Nageshvara Jyotirlinga

Coordinates: 19°32′14″N 77°02′29″E / 19.537087°N 77.041508°E / 19.537087; 77.041508
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Nageshvara Jyotirlinga
This is the real Nageshwar Jyotirlinga
LocationAundha Nagnath
Nageshvara Jyotirlinga is located in Maharashtra
Nageshvara Jyotirlinga
Location in Maharashtra
Geographic coordinates19°32′14″N 77°02′29″E / 19.537087°N 77.041508°E / 19.537087; 77.041508
Aundha Nagnath
Aundha Nagnath

Nageshwara Jyotirlinga is one of the twelve Jyotirlings, which are temples devoted to Shiva.[1] The Nageshwara Jyotirling is located in Aundha Nagnath, Maharshtra. Some individuals believe that the Dwarka Shivalinga in gujrat represents the Nageshwara Jyotirlinga.[2]

The Shiva Purana says Nageshvara Jyotirlinga is in 'the Darukavana', which is an ancient name of a forest in India. 'Darukavana' finds mention in Indian epics, such as Kamyakavana, Dvaitavana, Dandakavana.

A narrative in the Shiva Purana about the Nageshvara Jyotirlinga tells of a demon named Daruk, who attacked a Shiva devotee named Supriya and imprisoned him along with many others in his city of Darukavana, a city under the sea inhabited by sea snakes and demons. At the urgent exhortations of Supriya, the prisoners started to chant the holy mantra of Shiva. Immediately after that, Shiva appeared and the demon was vanquished,[3] later residing there in the form of a Jyotirlinga. The demon had a wife, a demoness named Daruka, who worshipped Mata Parvati. As a result of her penance and devotion, Mata Parvati enabled her to master the forest, where she performed her devotions and renamed the forest 'Darukavana' in her honour. Wherever Daruka went the forest followed her. To save the demons of Darukavana from the punishment of the gods, Daruk summoned up the power Parvati had given her. She then moved the entire forest into the sea where they continued their campaign against the hermits, kidnapping people and keeping them confined in their new lair under the sea, which was how that great Shiva devotee, Supriya, had wound up there.[3]

The arrival of Supriya caused a revolution. He set up a lingam and made the prisoners recite the mantra Om Namaha Shivay in honour of Shiva while he prayed to the lingam. The demons' response to the chanting was to attempt to kill Supriya, though they were thwarted when Shiva appeared and handed him a divine weapon that saved his life. Daruka and the demons were defeated, and Parvati saved the remaining demons. The lingam that Supriya had set up was called Nagesha, the tenth lingam.[3] Shiva once again assumed the form of a Jyotirlinga with the name Nageshwar, while the Goddess Parvati was known as kankeshwari. Shiva then announced that he would show the correct path to those who would worship him.


This is called Ashtam Jyotirlinga Sri Nageshwar Jyotirlinga.

The current name of this city is Aundha and earlier its name was Darukavan. This place is located in the Aundha taluka of Hingoli district in Maharashtra.[citation needed]

Aundha Nagnath
Aundha Nagnath

The legend of Daruka

In the establishment of this Jyotirliga, the legend of a demon and demoness named Daruka and Darukaa is told.

In ancient times, a demon called Daruka performed severe penance to please Parvati.  Parvati was pleased with her penance and gave her a forest.  This forest was very miraculous.  He followed Daruka wherever she went.  In this forest, Daruka lived with her husband Daruk.  Both Daruka and Daruk were very proud of their power.  These two were brutally torturing all the people.  He killed many Brahmins.  Some Brahmins were banned.

A Brahmin among the banned Brahmins was a devotee of Shiva.  In prison, he started worshiping Lord Shankara.  When the demon Daruk realized this, he threatened to kill the Brahmin Shiva devotee and left.  After some time the Brahmin Shiva devotee started worshiping Shankara again.  As soon as Daruka realized this, he came running.  He broke the worship with a kick.  He started killing Brahmins.  After that all the Brahmins prayed to Shankara.  At that moment Mahadev was pleased with his devotees and killed Daruka and the Daruka demons.  Then Mahadev told the Brahmins that I will live here forever in the form of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga.  The same place is today famous as Nagnath or Nagesh Jyotirlinga.  The forest surrounding the temple is called Darukavan.

Later on, a large Amardak lake was formed at this place.

And Jyotirlinga was included in that lake.

History of pandava period[edit]

According to the legend, when the Kauravas defeated the five Pandavas in the dice game, the Pandavas were sentenced to 12 years of exile and one year of exile in hiding as per the terms of the dice game. Meanwhile, the Pandavas traveled all over India. While wandering, they came to a dark forest. There was a cow in this place; that cow used to come to the lake daily and give milk. Once Bhima saw this, the next day he followed the cow down to the lake and saw Mahadev; then he realized that the cow was milking the Shiva lingam every day. Then all the five Pandavas decided to destroy that lake. With his mace, Bhima struck the water from all four sides of that lake, and everyone saw Mahadev. Shri Krishna informed them about that Shivalinga and said it is Nageshwar Jyotirlinga. Then the five Pandavas built a magnificent, unbroken temple of Jyotirlinga on the ground floor.

History of yadav period[edit]

And again over time the present temple was built by the Seuna (Yadava) dynasty in the Hemadpanthi style and is said to be of the 13th century, a seven storied stone building.

History after 1600 AD[edit]

Aurangzeb destroyed the buildings of this temple. This temple was destroyed during Aurangzeb's victory. The present-day spire of the temple was rebuilt by Ahilyabai Holkar.

And we see it even today.

Aundha Nagnath
Aundha Nagnath

Famous legend[edit]

The temple is also closely associated with the lives of Namdev, Visoba Khechara and Dnyaneshwar, revered saints of the Varkari sect of Hinduism.

Namdev met his guru, Visoba Khechara, at the Aundha Nagnath temple. Dnyaneshwar had advised him to visit this temple. According to the Gnanadev Gatha, Dnyaneshwar and Muktai ask Namdev to go to Aundha Nagnath's temple for a suitable guru. Visoba was seen resting in the temple with his feet on the Shivlingam, symbolizing Shiva. Namdev reproached him for insulting Shiva. Visoba told Namdev to place his feet elsewhere, and where Namdev placed Visoba's feet, a Shivalingam sprang up. Thus, Visoba, through his yogic power, filled the entire temple with Shivalingas and taught Namdev about the omnipresence of the Lord.

A famous story is told about Namdev and the Aundha Nagnath temple. Once he was chanting bhajans in front of the temple along with Dnyaneshwar, Visoba Khechara, and some other devotees; the temple priests told him that his singing in front of the temple was disturbing their regular poojas and prayers and asked him to leave the temple. The temple priest insulted Namdev and told him he should not come to the temple as he belonged to a low caste. Namdev went to the back side of the temple and started chanting hymns there. But God moved around the temple to see the sad devotee and listen to the bhajans. The reason why there is a Nandi at the back of the temple is a testimony to that miracle.

Relationship with Sikhism[edit]

Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, is said to have visited the Aundha Nagnath temple while walking through the area and also visited Narsi Bamni, the birthplace of Namdev.  It has to be mentioned here that Namdev is worshiped as Bhagat Namdev in Sikhism.

Important celebrations[edit]

1. This temple celebrates the Palkhi ceremony with great enthusiasm on Dussehra. Sri's palanquin leaves the temple and crosses the village boundary and passes through the temple of Nagnath's uncle Laundeshwar and then returns to the temple. In the temple at that time Shri is attractively decorated.

2. In the temple there is a very charming carved Dasavatari idol of Shri Hari Vishnu. When you first visit the temple, it seems it belongs only to Shri Hari Vishnu. After Dussehra, Shram Nidra of Shri Hari starts and it ends on Kojagiri Poornima, Cucumber Aarti starts from Kojagiri Poornima. This Cucumber Aarti is held every morning from 5 AM to 7 AM. The duration of this Aarti is one month. Kirtan, the hymn of God, is sung during Aarti.

3. A large yatra is held in this temple on the occasion of Mahashivratri. This journey lasts for five days. The day of Mahashivratri is considered to be the wedding day of Shankara. Rathotsava is celebrated on the fifth day of the yatra. A procession of the idol of Shri is taken out in a wooden chariot in the temple premises. This wooden chariot is pulled by devotees with great devotion. Lakhs of devotees attend Rathotsavam. The Yatra concludes with Rathotsava. Day by day the nature of the yatra here is changing and now due to lack of sufficient space, it is felt that theaters, various shops, sky watching, circus are less frequent in the yatra. Although the earlier enthusiasm in the Yatra is waning, the number of pilgrims is increasing significantly. As the village of Aundha Nagnath is situated in the lap of hills, the environment here is very scenic and there are large lakes in the town

Description of the temple[edit]

[citation needed]

Its beauty has been enhanced by carving sculptures of Yakshayakshina etc. on it. Information about some important sculptures in this sculpture is as follows:

1. Shankar Parvati is seated on Mount Kailas, and Ravana is trying to move it.

2. Dashavatar of Vishnu

3. The sculpture of Ardhanarinteshwar has half of Shankara and half of Parvati.

4. Nataraja performing the Tandava dance

5. A monstrous form of Veer Bhadra

6. Covering any one of the three faces and four legs of a person in a sculpture forms a complete act of a person.

7. Apart from this, the temple is graced with a magnificent meditative idol measuring approximately 5.5 feet long and 8 feet wide on all three sides.

The artists of the time provided facilities to remove the polluted air from the gabhar. Where there are joints in construction. At that place, an attempt has been made to strengthen the construction by using a mixture of iron and lead.

Location controversy[edit]

Nageshwar Jyotirling ,Darukavana, Gujarat
The temples at Jageshwar, in the background of Darukavana, the holy Deodar forest.
Aundha Nagnath Temple,Aundha Nagnath, Maharashtra

Shiva MahaPurana indicates that the location was on Western (Arabian) Sea. In KotiRudra Samhita, Chapter 29, the following shloka says

पश्चिमे सागरे तस्य वनं सर्वसमृद्धिमत् ।
योजनानां षोडशभिर्विस्तृतं सर्वतो दिशम् ॥ ४ ॥

The actual location of the legendary forest of Darukavana is still debated. No other important clues indicate the location of the Jyotirlinga. 'Darukavana' on the Western Sea remains the only clue.

The name Darukavana, named after Queen Daruka, is possibly derived from daruvana (forest of deodar trees, or simply, forest of wood), is thought to exist in Almora. Deodar (daru vriksha) is found abundantly only in the western Himalayas, not in peninsular India. Deodar trees have been associated with Shiva in ancient Hindu texts. Hindu sages used to reside and perform meditation in deodar forests to please Shiva. Also, according to the ancient treatise Prasadmandanam,

"हिमाद्रेरूत्तरे पार्श्वे देवदारूवनं परम् पावनं शंकरस्थानं तत्र् सर्वे शिवार्चिताः।"

Because of this the 'Jageswara' temple in Almora, Uttarakhand is commonly identified as Nageshvara Jyotirlinga.

The written name of Darukavana could be misread as 'Dwarakavana' which would point to the Nageswara temple at Dwaraka. However, no forest is in this part of Dwaraka that finds mention in any of the Indian epics. The narratives of Shri Krishna, mention Somanatha and the adjoining Prabhasa tirtha, but not Nageswara or Darukavana in Dwaraka.

Darukavana might exist next to the Vindhya Mountains. It is south-southwest of the Vindhyas extending to the sea in the west. In the Dvadasha Jyotirlinga Stotra (6),[4] Shankaracharya praised this Jyotirlinga as Naganath:

"Yamye sadange nagaretiramye vibhushitangam vividhaishcha bhogai Sadbhaktimuktipradamishamekam shrinaganatham sharanam prapadye"

This can be taken to mean that it is in the south ['Yamye'] 'Sadanga' city, which was the ancient name of Aundha Nagnath in Maharashtra and where the actual Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is located, south of Jageshwar temple in Uttarakhand and west of Dwarka Nageshwar..


Nearest Airport: Aurangabad

Nearest Railway Station: Hingoli and Parbhani

Airport :- Aurangabad Airport is the nearest local airport to Aundha Nagnath which is about 210 KM away. Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport is the nearest international airport which is about 580 km away. So Aundha Nagnath can be easily reached by air travel

Railway Station:- Nearest station to Aundha Nagnath is Hingoli Deccan.  It is about 25 km away and is well connected by rail to all cities in Maharashtra and outside Maharashtra.  Another option is Parbhani Junction which is about 51 kilometers away and can be reached by bus or taxi to Aundha.

Bus & Taxi :- The distance from Aundha to Mumbai is approximately 580 kms.  It is about 200 kilometers from Aurangabad and 360 kilometers from Nagpur.  State transport and private buses ply between these cities and Aundha Nagnath.  Apart from this, buses also run from Hingoli, Parbhani.  Alternatively, you can opt for Hingoli Deccan, which is just half an hour away from Aundha.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carlotto, Mark (3 October 2020). "Revising History (Again?) - Evidence of an Even Older Civilization in India". Rochester, NY. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Sharma, Jugal Kishor (1993). Punya Bhoomi Bharat. Suruchi Prakashan. pp. 41–42. ISBN 9789381500095.
  3. ^ a b c "". Archived from the original on 25 November 2003. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  4. ^ Dvadasha Jyotirlinga Stotra


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