparks rare moment of bipartisan hope — but advocates warn the bill has a long way to go". Business Insider. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  41. ^ Burke, Caroline. "What Does The First Step Act Do? Trump Wants The Bipartisan Criminal Justice Reform Bill To Pass". Bustle. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
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  43. ^ a b Hoeven, Emily (2019-03-27). "Twitter reacts to Sen. Mike Lee's Green New Deal speech". DeseretNews.com. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  44. ^ "Republicans say they want free-market innovation. Then they should want a carbon tax". The Washington Post. 2018.
  45. ^ "Sen. Mike Lee: President Trump put people before Paris agreement". PBS NewsHour. 2017-06-01. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  46. ^ "Republican senator: NASA disputes climate consensus. NASA: No we don't". The New Republic. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  47. ^ "Sen. Mike Lee says we can solve climate change with more babies". The Washington Post. 2019.
  48. ^ Bernard, Katie. "Republican senator calls babies the solution to climate change". CNN. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
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External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Bennett
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Utah
(Class 3)

2010, 2016
Most recent
Preceded by
Pat Toomey
Chairman of the Senate Republican Steering Committee
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Bob Bennett
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Utah
Served alongside: Orrin Hatch, Mitt Romney
Honorary titles
Preceded by
George LeMieux
Baby of the Senate
Succeeded by
Brian Schatz
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Richard Blumenthal
United States Senators by seniority
Succeeded by
Brian Schatz